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Futian station (Chinese: 福田站; pinyin: Fútián Zhàn; Jyutping: Fuk1 Tin4 Zaam6) is a station on the Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link, the last station on mainland China for high speed trains from Guangzhou, with plans to connect it to Hong Kong. Futian is the southern district of Shenzhen, containing the central business district for the city. It is the largest underground station in Asia, and second largest underground rail station in the world, exceeded in size only by New York's Grand Central Terminal. The station opened on 28 June 2011 serving the Shenzhen Metro, and since 30 December 2015[1] it has been the first underground high speed railway station on a long-distance line in China. It serves as an interchange station between the Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link (simplified Chinese: 广深港高速铁路; traditional Chinese: 廣深港高速鐵路) and Line 2, Line 3 and Line 11 of the Shenzhen Metro.[2][3]

The first level underground is a concourse for reaching both the metro trains and the high speed intercity trains. Passenger lounges and customs and immigration facilities are located here. The second and third underground levels serve Shenzhen Metro trains. At the fourth underground level are the platforms for China Railway High-speed (CRH) intercity trains arriving from Guangzhou and cities farther along the line.

Futian railway station
platform layout diagram

Guangzhou South railway station North

1
3
5
7
2
4
6
8

West Kowloon Terminus South

Station size and locations served

Futian station is located between Fuzhong 3rd Road and Shennan Road, in Futian District, Shenzhen in Guangdong Province of the People's Republic of China. It is the largest underground railway station in Asia, and the largest high-speed railway station to be built completely underground worldwide.[4][5] The only underground railway station larger than Futian station is Grand Central Terminal in New York City.[1] The station covers 147,000 square meters.[1]

Futian station offers intercity connections on the high speed train lines to Guangzhou, Changsha, Wuhan, Zhengzhou and Beijing. This station serves as the terminus of many high-speed intercity services from across Mainland China. It is also a station for the Shenzhen Metro, serving the Futian District.

Planned connection to Hong Kong

Through high-speed trains will continue to Hong Kong, with a high-speed regional service linking the Futian Central Business District with Kowloon, with completion of the last phase of construction expected in the third quarter of 2018.[1] Costs have risen from first estimates for the last segment of the line, rising 19% from 2014 to the end of 2015 and 31% over the original 2010 estimate, and there is yet debate about the presence of Chinese customs officials within the Special Administrative Region of Hong Kong.[1]

Cross-border service to Hong Kong is expected to reduce travel time to only 15 minutes, quicker than the 45-minute journey via the Hong Kong MTR.[6] High-speed rail services by 'G' numbered Intercity trains will travel to Beijing and Xi'an in a time of about 9 hours from Hong Kong.

Intercity service and travel time

CRH service to Futian started operation on 30 December 2015.[7][8] Its completion reduces the travel time by railway between central Shenzhen and Guangzhou to about 50 minutes.[4]

Structure

As Asia's largest underground railway station, it is 1023m long and 78.86m wide, constructed by open-cut method to a depth of 32m. It consists of three subterranean levels. The first level underground is a transfer concourse allowing for access to both the Metro services and high-speed long-distance trains. Business and VIP lounges are available, plus customs and immigration facilities for cross border services to Hong Kong.

The second level underground contains the Shenzhen Metro concourse, which allows for access to Line 2, Line 3, and Line 11.

The lowest level is where the high-speed train platforms are located. Vibrant Express shuttle services to Hong Kong's West Kowloon railway station will separated from long-distance services to such destinations as Beijing and Shanghai.[9]

CRH

B1F
Concourse
Lobby Level High-speed rail ticket office, ticket vending machines, ticket gates and waiting areas
customs and immigration, toilets
B4F
Platforms
←Towards West Kowloon, Hong Kong Towards Guangzhou South and others→
West
Platform 1 Long-distance & cross-border trains→
Island platform, the left / right door will open, this platform is restricted
Platform 2 Long-distance & cross-border train (non-stop through)→
Platform 3 ←Long-distance & cross-border train (non-stop through)
Island platform, the left / right door will open, this platform is restricted
Platform 4 ←Long-distance & cross-border trains
Platform 5 Guangzhou-Shenzhen intercity trains originating / terminating to→
Island platform, the left / right door opens
Platform 6 Guangzhou-Shenzhen intercity trains originating / terminating to→
Platform 7 Guangzhou-Shenzhen intercity trains originating / terminating to→
Island platform, the left / right door opens
Platform 8 Guangzhou-Shenzhen intercity trains originating / terminating to→
East

Shenzhen Metro

Ground - Exit
B1F
Concourse
Lobby Customer Service, Shops, Vending machines, ATMs, Transfer Passage between Line 2, Line 3, and Line 11
B2F
Platforms
Platform 1      Line 2 towards Chiwan (Lianhua West)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Platform 2      Line 2 towards Xinxiu (Children's Palace)
Platform 3      Line 11 towards Bitou (Chegongmiao)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Platform 4      Line 11 termination platform →
B3F
Platforms
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Platform 6      Line 3 towards Yitian (Shopping Park)
Platform 5      Line 3 towards Shuanglong (Children's Palace)
Side platform, doors will open on the right

Exits

Exit Destination
Exit 1 Shennan Road (S), Mintian Road (S), Industrial Bank Building, Aerospace Building, Excellence Building, Shenzhen International Chamber of Commerce Building, Xinhua Insurance Building, Center Business Building, Investment Building, Huarong Building, China Unicom Building, Hong Kong China Travel Service
Exit 3 3A Shennan Road (S), Investment Building, Huarong Building, China Unicom Building, Hong Kong China Travel Building, Times Financial Center.
3B
Exit 4 4A Taxi Stand
4B
Exit 9 Liancheng Xintiandi
Exit 10 Shangri-La Hotel
Exit 13 Yitian Road East Taxi Station
Exit 15 Civic Center
Exit 29 29A Shennan Road (N)
29B Shennan Road (N), Bus Station, Taxi Stand
Exit 31 Mintian Road (N), China Merchants Bank Building, Radio and Television Building, Huangpu Yayuan

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Staff (January 5, 2016). "Asia's largest underground railway station opens for business". London: Smart Rail World. Retrieved January 6, 2016. 
  2. ^ Yan, ed. (August 28, 2008). "Work starts on Shenzhen's underground futian station". NewsGD. Guangdong. Retrieved January 6, 2016. 
  3. ^ "Enhanced RTS Network Serving Shenzhen areas" (PDF) (in Chinese). maps annotated in English 
  4. ^ a b Lee, Eddie (December 30, 2015). "50 minutes to Guangzhou: new express rail station debuts in Shenzhen cutting travel time by 35 minutes". South China Morning Post. 
  5. ^ Richards, Jocelyn (December 29, 2015). "Futian's High-Speed Rail Station Opens December 30". That's China. 
  6. ^ "Asia's largest underground railway station opens in Shenzhen". China Daily. December 31, 2015. 
  7. ^ "福田高铁站拟月底通车 有直达广州高铁" [Futian proposed high-speed rail station opens next month - has direct access to the Guangzhou high-speed rail] (in Chinese). Gaotie.cn. December 14, 2015. Retrieved December 14, 2015. 
  8. ^ "高鐵福田站下周三開通 深圳往廣州42分鐘到" [Futian high-speed rail station opens next Wednesday - 42 minutes from Shenzhen to Guangzhou] (in Chinese). on.cc. December 24, 2015. 
  9. ^ Zhao, Anna (December 19, 2013). "Futian aiming for high-speed rail hub in '14". Shenzhen Daily Digital Edition. Retrieved January 6, 2016. 

Coordinates: 22°32′18″N 114°03′24″E / 22.53833°N 114.05667°E / 22.53833; 114.05667