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福 岡県

 • Rōmaji Fukuoka-ken

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Symbol

Coordinates: 33°36′N 130°35′E / 33.600°N 130.583°E / 33.600; 130.583Coordinates: 33°36′N 130°35′E / 33.600°N 130.583°E / 33.600; 130.583

Country Japan

Region Kyushu

Island Kyushu

Capital Fukuoka
Fukuoka
City

Government

 • Governor Hiroshi Ogawa (since April 2011)

Area

 • Total 4,971.01 km2 (1,919.32 sq mi)

Area rank 29th

Population (June 1, 2013)

 • Total 5,088,483

 • Rank 9th

 • Density 1,020.26/km2 (2,642.5/sq mi)

ISO 3166 code JP-40

Districts 12

Municipalities 60

Flower Ume
Ume
blossom (Prunus mume)

Tree Azalea
Azalea
(Rhododendron tsutsusi)

Bird Japanese bush warbler
Japanese bush warbler
(Cettia diphone)

Website www.pref.fukuoka.lg.jp/somu/ multilingual/english/top.html

Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Prefecture (Japanese: 福岡県, Hepburn: Fukuoka-ken) is a prefecture of Japan
Japan
on Kyūshū
Kyūshū
Island.[1] The capital is the city of Fukuoka.[2]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Shrines and temples

2 Geography

2.1 Cities 2.2 Towns and villages 2.3 Mergers

3 Economy 4 Universities 5 Demographics 6 Culture 7 Major events and festivals 8 Sports 9 Crime and safety 10 Tourism 11 Transportation

11.1 Rail 11.2 Air

12 Sister regions 13 Notes 14 References 15 External links

History[edit] See also: List of Historic Sites of Japan
Japan
(Fukuoka) Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Prefecture includes the former provinces of Chikugo, Chikuzen, and Buzen.[3] Shrines and temples[edit] Kōra taisha, Sumiyoshi-jinja, and Hakosagi-gū are the chief Shinto shrines (ichinomiya) in the prefecture.[4] Geography[edit]

Map of Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Prefecture.

Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Prefecture faces the sea on three sides, bordering Saga, Ōita, and Kumamoto prefectures and facing Yamaguchi Prefecture
Yamaguchi Prefecture
across the Kanmon Straits. As of 1 April 2012, 18% of the land area of the prefecture was designated as natural parks: Setonaikai National Park, Genkai, Kitakyūshū, and Yaba-Hita-Hikosan quasi-national parks, and Chikugogawa, Chikuhō, Dazaifu, Sefuri Raizan, and Yabegawa Prefectural Natural Parks.[5] Fukuoka
Fukuoka
includes the two largest cities on Kyūshū, Fukuoka
Fukuoka
and Kitakyushu, and much of Kyūshū's industry. It also includes a number of small islands near the north coast of Kyūshū. Cities[edit] Twenty-eight cities are in Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Prefecture:

Asakura Buzen Chikugo Chikushino

Dazaifu Fukuoka
Fukuoka
(capital) Fukutsu Iizuka

Itoshima Kama Kasuga Kitakyūshū

Koga Kurume Miyama Miyawaka

Munakata Nakama Nōgata Ogōri

Ōkawa Ōmuta Ōnojō Tagawa

Ukiha Yame Yanagawa Yukuhashi

Fukuoka
Fukuoka
City

Kitakyushu

Kurume

Omuta

Towns and villages[edit] These are the towns and villages in each district:

Asakura District

Chikuzen Tōhō

Chikujō District

Chikujō Kōge Yoshitomi

Chikushi District

Nakagawa (to gain city status from 1 October 2018)[citation needed]

Kaho District

Keisen

Kasuya District

Hisayama Kasuya Sasaguri Shime Shingū Sue Umi

Kurate District

Kotake Kurate

Mii District

Tachiarai

Miyako District

Kanda Miyako

Mizuma District

Ōki

Onga District

Ashiya Mizumaki Okagaki Onga

Tagawa District

Aka Fukuchi Itoda Kawara Kawasaki Ōtō Soeda

Yame District

Hirokawa

Mergers[edit] Main article: List of mergers in Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Prefecture Economy[edit] Fukuoka
Fukuoka
prefecture's main cities form one of Japan's main industrial centers, accounting for nearly 40% of the economy of Kyūshū. Major industries include automobiles, semiconductors, and steel. Fukuoka prefecture is where tire manufacturer Bridgestone[6] and consumer electronics chain Best Denki
Best Denki
were founded. Universities[edit]

Institution Location

Fukuoka
Fukuoka
University Fukuoka

Kurume University Kurume

Kyushu
Kyushu
Institute of Technology Kitakyūshū
Kitakyūshū
and Iizuka

Kyushu
Kyushu
University Fukuoka
Fukuoka
and Kasuga

Seinan Gakuin University Fukuoka

Kyushu
Kyushu
Institute of Information Sciences Dazaifu

Kyushu
Kyushu
Sangyo University Fukuoka

Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Women's University Fukuoka

Fukuoka
Fukuoka
University of Education Munakata, Fukuoka

[7] Demographics[edit] According to 1 June 2013 Japanese estimates, the population in Fukuoka Prefecture reached 5,088,483 inhabitants, making the prefecture the 9th most populated of Japan's 47 prefectures. Culture[edit]

Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Art Museum – In Ohori Park; contains a wide selection of contemporary and other art from around the world Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Asian Art Museum – contains art from Asia Fukuoka
Fukuoka
City Museum – displays a broad range of items from the region's history, including a spectacular gold seal Genko Historical Museum (元寇史料館; Museum of the Mongol Invasion) in Higashi Koen (East Park) displays Japanese and Mongolian arms and armor from the 13th century as well as paintings on historical subjects; open on weekends Hakata Machiya Folk Museum – Dedicated to displaying the traditional ways of life, speech, and culture of the Fukuoka
Fukuoka
region Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Castle – a castle in Chūō-ku, Fukuoka Hakata Gion Yamakasa
Hakata Gion Yamakasa
– Japanese festival celebrated 1–15 July Ōhori Park
Ōhori Park
– a registered Place of Scenic Beauty Kyushu
Kyushu
National Museum – The collections cover the history of Kyūshū
Kyūshū
from prehistory to the Meiji era with particular emphasis on the rich history of cultural exchange between Kyūshū
Kyūshū
and neighboring China
China
and Korea HKT48
HKT48
Theater – where the idol group HKT48
HKT48
performs every day LinQ – the Kyushu
Kyushu
idol group meaning "Love in Kyushu", local theater where the LinQ performs weekly on Saturday and Sunday in Tenjin Best Hall

Major events and festivals[edit]

Hakata Dontaku Harbour Festival, Tenjin, Fukuoka
Fukuoka
on May 3 and 4 Hakata Gion Yamagasa, Kushida Shrine, Fukuoka
Fukuoka
in July Kokura Gion Yamagasa, Kitakyushu
Kitakyushu
in July Tobata Gion Yamagasa, Kitakyushu
Kitakyushu
in July Kurosaki Gion Yamagasa, Kitakyushu
Kitakyushu
in July Kitahara Hakushu Festival, Yanagawa on November 1 to 3[citation needed]

Sports[edit] The sports teams listed below are based in Fukuoka.

Football (soccer)

Avispa Fukuoka
Fukuoka
( Fukuoka
Fukuoka
City) Giravanz Kitakyushu
Kitakyushu
( Kitakyūshū
Kitakyūshū
City)

Baseball

Fukuoka
Fukuoka
SoftBank Hawks ( Fukuoka
Fukuoka
City)

Basketball

Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Rizing ( Fukuoka
Fukuoka
City)

Rugby

Coca-Cola Red Sparks
Coca-Cola Red Sparks
( Fukuoka
Fukuoka
City) Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Sanix Blues (Munakata) Kyuden Voltex Sanix World Rugby Youth Tournament

The prefecture has two significant annual athletics events: the Fukuoka
Fukuoka
International Cross Country and the Fukuoka
Fukuoka
International Open Marathon Championship. The marathon has been held in Fukuoka
Fukuoka
since 1959 and has seen world records broken.[8] Crime and safety[edit] Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Prefecture has the most designated yakuza groups among all of the prefectures, at five: the Kudo-kai, the Taishu-kai, the Fukuhaku-kai, the Dojin-kai
Dojin-kai
and the Kyushu
Kyushu
Seido-kai.[9] Between 2004 and 2009, and in early 2011,[10] Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Prefecture lead the nation in gun-related incidents.[11] These incidents were mostly related to the local yakuza syndicates, specifically the Kudo-kai, the Dojin-kai, and the Kyushu
Kyushu
Seido-kai.[10] Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Prefecture has had the highest frequency of youth crime among the prefectures of Japan
Japan
since 2003.[12] Tourism[edit] See also: Kyushu
Kyushu
National Museum

A sightseeing boat in Yanagawa Canal

Dazaifu Tenman-gū

The most popular place for tourism is Fukuoka
Fukuoka
City, especially at the time of the Dontaku festival, and Dazaifu, although Kitakyūshū
Kitakyūshū
has tried to attract tourists. Transportation[edit] Rail[edit]

West Japan
Japan
Railway Company(=JR Nishinihon)

Sanyō Shinkansen Hakata Minami Line

JR Kyushu

Kyūshū
Kyūshū
Shinkansen, Kagoshima Main Line, Chikuhō Main Line, Nippō Main Line, Kyudai Main Line Chikuhi Line, Gotōji Line, Kashii Line, Hitahikosan Line, Sasaguri Line

Nishi-Nippon Railroad

Tenjin Ōmuta Line, Dazaifu Line, Nishitetsu Amagi Line, Kaizuka Line

Amagi Railway

Amagi Railway
Amagi Railway
Amagi Line

Heisei Chikuhō Railway

Ita Line, Itota Line, Tagawa Line

Fukuoka
Fukuoka
City Subway

Kūkō Line, Hakozaki Line, Nanakuma Line

Kitakyushu
Kitakyushu
Monorail

Air[edit]

Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Airport New Kitakyushu
Kitakyushu
airport

Sister regions[edit]

Hawaii, United States Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China Delhi, India Bangkok, Thailand Hanoi, Vietnam

Notes[edit]

^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Fukuoka-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 218, p. 218, at Google Books. ^ Nussbaum, "Fukuoka" in p. 218, p. 218, at Google Books. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books. ^ "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 3 Archived May 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.; retrieved 2012-10-26. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2012. Retrieved 8 December 2013.  ^ [1] ^ http://www.fukuoka-edu.ac.jp/ ^ Nakamura, Ken. Marathon - A history of the Fukuoka
Fukuoka
International Marathon Championships by K. Ken Nakamura - Part 1 1947-1966. IAAF. Retrieved on 2010-02-28. ^ "Retrospection and Outlook of Crime Measure", p.15 Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine., Masahiro Tamura, 2009, National Police Agency (in Japanese) ^ a b "Gunfire, The worst in the nation, None has been solved" Archived 2012-09-05 at Archive.is, 23 June 2011, Nishinippon Shimbun (in Japanese) ^ " Fukuoka
Fukuoka
yakuza groups tackle police pressure in all-out war", 4 May 2010, The Tokyo
Tokyo
Reporter, from Friday May 14, p.22-23 (in Japanese) ^ 非行防げ、捜査員奮闘…少年犯罪全国ワースト1の福岡 Archived 2009-02-12 at the Wayback Machine., Yomiuri Shimbun
Yomiuri Shimbun
(in Japanese)

References[edit]

Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. 2005. Japan
Japan
encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Prefecture.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Prefecture.

Official website Official Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Tourism Association website Fukuoka
Fukuoka
information homepage Fukuoka
Fukuoka
map (1891)[permanent dead link] – National Archives of Japan

v t e

Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Prefecture

Fukuoka
Fukuoka
(capital)

Wards of Fukuoka

Higashi Hakata Chūō Minami Nishi Jōnan Sawara

Wards of Kitakyushu

Moji Wakamatsu Tobata Kokurakita Kokuraminami Yahatahigashi Yahatanishi

Core city

Kurume

Cities

Asakura Buzen Chikugo Chikushino Dazaifu Fukutsu Iizuka Itoshima Kasuga Kama Koga Miyama Miyawaka Munakata Nakama Nōgata Ogōri Ōkawa Ōmuta Ōnojō Tagawa Ukiha Yame Yanagawa Yukuhashi

Asakura District

Chikuzen Tōhō

Chikujō District

Chikujō Kōge Yoshitomi

Chikushi District

Nakagawa

Kaho District

Keisen

Kasuya District

Hisayama Kasuya Sasaguri Shime Shingū Sue Umi

Kurate District

Kotake Kurate

Mii District

Tachiarai

Miyako District

Kanda Miyako

Mizuma District

Ōki

Onga District

Ashiya Mizumaki Okagaki Onga

Tagawa District

Aka Fukuchi Itoda Kawara Kawasaki Ōtō Soeda

Yame District

Hirokawa

List of mergers in Fukuoka
Fukuoka
Prefecture

v t e

Regions and administrative divisions of Japan

Regions

Hokkaido Tōhoku Kantō

Nanpō Islands

Chūbu

Hokuriku Kōshin'etsu Shin'etsu Tōkai

Kansai Chūgoku

San'in San'yō

Shikoku Kyushu

Northern Southern Okinawa

47 Prefectures

Hokkaido

Hokkaido

Tōhoku

Aomori Iwate Miyagi Akita Yamagata Fukushima

Kantō

Ibaraki Tochigi Gunma Saitama Chiba Tokyo Kanagawa

Chūbu

Niigata Toyama Ishikawa Fukui Yamanashi Nagano Gifu Shizuoka Aichi

Kansai

Mie Shiga Kyoto Osaka Hyōgo Nara Wakayama

Chūgoku

Tottori Shimane Okayama Hiroshima Yamaguchi

Shikoku

Tokushima Kagawa Ehime Kōchi

Kyushu

Fukuoka Saga Nagasaki Kumamoto Ōita Miyazaki Kagoshima Okinawa

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 152438255 LCCN: n80022934 ISNI: 0000 0004 0405 2801 GND: 43889

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