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Fugazi
Fugazi
(/fuˈɡɑːzi/; foo-GAH-zee) is an American punk rock band that formed in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
in 1987. The band consists of guitarists and vocalists Ian MacKaye
Ian MacKaye
and Guy Picciotto, bassist Joe Lally and drummer Brendan Canty. Fugazi
Fugazi
are noted for their unique sound, blending of elements of dub/reggae with high energy rock and punk/hardcore-styled guitars, as well as for their business practices[2] and contempt towards the music industry.[3] The band, and others from the punk and hardcore scene leading up to the early 1990s, were among the early adopters of what grew to be known as the DIY ethic. Fugazi
Fugazi
have performed numerous worldwide tours, produced six studio albums, a film and a comprehensive live series, gaining the band critical acclaim and success around the world.[4] Fugazi
Fugazi
has been on an indefinite break since 2003.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Formation and early years (1986–1989) 1.2 Fugazi
Fugazi
EP & Margin Walker – 13 Songs (1988–1989) 1.3 Repeater and Steady Diet of Nothing
Steady Diet of Nothing
(1990–1992) 1.4 In On the Kill Taker and Red Medicine
Red Medicine
(1993–1996) 1.5 End Hits
End Hits
and The Argument
The Argument
(1997–2002) 1.6 Indefinite hiatus and reunion rumours (2003–present)

2 Side projects and related work 3 Live performances 4 Musical style and influences 5 Business practices 6 Members 7 Discography 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] Formation and early years (1986–1989)[edit] After the hardcore punk group Minor Threat
Minor Threat
dissolved, Ian MacKaye (vocals and guitar) was active with a few short-lived groups, most notably Embrace. MacKaye decided he wanted a project that was "like The Stooges
The Stooges
with reggae", but was wary about forming another band after Embrace's break up. MacKaye recalled, "My interests were not necessarily to be in a band, but to be with people who wanted to play music with me."[5] MacKaye recruited ex- Dag Nasty drummer Colin Sears and bass guitarist Joe Lally, and the trio began practicing together in September 1986. After a few months of rehearsals, Sears returned to Dag Nasty and was replaced by Brendan Canty (earlier of Rites of Spring). One day Canty's Rites of Spring
Rites of Spring
bandmate Guy Picciotto
Guy Picciotto
dropped by during a practice session to see how his friend was getting along; he later admitted he secretly harbored the idea of joining the group. But Picciotto was disappointed that there seemed to be no place for him.[6] After some uncertainty from Canty about what he wanted to do with his future, the trio regrouped and booked their first show at the Wilson Center in early September 1987. The group still needed a name, so MacKaye chose the word "fugazi" from Mark Baker's Nam, a compilation of stories of Vietnam War
Vietnam War
veterans, it there being a slang acronym for "Fucked Up, Got Ambushed, Zipped In [into a body bag]".[7] The band began inviting Picciotto to practices. Inspired by use of a foil in hip hop, Picciotto sang backup vocals. After his band Happy Go Licky broke up, he became more involved with Fugazi. MacKaye eventually asked Picciotto to become a full member, which he accepted.[8] Fugazi
Fugazi
EP & Margin Walker – 13 Songs (1988–1989)[edit] Fugazi
Fugazi
embarked on its first tour in January 1988. In June 1988 the band recorded its debut EP Fugazi
Fugazi
with producer Ted Niceley and producer/engineer Don Zientara (who would become a long-time collaborator), and shortly afterwards embarked on an arduous tour of Europe.[9] At the tour's conclusion in December, the band recorded songs for its intended debut album. However, the band was spent from touring and decided that the resulting sessions were unsatisfactory. The track list was cut down to an EP and released as Margin Walker
Margin Walker
the following year. Both EPs were eventually combined into the 13 Songs release in late 1989.[2][10] Upon the band's return from Europe, Picciotto, unsatisfied with singing, began playing guitar too.[11] Repeater and Steady Diet of Nothing
Steady Diet of Nothing
(1990–1992)[edit]

"Repeater"

Sample of "Repeater", from Repeater (1990)

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With Picciotto playing guitar full-time, Fugazi
Fugazi
made the transition into jamming and writing new material as a band as opposed to performing songs composed solely by MacKaye. In addition to working on new material, songs they had been performing live were refined, such as "Merchandise" and "Turnover", for inclusion on their first official full-length studio album.[12] Released on April 19, 1990, through Dischord Records, Repeater did not initially reach the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
charts or become a commercial success. However, the band spent most of 1990 and 1991 touring heavily behind Repeater, performing a total of 250 concerts between March 1990 and June 1991, routinely selling out 1,000-plus capacity venues throughout the world. By summer 1991, the album sold more than 300,000 copies, a large number for a label that relied on minimal promotion. While major labels began to court Fugazi, the band decided to stay with Dischord and refused the offers of those labels. Repeater ultimately went on to sell more than 1 million copies in the U.S. alone, and more than 2 million worldwide. The album was critically well received and featured an alternative rock sound that pre-dated significant releases such as Nirvana's Nevermind
Nevermind
and Pearl Jam's Ten, which would unexpectedly go on to break the genre into the mainstream.[12] For Fugazi's second studio-album Steady Diet of Nothing, released in July 1991, the band once again asked Ted Niceley to produce. Niceley had become a chef and had to reluctantly turn down the job, so the band members decided to produce the record themselves.[13] After the success of Repeater and its subsequent world tour, Steady Diet was highly anticipated, six months prior to its release Dischord had pre-orders in excess of 160,000 for the album.[14] In On the Kill Taker and Red Medicine
Red Medicine
(1993–1996)[edit] Fugazi
Fugazi
recorded its third album In on the Kill Taker
In on the Kill Taker
in the fall of 1992 with Steve Albini
Steve Albini
in Chicago; however, the results were deemed unsatisfactory and the band re-recorded the album with Ted Niceley & Don Zientara. With the breakthrough of alternative rock in the early 1990s, In on the Kill Taker; released on June 30, 1993, became the group's first record to enter the Billboard album charts, received critical praise from Spin, TIME magazine
TIME magazine
and Rolling Stone, sold 180,000 copies in its first week of release and subsequently became the band's breakthrough album.[4] By the In on the Kill Taker
In on the Kill Taker
tour, the group began to sell-out large auditoriums and arenas, as well as receive more lucrative major label offers. During the band's sold-out 3-night stint at New York City's Roseland Ballroom
Roseland Ballroom
in September 1993, music mogul and Atlantic Records president Ahmet Ertegün
Ahmet Ertegün
met with the band backstage in an attempt to sign them. Ertegün offered the band "anything you want", their own subsidiary label and more than $10 million just to sign with Atlantic. Fugazi
Fugazi
declined the offer.[15] The organizers of Lollapalooza
Lollapalooza
also attempted to recruit the band for a headlining slot on its 1993 tour, which the band considered but ultimately turned down.[16]

"Combination Lock"

Sample of "Combination Lock", from Red Medicine
Red Medicine
(1995)

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Fugazi
Fugazi
began writing the material for Red Medicine
Red Medicine
in late 1994, after touring in support of In on the Kill Taker. The band worked with engineer Don Zientara, but did not choose to work with producer Ted Niceley again. Fugazi
Fugazi
opted to retreat from the in-your-face production values of In on the Kill Taker
In on the Kill Taker
and instead worked to create an ambient sound which would display greater range and depth. To achieve this, the band handled production duties themselves, and in doing so, became more confident with in-studio experimentation. Red Medicine would take Fugazi
Fugazi
a step further toward art rock. The band began an extensive worldwide tour in support of the album, playing a total of 172 shows between March 1995 and November 1996.[4][17]

McKaye performing with Fugazi
Fugazi
at the Academy 1 in Manchester England on 30 October 2002

End Hits
End Hits
and The Argument
The Argument
(1997–2002)[edit] After the grueling worldwide tour the band had completed in support of Red Medicine, Fugazi
Fugazi
took an extended break and also began writing material for a follow up release. By March 1997 Fugazi
Fugazi
had once again returned to Inner Ear Studios
Inner Ear Studios
with producer/engineer Don Zientara to begin recording what would become the End Hits
End Hits
album with the intention of taking a more relaxed approach to recording and a longer amount of time to experiment with different songs and techniques in the studio. The group ultimately spent 7 months recording the album. Due to the title, rumors began circulating at the time that it was to be their last release.[18] Released on April 28, 1998 the album was commercially successful and marked one of the band's highest debuts yet on the Billboard charts. However, critical reaction to End Hits was mixed. Many critics praised the album's heavier tracks, while others questioned the inclusion of the group's longer, more experimental songs.[19]

"Full Disclosure"

Sample of "Full Disclosure", from The Argument
The Argument
(2001)

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Fugazi
Fugazi
began work on The Argument
The Argument
in 1999. This process saw the group taking more time than usual to write and demo material. Each member would bring his own individual riffs and ideas to the band, jam on them, and then begin piecing the songs together into various configurations before deciding on what would become the final versions.[20] The album's recording sessions took place between January and April 2001 at Inner Ear Studios
Inner Ear Studios
and Dischord House in Arlington, VA, located just outside Washington D.C.
Washington D.C.
The band once again worked with producer/engineer Don Zientara. During the recording process a considerable amount of time was spent finalizing each song's production, in particular the album's drum tracks, in an effort to give it a unique feel.[21] Drummer
Drummer
Brendan Canty explained to Modern Drummer
Drummer
that "We recorded them all very differently in terms of the drum sounds. We used a lot of different cymbals, snares, and ways of miking."[21] The Argument
The Argument
was released by Dischord Records
Dischord Records
on October 16, 2001, along with the EP Furniture + 2, almost 4 years after the release of End Hits. The album was met with critical and commercial success entering the Billboard charts and selling over 170,000 copies in its first week of release. Arion Berger of Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
called the album "bracing" and "intellectual"[22] and Chris True of AllMusic referred to the album as "spine-tingling and ear-shattering all at once" stating that, "the band has raised the bar for themselves and others once again." He also noted that the album had "touched on strange new territory."[23] By this point Fugazi
Fugazi
were on tour less frequently, due in large part to other professional and personal commitments, they performed only 32 shows in 2001 and 2002 respectively.[4] Indefinite hiatus and reunion rumours (2003–present)[edit] Fugazi
Fugazi
went on what they have called an "indefinite hiatus" after the conclusion of their 2002 UK tour following 3 sold-out nights at the London Forum
London Forum
in England
England
on November 2, 3, 4, 2002.[24] The hiatus was brought on by the band members' insistence on spending more time with their families and to pursue other professional projects.[25] Since Fugazi
Fugazi
went on hiatus in 2003, rumors began circulating regarding a possible reunion, with some insinuating that the band may get back together to headline the Coachella Festival. While the band has confirmed that they have been offered large sums of money to reunite and headline festivals, such as Coachella, they have so far declined the offers.[26] In March 2011, MacKaye reiterated that Fugazi
Fugazi
has "been offered insane amounts of money to play reunions, but it’s not going to be money that brings us back together, we would only play music together if we wanted to play music together and time allowed it".[27] In November 2011, when asked by The A.V. Club about the possibility of a reunion and a follow up to 2001's The Argument, bassist Joe Lally stated that " The Argument
The Argument
was a great record that we should try and top. It’ll take some time to come together and everything. To do that, we’d have to, the way the four of us are, we would take quite some time, I think, re-associating ourselves musically, and then just letting it come about naturally, because it would have to be a natural thing. So we’ll just see."[28] In August 2014, Dischord announced an official release for First Demo, an album featuring 11 demo songs recorded in January 1988.[29] The announcement included a preview of the demo for the Fugazi
Fugazi
track "Merchandise." [30] The eleven-track album was released on November 18, 2014.[31] MacKaye insists Fugazi
Fugazi
is not, in fact, broken up. While he admits any future public performance will have to contend with various confounding factors, the members have occasionally played music together, privately, since their 2002 hiatus.[32] On March 21, 2018, in a new interview on Vish Khanna’s Kreative Kontrol podcast, Fugazi
Fugazi
bassist Joe Lally
Joe Lally
revealed that the band still occasionally gets together to play. Lally begins, “Yeah, when we’re all in D.C., we totally hang out together and talk and spend a lot of time laughing. We have a great time together, go out to dinner, and we’ll play some music together.” He then shoots down any hopes of a potential reunion: “There’s so much to try to look after to allow Fugazi
Fugazi
to do anything, that we do not have the time to give it the respect that it deserves. So unfortunately, it is where it is.” Side projects and related work[edit] In the hiatus, the members undertook side projects, with MacKaye forming the duo The Evens
The Evens
with drummer and singer Amy Farina (formerly of the Warmers). In 2004, MacKaye produced the DC EP
DC EP
for former Red Hot Chili Peppers guitarist John Frusciante, which also featured Jerry Busher. Canty has been doing a variety of soundtrack scores and playing bass in the trio Garland Of Hours alongside frequent Fugazi
Fugazi
guest contributors Jerry Busher and Amy Domingues, and has played bass live with Mary Timony. Canty also appears on Bob Mould's 2005 album Body of Song and on Mould's 2008 album District Line, and has toured with Mould, appearing in the live DVD Circle of Friends. He is currently working in the Burn to Shine DVD series which is being released by Trixie DVD. Now, he is playing in Deathfix alongside Devin Ocampo (Medications, Faraquet, Smart Went Crazy, Beauty Pill), Rich Morel (Bob Mould, Blow Off) and Mark Cisneros (Medications, The Make-Up). They will release their album in February 2013 on Dischord Records. Lally has released three solo albums, There to Here
There to Here
(2006), Nothing Is Underrated (2007), and Why Should I Get Used To It (2011). He has also appeared on fellow DC post-punkers Decahedron's debut album Disconnection_Imminent, as well as on a project with Red Hot Chili Peppers guitarists John Frusciante
John Frusciante
and Josh Klinghoffer, known as Ataxia. The group has recorded two albums, Automatic Writing
Automatic Writing
(2004) and AW II
AW II
(2007). Picciotto currently works as a record producer most notably with Blonde Redhead
Blonde Redhead
and The Blood Brothers, and he has performed alongside members of The Ex at the Jazz
Jazz
festival in Wels, Austria. Picciotto also contributed guitar on two Vic Chesnutt
Vic Chesnutt
albums, 2007's "North Star Deserter and 2009's At the Cut
At the Cut
(co-producing the latter), for Constellation Records and performed live with Chesnutt and members of Thee Silver Mount Zion Memorial Orchestra
Thee Silver Mount Zion Memorial Orchestra
and The Quavers in Jem Cohen's program entitled, "Evening's Civil Twilight in Empires of Tin at the Vienna International Film Festival
Vienna International Film Festival
(Viennale) in 2007 (a DVD of the program was released in 2009). Picciotto played guitar on Chesnutt's Fall/Winter 2009 North American Tour. He has a daughter with musician Kathi Wilcox
Kathi Wilcox
from the band Bikini Kill
Bikini Kill
and The Frumpies. In July 2011, Minneapolis based record label Doomtree
Doomtree
released an album of mash-ups between Fugazi
Fugazi
and east coast veteran rap crew the Wu-Tang Clan. The album is titled 13 Chambers, group name Wugazi. However, Fugazi
Fugazi
itself did not have any involvement with the release.[33] Bassist Joe Lally
Joe Lally
was asked about his thoughts on the Wugazi release, and stated "I think they could've found better Fugazi pieces to sample with Wu-Tang guys rapping on it. I mean, it’s enjoyable, and I do appreciate it for the fact that somebody enjoys our music enough to bring it into that. But, you know, I don’t know. I guess I should shut up, because I suppose I'm about to run into these people at the Fun Fun Fun Fest festival and talk to them. But I’m afraid that is my opinion on it. It's like, get better samples of our stuff, do better work."[28] In October 2012, Chris Lawhorn released Fugazi
Fugazi
Edits. The album includes 22 instrumental tracks, which sample 100 songs from Fugazi's discography.[34] As in other cases, the band had no involvement in the production. But, the album was authorized for release by MacKaye, with the proceeds going to charity.[35] Live performances[edit] Main article: Fugazi
Fugazi
Live Series

Handmade tickets for a Fugazi
Fugazi
concert from 2001 in Indianapolis, Indiana

Between 1987 and 2003, Fugazi
Fugazi
played over 1000 concerts in all 50 US states and all over the world. Over 800 of these shows were recorded by the band's sound engineers. Beginning in 2004 and continuing into 2005, Fugazi
Fugazi
launched a 30 CD Live Series that featured concerts from various points in their career, which were made available for sale via Dischord Records. Continuing with the live series concept and after several years of development on December 1, 2011 Fugazi
Fugazi
launched a comprehensive Live Series website through Dischord Records
Dischord Records
that features 750 recordings available for download at the suggested price of $5 each or a "pay what you want" sliding scale option for each download between $1–100 with the goal of eventually making all 800 of the shows that have been recorded available for purchase.[36] For $500 fans can also purchase an "All Access" privilege which will include access to any future concerts and downloads added to the site.[37] While each concert was professionally mastered, the recordings capture everything that happened onstage and for preservation's sake the band chose not to edit anything out, singer/guitarist Guy Picciotto explained to the New York Times, "We liked this idea of, 'Let's just let it be everything,' ... There doesn't have to be the idea that this is the great, golden document. It's all there, and it's not cleaned up. You get what you get." The sound quality also varies as the earliest recordings were made to cassettes, then eventually digital formats such as DAT, CD-R
CD-R
and ultimately hard-drives were used. Each concert page also includes flyers, photographs and ticket stubs. As a career-spanning archival project, the Fugazi Live Series
Fugazi Live Series
has few equals, putting the band in the company of acts like the Grateful Dead, Phish
Phish
and Pearl Jam, three notable examples of other artists with such a large volume of concerts available for purchase.[37] Musical style and influences[edit] Fugazi
Fugazi
is significantly affected by the Clash. The Clash held up an example of pursuing revolution with punk music and Fugazi
Fugazi
loyally followed this inspiring example.[38] More importantly, Fugazi
Fugazi
lived out the rhetoric of the Clash and they convinced people in a more persuasive way. Joe Strummer (the lead vocalist of the Clash) recognized Fugazi
Fugazi
as the only band who best exemplified punk’s spirit in the 2000 Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
interview.[39] Fugazi's style has been described as post-hardcore,[40] art punk,[41][42] alternative rock,[43] indie rock[44] and experimental rock.[45] Fugazi's music was an intentional departure from that of the hardcore punk bands the members had played in previously. Fugazi combined punk with funk and reggae beats, irregular stop-start song structures, and heavy riffs inspired by popular rock bands such as Led Zeppelin and Queen, bands that the punk community of the time largely disdained.[46] Picciotto became the group's second guitarist when he realized MacKaye's typically chunky, low-end riffs and Lally's dub-influenced basslines allowed him to focus on high-pitched parts. In both vocal and guitar roles, Picciotto assumed the role of a foil to MacKaye; employing a Rickenbacker
Rickenbacker
guitar for its scratchy single-coil sound in order to "cut through MacKaye's chunky chording like a laser beam."[11] Picciotto's assumption of guitar duties allowed all four members of the band to jam together and write songs that way, where previously they had played songs largely as MacKaye had arranged them.[47] When writing songs, the band often rearranges them with different structures and different singers.[4] Spin Magazine
Spin Magazine
has listed MacKaye and Picciotto together at No. 86 on their list of The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time for their unique and interlocking guitar style in Fugazi.[48] Generally, MacKaye's lyrics and singing are more direct and anthemic (MacKaye admits that he loves audience sing-alongs and writes songs with shout-able slogans), while Picciotto usually favors a more abstract, oblique approach.[4] Lally has contributed vocals to a few songs as well, in which he sings in a more relaxed, quiet style as opposed to MacKaye and Picciotto, whose lyrics and vocals often feature strong emotional intensity. Later, Fugazi
Fugazi
more fully integrated elements of punk rock, hardcore, soul and noise with an inventively syncopated rhythm section. Notable is MacKaye and Picciotto's inventive, interlocking guitar playing, which often defies the traditional notion of "lead" and "rhythm" guitars. They often feature unusual and dissonant chords and progressions filtered through a hardcore punk lens. When questioned by Guitar
Guitar
World in 2002 about the band's influences, singer/guitarist Ian MacKaye
Ian MacKaye
responded, "Too many to mention. And not just from the last few years. Some of them predate us by decades, and most of them wouldn't be punk. I would hope any musician would be inspired by a lot of different kinds of music." Each of Fugazi's albums since Repeater have featured an instrumental song. By the time of 1995's Red Medicine
Red Medicine
bassist Joe Lally
Joe Lally
also began contributing vocals to the band and the group was implementing many of their broader influences into the overall sound. Critics Ian McCaleb and Ira Robbins declared that Fugazi's music combined an "unprecedented dynamic range ... and previously unimagined elements" such as "clattering musique concrète ... piano and sound effects ... murky dub and lancing clarinet" and "loose-limbed jammy funk ... into an ambitious, experimental format that raises more stylistic questions than it answers."[3] Bands who have cited Fugazi
Fugazi
as an influence include Nirvana, Refused, At the Drive-In, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Quicksand, Deftones, Iceage, NOFX, Bad Religion,[49] Blink-182,[50] Rage Against the Machine, the Offspring, Bikini Kill,[51] Lorde,[52] and Pearl Jam.[53] Business practices[edit] On their first tours, Fugazi
Fugazi
worked out its DIY aesthetic by trial and error. The group's decisions were partly motivated by pragmatic considerations that were essentially a punk rock version of simple living: for example, selling merchandise on tour would require a full-time merchandise salesperson who would require lodging, food, and other costs, so Fugazi
Fugazi
decided to simplify their touring by not selling merchandise. The band was also motivated by moral or ethical considerations: for example, Fugazi's members regarded pricey admission for rock concerts as tantamount to price gouging a performer's most loyal fans. Fugazi's inexpensive target goal of $5 admission was spawned during a conversation on an early tour when the band's members were debating the lowest profitable admission price.[54] In later years and at many venues, particularly on the east and west coasts of the U.S., Fugazi
Fugazi
was unable to get ticket prices below about $10–$15 total. However, it never saw the $5 rule as inviolable, instead aiming to charge a price that was both affordable and profitable. Unlike some similar, independent rock contemporaries, Fugazi's performances and tours were always profitable, due to the group's popularity, low business overhead costs, and MacKaye's keen sense of audience response in given regions.[54] Fugazi's early tours earned it a strong word-of-mouth reputation, both for its powerful performances, and also for the band's eagerness to play in unusual venues. The group sought out alternatives to traditional rock clubs partly to relieve the boredom of touring, but also hoping to show fans that there are other options to traditional ways of doing things. As Picciotto said, "You find the Elks Lodge, you find the guy who's got a space in the back of his pizzeria, you find the guy who has a gallery. Kids will do that stuff because they want to make stuff happen."[55] The group (MacKaye in particular) also made a point of discouraging violent, unwanted slam dancing and fistfights, which it saw as relics of the late 1970s/early 1980s hardcore punk era. Michael Azerrad quotes Mackaye, "See, [slam dancers] have one form of communication: violence ... So to disorient them, you don't give them violence. I'd say, 'Excuse me, sir...'- I mean, it freaks them out – 'Excuse me, sir, would you please cut that crap out?'"[56] Azerrad writes, "[MacKaye's] admonitions seemed preachy to some. And by and large, people would obey – it wasn't cool to disrespect Ian MacKaye."[56] Occasionally, Fugazi
Fugazi
would have an unrepentant slam-dancer escorted from the concert, and give them an envelope containing a $5 refund (the group kept a stock of such envelopes in their tour van for these occasions). During the summer of 1990 MacKaye formed the corporation Lunar Atrocities Ltd.[57] in order to shield his own and his bandmates' personal assets from the threat of lawsuits. As MacKaye’s financial advisor, Seth Martin, explained to the Washington Post in a 1993 interview: "protection from liability is the main reason to form a corporation, and for these guys it makes sense. If someone got hurt stage-diving and decided to sue, it would be harder to go after their personal assets."[58] Members[edit] Current

Ian MacKaye – vocals, guitar (1986–2003) Joe Lally – bass guitar, vocals (1986–2003) Brendan Canty – drums (1987–2003) Guy Picciotto – vocals, guitar (1989–2003)

Former

Colin Sears – drums (1986)

Touring musicians

Jerry Busher – additional drums, trumpet (1998–2002)

Timeline

Discography[edit] Main article: Fugazi
Fugazi
discography Studio albums

Repeater (1990) Steady Diet of Nothing
Steady Diet of Nothing
(1991) In on the Kill Taker
In on the Kill Taker
(1993) Red Medicine
Red Medicine
(1995) End Hits
End Hits
(1998) The Argument
The Argument
(2001)

Notes[edit]

^ https://pitchfork.com/news/fugazi-members-announce-debut-album-from-new-band-share-new-song-listen/ ^ a b "Brooklyn based Music Blog: Anachronique : Fugazi
Fugazi
(War Punk)". Still in Rock. 2004-02-26. Retrieved 2014-04-18.  ^ a b "Fugazi". TrouserPress.com. Retrieved 2011-07-15.  ^ a b c d e f Perlah, Jeff. "The Independent". Guitar
Guitar
World. March 2002. ^ Azerrad, p. 384. ^ Azerrad, p. 385. ^ Baker, p. 321. ^ Azerrad, p. 386. ^ Azerrad, p. 396. ^ Azerrad, p. 398. ^ a b Azerrad, p. 399. ^ a b ^ a b c d Perlah, Jeff. "The Independent". Guitar
Guitar
World. March 2002. ^ Azerrad, p. 407. ^ *Andersen, Mark; Jenkins, Mark (2001). Dance of Days: Two Decades of Punk in the Nation's Capital. New York: Akashic Books. ISBN 1-888451-44-0.  p. 304 ^ Freidman, p. 52. ^ Norman 1993 ^ "Red Medicine : Fugazi : Review : Rolling Stone". Rollingstone.com. Retrieved 2009-03-03.  ^ " Guy Picciotto
Guy Picciotto
of Fugazi: The Argument
The Argument
(2001): Interview". Morphizm. Morphizm.com. Retrieved 2009-03-19.  ^ Crane, Larry. "Fugazi: Brendan Canty & Guy Picciotto
Guy Picciotto
on the Recording Process". TapeOp Magazine. February 1999. ^ Chanko, Chip (2002). "Interviews:Fugazi". Pitchfork. Retrieved 2009-03-19.  ^ a b Perlah, Jeff. (2005). Brendan Canty. Modern Drummer Magazine.com. Retrieved 4/28/11. ^ Berger, Arion. Fugazi
Fugazi
The Argument
The Argument
Rollingstone.com. Retrieved 4/28/11. ^ Kellman, Andy. "Allmusic ((( Steady Diet of Nothing
Steady Diet of Nothing
> Review )))". Retrieved March 17, 2010.  ^ Freidman, p. 11. ^ Freidman, p. 12. ^ " Brendan Canty discusses Fugazi
Fugazi
hiatus, "Burn to Shine" and new projects". Punknews.org. Retrieved 2011-07-15.  ^ "Approaching Oblivion: Ian Mackaye Interview (Minor Threat, Fugazi, Dischord Records)". Approachingoblivion.blogspot.com. 2011-03-22. Retrieved 2011-07-15.  ^ a b "Interview: Joe Lally". The A.V. Club Chicago. 2011-11-10. Retrieved 2011-11-10.  ^ " Fugazi
Fugazi
"First Demo" Out November 18th". Dischord.com. Retrieved 13 February 2015.  ^ " Fugazi
Fugazi
– "Merchandise" (Demo) - Stereogum". Stereogum. Retrieved 13 February 2015.  ^ " Fugazi
Fugazi
- First Demo". Dischord Records. Retrieved 13 February 2015.  ^ "Fugazi's still around--they just went underground". culturecreature.com. 2017-01-19. Retrieved 2017-10-09.  ^ Joe Gross (July 13, 2011). "Wugazi's '13 Chambers': A Track-by-Track Breakdown". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2011-07-15.  ^ " Fugazi
Fugazi
Edits". Cool Hunting. 2013-01-23. Retrieved 2013-01-23.  ^ " Fugazi
Fugazi
Edits is the Ultimate Mash-up Album". Creators Project. 2012-11-30. Archived from the original on 2012-11-08. Retrieved 2012-11-30.  ^ " Fugazi
Fugazi
Live Series: A to Z". Dischord.com. Retrieved 13 February 2015.  ^ a b " Fugazi
Fugazi
Rises Again, In Online Archive". New York Times. 2011-11-25. Retrieved 2011-11-28.  ^ Andersen, Mark (2016). "The Clash and Fugazi: Punk Paths Toward Revolution". Political Rock. 1.  ^ Andersen, Mark; Jenkins, Mark (2003). Dance of Days: Two Decades of Punk in the Nation’s Capital. New York: Akashic Books.  ^ Andy Kellman. " Fugazi
Fugazi
Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-04-18.  ^ Carlick, Stephen (July 19, 2010). " Fugazi
Fugazi
Nearly Finished Massive Live Archive Project". Exclaim!. Retrieved April 17, 2015.  ^ Little, Michael (October 17, 2003). "In on the Killjoy". Washington City Paper. Retrieved April 17, 2015.  ^ Farseth, Erik (2012). American Rock: Guitar
Guitar
Heroes, Punks, and Metalheads (1st ed.). Retrieved January 18, 2017. Fugazi's mixture [f punk guitars and funky rhythms made it one of the most influential bands in alternative rock.  ^ "5 Criminally Overlooked Indie Bands You Need to Love". What Culture. May 4, 2013.  ^ Toth, James Jackson (August 23, 2012). " Fugazi
Fugazi
Albums From Worst To Best: Red Medicine". Stereogum. Retrieved April 17, 2015.  ^ Azerrad, p. 391–392. ^ Azerrad, p. 399–400. ^ "SPIN's 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time". Spin.com. Retrieved 2012-05-03.  ^ " Fugazi
Fugazi
is a benchmark, a signpost and an example of how it could and should be done". Retrieved 4 March 2018.  ^ "FIVE BANDS THAT INFLUENCED BLINK-182". Retrieved 4 March 2018.  ^ "50 Greatest Bands of All Time". SPIN. Retrieved 4 March 2018.  ^ "Lorde's Fugazi, Mars Volta, and PJ Harvey-Influenced High School Band Recordings Surface". Pitchfork. Retrieved 4 March 2018.  ^ Edgar, Elton. "Six Underrated 90's Bands That Should Be in the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame". Retrieved 4 March 2018.  ^ a b [1][dead link] ^ Azerrad, p. 391. ^ a b Azerrad, p. 392. ^ [2] Archived March 6, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 25, 2009. Retrieved April 27, 2013. 

References[edit]

Andersen, Mark; Jenkins, Mark (2001). Dance of Days: Two Decades of Punk in the Nation's Capital. New York: Akashic Books. ISBN 1-888451-44-0.  Azerrad, Michael (2001). Our Band Could Be Your Life: Scenes from the American Indie Underground, 1981–1991. Boston: Little, Brown. ISBN 0-316-78753-1.  Brace, Eric (1 August 1993). "PUNK LIVES! Washington's Fugazi
Fugazi
Claims It's Just a Band. So Why Do So Many Kids Think It's God?". The Washington Post. Washington DC. p. G1.  Baker, Mark (1983). Nam. Berkley. ISBN 0-425-06000-4.  Freidman, Glen E. (1994). Fuck You Heroes: Glen E. Friedman Photographs, 1976-1991. New York: Burning Flags Press. ISBN 978-0964191600. 

Freidman, Glen E. (2007). Keep Your Eyes Open: Fugazi. New York: Burning Flags Press. ISBN 0-9641916-8-7. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fugazi.

Fugazi's page at Dischord Southern distribution page Fugazi's page at Allmusic Rare recorded live Fugazi
Fugazi
show, one of the very last ever at Austin's Liberty Lunch venue in 1990.

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Fugazi

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Colin Sears

Studio albums

Repeater Steady Diet of Nothing In on the Kill Taker Red Medicine End Hits The Argument

Live albums

Fugazi
Fugazi
Live Series

Compilation albums

13 Songs

Soundtrack albums

Instrument Soundtrack

Demo album

First Demo

EPs

Fugazi Margin Walker 3 Songs Furniture

Related articles

Dischord Records Discography Embrace Instrument Jerry Busher Minor Threat One Last Wish Rites of Spring

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 295923104 GND: 10301807-4 MusicBrainz: 233fc3f3-6de2-465c

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