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FUKUOKA PREFECTURE (Japanese : 福岡県, Hepburn : _Fukuoka-ken_) is a prefecture of Japan on Kyūshū Island . The capital is the city of Fukuoka .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Shrines and temples

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Cities * 2.2 Towns and villages * 2.3 Mergers

* 3 Economy * 4 Universities * 5 Demographics * 6 Culture * 7 Major events and festivals * 8 Sports * 9 Crime and safety * 10 Tourism

* 11 Transportation

* 11.1 Rail * 11.2 Air

* 12 Sister regions * 13 Notes * 14 References * 15 External links

HISTORY

See also: List of Historic Sites of Japan (Fukuoka)

Fukuoka Prefecture includes the former provinces of Chikugo , Chikuzen , and Buzen .

SHRINES AND TEMPLES

Kōra taisha , Sumiyoshi-jinja , and Hakosagi-gū are the chief Shinto shrines (_ichinomiya _) in the prefecture.

GEOGRAPHY

Map of Fukuoka Prefecture.

Fukuoka Prefecture faces the sea on three sides, bordering Saga , Ōita , and Kumamoto prefectures and facing Yamaguchi Prefecture across the Kanmon Straits .

As of 1 April 2012, 18% of the land area of the prefecture was designated as natural parks : Setonaikai National Park , Genkai , Kitakyūshū , and Yaba-Hita-Hikosan quasi-national parks, and Chikugogawa , Chikuhō , Dazaifu , Sefuri Raizan , and Yabegawa Prefectural Natural Parks.

Fukuoka includes the two largest cities on Kyūshū , Fukuoka and Kitakyushu , and much of Kyūshū's industry. It also includes a number of small islands near the north coast of Kyūshū.

CITIES

Twenty-eight cities are in Fukuoka Prefecture:

* Asakura * Buzen * Chikugo * Chikushino

* Dazaifu * Fukuoka (capital) * Fukutsu * Iizuka

* Itoshima * Kama * Kasuga * Kitakyūshū

* Koga * Kurume * Miyama * Miyawaka

* Munakata * Nakama * Nōgata * Ogōri

* Ōkawa * Ōmuta * Ōnojō * Tagawa

* Ukiha * Yame * Yanagawa * Yukuhashi

*

Fukuoka City *

Kitakyushu *

Kurume *

Omuta

TOWNS AND VILLAGES

These are the towns and villages in each district :

* Asakura District

* Chikuzen * Tōhō

* Chikujō District

* Chikujō * Kōge * Yoshitomi

* Chikushi District

* Nakagawa (on 1 October 2018 gained city status)

* Kaho District

* Keisen

* Kasuya District

* Hisayama * Kasuya * Sasaguri * Shime * Shingū * Sue * Umi

* Kurate District

* Kotake * Kurate

* Mii District

* Tachiarai

* Miyako District

* Kanda * Miyako

* Mizuma District

* Ōki

* Onga District

* Ashiya * Mizumaki * Okagaki * Onga

* Tagawa District

* Aka * Fukuchi * Itoda * Kawara * Kawasaki * Ōtō * Soeda

* Yame District

* Hirokawa

MERGERS

Main article: List of mergers in Fukuoka Prefecture

ECONOMY

Fukuoka prefecture's main cities form one of Japan's main industrial centers, accounting for nearly 40% of the economy of Kyūshū. Major industries include automobiles, semiconductors, and steel. Fukuoka prefecture is where tire manufacturer Bridgestone and consumer electronics chain Best Denki were founded.

UNIVERSITIES

INSTITUTION LOCATION

Fukuoka University Fukuoka

Kurume University Kurume

Kyushu Institute of Technology Kitakyūshū and Iizuka

Kyushu University Fukuoka and Kasuga

Seinan Gakuin University Fukuoka

Kyushu Institute of Information Sciences Dazaifu

Kyushu Sangyo University Fukuoka

Fukuoka Women\'s University Fukuoka

Fukuoka University of Education Munakata, Fukuoka

DEMOGRAPHICS

According to 1 June 2013 Japanese estimates, the population in Fukuoka Prefecture reached 5,088,483 inhabitants, making the prefecture the 9th most populated of Japan's 47 prefectures.

CULTURE

* Fukuoka Art Museum – In Ohori Park; contains a wide selection of contemporary and other art from around the world * Fukuoka Asian Art Museum – contains art from Asia * Fukuoka City Museum – displays a broad range of items from the region's history, including a spectacular gold seal * Genko Historical Museum (元寇史料館; Museum of the Mongol Invasion) in Higashi Koen (East Park) displays Japanese and Mongolian arms and armor from the 13th century as well as paintings on historical subjects; open on weekends * Hakata Machiya Folk Museum – Dedicated to displaying the traditional ways of life, speech, and culture of the Fukuoka region * Fukuoka Castle – a castle in Chūō-ku, Fukuoka * Hakata Gion Yamakasa – Japanese festival celebrated 1–15 July * Ōhori Park – a registered Place of Scenic Beauty * Kyushu National Museum – The collections cover the history of Kyūshū from prehistory to the Meiji era with particular emphasis on the rich history of cultural exchange between Kyūshū and neighboring China and Korea * HKT48 Theater – where the idol group HKT48 performs every day * LinQ – the Kyushu idol group meaning "Love in Kyushu", local theater where the LinQ performs weekly on Saturday and Sunday in Tenjin Best Hall

MAJOR EVENTS AND FESTIVALS

* Hakata Dontaku Harbour Festival, Tenjin, Fukuoka on May 3 and 4 * Hakata Gion Yamagasa, Kushida Shrine, Fukuoka in July * Kokura Gion Yamagasa, Kitakyushu in July * Tobata Gion Yamagasa, Kitakyushu in July * Kurosaki Gion Yamagasa, Kitakyushu in July * Kitahara Hakushu Festival, Yanagawa on November 1 to 3

SPORTS

The sports teams listed below are based in Fukuoka. Football (soccer)

* Avispa Fukuoka ( Fukuoka City ) * Giravanz Kitakyushu ( Kitakyūshū City )

Baseball

* Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks ( Fukuoka City )

Basketball

* Fukuoka Rizing ( Fukuoka City )

Rugby

* Coca-Cola Red Sparks ( Fukuoka City ) * Fukuoka Sanix Blues (Munakata ) * Kyuden Voltex * Sanix World Rugby Youth Tournament

The prefecture has two significant annual athletics events: the Fukuoka International Cross Country and the Fukuoka International Open Marathon Championship . The marathon has been held in Fukuoka since 1959 and has seen world records broken.

CRIME AND SAFETY

Fukuoka Prefecture has the most designated yakuza groups among all of the prefectures, at five: the Kudo-kai , the Taishu-kai , the Fukuhaku-kai , the Dojin-kai and the Kyushu Seido-kai . Between 2004 and 2009, and in early 2011, Fukuoka Prefecture lead the nation in gun-related incidents. These incidents were mostly related to the local yakuza syndicates, specifically the Kudo-kai , the Dojin-kai , and the Kyushu Seido-kai .

Fukuoka Prefecture has had the highest frequency of youth crime among the prefectures of Japan since 2003.

TOURISM

See also: Kyushu National Museum A sightseeing boat in Yanagawa Canal Dazaifu Tenman-gū

The most popular place for tourism is Fukuoka City , especially at the time of the Dontaku festival, and Dazaifu, although Kitakyūshū has tried to attract tourists.

TRANSPORTATION

RAIL

* West Japan Railway Company (=JR Nishinihon)

* Sanyō Shinkansen * Hakata Minami Line

* JR Kyushu

* Kyūshū Shinkansen , Kagoshima Main Line , Chikuhō Main Line , Nippō Main Line , Kyudai Main Line * Chikuhi Line , Gotōji Line , Kashii Line , Hitahikosan Line , Sasaguri Line

* Nishi-Nippon Railroad

* Tenjin Ōmuta Line , Dazaifu Line , Nishitetsu Amagi Line , Kaizuka Line

* Amagi Railway

* Amagi Railway Amagi Line

* Heisei Chikuhō Railway

* Ita Line , Itota Line , Tagawa Line

* Fukuoka City Subway

* Kūkō Line , Hakozaki Line , Nanakuma Line

* Kitakyushu Monorail

AIR

* New Kitakyushu airport

SISTER REGIONS

* Hawaii , United States * Jiangsu Province , People\'s Republic of China * Delhi , India * Bangkok , Thailand * Hanoi , Vietnam

NOTES

* ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Fukuoka-ken" in _Japan Encyclopedia, p. 218_, p. 218, at Google Books . * ^ Nussbaum, "Fukuoka" in _p. 218_, p. 218, at Google Books . * ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in _p. 780_, p. 780, at Google Books . * ^ "Nationwide List of _Ichinomiya_," p. 3 Archived May 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine .; retrieved 2012-10-26. * ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment . 1 April 2012. Retrieved 8 December 2013. * ^ * ^ http://www.fukuoka-edu.ac.jp/ * ^ Nakamura, Ken. Marathon - A history of the Fukuoka International Marathon Championships by K. Ken Nakamura - Part 1 1947-1966. IAAF . Retrieved on 2010-02-28. * ^ "Retrospection and Outlook of Crime Measure", p.15, Masahiro Tamura, 2009, _National Police Agency _ (in Japanese) * ^ _A_ _B_ "Gunfire, The worst in the nation, None has been solved", 23 June 2011, _ Nishinippon Shimbun _ (in Japanese) * ^ " Fukuoka yakuza groups tackle police pressure in all-out war", 4 May 2010, _The Tokyo Reporter_, from _Friday _ May 14, p.22-23 (in Japanese) * ^ 非行防げ、捜査員奮闘…少年犯罪全国ワースト1の福岡, _ Yomiuri Shimbun _ (in Japanese)

REFERENCES

* Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. 2005. _Japan encyclopedia_. Cambridge: Harvard University Press . ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5 ; OCLC 58053128

EXTERNAL LINKS

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to FUKUOKA PREFECTURE _.

_ Wikivoyage has a travel guide for FUKUOKA PREFECTURE

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