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Fulda
Fulda
(German pronunciation: [ˈfʊlda]) (historically in English called Fuld) is a city in Hesse, Germany; it is located on the river Fulda
Fulda
and is the administrative seat of the Fulda
Fulda
district (Kreis). In 1990, the town hosted the 30th Hessentag
Hessentag
state festival.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Middle Ages 1.2 Counter-Reformation 1.3 18th and 19th centuries 1.4 Cold War

2 Mayors 3 Transportation 4 International relations

4.1 Twin towns/sister cities

5 Sons of the town

5.1 1800 5.2 1801–1850 5.3 1851–1900 5.4 1901–1950 5.5 1951–present

6 Notables 7 Images 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] Middle Ages[edit]

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In 744 Saint Sturm, a disciple of Saint Boniface, founded the Benedictine
Benedictine
monastery of Fulda
Fulda
as one of Boniface's outposts in the reorganization of the church in Germany. It later served as a base from which missionaries could accompany Charlemagne's armies in their political and military campaigns to fully conquer and convert pagan Saxony. The initial grant for the abbey was signed by Carloman, Mayor of the Palace in Austrasia
Austrasia
(in office 741-747), the son of Charles Martel. The support of the Mayors of the Palace, and later of the early Pippinid and Carolingian
Carolingian
rulers, was important to Boniface's success. Fulda
Fulda
also received support from many of the leading families of the Carolingian
Carolingian
world. Sturm, whose tenure as abbot lasted from 747 until 779, was most likely related to the Agilolfing dukes of Bavaria. Fulda
Fulda
also received large and constant donations from the Etichonids, a leading family in Alsace, and from the Conradines, predecessors of the Salian
Salian
Holy Roman Emperors. Under Sturm, the donations Fulda received from these and other important families helped in the establishment of daughter-houses near Fulda.

St Boniface baptizing and undergoing martyrdom - from the Sacramentary of Fulda

After his martyrdom by the Frisians, the relics of Saint Boniface
Saint Boniface
were brought back to Fulda. Because of the stature this afforded the monastery, the donations increased, and Fulda
Fulda
could establish daughter-houses further away, for example in Hamelin. Meanwhile, Saint Lullus, successor of Boniface as archbishop of Mainz, tried to absorb the abbey into his archbishopric, but failed. This was one reason that he founded Hersfeld Abbey
Hersfeld Abbey
- to limit the attempts of the enlargement of Fulda.

Fulda
Fulda
in the 16th century

Between 790 and 819 the community rebuilt the main monastery church to more fittingly house the relics. They based their new basilica on the original 4th-century (since demolished) Old St. Peter's Basilica
Old St. Peter's Basilica
in Rome, using the transept and crypt plan of that great pilgrimage church to frame their own saint as the "Apostle to the Germans". The crypt of the original abbey church still holds those relics, but the church itself has been subsumed into a Baroque
Baroque
renovation. A small, 9th-century chapel remains standing within walking distance of the church, as do the foundations of a later women's abbey. Rabanus Maurus served as abbot at Fulda
Fulda
from 822 to 842. Counter-Reformation[edit] Prince-abbot Balthasar von Dernbach
Balthasar von Dernbach
adopted a policy of counterreformation. In 1571 he called in the Jesuits
Jesuits
to found a school and college. He insisted that the members of the chapter should return to a monastic form of life. Whereas his predecessors had tolerated Protestantism, resulting in most of the citizenry of Fulda
Fulda
and a large portion of the principality's countryside professing Lutheranism, Balthasar ordered his subjects either to return to the Catholic faith or leave his territories.[2] 18th and 19th centuries[edit] The foundation of the abbey Fulda
Fulda
and its territory originated with an Imperial grant, and the sovereign principality therefore was subject only to the German emperor. Fulda
Fulda
became a bishopric in 1752 and the prince-abbots were given the additional title of prince-bishop. The prince-abbots (and later prince-bishops) ruled Fulda
Fulda
and the surrounding region until the bishopric was forcibly dissolved by Napoleon in 1802. The city went through a baroque building campaign in the 18th century, resulting in the current “ Baroque
Baroque
City” status. This included a remodeling of Fulda
Fulda
Cathedral (1704–12) and of the Stadtschloss (Castle-Palace, 1707–12) by Johann Dientzenhofer. The city parish church, St. Blasius, was built between 1771–85. In 1764 a porcelain factory was started in Fulda
Fulda
under Prince-Bishop, Prince-Abbot Heinrich von Bibra, but shortly after his death it was closed down in 1789 by his successor, Prince-Bishop, Prince-Abbot Adalbert von Harstall. The city was given to Prince William Frederick of Orange-Nassau (the later King William I of the Netherlands) in 1803 (as part of the short-lived Principality of Nassau-Orange-Fulda), was annexed to the Grand Duchy of Berg
Grand Duchy of Berg
in 1806, and in 1809 to the Principality of Frankfurt. After the Congress of Vienna
Congress of Vienna
of 1814-1815, most of the territory went to the Electorate of Hesse, which Prussia
Prussia
annexed in 1866.[3] Cold War[edit] Fulda
Fulda
lends its name to the Fulda
Fulda
Gap, a traditional east-west invasion route used by Napoleon and others. During the Cold War, it was presumed to be an invasion route for any conventional war between NATO and Soviet forces. Downs Barracks in Fulda
Fulda
was the headquarters of the American 14th Armored Cavalry Regiment, later replaced by the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment. The cavalry had as many as 3,000 soldiers from the end of World War II
World War II
until 1993. Not all of those soldiers were in Fulda
Fulda
proper, but scattered over observation posts and in the cities of Bad Kissingen
Bad Kissingen
and Bad Hersfeld. The strategic importance of this region (along the old West/East German border) led to a large US and Soviet military presence.[4] Mayors[edit]

Cuno Raabe (CDU):1946-1956 Alfred Dregger
Alfred Dregger
(CDU): 1956-1970 Wolfgang Hamberger (CDU): 1970-1998 Alois Rhiel (CDU): 1998-2003 Gerhard Möller (CDU): 2003-2015 Heiko Wingenfeld (CDU): 2015-

Transportation[edit] Fulda
Fulda
station is an important transport hub and interchange point between local and long distance traffic of the German railway network, and is classified by Deutsche Bahn
Deutsche Bahn
as a category 2 station.[5] It is on the Hanover–Würzburg high-speed railway; the North-South line (Nord-Süd-Strecke), comprising the Bebra- Fulda
Fulda
line north of Fulda, and the Kinzig Valley Railway and Fulda-Main Railway
Fulda-Main Railway
to the south; the Vogelsberg Railway, which connects to the hills of the Vogelsberg in the west; and the Fulda– Gersfeld
Gersfeld
Railway (Rhön Railway) to Gersfeld in the Rhön Mountains
Rhön Mountains
to the east. Fulda
Fulda
is on the Bundesautobahn 7
Bundesautobahn 7
(BAB 7). Bundesautobahn 66
Bundesautobahn 66
starts at the interchange with the BAB 7, heading south towards Frankfurt. Fulda is also on the Bundesstraße 27. International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany Twin towns/sister cities[edit] Fulda
Fulda
is twinned with:

Como, Italy
Italy
(1960) Arles, France
France
(1964) Sergiyev Posad, Moscow Oblast, Russia
Russia
(1991) Wilmington, Delaware, USA (1997) Litoměřice, Czech Republic
Czech Republic
(2001) Weimar, Germany Crediton, England

Sons of the town[edit] 1800[edit]

Anton Storch
Anton Storch
1952

Adam of Fulda
Fulda
(around 1445-1505), composer and music theorist Adam Krafft (1493-1558), a Protestant church reformer Justus Menius
Justus Menius
(1499-1558), theologian

1801–1850[edit]

Ferdinand Braun
Ferdinand Braun
1909

Georg von Adelmann (1811-1888), physician and surgeon Otto Bähr (1817-1895), lawyer and politician Hugo Staehle (1826-1848), composer Ferdinand Braun
Ferdinand Braun
(1850-1918), physicist, electrical engineer and Nobel laureate in physics

1851–1900[edit]

Adalbert Ricken (1851-1921), mycologist and priest Ludwig Hupfeld
Ludwig Hupfeld
(1864-1949), instrument maker and industrialist Wilhelm Heye (1869-1947), officer Clara Harnack (1877-1962), painter, teacher and mother of the resistance fighters Arvid and Falk Harnack Anton Storch
Anton Storch
(1892-1975), politician Paul Deichmann (1898-1981), officer of the Luftwaffe

1901–1950[edit]

Karl Storch (1913-1992), athlete, hammer thrower Wilhelm Balthasar
Wilhelm Balthasar
(1914-1941), Air Force officer Martin Hohmann
Martin Hohmann
(born 1948), politician (CDU, now AfD) Winfried Michel (born 1948), composer, recorder player and music publisher

1951–present[edit]

Immanuel Bloch (born 1972), physicist Sebastian Kehl
Sebastian Kehl
(born 1980), football player Patrik Sinkewitz
Patrik Sinkewitz
(born 1980), professional cyclist

Notables[edit]

Adam of Fulda Tobias Sammet Martin Hohmann Ferdinand Braun Sebastian Kehl, (born 1980), former footballer Franz Kaspar Lieblein Max Stern Dirk Sauer Fr. Gereon Goldmann Edguy Wilm Hosenfeld
Hosenfeld
(1895-1952), officer and Righteous Among the Nations

Images[edit]

Cathedral of Fulda

Statue of Saint Boniface
Saint Boniface
(1830) in Fulda

Fulda, 1850

"Stadtschloss" (main entrance) at Fulda

Old City Hall of Fulda

Orangerie

Kloster Frauenberg (Fulda), a Franciscan
Franciscan
monastery

St. Michael's Church

Baroque
Baroque
Adelspalais

Old University of Fulda: Adolphs-Universität Fulda

Looking east toward Fulda
Fulda
over the rich farmlands

Weser
Weser
river watershed, showing Fulda
Fulda
river and the city of Fulda

See also[edit]

Fulda
Fulda
Gap

References[edit]

^ "Bevölkerung der hessischen Gemeinden". Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). January 2018.  ^ Otto Schaffrath. Fürstabt Balthasar von Dermbach und seine Zeit. Studien zur Geschichte der Gegenreformation in Fulda
Fulda
(= Veröffentlichung des Fuldaer Geschichtsvereins. Bd. 44, ZDB-ID 517272-x). Parzeller, Fulda
Fulda
1967, mit umfangreicher Literaturübersicht.(in German) ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Fulda". The American Cyclopædia.  ^ Brown, Jerold E., ed. (2001). Historical Dictionary of the U.S. Army. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 209–10. ISBN 9780313293221.  ^ "Stationspreisliste 2018" [Station price list 2018] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 5 October 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Fulda.

Official website 360degree virtual tour through downtown Fulda Vonderau Museum Fulda Hochschule Fulda
Fulda
(University of Applied Science) Holocaust survivor testimony of the Kristallnacht pogrom in Fulda
Fulda
on the Yad Vashem
Yad Vashem
website

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fulda.

v t e

Towns and municipalities in Fulda
Fulda
district

Bad Salzschlirf Burghaun Dipperz Ebersburg Ehrenberg Eichenzell Eiterfeld Flieden Fulda Gersfeld Großenlüder Hilders Hofbieber Hosenfeld Hünfeld Kalbach Künzell Neuhof Nüsttal Petersberg Poppenhausen Rasdorf Tann

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 146057

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