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Fukuoka Airport
Airport
(福岡空港, Fukuoka Kūkō) (IATA: FUK, ICAO: RJFF), formerly known as Itazuke Air Base, is an international and domestic airport located 1.6 NM (3.0 km; 1.8 mi) east of Hakata Station[2] in Hakata-ku, Fukuoka, Japan. Fukuoka Airport
Airport
is the principal airport on the island of Kyushu
Kyushu
and is the fourth busiest passenger airport in Japan.[3] As of 2017, the airport is the fourth busiest single-runway airport in the world by passenger traffic (after Mumbai, London–Gatwick and İstanbul-Sabiha Gökçen).[4] The airport is surrounded by residential areas; flights stop at 10 p.m. at the request of local residents and resume operation at 7 a.m. The domestic terminal is connected to the city by the Fukuoka City Subway, and a subway from the airport to the business district takes less than ten minutes. The international terminal is only accessible by road, although there is scheduled bus service to Hakata Station
Hakata Station
and the Tenjin area.[5] Alternatives to access the Fukuoka area include Saga Airport
Airport
and Kitakyushu Airport.

Contents

1 Airlines and destinations

1.1 Passenger

2 History

2.1 Japanese military base 2.2 Postwar era 2.3 Korean War 2.4 Cold War 2.5 Civilian usage 2.6 Expansion 2.7 Accidents and incidents

3 Current Japan Self-Defense Force Units 4 Nearby major airports 5 References 6 External links

Airlines and destinations[edit] Passenger[edit]

Fukuoka airport passenger destinations

Fukuoka Airport
Airport
Terminal 2 at night

International Terminal Departure Floor

Aircraft of Japan Airlines
Japan Airlines
and All Nippon Airways
All Nippon Airways
at Gates 1-6 at Terminal 3

A Thai Airways
Thai Airways
Boeing 787-8 at Fukuoka Airport

Airlines Destinations

Air Busan Busan, Daegu[6]

Air China Beijing–Capital, Dalian, Shanghai–Pudong

Air Macau Macau

All Nippon Airways Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, Osaka–Itami, Ishigaki, Osaka–Kansai, Sapporo–Chitose, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita Seasonal: Miyako

All Nippon Airways operated by ANA Wings Fukue, Komatsu, Miyazaki, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, Niigata, Sendai, Tsushima

Amakusa Airlines Amakusa

Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon Seasonal: Jeju

Cathay Dragon Hong Kong

Cebu Pacific Manila

China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan

China Eastern Airlines Beijing–Capital, Qingdao, Shanghai–Pudong Seasonal: Chengdu, Nanjing

China Southern Airlines Seasonal: Dalian,[7] Guangzhou, Shanghai–Pudong

China United Airlines Yantai[8]

Delta Air Lines Honolulu

Eastar Jet Seoul–Incheon

EVA Air Kaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan

Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki

Fuji Dream Airlines Matsumoto, Nagoya–Komaki, Niigata, Shizuoka

HK Express Hong Kong

Ibex Airlines Komatsu, Nagoya–Centrair, Osaka–Itami, Sendai Seasonal: Tanegashima

Japan Airlines Osaka–Itami, Sapporo–Chitose, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita

Japan Airlines operated by J-Air Amami Ōshima, Hanamaki, Kōchi, Matsuyama, Miyazaki, Osaka–Itami, Sendai, Tokushima

Japan Airlines operated by Japan Air Commuter Izumo, Kagoshima, Yakushima

Japan Airlines operated by Japan Transocean Air Naha

Jeju Air Busan, Seoul–Incheon

Jetstar Japan Nagoya–Centrair, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita

Jin Air Seoul–Incheon Seasonal: Busan

Korean Air Busan, Seoul–Incheon

Oriental Air Bridge Fukue

Peach Naha, Osaka–Kansai, Sapporo-Chitose,[9] Tokyo–Narita

Philippine Airlines Manila

Skymark Airlines Ibaraki, Naha, Sapporo–Chitose, Tokyo–Haneda

Singapore Airlines Singapore

StarFlyer Nagoya–Centrair, Tokyo–Haneda

T'way Airlines Daegu, Seoul–Incheon

Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi

Tigerair Taiwan Kaohsiung,[10] Taipei–Taoyuan

United Airlines Guam

Vanilla Air Taipei–Taoyuan[11]

Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City

History[edit] The airport was built in 1944 by the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force as Mushiroda Airfield.[12] After the war, the United States Air Force used the airfield as Itazuke Air Base from 1945 to 1972.[12] Itazuke actually comprised three installations: Itazuke AB, Itazuke (Kasuga) Administration Annex and Brady Air Base (Camp Brady). Itazuke and the Kasuga Annex were on the mainland while Brady was in Saitozaki; on the peninsula (Umi no Nakamichi) that forms Hakata Bay. Part of the confusion with the names stem from the days when the annex and Brady AB were Army installations before the USAF took command in 1956. At its height, Itazuke AB was the largest USAF base on Kyūshū, but was closed in 1972 due to budget reductions and the overall reduction of United States military forces in Japan. Japanese military base[edit] Mushiroda was built on farmland that once grew bumper rice crops during 1943. The base was first used by trainer aircraft. The airfield soon proved unserviceable for the fledgling flyers because of the high water level of the former rice lands. Frequent rain showers flooded the runway making it unsafe for the novice aviators. The Japanese Air Force's 6th Fighter Wing replaced the trainers and Mushiroda became an air defense base. The 6th Wing had 30 single engine fighters and several reconnaissance aircraft to patrol the Okinawa-Kyūshū aerial invasion corridor. In April 1945 the Tachiarai Airfield at Kurume was destroyed by American B-29's. Tachiarai's bomber aircraft were moved to Mushiroda and the base became very active until late in the war when B-29's attacked the airfield and destroyed most of the Imperial Japanese forces stationed here. Postwar era[edit]

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The first American units moved into the facility in November 1945, when the 38th Bombardment Group
38th Bombardment Group
stationed B-25 Mitchells on the airfield. Moving to Itazuke from Yontan Airfield, Okinawa, the mission of the 38th Bomb Group was to fly daily surveillance missions to monitor shipping traffic between Kyūshū and Korea in order to intradict smuggling of illegal Korean immigrants and goods. Along with the 38th, the 8th Fighter Group was assigned to the airfield on 1 April 1946 which performed occupation duties until April 1947. Due to the massive destruction of the facility during the War, the only available buildings to house personnel was the Kyūshū Airplane Company's complex in Zasshonokuma. Designated Base Two, the former aircraft company was converted to barracks, dining halls, a post exchange, and BOQ. Additional facilities and billets were housed in a tent city at the airfield. The 38th Bomb Group remained at Itazuke until October 1946 also during with time several reconstruction units worked on the former IJAAF base rebuilding and constructing new facilities. Headquarters, 315th Bombardment Wing moved into the base during May 1946, spending most of the postwar occupation years at the new American Air Force base. When the 38th Bomb Group moved to Itami Airfield, it was replaced by the P-61 Black Widow-equipped 347th Fighter Group
347th Fighter Group
that moved from Nagoya Airfield. The 347th's mission was to provide air defense of Japanese airspace with the long range former night fighter. the 347th Fighter Wing, All Weather, was established at Itazuke in August 1948 when the unit was reformed under the new United States Air Force "Base-Wing" reorganization. The 347th moved to Bofu Air Base
Bofu Air Base
in October. It was replaced by the 475th Fighter Wing
475th Fighter Wing
which brought with it the new F-82 Twin Mustangs, replacing the wartime Black Widows for air defense missions. Once up to full strength, it was moved to Ashiya Airfield in March 1949. By early 1949, reconstruction of Itazuke was complete along the construction of long jet runways. The 8th Fighter Wing
8th Fighter Wing
moved in during March with the F-80C Shooting Star
F-80C Shooting Star
jet, which provided air interceptor defense of Japan. Korean War[edit]

The flightline at Itazuke Air Base, Japan, 1950. The F-82 in the foreground belongs to the 69th All Weather Fighter Squadron, and the F-80s are assigned to the 8th Fighter-Bomber Group

Itazuke played a key role in the Korean War
Korean War
and the defense of the Pusan perimeter in 1950. On June 25, 1950, North Korea
North Korea
invaded South Korea, starting a war that would last three years. Being the closest USAF base to the Korean Peninsula, the 8th Fighter Wing
8th Fighter Wing
at Itazuke initially provided air cover for the evacuation of Americans from Korea on June 26, the day after the invasion. In these early operations, Itazuke Air Base supported F-80C Shooting Star
F-80C Shooting Star
jet fighters of the 8th Fighter Wing, along with propeller driven aircraft such as the F-82C Twin Mustangs of the 68th Fighter Squadron, All Weather, and P-51D Mustangs which were shipped from the United States for ground support missions in South Korea. The first aerial victory of the Korean War
Korean War
went to 1Lt William G. Hudson, of the 68th Fighter Squadron, All Weather in an F-82. During the Korean War, Itazuke was a major combat airfield for the USAF. The 8th Fighter Wing
8th Fighter Wing
moved to a forward base in South Korea
South Korea
in late Fall of 1950. With the move the support element that remained at Itazuke was redesignated the 6160th Air Base Wing. The USAF moved several of its combat units to the base for operations over Korea, these being the 49th Fighter Group, the 58th Fighter-Bomber Wing; the 51st Fighter-Interceptor Wing; the 452d Bombardment Wing; the 27th Fighter-Escort Wing and the Texas Air National Guard
Texas Air National Guard
136th Fighter Group. A wide variety of aircraft operated from the airfield from twin-engined B-26 Invader
B-26 Invader
tactical bombers, F-80 Shooting Stars, F-84 Thunderjets, F-82 Twin Mustangs and F-94 Starfire
F-94 Starfire
jet interceptors. Cold War[edit] After the 1953 Armistice in Korea, the wartime combat units were slowly withdrawn back to the United States or reassigned to other airfields in Japan and South Korea. The base settled down to another era of peace to become the key base in the defense of Western Japan. The 8th Fighter Wing
8th Fighter Wing
returned to Itazuke from its forward airfield at Suwon AB (K-13), South Korea
South Korea
in October 1954, being the host unit at the base for the next ten years. During the 1950s, the 8th flew the F-86 Sabre for air defense of Japan and South Korea, being upgraded to the new F-100 Super Sabre
F-100 Super Sabre
in 1956. In 1961 the wing received Air Defense Command F-102 Delta Daggers, specifically designed for the air defense mission. The 8th was reassigned back to the United States in July 1964 to George AFB, California where it was equipped with the new F-4C Phantom II and eventually became a major USAF combat wing in Thailand
Thailand
during the Vietnam War. With the departure of the 8th TFW, the 348th Combat Support Group became the host unit at Itazuke, with the Pacific Air Forces 41st Air Division
41st Air Division
becoming the operational USAF unit at the base. During the 1960s and numerous rotational units from the United States deployed to the base. The F-105 Thunderchief-equipped 35th Tactical Fighter Squadron was the major flying organization until 1968, when it was moved to Thailand
Thailand
for combat operations over North Vietnam during the Vietnam War. During the Vietnam War, a detachment of the 552d Airborne Early Warning and Control Wing
552d Airborne Early Warning and Control Wing
which operated C-121 Constellation
C-121 Constellation
AWACS aircraft operated from Itazuke, but the stable situation in South Korea
South Korea
led to the gradual phase down of the base and personnel were withdrawn for other duties. In 1970 it was announced that Itazuke would be returned to Japanese control,[12] and the USAF facilities were closed on 31 March 1972. Civilian usage[edit]

Airport
Airport
diagram

Fukuoka's first civilian air service was Japan Airlines' Fukuoka-Osaka-Tokyo service, which commenced in 1951. JAL introduced jet service on the Fukuoka-Tokyo route in 1961. The airport's first international service was to nearby Busan, South Korea, beginning in 1965.[12] Air Siam
Air Siam
and Air France
Air France
both began long-haul service to Fukuoka in 1975, but withdrew within two years. In the mid-1990s, Delta Air Lines
Delta Air Lines
operated a non-stop flight between Fukuoka and its transpacific hub in Portland, Oregon, but later dropped the route due to financial pressure. Japan Airlines
Japan Airlines
operated flights from Fukuoka to Hawaii until withdrawing in 2005. Delta launched service to Honolulu
Honolulu
in 2011, which was successful beyond expectations, particularly due to the opening of the Kyushu
Kyushu
Shinkansen which made it a convenient resort route offering for passengers from throughout Kyushu. This led to an increase of Delta's frequencies in 2012, as well as Hawaiian Airlines
Hawaiian Airlines
offering a daily Fukuoka-Honolulu service.[13] Expansion[edit] Although Fukuoka is known as one of the most convenient airports in Japan, it is constrained both by its inner-city location and by its single runway.[14] Operations at the airport began to exceed its capacity of 145,000 annual flights in 2012, the year in which several new low-cost carriers began operation.[15] The Japan Civil Aviation Bureau has announced that Fukuoka will be designated as a "congested airport" (IATA Level 3) from late March 2016, meaning that the airport will be subject to slot restrictions and operators will have to receive 5-year permits from JCAB in order to operate at FUK.[16] With Fukuoka's ambitions to become a hub for business and travel in East Asia, moving the airport further inland or to an offshore artificial island to accommodate increased traffic has been considered. However, the idea of a new airport in the sea off Shingu has been opposed by environmentalists. The Gan-no-su coastal area has also been mooted, and it was the site of an airfield in the 1940s, but similar environmental concerns exist there. There is some debate as to whether a new airport is really needed, given the cost, the environmental problems, and the available capacity at alternates New Kitakyushu Airport
Airport
and Saga Airport, though much more distant from the city center. As of July 2013[update], the Japanese government was considering building a second 2,800 m parallel runway within the existing airfield at a cost of 180 billion yen, two-thirds of which would be borne by the national government and the remaining third of which would be borne by the local government by 2019.[14] A change in direction, As of April 2017[update] FUK will follow the model of other airports nationwide and undergo privatization but the 2nd runway is delayed; the funding model will aim sell the airport by fiscal 2019, the 2nd runway build and second parallel taxiway on the domestic side are both scheduled by fiscal year 2024 in order to free up traffic jams that currently occur due to overcrowding on the ground.[17] Accidents and incidents[edit]

In 1962, an F-100 crashed on take off. The wreckage came to rest not far from the Fukuoka terminal. The plane was destroyed, and the pilot was killed. On March 31, 1970, Japan Airlines
Japan Airlines
Flight 351, carrying 131 passengers and 7 crew from Tokyo to Fukuoka, was hijacked by 9 members of the Japanese Red Army
Japanese Red Army
group. 23 passengers were freed at Fukuoka Airport, mainly children or the elderly. 108 passengers and all crew members with Red Army group left Fukuoka, bound for Gimpo Airport, near Seoul. Three days later, the Red Army group asked to be flown to North Korean capital Pyongyang, before leaving from Seoul, 103 passenger and crew hostages were freed, and 9 Red Army group members surrendered to North Korean authorities.[citation needed] On December 17, 1989, a hijacked CAAC Flight 981 plane emergency landing at airport, a Chinese nationality of the suspect detained in Japan to four months, aftermath, eight years imprisonment sentenced and political rights deprivation 2 years on July 18 in mainland China.[18] On June 13, 1996, a Garuda Indonesia
Garuda Indonesia
Airways DC-10, Flight 865, crashed on take-off, killing 3 passengers and injuring 18. The pilot appeared to hesitate about applying full throttle upon a single engine failure. The crash occurred within the airport perimeter when the aircraft was already airborne, nine feet off the ground.[19] On August 12, 2005, metal fragments fell in a Fukuoka residential area from JALways
JALways
Flight 58, a DC-10 airplane bound for Honolulu
Honolulu
after an engine briefly caught fire shortly after take-off. Two people on the ground were injured by falling debris.[citation needed]

Current Japan Self-Defense Force Units[edit] Commanded from the nearby Kasuga Air Base:

Japan Air Self-Defense Force

Western Air Command Support Squadron (Kawasaki T-4) Kasuga Helicopter Airlift Squadron (CH-47J)

Nearby major airports[edit]

FUK KKJ (61 km (38 mi)) HSG (77 km (48 mi)) KMJ (91 km (57 mi)) OIT (119 km (74 mi)) UBJ (85 km (53 mi)) NGS (85 km (53 mi)) IKI (89 km (55 mi)) TSJ (120 km (75 mi))

References[edit]

Japan portal Aviation portal United States Air Force
United States Air Force
portal Military of the United States portal World War II portal

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency
Air Force Historical Research Agency
website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

Fletcher, Harry R. (1989) Air Force Bases Volume II, Active Air Force Bases outside the United States of America on 17 September 1982. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-53-6 Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4. Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947–1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.

^ "Fukuoka Airport" (PDF). Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2016. Retrieved 7 January 2017.  ^ AIS Japan ^ "Fukuoka Airport
Airport
Statistics". Japan Schedule Coordination (JSC), Japan Aeronautic Association(JAA). Retrieved 11 March 2014.  ^ "World´s busiest single-runway commercial airports". Panethos (WordPress). 2 September 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2016.  ^ "福岡空港国際線の交通アクセス 海外航空会社の7割「不満". Nikkei Inc.
Nikkei Inc.
12 September 2013. Retrieved 11 March 2014.  ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/267420/air-busan-adds-new-routes-from-daegu-in-16q3/ ^ http://airlineroute.net/2015/09/28/cz-dlcfuk-w15/ ^ "China United proposes Fukuoka Dec 2017 launch". routesonline. Retrieved 23 June 2017.  ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/272911/peach-expands-sapporo-operation-from-sep-2017/ ^ "tigerair Taiwan adds Kaohsiung – Fukuoka service from Dec 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 19 October 2017.  ^ " Vanilla Air
Vanilla Air
to launch Taoyuan-Fukuoka flights on March 25 Economics FOCUS TAIWAN - CNA ENGLISH NEWS". focustaiwan.tw. Retrieved 1 February 2018.  ^ a b c d http://www.fuk-ab.co.jp/english/sp/cont.php?page=gaiyou ^ "米デルタ、福岡―ホノルル線を大幅増便". 日本経済新聞. 17 April 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2013.  ^ a b "滑走路、国費ゼロで増設 国交省まず福岡空港検討". 日本経済新聞. 19 July 2013. Retrieved 19 July 2013.  ^ "福岡空港発着15万回超 24年過去最高 容量オーバー 滑走路増設課題に". 産経新聞. 1 February 2012. Archived from the original on 29 May 2013. Retrieved 19 July 2013.  ^ Yoshikawa, Tadayuki (4 September 2015). "福岡空港、混雑空港指定へ 発着回数制限". Aviation Wire. Retrieved 8 September 2015.  ^ http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/kyushu/news/20170412-OYS1T50012.html.  Missing or empty title= (help)[dead link] ^ ja:中国民航機ハイジャック事件 ^ ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 PK-GIE Fukuoka Airport
Airport
(FUK)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fukuoka Airport.

Fukuoka Airport
Airport
Building Co.,Ltd

Fukuoka Airport
Airport
map

Airport
Airport
information for FUK Charts for FUK / RJFF Current weather for RJFF at NOAA/NWS Accident history for FUK at Aviation Safety Network

v t e

Airports in Japan

1 Joint civil-military use

Major hubs

Nagoya (Chūbu Centrair) Osaka (Itami) Osaka (Kansai) Tokyo (Haneda) Tokyo (Narita)

International

Northern Japan

Akita Aomori Asahikawa Hakodate Kushiro Sapporo (New Chitose) Sendai

Central Japan

Hiroshima Ibaraki (Hyakuri)1 Fukuoka Kitakyushu Kōchi Komatsu1 Matsuyama Miho–Yonago1 Nagasaki Niigata Oita Okayama Saga1 Shizuoka Takamatsu Tottori Toyama

Southern Japan

Ishigaki (Painushima) Kagoshima Kumamoto Miyazaki Naha

Domestic

Aguni Amakusa Amami Chofu Fukushima Fukue Hachijojima Hanamaki Hateruma Iejima Iki Iwami Izumo Kamigoto Kerama Kikai Kitadaito Kobe Kōzushima Kumejima Matsumoto Memanbetsu Minami-Daito Misawa1 Miyakejima Miyako Monbetsu Nagoya (Komaki) Nakashibetsu Nanki–Shirahama New Tanegashima Niijima Noto Odate–Noshiro Ojika Okadama1 Oki Okinoerabu Okushiri Oshima Rebun Rishiri Sado Shonai Tajima Tarama Tsushima Tokachi–Obihiro Tokunoshima Tokushima1 Wakkanai Yamagata Yakushima Yamaguchi Ube Yonaguni Yoron

General aviation

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Camp Zama
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Ishigaki Kokura Yokosuka

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