Fu Baoshi (Chinese: 傅抱石), or Fu Pao-Shih, (1904-1965) was a
Chinese painter from Xinyu,
Jiangxi Province. He went to Japan to
study the History of Oriental Art in the Tokyo School of Fine Arts in
1933. He translated many books from Japanese and carried out his own
research. In painting itself, he brought Japanese visual elements to
the Chinese ink painting tradition.
He was the Director of the Jiangsu Province Chinese Painting School
and a Vice-Chairman of the Federation of Chinese Artists. He also
taught in the Art Department of Central University (now Nanjing
University). His works of landscape painting employed skillful use
of dots and inking methods, creating a new technique encompassing many
varieties within traditional rules. He was able to create an old,
elegant style through his integration of poetic atmosphere and
painting techniques. He held many personal exhibitions in China and
won favourable comments.
Fu had strong feelings towards the land of China. During his travel to
many places, he recorded the splendors of the rivers and mountains,
drawing inspiration from nature and becoming the representative
landscape painter of his time.
1 Art historian
3 Family lineage
5 See also
7 External links
Former residence of
Fu Baoshi in Nanjing.
Fu wrote numerous fine arts theses, the earliest of which, "On the
Evolution of Chinese Paintings", was written at the age of 25. He also
carried out in-depth research into the history of landscape painting
at the end of the 4th century, including the works of Gu Kaizhi of the
Eastern Jin Dynasty (317-420), Zhan Ziqian of the Sui Dynasty
(581-618) and Jing Hao of the Five Dynasties Period (907-960), as well
as Wu Daozi, Li Sixun, Li Zhaodao and Zhang Yanyuan of the Tang
Dynasty (618-907). He worked very hard to imitate paintings by Gao
Kegong and Ni Zan of the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) Chen Hongshou of the
Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), and Cheng Sui, Kun Can, Zha Shibiao, Gong
Xian, Mei Qing, Wui Li, Yun Shouping and Shi Tao of the Qing Dynasty
(1644-1911), finally becoming one of the master painters of his age.
In this capacity he succeeded Huang Binhong, who had created a new
style of landscape painting called "Baoshi wrinkle" basing on the
cattle-hair wrinkle of Wang Meng of the Yuan Dynasty.
Fu Baoshi Memorial Hall in
Xinyu hosts a permanent exhibition of his
As well as painting landscapes,
Fu Baoshi was also an accomplished
painter of figures. His paintings of ancient Chinese figures from the
3rd and 4th centuries BC are particularly acclaimed.
As a leader of the so-called New Chinese Painting Movement, which
reformed traditional Chinese painting after 1949, Fu stood out from
most of his contemporaries with his great passion for art, and his
innovative brushwork and unique picture composition.
Fu's reforms were followed by a group of artists in
Nanjing where he
then lived. He was recognized as the founder of the Nanjing-based New
Jinling School of Fine Arts. The school included such important
artists as Chen Zhifo (1896-1962), Qian Songyan (1898-1985), Song
Wenzhi (1919-1999), Wei Zixi (1915-2002) and Ya Ming (1924-2002).
Fu Baoshi was a great admirer of Shi Tao and, at the age of 18,
changed his name to "Bao Shi" - meaning embracing "Shi Tao". He even
wrote a chronicle of Shi Tao, recording his life experiences and
social activities as well as his art creations.
Fu Baoshi admitted
that he was obsessed with the study of Shi Tao's painting.
Father: Fu De-Tai 傅德泰 Wife: Luo Shi-Hui 羅時慧
Eldest Son: Fu Xiao-Shi 傅小石 Second Son: Fu Er-Shi 傅二石
Eldest Daughter: Fu Yi-Shan 傅益珊 Second Daughter: Fu Yi-Xuan (Fu
Yick Suen) 傅益璇 Third Daughter: Fu Yi-Yao 傅益瑤 Youngest
Daughter: Fu Yi-Yu 傅益玉
Granddaughter: Fu Shan-shan 傅珊珊
Jenny Pat 傅蕾蕾
Fu Baoshi. Zhongguo Shuhua Lilun (Theories of Chinese Paintings). The
Commercial Press, 1935.
Fu Baoshi. Shitao Shangren Nianpu (Chronological Biography of Shitao).
Beijing and Shanghai Weekly P., 1948.
Fu Boashi. Zhongguo de Renwu Hua He Shanshui Hua (Chinese Figural and
Landscape Paintings). Shanghai Cultural Publishing House, 1955.
Fu Baoshi. Zhongguo de Huihua (Chinese Paintings). China Classical Art
Publishing House, 1958.
Fu Baoshi. Xiandai Zhongguo Hua (Modern Chinese Paintings). Beijing:
People's Fine Art Publishing House, 1961.
Fu Baoshi and Guan Shanyuan et al. Meishu Yiwgadai Jinyantan (Speaking
from Experience of Art Creation). Shanghai People's Fine Art
Publishing House, 1961.
Fu Baoshi. Shan He Xin Mao (New Appearances of Mountains and Rivers).
Nanjing: Jiangsu People's Publishing House, 1962.
Fu Baoshi. Guohua Shanshui Jiexi (Explanations of Chinese Landscape
Paintings). Taipei: Taiwan Tiantong Publishing House, 1973.
Zhao Puchu. Paintings and Calligraphy of Jinling. Nanjing: Jinling
Fu Baoshi Shuxie Ji (Fu Baoshi's Sketches Collection). Nanjing:
Jiangsu Fine Art Publishing House, 1985.
Hui Laiping ed.. Complete Collection of Han Mo Magazine. Hong Kong:
Han Mo Xuan Publishing Co. Ltd., 1990 - 2006.
Jiangxi Provincial Historical Records Research Committee, Xinyu
Municipal Historical Records Research Committee ed..
Fu Baoshi -
Jiangxi Historical Records Vol. 44. Xinyu:
Jiangxi People's Publishing
Gao Yuzhen ed.. Paintings by Fu Pao-Shih. Taipei: National Museum of
Chen Chuanxi. China Famous Painters Collection—Fu Baoshi.
Shijiazhuang: Hebei Educational Publishing House, 2000.
Chen Chuanxi. Chinese Famous Paintiners - Fu Baoshi. Hebei Educational
Publishing House, 2000.
Ye Zonghao. Collection of
Fu Baoshi Art Essays. Shanghai Rarebooks
Publishing House, 2003.
Ye Zonghao. Chronological Biography of Fu Baoshi. Shanghai Rarebooks
Publishing House, 2004.
Fu Baoshi Memorial. Qi Ming Wei Xin - Collection of Fu Baoshi
Centennial Memorial Essays. Zhengzhou: Henan Fine Art Publishing
Qi Ming Wei Xin -
Fu Baoshi Centennial Memorial. Exhibition of Private
Collection of Fu Baoshi's Works, 2004.
Ye Zonghao. The World of Fu Baoshi. Taipei: Shi Zh Tang Publishing Co.
Fu Baoshi Memorial Food Court
Fu Baoshi and his Painting Gallery at China Online Museum
China Culture Introduction on Fu Baoshi
Fu Baoshi Article at Artcyclopedia
Fu Baoshi on Artnet
ISNI: 0000 0001 2126 9576
BNF: cb15025263x (data)