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Fujian
Fujian
(Chinese: 福建; pinyin: Fújiàn; pronounced [fǔtɕjɛ̂n] ( listen)), formerly romanised as Foken, Fouken, Fukien, and Hokkien, is a province on the southeast coast of mainland China. Fujian
Fujian
is bordered by three provinces: Zhejiang
Zhejiang
to the north, Jiangxi
Jiangxi
to the west and Guangdong
Guangdong
to the south, along with Taiwan
Taiwan
150 km to the east, across the Taiwan
Taiwan
strait.[6] The name Fujian
Fujian
came from the combination of Fuzhou
Fuzhou
and Jianzhou (a former name for Jian'ou) two cities in Fujian, during the Tang dynasty. While its population is chiefly of Han origin, it is one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse provinces in China. Most of Fujian
Fujian
is administered by the People's Republic of China (PRC). However, the archipelagos of Kinmen
Kinmen
and Matsu are under the control of the Republic of China
Republic of China
(ROC, a.k.a. Taiwan). Thus, there are two provincial governments: the Fujian
Fujian
Province administered by the PRC and the Fujian
Fujian
Province of the ROC.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Prehistoric Fujian 1.2 Minyue 1.3 Imperial China

1.3.1 Han dynasty 1.3.2 First Han Chinese
Han Chinese
migration 1.3.3 Sui and Tang dynasties 1.3.4 Song dynasty 1.3.5 Ming dynasty 1.3.6 Qing dynasty

1.4 Republican China 1.5 People's Republic

2 Geography 3 Transportation

3.1 Roads 3.2 Railways 3.3 Air

4 Administrative divisions 5 Politics 6 Economy

6.1 Economic and Technological Development Zones

7 Demographics

7.1 Religion

8 Culture 9 Tourism 10 Notable individuals 11 Miscellaneous topics 12 Education

12.1 High schools 12.2 Colleges and universities

12.2.1 National 12.2.2 Provincial 12.2.3 Private

13 See also 14 Notes 15 References 16 External links

History[edit] Prehistoric Fujian[edit] Recent[when?] archaeological discoveries demonstrate that Fujian
Fujian
had entered the Neolithic Age
Neolithic Age
by the middle of the 6th millennium BC. From the Keqiutou site (7450–5590 BP), an early Neolithic site in Pingtan Island located about 70 kilometres (43 mi) southeast of Fuzhou, numerous tools made of stones, shells, bones, jades, and ceramics (including wheel-made ceramics) have been unearthed, together with spinning wheels, which is definitive evidence of weaving. The Tanshishan (昙石山) site (5500–4000 BP) in suburban Fuzhou spans the Neolithic and Chalcolithic
Chalcolithic
Age where semi-underground circular buildings were found in the lower level. The Huangtulun (黄土崙) site (ca.1325 BC), also in suburban Fuzhou, was of the Bronze Age
Bronze Age
in character. Minyue[edit] See also: Minyue Fujian
Fujian
was also where the kingdom of Minyue was located. The word "Mǐnyuè" was derived by combining "Mǐn" (閩/闽; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: bân), which is perhaps an ethnic name and associated with the Chinese word for barbarians[citation needed] (蠻/蛮; pinyin: mán; POJ: bân), and "Yuè", after the State of Yue, a Spring and Autumn period kingdom in Zhejiang
Zhejiang
to the north. This is due to the royal family of Yuè fled to Fujian
Fujian
after their kingdom was annexed by the State of Chu in 306 BC. Mǐn is also the name of the main river in this area, but the ethnonym is probably earlier. Imperial China[edit] Han dynasty[edit] See also: Han campaigns against Minyue Minyue was a de facto kingdom until one of the emperors of the Qin dynasty, the first unified imperial Chinese state, abolished its status. In the aftermath of the fall of the Qin dynasty, civil war broke out between two warlords, Xiang Yu
Xiang Yu
and Liu Bang. The Minyue king Wuzhu sent his troops to fight side-by-side with Liu Bang
Liu Bang
and his gamble paid off. Liu Bang
Liu Bang
was victorious and founded the Han dynasty. In 202 BC, he restored Minyue's status as a tributary independent kingdom. Thus, Wuzhu was allowed to construct his fortified city in Fuzhou
Fuzhou
as well as a few locations in the Wuyi Mountains, which have been excavated in recent years. His kingdom extended beyond the borders of contemporary Fujian
Fujian
into eastern Guangdong, eastern Jiangxi, and southern Zhejiang.[7] After the death of Wuzhu, Minyue maintained its militant tradition and launched several expeditions against its neighboring kingdoms in Guangdong, Jiangxi, and Zhejiang, which occurred primarily in the 2nd century BC. This was stopped by the Han dynasty
Han dynasty
as it expanded southward. The Han emperor eventually decided to get rid of the potential threat by sending a military campaign against Minyue. Large forces approached Minyue simultaneously from four directions via land and sea in 111 BC. The rulers in Fuzhou
Fuzhou
surrendered to avoid a futile fight and destruction; thus the first kingdom in Fujian
Fujian
history came to an abrupt end. The Han dynasty
Han dynasty
collapsed at the end of the 2nd century AD, paving the way for the Three Kingdoms
Three Kingdoms
era. Sun Quan, the founder of the Kingdom of Wu, spent nearly twenty years subduing the Shan Yue people, the branch of the Yue living in mountains. First Han Chinese
Han Chinese
migration[edit] The first wave of immigration of the noble class arrived in the province in the early 4th century when the Western Jin dynasty collapsed and the north was torn apart by invasions by nomadic peoples from the north, as well as civil war. These immigrants were primarily from eight families in central China: Lin (林), Huang (黄), Chen (陈), Zheng (郑), Zhan (詹), Qiu (邱), He (何), and Hu (胡). The first four remain as the major surnames of modern Fujian. Nevertheless, isolation from nearby areas owing to rugged terrain contributed to Fujian's relatively undeveloped economy and level of development, despite major population boosts from northern China during the "barbarian" invasions. Population density in Fujian remained low compared to the rest of China. Only two commanderies and sixteen counties were established by the Western Jin dynasty. Like other southern provinces such as Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, and Yunnan, Fujian
Fujian
often served as a destination for exiled prisoners and dissidents at that time. During the Southern and Northern Dynasties
Southern and Northern Dynasties
era, the Southern Dynasties reigned south of the Yangtze River, including Fujian. Sui and Tang dynasties[edit] See also: Early western influence in Fujian During Sui and Tang eras a large influx of migrants came and settled in Fujian.[8] The Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty
(618–907) oversaw the next golden age of China which contributed to a boom of Fujian’s culture and economy. Fuzhou's economic and cultural institutions grew and developed. The later years of the Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty
saw a number of political upheavals in the Chinese heartland, prompting another wave of Chinese to immigrate to Fujian. As the Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty
ended, China
China
was torn apart in the period of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms. During this time, a second major wave of immigration arrived in the safe haven of Fujian, led by General Wang, who set up an independent Kingdom of Min with its capital in Fuzhou. After the death of the founding king, however, the kingdom suffered from internal strife, and was soon absorbed by Southern Tang, another southern kingdom.[9] Quanzhou
Quanzhou
was blooming into a seaport under the reign of the Min Kingdom[citation needed] and was the largest seaport in the world.[when?] Its population is also greater than Fuzhou.[10][11] Due to the Ispah Rebellion, Quanzhou
Quanzhou
was severely damaged. Song dynasty[edit] The Lý dynasty
Lý dynasty
monarchs of Vietnam were of Chinese ethnicity.[12] Fujian
Fujian
province, Jinjiang village was the origin of Lý Thái Tổ 李公蘊, the ancestor of the Lý dynasty
Lý dynasty
ruling family.[a][13][14][15] China, Fujian
Fujian
was the home of Lý Công Uẩn. The ethnic Chinese background of Lý Công Uẩn has been accepted by Vietnamese historian Trần Quốc Vượng.[16] The founder of the Trần Dynasty
Trần Dynasty
in Vietnam, Emperor Trần Thái Tông, was the great-grandson of a Chinese person who came to Vietnam from Fujian
Fujian
from the Chinese Chen clan. Several members of the family, like the prince Trần Quốc Tuấn
Trần Quốc Tuấn
continued to know how to speak Chinese.[17][18] The name of the prince’s great grandfather was Trần Kinh. People from the Song dynasty
Song dynasty
of China, like Zhao Zhong and Xu Zongdao, fled to the Trân dynasty after the Mongol invasion of China. The Daoist cleric Xu Zongdaowho, who recorded the Mongol invasion, and referred to them as "Northern bandits" also came from Fujian.[19] Fujian
Fujian
was the origin of the ethnic Chinese Tran who migrated to Vietnam along with a large amount of other Chinese, during the Vietnamese Ly dynasty, where they served as officials. Distinctly Chinese last names are found in the Tran and Ly dynasty Imperial exam records.[20] Ethnic Chinese are recorded in Tran and Ly dynasty records of officials.[21] Clothing, food, and language were all Chinese dominated in Van Don
Van Don
where the Tran had moved to after leaving their home province of Fujian. The Chinese language
Chinese language
could still be spoken by the Tran in Vietnam.[17] The side of Vietnam that borders the ocean was colonized by Chinese migrants from Fujian. This included the Tran among them who becamr located to the capital's southeastern area.[18][22] The Red River Delta was subjected to migration from Fujian. The Tran and Van Don
Van Don
port arose as a result of this interaction.[23] Guangdong
Guangdong
and Fujian
Fujian
Chinese moved to the Halong located Van Don
Van Don
coastal port during Ly Anh Tong's rule in order to engage in commerce.[24] The usurpation of the Ly occurred after they married with the fishing Fujianese Tran family.[25] In 1172 Fujian
Fujian
was attacked by Pi-she-ye
Pi-she-ye
pirates from Taiwan.[26] Ming dynasty[edit] In the early Ming dynasty, Quanzhou
Quanzhou
was the staging area and supply depot of Zheng He's naval expeditions. Further development was severely hampered by the sea trade ban of the Ming dynasty, and the area was superseded by nearby ports of Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Ningbo
Ningbo
and Shanghai
Shanghai
despite the lifting of the ban in 1550.[citation needed] Large-scale piracy by Wokou
Wokou
was eventually wiped out by Chinese military and Japanese authority of Toyotomi Hideyoshi.[citation needed] An account of Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
Fujian
Fujian
was written by No In 鲁认.[27][28] The Pisheya appear in Quanzhou
Quanzhou
Ming era records.[29] Qing dynasty[edit] The late Ming and early Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
symbolized an era of large influx of refugees and another 20 years of sea trade ban under the Kangxi Emperor, a measure intended to counter the refuge Ming government of Koxinga
Koxinga
in the island of Taiwan. The seaban implented by the Qing forced many people to evacuate the coast in order to deprive Koxinga's Ming loyalists of resources. This has led to the myth that it was because Manchus were "afraid of water". Incoming refugees, however, did not translate into a major labor force, owing to their re-migration into prosperous regions of Guangdong. In 1683, the Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
conquered Taiwan
Taiwan
and annexed it into the Fujian
Fujian
province, as Taiwan
Taiwan
Prefecture. Settlement of Taiwan by Han Chinese
Han Chinese
followed. Today, the majority of people in Taiwan
Taiwan
are descendants of Hokkien
Hokkien
people from Southern Fujian. Fujian
Fujian
arrived at its present extent after Taiwan
Taiwan
was developed into an independent province (Fujian-Taiwan-Province) starting in 1885.[30] Just ten more years later, the Qing ceded Taiwan
Taiwan
to Japan via the Treaty of Shimonoseki after losing the First Sino-Japanese War
First Sino-Japanese War
in 1895. Republican China[edit] See also: Fujian People's Government
Fujian People's Government
and Fujian
Fujian
Province, Republic of China People's Republic[edit] Owing to the mountainous landscape, Fujian
Fujian
was the most secluded province of the PRC in eastern China
China
due to the lack of rail and underdeveloped networks of paved roads before the 1950s. The first railway to the province, the Yingtan- Xiamen
Xiamen
Railway, was completed in 1957. Despite its secluded location, Fujian
Fujian
has had a strong academic tradition since the Southern Song dynasty. At the time, north China was occupied by the Jurchen Jin dynasty during the Jin-Song wars, which caused a shift of the cultural center of China
China
to the south, benefiting Fuzhou
Fuzhou
and other southern cities. In the Chinese Academy of Science and Chinese Academy of Engineering, there are more members from Fuzhou
Fuzhou
than from any other city.[citation needed] In addition, it should also be pointed out that the slow development of Fujian
Fujian
in its early days has proven a blessing for the province's ecology; today, the province has the highest forest coverage rate and the most diverse biosphere in China
China
whereas central China
China
suffers from severe overpopulation and displays severe signs of soil erosion accompanied by frequent droughts and floods due to lack of forest coverage.[citation needed] Since the late 1970s, the economy of Fujian
Fujian
along the coast has greatly benefited from its geographic and cultural proximity to Taiwan. In 2003, Xiamen
Xiamen
ranked number eight GDP per capita among 659 Chinese cities, ahead of Shanghai
Shanghai
and Beijing, while Fuzhou
Fuzhou
ranked no. 21 (number 4 among 30 provincial capitals).[citation needed] The development has been accompanied by a large influx of population from the over-populated areas in the north and west, and much of the farmland and forest as well as cultural heritage sites such as the temples of king Wuzhu have given way to ubiquitous high-rise buildings, and the government faces challenges at all levels to sustain development while, at the same time, preserving the unique and vital natural and cultural heritage of Fujian. Geography[edit]

Wuyi Mountains

Min River (闽江) in Nanping
Nanping
(南平)

The province is mostly mountainous, and is traditionally described to be "Eight parts mountain, one part water, and one part farmland" (八山一水一分田). The northwest is higher in altitude, with the Wuyi Mountains
Wuyi Mountains
forming the border between Fujian
Fujian
and Jiangxi. It is the most forested provincial level administrative region in China, with a 62.96% forest coverage rate in 2009.[31] The highest point of Fujian
Fujian
is Mount Huanggang in the Wuyi Mountains, with an altitude of 2,157 metres (1.340 mi). The Fujian
Fujian
province faces East China
East China
Sea to the east, South China
China
Sea to the south, and the Taiwan
Taiwan
Strait to the southeast. The coastline is rugged and has many bays and islands. Major islands include Quemoy (also known as Kinmen) (controlled by the Republic of China), Haitan Island, and Nanri Island. Meizhou Island
Meizhou Island
occupies a central place in the cult of the goddess Matsu, the patron deity of Chinese sailors. The Min River (闽江) and its tributaries cut through much of northern and central Fujian. Other rivers include the Jin River and the Jiulong River. Due to its uneven topography, Fujian
Fujian
has many cliffs and rapids. Fujian
Fujian
is separated from Taiwan
Taiwan
by the 180 kilometres (110 mi)-wide Taiwan
Taiwan
Strait. Some of the small islands in the Taiwan
Taiwan
Strait are also part of the province. Small parts of the province, namely the islands of Quemoy
Quemoy
and Matsu, are under the administration of the Republic of China. The Fujian
Fujian
province is dissected by number of faults which are the results of stresses triggered by collision between the Asiatic Plate and the Philippine Sea Plate. The Changle-Naoao and Longan-Jinjiang fault zones in this area are active displaying annual displacement rates of 3–5 mm. They can cause a major earthquake in the future.[32] Fujian
Fujian
has a subtropical climate, with mild winters. In January, the coastal regions average around 7–10 °C (45–50 °F) while the hills average 6–8 °C (43–46 °F). In the summer, temperatures are high, and the province is threatened by typhoons coming in from the Pacific. Average annual precipitation is 1,400–2,000 millimetres (55–79 in). Transportation[edit] The province has improved its infrastructure considerably by adding 166 kilometres (103 mi) of new roads and 155 kilometres (96 mi) of railways.[when?] Roads[edit] As of 2012[update], there are 54,876 kilometres (34,098 miles) of highways in Fujian, including 3,500 kilometres (2,200 miles) of expressways. The top infrastructure projects in recent years have been the Zhangzhou-Zhaoan Expressway (US$624 million) and the Sanmingshi- Fuzhou
Fuzhou
expressway (US$1.40 billion). The 12th Five-Year Plan, covering the period from 2011 to 2015, aims to double the length of the province's expressways to 5,500 kilometres (3,400 mi).[33] Railways[edit]

Fuzhou
Fuzhou
train station

Due to Fujian's mountainous terrain and traditional reliance on maritime transportation, railways came to the province comparatively late. The first rail links to neighboring Jiangxi, Guangdong
Guangdong
and Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Province, opened respectively, in 1959, 2000 and 2009. As of October 2013, Fujian
Fujian
has four rail links with Jiangxi
Jiangxi
to the northwest: the Yingtan– Xiamen
Xiamen
Railway (opened 1957), the Hengfeng–Nanping Railway
Hengfeng–Nanping Railway
(1998), Ganzhou–Longyan Railway (2005) and the high-speed Xiangtang–Putian Railway
Xiangtang–Putian Railway
(2013). Fujian's lone rail link to Guangdong
Guangdong
to the west, the Zhangping–Longchuan Railway (2000), will be joined with the high-speed Xiamen–Shenzhen Railway (Xiashen Line) in late 2013. The Xiashen Line forms the southern-most section of China's Southeast Coast High-Speed Rail Corridor. The Wenzhou– Fuzhou
Fuzhou
and Fuzhou– Xiamen
Xiamen
sections of this corridor entered operation in 2009 and links Fujian
Fujian
with Zhejiang
Zhejiang
with trains running at speeds of up to 250 km/h (155 mph). Within Fujian, coastal and interior cities are linked by the Nanping– Fuzhou
Fuzhou
(1959), Zhangping–Quanzhou–Xiaocuo (2007) and Longyan– Xiamen
Xiamen
Railways, (2012). To attract Taiwanese investment, the province intends to increase its rail length by 50 percent to 2,500 km (1,553 mi).[34] Air[edit] The major airports are Fuzhou
Fuzhou
Changle International Airport, Xiamen Gaoqi International Airport, Quanzhou
Quanzhou
Jinjiang International Airport, Nanping
Nanping
Wuyishan Airport, Longyan Guanzhishan Airport
Longyan Guanzhishan Airport
and Sanming Shaxian Airport. Xiamen
Xiamen
is capable of handling 15.75 million passengers as of 2011. Fuzhou
Fuzhou
is capable of handling 6.5 million passengers annually with a cargo capacity of more than 200,000 tons. The airport offers direct links to 45 destinations including international routes to Japan, Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore, and Hong Kong.[34] Major cities:

Fuzhou
Fuzhou
(Foochow) Xiamen
Xiamen
(Amoy) Ningde Putian Quanzhou
Quanzhou
(Chinchew) Zhangzhou
Zhangzhou
(Changchow) Longyan Sanming Nanping Pingtan

Administrative divisions[edit] Main articles: List of administrative divisions of Fujian and List of township-level divisions of Fujian The People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China
controls most of the province and divides it into nine prefecture-level divisions: all prefecture-level cities (including a sub-provincial city):

Administrative divisions of Fujian

№ Division code[35] English name Chinese Pinyin Area in km2[36] Population 2010[37] Seat Divisions[38]

Districts Counties CL cities

  350000 Fujian 福建省 Fújiàn Shěng 121400.00 36,894,216 Fuzhou 29 44 12

1 350100 Fuzhou 福州市 Fúzhōu Shì 12155.46 7,115,370 Gulou District 6 6 1

2 350200 Xiamen 厦门市 Xiàmén Shì 1699.39 3,531,347 Siming District 6

6 350300 Putian 莆田市 Pútián Shì 4119.02 2,778,508 Chengxiang District 4 1

8 350400 Sanming 三明市 Sānmíng Shì 22928.79 2,503,388 Meilie District 2 9 1

7 350500 Quanzhou 泉州市 Quánzhōu Shì 11245.00 8,128,530 Fengze District 4 5* 3

9 350600 Zhangzhou 漳州市 Zhāngzhōu Shì 12873.33 4,809,983 Longwen District 2 8 1

4 350700 Nanping 南平市 Nánpíng Shì 26280.54 2,645,549 Jianyang District 2 5 3

3 350800 Longyan 龙岩市 Lóngyán Shì 19028.26 2,559,545 Xinluo District 2 4 1

5 350900 Ningde 宁德市 Níngdé Shì 13452.38 2,821,996 Jiaocheng District 1 6 2

  Sub-provincial cities * - including Jinmen County claimed by the PRC controlled by the ROC (included in the total Counties' count)

All of the prefecture-level cities except Longyan, Sanming, and Nanping
Nanping
are found along the coast. The nine prefecture-level divisions are subdivided into 85 county-level divisions (28 districts, 13 county-level cities, and 44 counties). Those are in turn divided into 1,107 township-level divisions (605 towns, 328 townships, 18 ethnic townships, and 156 subdistricts). Note: these are the official PRC numbers. Thus, Quemoy (Jinmen) is included as one of the 45 counties and Matsu (Mazu) as one of the 334 townships. Quemoy
Quemoy
(Jinmen) County is nominally controlled by Quanzhou Prefecture-Level city, but it is administered in its entirety by the Republic of China. The PRC-administered Lianjiang County, under the jurisdiction of Fuzhou
Fuzhou
Prefecture-level City, nominally includes the Matsu Islands
Matsu Islands
(Mazu), but Matsu (Mazu), in reality, is controlled by the Republic of China, which administers Matsu as Lienchiang County (which is the same name but romanized differently). The Wuchiu
Wuchiu
(Wuqiu) islands are nominally administered in the PRC by Xiuyu District
Xiuyu District
of Putian
Putian
Prefecture, but, in reality, is controlled by the Republic of China, which administers Wuchiu
Wuchiu
(Wuqiu) as part of Quemoy
Quemoy
(Jinmen) County. Politics[edit] Further information: List of provincial leaders of the People's Republic of China List of the Secretaries of the CPC Fujian
Fujian
Committee

Zhang Dingcheng
Zhang Dingcheng
(张鼎丞): June 1949-October 1954 Ye Fei
Ye Fei
(叶飞): October 1954-June 1958 Jiang Yizhen (江一真): acting 1958–1970 Han Xianchu
Han Xianchu
(韩先楚): April 1971-December 1973 Liao Zhigao (廖志高): December 1974-February 1982 Xiang Nan (项南): February 1982-March 1986 Chen Guangyi (陈光毅); March 1986-December 1993 Jia Qinglin
Jia Qinglin
(贾庆林): December 1993-October 1996 Chen Mingyi (陈明义): October 1996-December 2000  Song Defu (宋德福): December 2000-February 2004 Lu Zhangong (卢展工): February 2004-November 2009 Sun Chunlan
Sun Chunlan
(孙春兰): November 2009-December 2012 You Quan
You Quan
(尤权): December 2012 – October 2017 Yu Weiguo (于伟国): October 2017 – present

List of Governors

Zhang Dingcheng
Zhang Dingcheng
(张鼎丞): August 1949-October 1954   Ye Fei
Ye Fei
(叶飞): October 1954-January 1959 Jiang Yizhen (江一真): October 1959-December 1962 Wen Jinshui (魏金水): December 1962-August 1968  Han Xianchu
Han Xianchu
(韩先楚): August 1968-December 1973 Liao Zhigao (廖志高): November 1974-December 1979 Ma Xingyuan (马兴元): December 1979-January 1983 Hu Ping (胡平): January 1983-September 1987 Wang Zhaoguo
Wang Zhaoguo
(王兆国): September 1987-November 1990 Jia Qinglin
Jia Qinglin
(贾庆林): November 1990-April 1994 Chen Mingyi (陈明义): April 1994-October 1996 He Guoqiang
He Guoqiang
(贺国强): October 1996-August 1999 Xi Jinping
Xi Jinping
(习近平): August 1999-October 2002 Lu Zhangong (卢展工): October 2002-December 2004 Huang Xiaojing
Huang Xiaojing
(黄小晶): December 2004-April 2011 Su Shulin (苏树林): April 2011-November 2015 Yu Weiguo (于伟国): November 2015 – January 2018 Tang Dengjie (唐登杰): January 2018 – present

Economy[edit]

Fuzhou, the capital and largest city in Fujian
Fujian
province

Fujian
Fujian
is one of the more affluent provinces with many industries spanning tea production, clothing and sports manufacturers such as Anta, 361 Degrees, Xtep, Peak Sport Products
Peak Sport Products
and Septwolves. Many foreign firms have operations in Fujian. They include Boeing, Dell, GE, Kodak, Nokia, Siemens, Swire, TDK and Panasonic.[39]

Historical GDP of Fujian
Fujian
Province for 1952 –present (SNA2008)[40] (purchasing power parity of Chinese Yuan, as Int'l.dollar based on IMF WEO October 2017[41])

year GDP GDP per capita (GDPpc) based on mid-year population Reference index

GDP in millions real growth (%) GDPpc exchange rate 1 foreign currency to CNY

CNY USD PPP (Int'l$.) CNY USD PPP (Int'l$.) USD 1 Int'l$. 1 (PPP)

2016 2,881,060 433,744 822,948 8.4 74,707 11,247 21,339 6.6423 3.5009

2015 2,623,920 421,283 739,237 9.0 68,645 11,021 19,339 6.2284 3.5495

2014 2,429,260 395,465 684,221 9.9 64,097 10,434 18,053 6.1428 3.5504

2013 2,207,780 356,485 617,233 11.0 58,702 9,478 16,411 6.1932 3.5769

2012 1,988,380 314,991 559,981 11.4 53,250 8,436 14,997 6.3125 3.5508

2011 1,770,380 274,104 505,029 12.3 47,764 7,395 13,625 6.4588 3.5055

2010 1,484,580 219,304 448,432 13.9 40,320 5,956 12,179 6.7695 3.3106

2009 1,232,420 180,416 390,315 12.3 33,677 4,930 10,666 6.8310 3.1575

2008 1,088,940 156,793 342,779 13.0 29,938 4,311 9,424 6.9451 3.1768

2007 930,190 122,329 308,531 15.2 25,730 3,384 8,534 7.6040 3.0149

2006 762,740 95,680 265,052 14.8 21,226 2,663 7,376 7.9718 2.8777

2005 658,860 80,430 230,451 11.6 18,448 2,252 6,453 8.1917 2.8590

2000 376,454 45,474 138,438 9.3 11,194 1,352 4,117 8.2784 2.7193

1990 52,228 10,919 30,675 7.5 1,763 369 1,035 4.7832 1.7026

1980 8,706 5,810 5,821 18.4 348 232 233 1.4984 1.4955

1978 6,637 4,268

17.8 273 176

1.5550

1970 3,470 1,410

9.9 173 70

2.4618

1962 2,212 899

98.6 137 56

2.4618

1957 2,203 846

6.7 154 59

2.6040

1952 1,273 573

23.3 102 46

2.2227

In terms of agricultural land, Fujian
Fujian
is hilly and farmland is sparse. Rice
Rice
is the main crop, supplemented by sweet potatoes and wheat and barley.[42] Cash crops include sugar cane and rapeseed. Fujian
Fujian
leads the provinces of China
China
in longan production, and is also a major producer of lychees and tea. Seafood
Seafood
is another important product, with shellfish production especially prominent. Because of the geographic location with Taiwan, Fujian
Fujian
has been considered the battlefield frontline in a potential war between mainland China
China
and Taiwan. Hence, it received much less investment from Chinese central government and developed much slower than the rest of China
China
before 1978. Since 1978, when China
China
opened to the world, Fujian
Fujian
has received significant investment from overseas Fujianese around the world, Taiwanese and foreign investment. Today, although Fujian
Fujian
is one of the wealthier provinces of China, its GDP per capita is only about the average of China's coastal administrative divisions.[43] See also List of Chinese administrative divisions by GDP
List of Chinese administrative divisions by GDP
per capita Minnan Golden Triangle
Minnan Golden Triangle
which includes Xiamen, Quanzhou
Quanzhou
and Zhangzhou accounts for 40 percent of the GDP of Fujian
Fujian
province. Fujian
Fujian
province will be the major economic beneficiary of the opening up of direct transport with Taiwan
Taiwan
which commenced on December 15, 2008. This includes direct flights from Taiwan
Taiwan
to major Fujian
Fujian
cities such as Xiamen
Xiamen
and Fuzhou. In addition, ports in Xiamen, Quanzhou
Quanzhou
and Fuzhou
Fuzhou
will upgrade their port infrastructure for increased economic trade with Taiwan.[44][45] Fujian
Fujian
is the host of China
China
International Fair for Investment and Trade annually. It is held in Xiamen
Xiamen
to promote foreign investment for all of China. In 2011, Fujian's nominal GDP was 1.74 trillion yuan (US$276.3 billion), a rise of 13 percent from the previous year.[46] Its GDP per capita was 46,802 yuan (US$7,246 (9th)).[43] By 2015 Fujian
Fujian
expects to have at least 50 enterprises that have over 10 billion RMB in annual revenues. The government also expects 55 percent of GDP growth to come from the industrial sector.[47] Economic and Technological Development Zones[edit]

Mud clams, oysters and shrimp are raised in Anhai Bay
Anhai Bay
off Shuitou.[48]

Dongshan Economic and Technology Development Zone Fuzhou
Fuzhou
Economic & Technical Development Zone Fuzhou
Fuzhou
Free Trade Zone Fuzhou
Fuzhou
Hi-Tech Park Fuzhou
Fuzhou
Taiwan
Taiwan
Merchant Investment Area Jimei Taiwan
Taiwan
Merchant Investment Area Meizhou Island
Meizhou Island
National Tourist Holiday Resort Wuyi Mountain
Wuyi Mountain
National Tourist Holiday Resort Xiamen
Xiamen
Export Processing Zone Xiamen
Xiamen
Free Trade Zone Xiamen
Xiamen
Haicang Economic and Technological Development Zone Xiamen
Xiamen
Torch New & Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone (Chinese version) Xinglin Taiwan
Taiwan
Merchant Investment Area

Demographics[edit]

She ethnic townships in Fujian

As of 1832, the province was described as having an estimated "population of fourteen millions."[49] Han Chinese
Han Chinese
make up 98% of the population. Various Fujianese peoples (Min-speaking groups) make up the largest subgroups of Han Chinese
Han Chinese
in Fujian. This includes the Hoklo people, Fuzhounese
Fuzhounese
people, Teochew people and Putian
Putian
people. Hakka, a Han Chinese
Han Chinese
people with its own distinct identity, live in the southwestern parts of the province bordering Guangdong. Hui'an, also a Han branch with their distinct culture and fashion, populate Fujian's southeast coastline near Chongwu
Chongwu
in Hui'an
Hui'an
County. The She, scattered over mountainous regions in the north, is the largest minority ethnic group of the province.[50] Many ethnic Chinese around the world, especially in Southeast Asia, trace their ancestries to Fujian. Descendants of Fujianese emigrants make up the predominant majority ethnic Chinese populations of Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia
Indonesia
and Philippines. Fujian, especially Fuzhou
Fuzhou
City, is also the major source of Chinese immigrants in the United States, especially since the 1990s.[51] Religion[edit]

Religion in Fujian[52][b]    Chinese ancestral religion
Chinese ancestral religion
(31.31%)    Christianity
Christianity
(3.5%)   Other religions or not religious people[c] (65.19%)

The predominant religions in Fujian
Fujian
are Chinese folk religions, Taoist traditions and Chinese Buddhism. According to surveys conducted in 2007 and 2009, 31.31% of the population believes and is involved in Chinese ancestral religion, while 3.5% of the population identifies as Christian.[52] The reports didn't give figures for other types of religion; 65.19% of the population may be either irreligious or involved in Chinese folk religion, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, folk religious sects, and small minorities of Muslims.

Temple of Tianhou (the Queen of Heaven) in Quanzhou

A roadside Buddhist temple in Siming, Xiamen

A small folk temple in Shuitou

A folk temple in Zhangzhou

One of the oldest mosques in China
China
is located in Quanzhou.

Rare Rose Hill Catholic parish in Fuzhou

Culture[edit] Main article: Hokkien
Hokkien
culture See also: Music of Fujian, Hakka architecture, and Dog Kung Fu Because of its mountainous nature and the numerous waves of migration from central China
China
in the course of history, Fujian
Fujian
is one of the most linguistically diverse places in all Han Chinese
Han Chinese
areas of China. Local dialects can become unintelligible within 10 kilometres (6.2 mi). This is reflected in the expression that "if you drive five miles in Fujian
Fujian
the culture changes, and if you drive ten miles, the language does".[53] Most varieties spoken in Fujian
Fujian
are assigned to a broad Min category. Early classifications, such as those of Li Fang-Kuei
Li Fang-Kuei
in 1937 and Yuan Jiahua in 1960, divided Min into Northern and Southern subgroups. More recent classifications subdivide Min into[54][55]

Southern Min, including the Amoy dialect
Amoy dialect
and Taiwanese Pu-Xian, spoken in central coastal areas Eastern Min
Eastern Min
(the former Northern group), including the Fuzhou
Fuzhou
dialect Northern Min, spoken in inland northern areas Central Min, spoken in the west of the province Shao-Jiang, spoken in the northwest

(The seventh subdivision of Min, Qiong Wen, is not spoken in Fujian.) Hakka, another subdivision of spoken Chinese, is spoken around Longyan by the Hakka people
Hakka people
who live there. As is true of other provinces, the official language in Fujian
Fujian
is Mandarin, which is used for communication between people of different localities,[53] although native Fujian
Fujian
peoples still converse in their native languages and dialects respectively. Several regions of Fujian
Fujian
have their own form of Chinese opera. Min opera is popular around Fuzhou; Gaojiaxi around Jinjiang and Quanzhou; Xiangju around Zhangzhou; Fujian
Fujian
Nanqu throughout the south, and Puxianxi around Putian
Putian
and Xianyou County.

Kompyang
Kompyang
(房村光饼) sold on the streets of Fujian
Fujian
cities

Fujian
Fujian
cuisine, with an emphasis on seafood, is one of the eight great traditions of Chinese cuisine. It is composed of traditions from various regions, including Fuzhou
Fuzhou
cuisine and Min Nan
Min Nan
cuisine. The most prestigious dish is Fotiaoqiang (literally "Buddha jumps over the wall"), a complex dish making use of many ingredients, including shark fin, sea cucumber, abalone and Shaoxing wine
Shaoxing wine
(a type of Chinese alcoholic beverage). Many well-known teas originate from Fujian, including oolong, Wuyi Yancha, Lapsang souchong
Lapsang souchong
and Fuzhou
Fuzhou
jasmine tea. Indeed, the tea processing techniques for three major classes tea, namely, oolong, white tea and black tea were all developed in the province. Fujian
Fujian
tea ceremony is an elaborate way of preparing and serving tea. In fact, the English word "tea" is borrowed from Hokkien
Hokkien
of the Min Nan languages. (Mandarin and Cantonese
Cantonese
pronounce the word chá.) Fuzhou
Fuzhou
bodiless lacquer ware, a noted type of lacquer ware, is noted for using a body of clay and/or plaster to form its shape; the body later removed. Fuzhou
Fuzhou
is also known for Shoushan stone carvings. Tourism[edit]

Hekeng village, in Shuyang Town, is one of the many tulou villages of Fujian's Nanjing County.

Places of interest include:

Fujian
Fujian
Tulou, listed by the UNESCO
UNESCO
as one of the World Heritage Site (2008) Guanghua Temple, mainland Putian Gulangyu Island, Xiamen Kaiyuan Temple, Quanzhou Mount Taimu, Fuding Nanshan Temple, Zhangzhou The Matsu pilgrimage centers around Meizhou Island
Meizhou Island
(Putian Municipality), because she was born there and died on the Matsu Islands. Wuyi Mountains, listed by UNESCO
UNESCO
as a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
in 1999 Yongquan Temple, Fuzhou

Notable individuals[edit] The province and its diaspora abroad also has a tradition of educational achievement, and has produced many important scholars, statesmen and other notable persons since the time of the Song dynasty, such as:

Huang Qiaoshan (871–953), Vice-Minister of Works, Tang dynasty Zheng Qiao (1108–1166), historian Zhu Xi
Zhu Xi
(1130–1200), Confucian philosopher Huang Senping (14th–15th century), royal son-in-law of Sultan Muhammad Shah of Brunei Hong Chengchou
Hong Chengchou
(1593–1665), Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
official Shi Lang
Shi Lang
(1621–1696), Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
admiral Koxinga
Koxinga
(1624–1662), Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
general who expelled the Dutch from Taiwan Lin Zexu
Lin Zexu
(1785–1850), scholar and official Wong Nai Siong
Wong Nai Siong
(1849–1924), scholar, revolutionary, discovered the town of Sibu
Sibu
in Sarawak, east Malaysia
Malaysia
in 1901 Lin Shu
Lin Shu
(1852–1924), translator Yan Fu
Yan Fu
(1854–1921), scholar and translator Lin Yutang
Lin Yutang
(1894–1976), writer Zheng Zhenduo
Zheng Zhenduo
(1898–1958), literary historian Ong Schan Tchow
Ong Schan Tchow
(Chinese: 翁占秋) (1900–1945), artist well known for the painting of the “Book of Chrysanthemums” José Rizal
José Rizal
(1861–1896), National Hero of the Philippines
Philippines
whose lineage is from Fujian Tsai Chi-Kun (1912–2004), "father of the Taiwan
Taiwan
Symphony" Go Seigen
Go Seigen
(1914–2014), pseudonym of Go champion Wú Qīngyuán Zhang Jingchu (born 1980), actress Raymond Lam
Raymond Lam
(born 1979), Hong Kong
Hong Kong
actor Lin Dan
Lin Dan
(born 1983), professional badminton player Jeremy Lin
Jeremy Lin
(born 1988), Basketball player

Miscellaneous topics[edit] Corporations with headquarters in Fujian
Fujian
include:

China
China
Clean Energy

Professional sports teams in Fujian
Fujian
include:

Chinese Basketball Association

Fujian
Fujian
Xunxing

Chinese Football Association Jia League

Xiamen
Xiamen
Lanshi F.C.

Education[edit] High schools[edit]

Fuzhou
Fuzhou
Gezhi High School Fuzhou
Fuzhou
No.1 Middle School Fuzhou
Fuzhou
No.3 Middle School Quanzhou
Quanzhou
No.5 Middle School Xiamen
Xiamen
Shuangshi High School Xiamen
Xiamen
Foreign Language School Xiamen
Xiamen
No.1 Middle School

Colleges and universities[edit] See also: List of universities and colleges in Fujian National[edit]

Xiamen
Xiamen
University (founded 1921, also known as University of Amoy) (Xiamen) Huaqiao University
Huaqiao University
(Quanzhou)

Provincial[edit]

Fuzhou
Fuzhou
University (founded 1958, one of "211 project" key Universities)u(Fuzhou) Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University
Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University
(Fuzhou) Fujian College of Traditional Chinese Medicine (Fuzhou) Fujian Medical University
Fujian Medical University
(Fuzhou) Fujian Normal University
Fujian Normal University
(founded 1907) (Fuzhou) Fujian University of Technology (Fuzhou) Xiamen
Xiamen
University (Xiamen) Jimei University
Jimei University
(Xiamen) Xiamen
Xiamen
University of Technology (Xiamen) Longyan
Longyan
University (Longyan) Minnan Normal University (Zhangzhou) Minjiang University (Fuzhou) Putian
Putian
University (Putian) Quanzhou
Quanzhou
Normal College (Quanzhou) Wuyi University
Wuyi University
(Wuyishan)

Private[edit]

Yang-en University (Quanzhou)

See also[edit]

Major national historical and cultural sites in Fujian

Notes[edit]

^ 《夢溪筆談·卷二十五·雜誌二》:「桓死,安南大亂,久無酋長。其後國人共立閩人李公蘊為主。」 ^ The data was collected by the Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS) of 2009 and by the Chinese Spiritual Life Survey of 2007, reported and assembled by Xiuhua Wang (2015)[52] in order to confront the proportion of people identifying with two similar social structures: ① Christian churches, and ② the traditional Chinese religion of the lineage (i. e. people believing and worshipping ancestral deities often organised into lineage "churches" and ancestral shrines). Data for other religions with a significant presence in China
China
(deity cults, Buddhism, Taoism, folk religious sects, Islam, et al.) was not reported by Wang. ^ This may include:

Buddhists; Confucians; Deity worshippers; Taoists; Members of folk religious sects; Chinese Muslims; And people not bounded to, nor practicing any, institutional or diffuse religion.

References[edit]

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Hong Kong
University Press. pp. 112–. ISBN 978-988-8083-34-3.  ^ Hall (1 January 1955). Secondary Cities & Urban Networking in the Indian Ocean Realm, c. 1400-1800. Lexington Books. pp. 159–. ISBN 978-0-7391-3043-8.  ^ Jayne Werner; John K. Whitmore; George Dutton (21 August 2012). Sources of Vietnamese Tradition. Columbia University Press. pp. 29–. ISBN 978-0-231-51110-0.  ^ Philippe Truong (2007). The Elephant and the Lotus: Vietnamese Ceramics in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. MFA Pub. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-87846-717-4.  ^ Ainslie Thomas Embree; Robin Jeanne Lewis (1988). Encyclopedia of Asian history. Scribner. p. 190.  ^ http://www.filipiknow.net/visayan-pirates-in-china/ https://archive.org/details/cu31924023289345 https://archive.org/stream/cu31924023289345#page/n181/mode/2up pp. 165-166. http://nightskylie.blogspot.com/2015/07/philippine-quarterly-of-culture-and.html ^ http://js.ifeng.com/humanity/zt/detail_2015_08/22/4264144_0.shtml ^ https://tspace.library.utoronto.ca/bitstream/1807/29740/1/Han_Hee_Yeon_C_201105_PhD_thesis.pdf pp. 269-271. ^ Chuan-chou Fu-chi (Ch.10) Year 1512 ^ Skinner, George William; Baker, Hugh D. R. (1977). The City in late imperial China. Stanford University Press. p. 197. ISBN 978-0-8047-0892-0.  ^ "Forestry in Fujian
Fujian
Province" (in Chinese). English.forestry.gov.cn. January 21, 2010. Retrieved May 7, 2012.  ^ Guo, Jianming; Xu, Shiyang; Fan, Hailong (2017-05-05). "Neotectonic interpretations and PS-InSAR monitoring of crustal deformations in the Fujian
Fujian
area of China". Open Geosciences. 9 (1): 126–132. doi:10.1515/geo-2017-0010. ISSN 2391-5447.  ^ " China
China
Briefing Business Reports". Asia Briefing. 2012. Archived from the original on September 4, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2009.  ^ a b " China
China
Expat city Guide Dalian". China
China
Expat. 2008. Retrieved February 8, 2009.  ^ "中华人民共和国县以上行政区划代码". 中华人民共和国民政部.  ^ 深圳市统计局. 《深圳统计年鉴2014》. 深圳统计网. 中国统计出版社. Retrieved 2015-05-29.  ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China
China
by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing
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Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.  ^ 中华人民共和国民政部 (August 2014). 《中国民政统计年鉴2014》. 中国统计出版社. ISBN 978-7-5037-7130-9.  ^ Market Profiles on Chinese Cities and Provinces, http://info.hktdc.com/mktprof/china/mpfuj.htm ^ China
China
NBS / Bulletin on Reforming Fujian's GDP Accounting and Data Release System: fj.gov.cn (23-Oct-17) (Chinese) ^ Purchasing power parity
Purchasing power parity
(PPP) for Chinese yuan is estimate according to IMF WEO (October 2017) data; Exchange rate of CN¥ to US$ is according to State Administration of Foreign Exchange, published on China
China
Statistical Yearbook. ^ ukien. (2008). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved December 20, 2008, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/221639/Fujian ^ a b " Fujian
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Economic News and Data ^ Ruǎn Jīnshān; Li Xiùzhū; Lín Kèbīng; Luō Dōnglián; Zhōu Chén; Cài Qīnghǎi (阮金山;李秀珠;林克冰;罗冬莲;周宸;蔡清海), 安海湾南岸滩涂养殖贝类死亡原因调查分析 (Analysis of the causes of death of farmed shellfish on the mudflats in the southern part of Anhai Bay), 《福建水产》 ( Fujian
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Aquaculture), 2005-04 ^ Roberts, Edmund (1837). Embassy to the Eastern Courts of Cochin-China, Siam, and Muscat. New York: Harper & Brothers. p. 122.  ^ http://www.chinamaps.info/Fujian/Fujian-Demographics.htm ^ Semple, Kirk (21 October 2009). "In Chinatown, Sound of the Future Is Mandarin". New York Times. Retrieved 9 July 2014.  ^ a b c China
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Economic data

Economic profile for Fujian

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fujian.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Fu-kien.

Fujian
Fujian
travel guide from Wikivoyage (in Chinese) Fujian
Fujian
Government Website (PRC) (in Chinese) Fujian
Fujian
Provincial Government (ROC) (in English) (in Chinese) Complete Map of the Seven Coastal Provinces from 1821-1850

Places adjacent to Fujian

Jiangxi

Zhejiang

Fujian

Guangdong

Taiwan
Taiwan
Strait /  Changhua County,  Chiayi County,  Hsinchu,   Hsinchu
Hsinchu
County,  Kaohsiung,  Kinmen,  Lienchiang County,  Miaoli County,  Penghu County,  Pingtung County,  New Taipei,  Taichung,  Tainan,  Taoyuan and  Yunlin County,  Taiwan

v t e

Fujian
Fujian
topics

Fuzhou
Fuzhou
(PRC capital) Jincheng (ROC capital)

General

History Politics Economy

Geography

Cities Jiulong River Min River Wuyi Mountains East China
East China
Sea South China
China
Sea Taiwan
Taiwan
Strait Haitan Island Jin River

Education

Huaqiao University Xiamen
Xiamen
University Jimei University Xiamen
Xiamen
University of Technology Longyan
Longyan
University Putian
Putian
University

Culture

Hokkien
Hokkien
culture Hoklo people Min Chinese
Min Chinese
language Written Hokkien Hokkien
Hokkien
architecture Hokkien
Hokkien
earthen buildings Dehua porcelain Jian ware Shoushan stone carvings Music Glove puppetry Koa-á books Tale of the Lychee
Lychee
Mirror Gongfu tea ceremony Fujian
Fujian
White Crane Dog Kung Fu Mazu Baosheng Dadi Hui'an
Hui'an
maidens Narcissus Turtle-back tombs Hakka people Hakka architecture

Cuisine

Fujian
Fujian
cuisine Hokkien
Hokkien
mee Bak kut teh Banmian Buddha jumps over the wall Oolong
Oolong
tea

Visitor attractions

Anping Bridge Fujian
Fujian
Tulou Guanghua Temple Nanshan Temple Matsu pilgrimage Kaiyuan Temple South Putuo Temple

Category Commons

v t e

County-level divisions of Fujian
Fujian
Province

Fuzhou
Fuzhou
(capital)

Sub-provincial city

Xiamen

Siming District Haicang District

Fujian
Fujian
Free-Trade Zone

Huli District

Fujian
Fujian
Free-Trade Zone

Jimei District Tong'an District Xiang'an District

Prefecture-level cities

Fuzhou

Gulou District Taijiang District Cangshan District Mawei District

Fujian
Fujian
Free-Trade Zone

Jin'an District Changle District Fuqing
Fuqing
City Minhou County Lianjiang County Luoyuan County Minqing County Yongtai County Pingtan County

Fujian
Fujian
Free-Trade Zone

Putian

Chengxiang District Hanjiang District Licheng District Xiuyu District Xianyou County

Sanming

Meilie District Sanyuan District Yong'an
Yong'an
City Mingxi County Qingliu County Ninghua County Datian County Youxi County Sha County Jiangle County Taining County Jianning County

Quanzhou

Licheng District Fengze District Luojiang District Quangang District Shishi City Jinjiang City Nan'an City Hui'an
Hui'an
County Anxi County Yongchun County Dehua County Jinmen County¹

Zhangzhou

Xiangcheng District Longwen District Longhai City Yunxiao County Zhangpu County Zhao'an County Changtai County Dongshan County Nanjing County Pinghe County Hua'an County

Nanping

Jianyang District Yanping District Shaowu
Shaowu
City Wuyishan City Jian'ou
Jian'ou
City Shunchang County Pucheng County Guangze County Songxi County Zhenghe County

Longyan

Xinluo District Yongding District Zhangping
Zhangping
City Changting County Shanghang County Wuping County Liancheng County

Ningde

Jiaocheng District Fu'an
Fu'an
City Fuding
Fuding
City Shouning County Xiapu County Zherong County Pingnan County Gutian County Zhouning County

¹ — Jinmen (Kinmen/Quemoy) is administered as a county by the Republic of China, but claimed by the PRC.

v t e

Provincial-level divisions of the People's Republic of China

Provinces

Anhui Fujian Gansu Guangdong Guizhou Hainan Hebei Heilongjiang Henan Hubei Hunan Jiangsu Jiangxi Jilin Liaoning Qinghai Shaanxi Shandong Shanxi Sichuan Yunnan Zhejiang

Autonomous regions

Guangxi Inner Mongolia Ningxia Tibet Xinjiang

Municipalities

Beijing Chongqing Shanghai Tianjin

Special
Special
administrative regions

Hong Kong Macau

Other

Taiwan¹

Note: Taiwan
Taiwan
is claimed by the People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China
but administered by the Republic of China
Republic of China
(see Political status of Taiwan).

Authority control

GND: 4220847-6 BNF: cb12139611q (d

.