FROGGER (フロッガー (Furoggā)) is a 1981 arcade game developed
Konami . It was licensed for North American distribution by Sega
-Gremlin and worldwide by
Sega itself. It is regarded as a classic
from the golden age of video arcade games , noted for its novel
gameplay and theme. The object of the game is to direct frogs to their
homes one by one by crossing a busy road and navigating a river full
of hazards. The
Frogger arcade version is an early example of a game
with more than one CPU, as it used two Z80 processors.
Frogger in its various home video game incarnations had sold
20 million copies worldwide, including 5 million in the United States.
* 1 Gameplay
* 2 Scoring
* 3 Legacy
* 4 Ports
* 5 Clones
* 6 Sequels
* 7 In popular culture
* 7.1 In film and television
* 7.2 In music
* 7.3 Other
* 8 Highest score
* 9 References
* 10 External links
Screenshot of arcade version
The game starts with three, five, or seven frogs, depending on the
settings used by the operator. The player guides a frog which starts
at the bottom of the screen, to his home in one of 5 slots at the top
of the screen. The lower half of the screen contains a road with motor
vehicles , which in various versions include cars , trucks , buses ,
dune buggies , bulldozers , vans , taxis , bicyclists and motorcycles
, speeding along it horizontally. The upper half of the screen
consists of a river with logs, alligators , and turtles , all moving
horizontally across the screen. The very top of the screen contains
five "frog homes" which are the destinations for each frog. Every
level is timed (1 minute); the player must finish the level before the
The only player control is the 4 direction joystick used to navigate
the frog; each push in a direction causes the frog to hop once in that
direction. On the bottom half of the screen, the player must guide the
frog between opposing lanes of trucks, cars, and other vehicles, to
avoid becoming roadkill .
The middle of the screen, after the road, contains a median strip
where the player must prepare to navigate the river.
By jumping on swiftly moving logs and the backs of turtles and
alligators except the alligator jaws, the player can guide their frog
safely to one of the empty lily pads. The player must avoid alligators
sticking out at one of the five "frog homes", snakes , and otters in
the river, but may catch bugs or escort a lady frog for bonuses. When
all five frogs are directed home, the game progresses to the next
level, with increased difficulty. After five levels, the game gets
briefly easier yet again gets progressively harder to the next fifth
Softline in 1982 stated that "
Frogger has earned the ominous
distinction of being 'the arcade game with the most ways to die'".
There are many different ways to lose a life (illustrated by a "skull
and crossbones " symbol where the frog was), including:
* Being hit by or running into a road vehicle
* Jumping into the river's water
* Running into snakes, otters or into an alligator's jaws in the
* Jumping into a home invaded by an alligator
* Staying on top of a diving turtle until it has completely
* Riding a log , alligator, or turtle off the side of the screen
* Jumping into a home already occupied by a frog
* Jumping into the side of a home or the bush
* Running out of time
Frogger is available as a standard upright or cocktail cabinet. The
controls consist solely of a 4-direction joystick used to guide the
frog's jump direction. The number of simultaneous players is one, and
the game has a maximum of two players.
The game's opening tune is the first verse of a Japanese children's
song called Inu No Omawarisan (The Dog Policeman). The song remained
intact in the US release. Other Japanese tunes that are played during
gameplay include the themes to the anime
Hana no Ko Lunlun and
Araiguma Rascal . The US release also has "Yankee Doodle Dandy".
Every forward step scores 10 points, and every frog arriving safely
home scores 50 points plus 10 per unused tick (1/2 second). Guiding a
lady frog home or eating a fly scores 200 points each, and when all 5
frogs reach home to end the level the player earns 1000 points. One
extra life is awarded at 20000 points, and none thereafter.
In addition to inspiring numerous clones, this game inspired an
unofficial sequel by
Sega in 1991 called Ribbit which featured
improved graphics and simultaneous two-player action. In 2013,
Entertainment Weekly named
Frogger one of the top ten games for the
Frogger was ported to many contemporary home systems. Parker Brothers
received the license from
Sega for cartridge versions, while Sierra
gained the magnetic media rights. Several platforms were capable of
accepting both ROM cartridges and magnetic media , so those systems,
such as the
Commodore 64 , received multiple versions of the game.
Sierra also sublicensed their magnetic-media rights to developers who
published for systems not normally supported by Sierra (e.g. Cornsoft
published the official
Dragon 32 ,
Timex Sinclair 1000 and
Timex Sinclair 2068
Timex Sinclair 2068 ports). Because of that, even the Atari 2600
received multiple releases: a cartridge from Parker Bros. and a
cassette for the Supercharger from Starpath. The
Tomy Tutor version
was directly licensed from
Parker Brothers produced cartridge ports of
Frogger for the Atari
Atari 5200 ,
ColecoVision , Atari 8-bit
Commodore VIC-20 and 64. Sierra released disk and/or tape
ports for the C64 (which, as a result, ended up with two versions of
the game), Apple II, the original 128k Macintosh, IBM PC, Atari 2600
Supercharger, as well as the above-mentioned versions for the TRS-80
Color Computer A version for Sinclair developed by UK-based Cornsoft.
Parker Bros. spent $10 million on advertising Frogger, along with The
Empire Strikes Back , larger than the $6 million marketing budget for
a movie at the time.
Parker Brothers sold three million cartridges of
Frogger and The Empire Strikes Back, with
Frogger alone being the
company's most successful first-year product, beating the sales and
revenues of Merlin , its previous best-seller.
Coleco also released
stand-alone Mini-Arcade tabletop versions of Frogger, which, along
Galaxian , and Donkey Kong , sold three million units
A prototype game, based on gameplay elements of Frogger, was
Sega Game Gear but never released. The prototype was not
a direct port of the arcade game, having additional features and
Frogger disk by Sierra for PC.
Hasbro Interactive released a vastly expanded remake of the original
Microsoft Windows and the
PlayStation in 1997 (in this game,
Frogger is green with an orange stripe). Unlike the original, the game
consisted of multiple levels, each different than the preceding one.
It was a commercial success, with the PC version alone selling nearly
one million units in less than four months.
In 1998, Hasbro released a series of ports of the original game for
Sega Genesis , Super NES ,
Game com ,
Game Boy , and Game Boy
Color . Each port featured the game with different graphics, with the
Sega Genesis port in particular featuring the same graphics of the
original arcade game. The
Sega Genesis and SNES versions are notable
for both being the last games released for those consoles in North
America. Despite using the same box art of the 1997 remake, the ports
are otherwise unrelated to that game.
InfoSpace teamed up with
Konami Digital Entertainment to
create the mobile game
Frogger for Prizes, in which players across
the U.S. compete in multiplayer tournaments to win daily and weekly
prizes. In 2006, the mobile game version of
Frogger grossed over $10
million in the United States. A Java port of the game is available
for compatible mobile phones .
A port of
Frogger was released on the
Xbox Live Arcade for the Xbox
360 on July 12, 2006. It was developed by
Digital Eclipse and
Konami . It has two new gameplay modes: Versus speed mode
and Co-op play. Some of the music, including the familiar Frogger
theme, was removed from this version and replaced with other music.
This version was included in the compilation
Konami Classics Vol. 1 .
Unofficial clones include Ribbit for the
Apple II (1981), Acornsoft
's Hopper (1983) for the
BBC Micro and
Acorn Electron , A"> and both
were released in 1981.
Pacific Coast Highway (1982), for the
Atari 8-bit family , splits the
gameplay into two alternating screens: one for the highway, one for
Preppie! (1982), for the Atari 8-bit family, changes the frog to a
preppy retrieving golf balls at a country club.
Frostbite (1983), for the Atari 2600, uses the
Frogger river gameplay
with an arctic theme.
Crossy Road (2014), for iOS, Android and Windows Phone, has a
randomly generated series of road and river sections. The game is one
endless level, with only one life and a single point given for each
In 2008, the City of Melbourne created a spin-off called Grogger as
part of a public service campaign to encourage people to take safe
transportation home after a night of drinking.
Unlike the arcade version, the home versions had numerous sequels,
Frogger II: ThreeeDeep! (1984 )
PlayStation , Windows ) (1997 )
Frogger (Tiger Electronic) (1998, LCD Game)
Frogger 2: Swampy\'s Revenge (
PlayStation , Windows ,
Game Boy Color ) (2000 )
* Frogger: The Great Quest (
PlayStation 2 , Windows ) (2001 )
* Frogger\'s Adventures: Temple of the
Game Boy Advance )
Frogger Advance: The Great Quest (
Game Boy Advance ) (2002 )
Frogger Beyond (
PlayStation 2 , Windows , Xbox ,
GameCube ) (2002
Frogger's Adventures 2: The Lost Wand (
Game Boy Advance ) (2002 )
* Frogger\'s Journey: The Forgotten Relic (
Game Boy Advance , Xbox
Live Arcade ) (2003 )
* Frogger\'s Adventures: The Rescue (
PlayStation 2 ,
Windows ) (2003)
* Frogger: Ancient Shadow (
PlayStation 2 ,
GameCube , Xbox ) (2005 )
* Frogger: Helmet Chaos (
Nintendo DS ,
PlayStation Portable ) (2005
Frogger Puzzle (mobile game)(2005 )
* Frogger's 25 Anniversary (
Xbox 360 ) (2006)
Frogger Evolution (
J2ME ) (2006)
Frogger Toy Trials (
Nintendo DS ) (2006)
Frogger Launch (
Windows Mobile ) (2007)
Frogger Hop Trivia (arcade) (2007)
Frogger 2 (
Xbox 360 ) (2008 ), the third game to call itself
Frogger 2", for
Xbox Live Arcade
Frogger Returns (
PlayStation 3 ) (2009)
Frogger Beats 'n' Bounces (
J2ME ) (2008)
Frogger Inferno (iOS) (2010)
Frogger (Windows Phone) (2010)
Frogger 3D (Nintendo 3DS) (2011)
Frogger Decades (iOS) (2011)
Frogger Free (iOS ) (2011)
* Frogger: Hyper Arcade Edition (
PlayStation 3 ,
Xbox 360 )
Frogger Free" (iPhone , Android ) (2012)
* Frogger's Crackout (Windows Store) (September 11, 2013)
From Frogger: The Great Quest to Frogger: Helmet Chaos,
shown as bipedal, wearing a shirt with a crossed-out truck.
IN POPULAR CULTURE
IN FILM AND TELEVISION
* In 1983,
Frogger made its animated television debut as a segment
Saturday Supercade cartoon lineup.
Frogger was voiced by Bob
Sarlatte and worked as an investigative reporter. The
only lasted one season.
* In 1998, the game was featured in the
Seinfeld episode "The
Frogger ". Jerry and George visit a soon-to-be-closed pizzeria they
frequented as teenagers and discover the
Frogger machine still in
place, with George's decade-old high score still recorded. He buys the
machine and tries to get it across the street without letting it lose
power, which would erase the high score with his initials "GLC".
Frogger appears in the films
Wreck-It Ralph and Pixels .
* In 1982, Buckner ">
* ^ Frogger
Frogger at the
Killer List of Videogames
* ^ "Konami\'s
Castlevania Nominated for Walk of Game
Star" (Press release).
Konami . 2005-10-11. Archived from the original
on 2013-02-02. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
* ^ Rose, Gary and Marcia (November 1982). "Frogger". Softline. p.
19. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
* ^ Morales, Aaron (January 25, 2013). "The 10 best Atari games".
Entertainment Weekly . Retrieved April 17, 2016.
* ^ Moriarty, Tim (May 1984). "Frogger". Ahoy!. pp. 52–53.
Retrieved 27 June 2014.
* ^ Harmetz, Aljean (January 15, 1983). "New Faces, More Profits
For Video Games". Times-Union. p. 18. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
* ^ Rosenberg, Ron (December 11, 1982). "Competitors Claim Role in
The Boston Globe
The Boston Globe . p. 1. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
* ^ "More Mini-Arcades A Comin\'".
Electronic Games . 4 (16): 10.
June 1983. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
* ^ Reidy, Chris (March 17, 1998). "Hasbro Unit Pays $5m for Atari
Arcade Game Rights Plans Include New Versions for Users of PCs,
The Boston Globe
The Boston Globe . Retrieved 6 March 2012. Just before
Hasbro Interactive introduced a PC version of Frogger;
in less than four months, it has sold nearly one million units
* ^ Video Game News –
Konami Digital Entertainment and InfoSpace
Partner to Create Mobile Game
Frogger for Prizes
* ^ "
Frogger Mobile Games Exceed $10 Million In The US".
September 12, 2006. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
* ^ "Atari 8-bit – Pacific Coast Highway 1982". YouTube.
Frogger Archived September 29, 2007, at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ "
Konami reveals new screenshots for
Frogger Returns" (PDF).
Konami Digital Entertainment. 4 November 2009. Retrieved 9 November
Konami Company Information (Japanese)
* ^ ""Seinfeld" The
Frogger (1998)". Imdb.com. Retrieved
* ^ disneyanimation (2012-09-13). "
Wreck-It Ralph Trailer". YouTube
. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
* ^ "Classic video game characters unite via film \'Pixels\'".
Philstar. July 23, 2014. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
* ^ Terdiman, Daniel. "
Frogger to the asphalt jungle -
CNET News.com". News.com.com. Retrieved 2011-02-09.
* ^ "FlyBase
Transposon Report: DmelFrogger".
* ^ "Classic
Frogger arcade world record squashed once again".
Retrieved 17 November 2012.
* ^ "Twin Galaxies\'
Frogger High Score Rankings". Retrieved 1
* ^ Moriarty, Tim (May 1984). "Frogger". Ahoy! Magazine. pp.
52–53. Retrieved 25 April 2015.