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FROGGER (フロッガー (Furoggā)) is a 1981 arcade game developed by Konami
Konami
. It was licensed for North American distribution by Sega -Gremlin and worldwide by Sega
Sega
itself. It is regarded as a classic from the golden age of video arcade games , noted for its novel gameplay and theme. The object of the game is to direct frogs to their homes one by one by crossing a busy road and navigating a river full of hazards. The Frogger
Frogger
arcade version is an early example of a game with more than one CPU, as it used two Z80 processors.

By 2005, Frogger
Frogger
in its various home video game incarnations had sold 20 million copies worldwide, including 5 million in the United States.

CONTENTS

* 1 Gameplay * 2 Scoring * 3 Legacy * 4 Ports * 5 Clones * 6 Sequels

* 7 In popular culture

* 7.1 In film and television * 7.2 In music * 7.3 Other

* 8 Highest score * 9 References * 10 External links

GAMEPLAY

Screenshot of arcade version

The game starts with three, five, or seven frogs, depending on the settings used by the operator. The player guides a frog which starts at the bottom of the screen, to his home in one of 5 slots at the top of the screen. The lower half of the screen contains a road with motor vehicles , which in various versions include cars , trucks , buses , dune buggies , bulldozers , vans , taxis , bicyclists and motorcycles , speeding along it horizontally. The upper half of the screen consists of a river with logs, alligators , and turtles , all moving horizontally across the screen. The very top of the screen contains five "frog homes" which are the destinations for each frog. Every level is timed (1 minute); the player must finish the level before the time expires.

The only player control is the 4 direction joystick used to navigate the frog; each push in a direction causes the frog to hop once in that direction. On the bottom half of the screen, the player must guide the frog between opposing lanes of trucks, cars, and other vehicles, to avoid becoming roadkill .

The middle of the screen, after the road, contains a median strip where the player must prepare to navigate the river.

By jumping on swiftly moving logs and the backs of turtles and alligators except the alligator jaws, the player can guide their frog safely to one of the empty lily pads. The player must avoid alligators sticking out at one of the five "frog homes", snakes , and otters in the river, but may catch bugs or escort a lady frog for bonuses. When all five frogs are directed home, the game progresses to the next level, with increased difficulty. After five levels, the game gets briefly easier yet again gets progressively harder to the next fifth level.

Softline in 1982 stated that " Frogger
Frogger
has earned the ominous distinction of being 'the arcade game with the most ways to die'". There are many different ways to lose a life (illustrated by a "skull and crossbones " symbol where the frog was), including:

* Being hit by or running into a road vehicle * Jumping into the river's water * Running into snakes, otters or into an alligator's jaws in the river * Jumping into a home invaded by an alligator * Staying on top of a diving turtle until it has completely submerged * Riding a log , alligator, or turtle off the side of the screen * Jumping into a home already occupied by a frog * Jumping into the side of a home or the bush * Running out of time

Frogger
Frogger
is available as a standard upright or cocktail cabinet. The controls consist solely of a 4-direction joystick used to guide the frog's jump direction. The number of simultaneous players is one, and the game has a maximum of two players.

The game's opening tune is the first verse of a Japanese children's song called Inu No Omawarisan (The Dog Policeman). The song remained intact in the US release. Other Japanese tunes that are played during gameplay include the themes to the anime Hana no Ko Lunlun and Araiguma Rascal . The US release also has "Yankee Doodle Dandy".

SCORING

Every forward step scores 10 points, and every frog arriving safely home scores 50 points plus 10 per unused tick (1/2 second). Guiding a lady frog home or eating a fly scores 200 points each, and when all 5 frogs reach home to end the level the player earns 1000 points. One extra life is awarded at 20000 points, and none thereafter.

LEGACY

In addition to inspiring numerous clones, this game inspired an unofficial sequel by Sega
Sega
in 1991 called Ribbit which featured improved graphics and simultaneous two-player action. In 2013, Entertainment Weekly
Entertainment Weekly
named Frogger
Frogger
one of the top ten games for the Atari 2600.

PORTS

Frogger
Frogger
was ported to many contemporary home systems. Parker Brothers received the license from Sega
Sega
for cartridge versions, while Sierra gained the magnetic media rights. Several platforms were capable of accepting both ROM cartridges and magnetic media , so those systems, such as the Commodore 64
Commodore 64
, received multiple versions of the game. Sierra also sublicensed their magnetic-media rights to developers who published for systems not normally supported by Sierra (e.g. Cornsoft published the official TRS-80
TRS-80
/ Dragon 32
Dragon 32
, Timex Sinclair 1000 and Timex Sinclair 2068 ports). Because of that, even the Atari 2600 received multiple releases: a cartridge from Parker Bros. and a cassette for the Supercharger from Starpath. The Tomy Tutor version was directly licensed from Konami
Konami
itself.

Parker Brothers
Parker Brothers
produced cartridge ports of Frogger
Frogger
for the Atari 2600, Intellivision
Intellivision
, Atari 5200
Atari 5200
, ColecoVision
ColecoVision
, Atari 8-bit computers, Commodore VIC-20
Commodore VIC-20
and 64. Sierra released disk and/or tape ports for the C64 (which, as a result, ended up with two versions of the game), Apple II, the original 128k Macintosh, IBM PC, Atari 2600 Supercharger, as well as the above-mentioned versions for the TRS-80 Color Computer A version for Sinclair developed by UK-based Cornsoft. Parker Bros. spent $10 million on advertising Frogger, along with The Empire Strikes Back , larger than the $6 million marketing budget for a movie at the time. Parker Brothers
Parker Brothers
sold three million cartridges of both Frogger
Frogger
and The Empire Strikes Back, with Frogger
Frogger
alone being the company's most successful first-year product, beating the sales and revenues of Merlin , its previous best-seller. Coleco
Coleco
also released stand-alone Mini-Arcade tabletop versions of Frogger, which, along with Pac-Man , Galaxian
Galaxian
, and Donkey Kong , sold three million units combined.

A prototype game, based on gameplay elements of Frogger, was developed for Sega
Sega
Game Gear but never released. The prototype was not a direct port of the arcade game, having additional features and redesigned levels. Frogger
Frogger
disk by Sierra for PC.

Hasbro Interactive
Hasbro Interactive
released a vastly expanded remake of the original for Microsoft Windows
Microsoft Windows
and the PlayStation
PlayStation
in 1997 (in this game, Frogger
Frogger
is green with an orange stripe). Unlike the original, the game consisted of multiple levels, each different than the preceding one. It was a commercial success, with the PC version alone selling nearly one million units in less than four months.

In 1998, Hasbro released a series of ports of the original game for the Sega
Sega
Genesis , Super NES , Game com , Game Boy , and Game Boy Color . Each port featured the game with different graphics, with the Sega
Sega
Genesis port in particular featuring the same graphics of the original arcade game. The Sega
Sega
Genesis and SNES versions are notable for both being the last games released for those consoles in North America. Despite using the same box art of the 1997 remake, the ports are otherwise unrelated to that game.

In 2005, InfoSpace teamed up with Konami
Konami
Digital Entertainment to create the mobile game Frogger
Frogger
for Prizes, in which players across the U.S. compete in multiplayer tournaments to win daily and weekly prizes. In 2006, the mobile game version of Frogger
Frogger
grossed over $10 million in the United States. A Java port of the game is available for compatible mobile phones .

A port of Frogger
Frogger
was released on the Xbox Live Arcade for the Xbox 360 on July 12, 2006. It was developed by Digital Eclipse and published by Konami
Konami
. It has two new gameplay modes: Versus speed mode and Co-op play. Some of the music, including the familiar Frogger theme, was removed from this version and replaced with other music. This version was included in the compilation Konami
Konami
Classics Vol. 1 .

CLONES

Unofficial clones include Ribbit for the Apple II
Apple II
(1981), Acornsoft 's Hopper (1983) for the BBC Micro and Acorn Electron
Acorn Electron
, A"> and both were released in 1981.

Pacific Coast Highway (1982), for the Atari 8-bit family
Atari 8-bit family
, splits the gameplay into two alternating screens: one for the highway, one for the water.

Preppie! (1982), for the Atari 8-bit family, changes the frog to a preppy retrieving golf balls at a country club.

Frostbite (1983), for the Atari 2600, uses the Frogger
Frogger
river gameplay with an arctic theme.

Crossy Road
Crossy Road
(2014), for iOS, Android and Windows Phone, has a randomly generated series of road and river sections. The game is one endless level, with only one life and a single point given for each forward hop

In 2008, the City of Melbourne created a spin-off called Grogger as part of a public service campaign to encourage people to take safe transportation home after a night of drinking.

SEQUELS

Unlike the arcade version, the home versions had numerous sequels, including:

* Frogger
Frogger
II: ThreeeDeep! (1984 ) * Frogger
Frogger
( PlayStation
PlayStation
, Windows ) (1997 ) * Frogger
Frogger
(Tiger Electronic) (1998, LCD Game) * Frogger
Frogger
2: Swampy\'s Revenge ( PlayStation
PlayStation
, Windows , Dreamcast
Dreamcast
, Game Boy Color ) (2000 ) * Frogger: The Great Quest ( PlayStation
PlayStation
2 , Windows ) (2001 ) * Frogger\'s Adventures: Temple of the Frog
Frog
( Game Boy Advance ) (2001 ) * Frogger
Frogger
Advance: The Great Quest ( Game Boy Advance ) (2002 ) * Frogger
Frogger
Beyond ( PlayStation
PlayStation
2 , Windows , Xbox , GameCube
GameCube
) (2002 ) * Frogger's Adventures 2: The Lost Wand ( Game Boy Advance ) (2002 ) * Frogger\'s Journey: The Forgotten Relic ( Game Boy Advance , Xbox Live Arcade ) (2003 ) * Frogger\'s Adventures: The Rescue ( PlayStation
PlayStation
2 , GameCube
GameCube
, Windows ) (2003) * Frogger: Ancient Shadow ( PlayStation
PlayStation
2 , GameCube
GameCube
, Xbox ) (2005 ) * Frogger: Helmet Chaos ( Nintendo DS
Nintendo DS
, PlayStation
PlayStation
Portable ) (2005 ) * Frogger
Frogger
Puzzle (mobile game)(2005 ) * Frogger's 25 Anniversary ( Xbox 360
Xbox 360
) (2006) * Frogger
Frogger
Evolution ( J2ME ) (2006) * My Frogger
Frogger
Toy Trials ( Nintendo DS
Nintendo DS
) (2006) * Frogger
Frogger
Launch ( Windows Mobile
Windows Mobile
) (2007) * Frogger
Frogger
Hop Trivia (arcade) (2007) * Frogger 2 ( Xbox 360
Xbox 360
) (2008 ), the third game to call itself " Frogger
Frogger
2", for Xbox Live Arcade * Frogger
Frogger
Returns ( Wii
Wii
, PlayStation
PlayStation
3 ) (2009) * Frogger
Frogger
Beats 'n' Bounces ( J2ME ) (2008) * Frogger
Frogger
Inferno (iOS) (2010) * Frogger
Frogger
(Windows Phone) (2010) * Frogger
Frogger
3D (Nintendo 3DS) (2011) * Frogger
Frogger
Decades (iOS) (2011) * Frogger
Frogger
Free (iOS ) (2011) * Frogger: Hyper Arcade Edition ( Wii
Wii
, PlayStation
PlayStation
3 , Xbox 360
Xbox 360
) (2012) * " Frogger
Frogger
Free" (iPhone , Android ) (2012) * Frogger's Crackout (Windows Store) (September 11, 2013)

From Frogger: The Great Quest to Frogger: Helmet Chaos, Frogger
Frogger
is shown as bipedal, wearing a shirt with a crossed-out truck.

IN POPULAR CULTURE

IN FILM AND TELEVISION

* In 1983, Frogger
Frogger
made its animated television debut as a segment on CBS
CBS
' Saturday Supercade
Saturday Supercade
cartoon lineup. Frogger
Frogger
was voiced by Bob Sarlatte and worked as an investigative reporter. The Frogger
Frogger
segment only lasted one season. * In 1998, the game was featured in the Seinfeld
Seinfeld
episode "The Frogger
Frogger
". Jerry and George visit a soon-to-be-closed pizzeria they frequented as teenagers and discover the Frogger
Frogger
machine still in place, with George's decade-old high score still recorded. He buys the machine and tries to get it across the street without letting it lose power, which would erase the high score with his initials "GLC". * Frogger
Frogger
appears in the films Wreck-It Ralph
Wreck-It Ralph
and Pixels .

IN MUSIC

* In 1982, Buckner ">

* ^ Frogger * ^ Frogger
Frogger
at the Killer List of Videogames * ^ "Konami\'s Frogger
Frogger
and Castlevania Nominated for Walk of Game Star" (Press release). Konami
Konami
. 2005-10-11. Archived from the original on 2013-02-02. Retrieved 2009-03-21. * ^ Rose, Gary and Marcia (November 1982). "Frogger". Softline. p. 19. Retrieved 27 July 2014. * ^ Morales, Aaron (January 25, 2013). "The 10 best Atari games". Entertainment Weekly
Entertainment Weekly
. Retrieved April 17, 2016. * ^ Moriarty, Tim (May 1984). "Frogger". Ahoy!. pp. 52–53. Retrieved 27 June 2014. * ^ Harmetz, Aljean (January 15, 1983). "New Faces, More Profits For Video Games". Times-Union. p. 18. Retrieved 28 February 2012. * ^ Rosenberg, Ron (December 11, 1982). "Competitors Claim Role in Warner Setback". The Boston Globe
The Boston Globe
. p. 1. Retrieved 6 March 2012. * ^ "More Mini-Arcades A Comin\'". Electronic Games
Electronic Games
. 4 (16): 10. June 1983. Retrieved 1 February 2012. * ^ Reidy, Chris (March 17, 1998). "Hasbro Unit Pays $5m for Atari Arcade Game Rights Plans Include New Versions for Users of PCs, Playstation". The Boston Globe
The Boston Globe
. Retrieved 6 March 2012. Just before the holidays, Hasbro Interactive
Hasbro Interactive
introduced a PC version of Frogger; in less than four months, it has sold nearly one million units * ^ Video Game News – Konami
Konami
Digital Entertainment and InfoSpace Partner to Create Mobile Game Frogger
Frogger
for Prizes * ^ " Frogger
Frogger
Mobile Games Exceed $10 Million In The US". GameZone . September 12, 2006. Retrieved 20 April 2012. * ^ "Atari 8-bit – Pacific Coast Highway 1982". YouTube. * ^ https://www.destructoid.com/grogger-flash-game-encourages-aussies-to-think-when-they-drink-113690.phtml * ^ Konami
Konami
Mobile: Frogger
Frogger
Archived September 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ " Konami
Konami
reveals new screenshots for Frogger
Frogger
Returns" (PDF). Konami
Konami
Digital Entertainment. 4 November 2009. Retrieved 9 November 2009. * ^ Konami
Konami
Company Information (Japanese) * ^ ""Seinfeld" The Frogger
Frogger
(1998)". Imdb.com. Retrieved 2011-02-09. * ^ disneyanimation (2012-09-13). " Wreck-It Ralph
Wreck-It Ralph
Trailer". YouTube . Retrieved 2012-10-13. * ^ "Classic video game characters unite via film \'Pixels\'". Philstar. July 23, 2014. Retrieved July 23, 2014. * ^ Terdiman, Daniel. " Roomba
Ro