Frogger (フロッガー (Furoggā)) is a 1981 arcade game developed
by Konami. It was licensed for North American distribution by
Sega-Gremlin and worldwide by
Sega itself. It is regarded as a classic
from the golden age of video arcade games, noted for its novel
gameplay and theme. The object of the game is to direct frogs to their
homes one by one by crossing a busy road and navigating a river full
Frogger was positively received and followed by several clones and
sequels. By 2005,
Frogger in its various home video game incarnations
had sold 20 million copies worldwide, including 5 million in the
United States. The game found its way into many areas of popular
culture, such as television and music, as well as sparked healthy
competition in the video game world.
3 Licensing and ports
5.2 In popular culture
7 External links
Screenshot of arcade version
The game starts with three, five, or seven frogs, depending on the
settings used by the operator. These are counted as the player's
lives, and losing them results in the end of the game, or "game over."
The only player control is the 4 direction joystick used to navigate
the frog; each push in a direction causes the frog to hop once in that
direction. The number of simultaneous players is one, and the game has
a maximum of two players.
The objective of the game is to guide each frog to one of the
designated spaces at the top of the screen, also known as "frog
homes." The frog starts at the bottom of the screen, which contains a
road with motor vehicles, which in various versions include cars,
trucks, buses, dune buggies, bulldozers, vans, taxis, bicyclists and
motorcycles, speeding along it horizontally. The player must guide the
frog between opposing lanes of traffic to avoid becoming roadkill,
which results in a loss of one life. After the road, this is a median
strip where the player must prepare to navigate the river. The upper
portion of the screen consists of a river with logs, alligators, and
turtles, all moving horizontally across the screen. By jumping on
swiftly moving logs and the backs of turtles and alligators the player
can guide their frog to safety. While navigating the river, the player
must also avoid the open mouths of alligators, snakes, and otters. The
very top of the screen contains five "frog homes," which are the
destinations for each frog. The player must avoid alligators sticking
out of the five "frog homes," but may catch bugs or escort a lady frog
which appear periodically for bonuses.
Softline in 1982 stated that "
Frogger has earned the ominous
distinction of being 'the arcade game with the most ways to die.'"
There are many different ways to lose a life (illustrated by a "skull
and crossbones" symbol where the frog was), including: being hit by or
running into a road vehicle, jumping into the river's water, running
into snakes, otters or an alligator's jaws in the river, jumping into
a home invaded by an alligator, staying on top of a diving turtle
until it has completely submerged, riding a log, alligator, or turtle
off the side of the screen, jumping into a home already occupied by a
frog, jumping into the side of a home or the bush, or running out of
When all five frogs are directed home, the game progresses to the next
level with increased difficulty. After five levels, the game gets
briefly easier before yet again getting progressively harder after
each level. Every level is timed, lasting 30 seconds, and the player
must finish the level before the time expires.
Every forward step scores 10 points, and every frog arriving safely
home scores 50 points. 10 points are also awarded per each unused
1⁄2 second of time. Guiding a lady frog home or eating a fly
scores 200 points each, and when all 5 frogs reach home to end the
level the player earns 1,000 points. One extra life is awarded at
20,000 points, and none thereafter. 99,990 points is the maximum high
score that can be achieved on an original arcade cabinet; players may
exceed this score, but the game only keeps the last 5 digits.[citation
The game's opening tune is the first verse of a Japanese children's
song called Inu No Omawarisan (The Dog Policeman). Other Japanese
tunes that are played during gameplay include the themes to the anime
Hana no Ko Lunlun and Araiguma Rascal. The United States release kept
the opening song intact, and added "Yankee Doodle Dandy".
Danny Goodman of
Creative Computing Video & Arcade Games wrote in
1983 that the
Atari 2600 version of
Frogger "is one of the most
detailed translations I have seen", noting the addition of the
Entertainment Weekly named
Frogger one of the top ten games
for the Atari 2600.
Licensing and ports
Frogger was ported to many contemporary home systems, meaning its
software was adapted to be used on different systems. Several
platforms were capable of accepting both ROM cartridges and magnetic
media, so systems such as the
Commodore 64 received multiple versions
of the game.
Frogger disk by Sierra for PC.
Sierra Entertainment gained the magnetic media rights and sublicensed
them to developers who published for systems not normally supported by
Sierra (e.g. Cornsoft published the official TRS-80/Dragon 32, Timex
Sinclair 1000 and
Timex Sinclair 2068
Timex Sinclair 2068 ports). Because of that, even
Atari 2600 received multiple releases: a cartridge and a cassette
for the Supercharger. Sierra released disk and/or tape ports for the
C64, Apple II, the original 128k Macintosh, IBM PC, Atari 2600
Supercharger, as well as cartridge versions for the
Computer A version for Sinclair developed by UK-based
Parker Brothers received the license from
Sega for cartridge versions
and produced cartridge ports of
Frogger for the Atari 2600,
Intellivision, Atari 5200, ColecoVision, Atari 8-bit computers,
Commodore VIC-20 and 64.
Parker Brothers spent $10 million on
Frogger and sold three million cartridges.
the company's most successful first-year product, beating the sales
and revenues of its previous best-seller, Merlin.
Coleco also released stand-alone Mini-Arcade tabletop versions of
Frogger, which, along with Pac-Man, Galaxian, and Donkey Kong, sold
three million units combined.
Hasbro Interactive released a vastly expanded remake of the original
Microsoft Windows and the
PlayStation in 1997. Unlike the
original, the game consisted of multiple levels, each different than
the preceding one. It was a commercial success, with the PC version
alone selling nearly one million units in less than four months.
In 1998, Hasbro released a series of ports of the original game for
Sega Genesis, Super NES, Game com, Game Boy, and
Game Boy Color.
Each port featured the game with different graphics, with the Sega
Genesis port featuring the same graphics of the original arcade game.
Sega Genesis and SNES versions are notable for being the last
games released for those consoles in North America.
Despite using the same box art of the 1997 remake, the ports are
otherwise unrelated to the 1997 game.
InfoSpace teamed up with
Konami Digital Entertainment to
create the mobile game
Frogger for Prizes, in which players across
the U.S. competed in multiplayer tournaments to win daily and weekly
prizes. In 2006, the mobile game version of
Frogger grossed over $10
million in the United States. A Java port of the game is available
for compatible mobile phones.
A port of
Frogger was released on the
Xbox Live Arcade
Xbox Live Arcade for the Xbox
360 on July 12, 2006. It was developed by
Digital Eclipse and
published by Konami. It has two new gameplay modes: versus speed mode
and co-op play. Some of the music, including the familiar Frogger
theme, was removed from this version and replaced with other music.
This version was included in the compilation
Konami Classics Vol. 1.
Unofficial clones include Ribbit for the
Apple II (1981), Acornsoft's
Hopper (1983) for the
BBC Micro and Acorn Electron, A&F Software's
Frogger (1983) for
BBC Micro and ZX Spectrum, PSS’s (Personal
Software Services) Hopper for the ORIC 1 in the UK (1983) and a later
release for the ORIC Atmos, Froggy for the
ZX Spectrum released by DJL
Software (1984), Solo Software's
Frogger for the Sharp MZ-700 (1984)
in the UK, and a version for the NewBrain under the name Leap Frog.
Several clones retained the basic gameplay of
Frogger while changing
the style and/or plot. Pacific Coast Highway (1982), for the Atari
8-bit family, splits the gameplay into two alternating screens: one
for the highway, one for the water. Preppie! (1982), for the Atari
8-bit family, changes the frog to a preppy retrieving golf balls at a
country club. Frostbite (1983), for the Atari 2600, uses the Frogger
river gameplay with an arctic theme.
Crossy Road (2014), for iOS,
Android and Windows Phone, has a randomly generated series of road and
river sections. The game is one endless level, with only one life and
a single point given for each forward hop.
Atari 2600 game Freeway is often considered a clone of Frogger,
but each game was developed independently of the other,[citation
needed] and both were released in 1981.
In 2008, the City of Melbourne created a spin-off called Grogger as
part of a public service campaign to encourage people to take safe
transportation home after a night of drinking.
The home versions of
Frogger had numerous sequels, including:
Frogger II: ThreeeDeep! (1984)
Frogger (PlayStation, Windows) (1997)
Frogger (Tiger Electronic) (1998, LCD Game)
Frogger 2: Swampy's Revenge (PlayStation, Windows, Dreamcast, Game Boy
Frogger: The Great Quest (
PlayStation 2, Windows) (2001)
Frogger's Adventures: Temple of the
Game Boy Advance) (2001)
Frogger Advance: The Great Quest (
Game Boy Advance) (2002)
Frogger Beyond (
PlayStation 2, Windows, Xbox, GameCube) (2002)
Frogger's Adventures 2: The Lost Wand (
Game Boy Advance) (2002)
Frogger's Journey: The Forgotten Relic (
Game Boy Advance, Xbox Live
Frogger's Adventures: The Rescue (
PlayStation 2, GameCube, Windows)
Frogger: Ancient Shadow (
PlayStation 2, GameCube, Xbox) (2005)
Frogger: Helmet Chaos (Nintendo DS,
PlayStation Portable) (2005)
Frogger Puzzle (mobile game)(2005)
Frogger's 25 Anniversary (Xbox 360) (2006)
Frogger Evolution (J2ME) (2006)
Frogger Toy Trials (Nintendo DS) (2006)
Frogger Launch (Windows Mobile) (2007)
Frogger Hop Trivia (arcade) (2007)
Frogger 2 (Xbox 360) (2008), the third game to call itself "Frogger
2", for Xbox Live Arcade
Frogger Returns (Wii,
PlayStation 3) (2009)
Frogger Beats 'n' Bounces (J2ME) (2008)
Frogger Inferno (iOS) (2010)
Frogger (Windows Phone) (2010)
Frogger 3D (Nintendo 3DS) (2011)
Frogger Decades (iOS) (2011)
Frogger Free (iOS) (2011)
Frogger: Hyper Arcade Edition (Wii,
PlayStation 3, Xbox 360) (2012)
Frogger Free" (iPhone, Android) (2012)
Frogger's Crackout (Windows Store) (September 11, 2013)
Frogger: Get Hoppin (Casino Game) (2017)
From Frogger: The Great Quest to Frogger: Helmet Chaos,
shown as bipedal, wearing a shirt with a crossed-out truck.[citation
Frogger also inspired an unofficial sequel by
Sega in 1991 called
Ribbit, which featured improved graphics and simultaneous two-player
action. Additionally, a prototype game, based on gameplay elements of
Frogger, was developed for
Sega Game Gear but never released.[citation
needed] The prototype contained additional features and redesigned
In popular culture
Frogger is tied to American popular culture and can be found in film,
television, music, and more. In 1983,
Frogger made its animated
television debut as a segment on CBS'
Saturday Supercade cartoon
Frogger was voiced by
Bob Sarlatte and worked as an
investigative reporter and aired for one season. In
1998, the game was featured in the
Seinfeld episode "The Frogger".
Jerry and George visit a soon-to-be-closed pizzeria they frequented as
teenagers and discover the
Frogger machine still in place, with
George's decade-old high score still recorded. He buys the machine and
tries to get it across the street without letting it lose power, which
would erase the high score with his initials "GLC". In the Season 4
George Lopez "Friends Don't Let Friends Marry Drunks",
George says to his son Max "play the one where the frog tries to cross
the street", an obvious reference to Frogger. Frogger
also appears in the films Wreck-It Ralph and Pixels.
Music in which
Frogger is referenced can also be found. In 1982,
Buckner & Garcia recorded a song called "Froggy's Lament" using
sound effects from the game and released it on the album Pac-Man
Bad Religion recorded a song called "Frogger"
about the traffic in Los Angeles. In the song, which includes a sample
of the game's theme music at the beginning, frontman Greg Graffin
claims to be "playing
Frogger with my life", as a result of the
traffic. The song was included on the band's 1985 EP Back to the Known
as well as the 2004 remaster of their debut album How Could Hell Be
Any Worse?. The UK girl group, Sugababes, sampled the
coin-insert tone of a
Frogger game in their 2002 hit single Freak Like
In addition to film, television, and music,
Frogger can be found in
popular culture in other mediums as well. In 2006, a group in Austin,
Texas used a modified
Roomba dressed as
Frogger to play a real-life
version of the game. In the realm of science,
Frogger is the name
given to a transposon ("jumping gene") family in the fruitfly
On November 26, 1999, Rickey's World Famous Sauce offered $10,000 to
the first person who could score 1,000,000 points on
Frogger or $1,000
for a new world record prior to January 1, 2000. On March 25,
2005, Robert Mruczek offered $1,000 for beating the fictitious world
record of 860,630 as set by
George Costanza in the famous episode of
Seinfeld or $250 for a new world record by the end of that
year. On December 1, 2006, John Cunningham offered $250 for
exceeding the same fictitious world record of 860,630 points by
February 28, 2007. No one was ever able to achieve any of the
bounties, and these scores were surpassed only after the bounties had
The first score to have been verified as having beaten the fictional
Seinfeld score of 860,630 points was set by Pat
Laffaye on December 22, 2009 with 896,980 points. This was
surpassed by Michael Smith of Springfield, Virginia, USA with a score
of 970,440 points on July 15, 2012. The current
record holder is Pat Laffaye of Westport, Connecticut, USA. On August
15, 2017, he scored 1,029,990 points, becoming the first and only
person ever to break one million points on an original arcade
^ Daniel Hower; Eric Jacobson. "The Arcade Flyer Archive - Video Game
Flyers: Frogger, Konami". Flyers.arcade-museum.com. Retrieved 12
Castlevania Nominated for Walk of Game Star"
(Press release). Konami. 2005-10-11. Archived from the original on
2013-02-02. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
^ Rose, Gary and Marcia (November 1982). "Frogger". Softline.
p. 19. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
^ Weiss, Brett Alan. "
Frogger - Review". AllGame. Archived from the
original on November 14, 2014. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
^ Goodman, Danny (Spring 1983). "Home Video Games: Video Games
Creative Computing Video & Arcade Games.
^ Morales, Aaron (January 25, 2013). "The 10 best Atari games".
Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 17, 2016.
^ Moriarty, Tim (May 1984). "Frogger". Ahoy!. pp. 52–53.
Retrieved 27 June 2014.
^ Harmetz, Aljean (January 15, 1983). "New Faces, More Profits For
Video Games". Times-Union. p. 18. Retrieved 28 February
^ Rosenberg, Ron (December 11, 1982). "Competitors Claim Role in
Warner Setback". The Boston Globe. p. 1. Retrieved 6 March
^ "More Mini-Arcades A Comin'". Electronic Games. 4 (16): 10. June
1983. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
^ Reidy, Chris (March 17, 1998). "Hasbro Unit Pays $5m for Atari
Arcade Game Rights Plans Include New Versions for Users of PCs,
Playstation". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 6 March 2012. Just before
Hasbro Interactive introduced a PC version of Frogger;
in less than four months, it has sold nearly one million units
^ Video Game News –
Konami Digital Entertainment and InfoSpace
Partner to Create Mobile Game
Frogger for Prizes Archived 2011-07-11
at the Wayback Machine.
Frogger Mobile Games Exceed $10 Million In The US". GameZone.
September 12, 2006. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
^ "Atari 8-bit – Pacific Coast Highway [Datasoft] 1982".
^ "Grogger flash game encourages Aussies to think when they drink".
Destructoid.com. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
Frogger Archived September 29, 2007, at the Wayback
Konami reveals new screenshots for
Frogger Returns" (PDF). Konami
Digital Entertainment. 4 November 2009. Retrieved 9 November
2009. [dead link]
^ "コナミ商品検索". Konami.jp. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
^ ""Seinfeld" The
Frogger (1998)". Imdb.com. Retrieved
Wreck-It Ralph Trailer". YouTube. 2012-09-13. Retrieved
^ "Classic video game characters unite via film 'Pixels'". Philstar.
July 23, 2014. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
^ Terdiman, Daniel. "
Frogger to the asphalt jungle - CNET
News.com". News.com.com. Retrieved 2011-02-09.
Transposon Report: DmelFrogger". Flybase.org. Retrieved 12
^ "$100,000 Prize Offered to
Pac-Man Players". Recordholders.org.
Retrieved 12 October 2017.
^ "Rickey's World Famous Sauce bounties". Classicarcadegaming.com.
Retrieved 12 October 2017.
^ "Robert Mruczek Arcade Bounties". Spyhunter007.com. Retrieved 12
^ "Gaming's Top Ref Pays Big Bucks For Record Breaking-Scores".
Mtv.com. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
^ "Golden Era Game of the Week 12/2/06: Frogger". Forums.marpic.net.
Retrieved 12 October 2017.
^ "Gamer Beats George Costanza's
Frogger Score". Wired.com. Retrieved
8 July 2015.
Frogger arcade world record squashed once again".
Patrickscottpatterson.com. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
^ "Impossible One Million Point Score Made On The Arcade Classic
Frogger". Prlog.org. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
^ "Pat Laffaye 'owns' arcade Frogger, at 1,029,990 !".
Classicarccadegaming.com. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
Frogger at the Killer List of Videogames
Frogger at the Arcade History database
Frogger at MobyGames
Frogger video games
Frogger II: ThreeeDeep! (1984)
Frogger 2: Swampy's Revenge (2000)
Frogger: The Great Quest
Frogger's Adventures: Temple of the Frog
Frogger Advance: The Great Quest
Frogger's Adventures: The Rescue
Frogger's Journey: The Forgotten Relic
Frogger: Ancient Shadow
Frogger: Helmet Chaos
Frogger Toy Trials
Frogger 2 (2008)
Video game franchises owned by Konami
International Superstar Soccer
Legend of the Mystical Ninja
Power Pro Kun Pocket
Pro Evolution Soccer
Rocket Knight Adventures
Track & Field
Yie Ar Kung-Fu
Zone of the Enders
Dance Dance Revolution
Dance Dance Revolution Solo
Dance Dance Revolution
GuitarFreaks and DrumMania
Para Para Paradise
Far East of Eden
Milon's Secret Castle