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Friuli- Venezia Giulia
Venezia Giulia
([friˈuːli veˈnɛttsja ˈdʒuːlja];[a] Friulian: Friûl-Vignesie Julie, Slovene: Furlanija-Julijska krajina, German: Friaul-Julisch Venetien) is one of the 20 regions of Italy, and one of five autonomous regions with special statute. The regional capital is Trieste. The city of Venice
Venice
(Venezia) is not in this region, despite the name. Friuli- Venezia Giulia
Venezia Giulia
has an area of 7,924 km² and about 1.2 million inhabitants. A natural opening to the sea for many Central European countries, the region is traversed by the major transport routes between the east and west of southern Europe. It encompasses the historical-geographical region of Friuli
Friuli
and a small portion of the historical region of Venezia Giulia
Venezia Giulia
– known in English also as Julian March
Julian March
– each with its own distinct history, traditions and identity.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Geography 3 History 4 Economy 5 Demographics 6 Government and politics 7 Administrative divisions 8 Culture

8.1 Language

9 Notable residents or natives 10 References 11 Notes 12 Gallery 13 External links

Etymology[edit] The name of the region was spelled Friuli- Venezia Giulia
Venezia Giulia
(hyphenated) until 2001, when, in connection with a modification of article nr. 116 of the Italian constitution, the official spelling Friuli
Friuli
Venezia Giulia (without hyphen) was adopted.[3][4]. The term "Venezia Giulia" was coined by Graziadio Isaia Ascoli. Geography[edit] Friuli- Venezia Giulia
Venezia Giulia
is Italy's north-easternmost region. It covers an area of 7,858 km2 and is the fifth smallest region of the country. It borders Austria
Austria
to the north and Slovenia
Slovenia
to the east. To the south it faces the Adriatic Sea
Adriatic Sea
and to the west its internal border is with the Veneto
Veneto
region. The region spans a wide variety of climates and landscapes from the mild Oceanic in the south to Alpine continental in the north. The total area is subdivided into a 42.5% mountainous-alpine terrain in the north, 19.3% is hilly, mostly to the south-east, while the remaining 38.2% comprises the central and coastal plains.

A view of the Carnia
Carnia
highlands

Morphologically the region can be subdivided into four main areas. The mountainous area in the north: this part of the region includes Carnia and the ending section of the Alps
Alps
(Carnic Alps
Alps
and Julian Alps), of which the highest peaks exceed 2,700 m above sea level (Jôf di Montasio 2,754 m). Its landscapes are characterised by vast pine forests and pastures, mountain lakes (e.g. Sauris, Fusine and Barcis) and numerous streams and small rivers descending from the mountains. The area is also known for its tourist destinations, especially during the winter season (Monte Zoncolan, Tarvisio, Sella Nevea, Forni di Sopra and Piancavallo). The hilly area, situated to the south of the mountains and along the central section of the border with Slovenia. The main product of agriculture in this area is wine, whose quality, especially the white, is known worldwide. The easternmost part of the hilly area is also known as Slavia Friulana, as it is mostly inhabited by ethnic Slovenes. The central plains are characterised by poor, arid and permeable soil. The soil has been made fertile with an extensive irrigation system and through the adoption of modern intensive farming techniques. In this part of the region most of the agricultural activities are concentrated. The coastal area can be further subdivided in two, western-eastern, subsections separated by the river Isonzo's estuary. To the west, the coast is shallow and sandy, with numerous tourist resorts and the lagoons of Grado and Marano Lagunare. To the east, the coastline rises into cliffs, where the Kras plateau
Kras plateau
meets the Adriatic, all the way to Trieste
Trieste
and Muggia on the border with Slovenia. The Carso
Carso
has geological features and phenomena such as hollows, cave networks and underground rivers, which extend inland in the provinces of Trieste
Trieste
and Gorizia, with an altitude ranging between 300m and 600m.

The Carso
Carso
landscape at Doberdò

The rivers of the region flow from the North and from Slovenia
Slovenia
into the Adriatic. The two main rivers are the Tagliamento, which flows west-east in its upper part in the Carnic Alps
Alps
and then bends into a north-south flow that separates the Julian Alps
Alps
from Alpine foothills and the Isonzo
Isonzo
(Soča slo.) which flows from Slovenia
Slovenia
into Italy. The Timavo
Timavo
is an underground river that flows for 38 km from Slovenia and resurfaces near its mouth north-west of Duino. The region Friuli- Venezia Giulia
Venezia Giulia
has a temperate climate. However, due to the terrain's diversity, it varies considerably from one area to another. Walled by the Alps
Alps
on its northern flank, the region is exposed to air masses from the East and the West. The region receives also the southerly Sirocco
Sirocco
from the Adriatic
Adriatic
sea, which brings in heavy rainfall. Along the coast the climate is mild and pleasant. Trieste
Trieste
records the smallest temperature differences between winter and summer and between day and night. The climate is Alpine-continental in the mountainous areas, where, in some locations, the coldest winter temperatures in Italy
Italy
can often be found. The Kras plateau has its own weather and climate, influenced, mostly during autumn and winter, by masses of cold air coming from the north-east. These generate a very special feature of the local climate: the north-easterly wind Bora, which descends onto the Gulf of Trieste
Trieste
with gusts occasionally exceeding speeds of 150 km/h. History[edit] Main articles: Friuli
Friuli
§ History, and Venezia Giulia § History See also: Gorizia and Gradisca
Gorizia and Gradisca
and Austrian Littoral

Roman ruins in Aquileia

In Roman times, modern Friuli- Venezia Giulia
Venezia Giulia
was located within Regio X Venetia et Histria of Roman Italy. The traces of its Roman origin are visible over all the territory. In fact, the city of Aquileia, founded in 181 BC, served as capital of the region and rose to prominence in the Augustan period. Starting from the Lombard settlements (6th century), the historical paths of Friuli
Friuli
and Venezia Giulia
Venezia Giulia
begin to diverge. In 568, Cividale del Friuli
Friuli
(the Roman Forum Iulii (from which the name Friuli
Friuli
comes)) became the capital of the first Lombard dukedom in Italy. In 774, the Franks, favoured the growth of the church of Aquileia
Aquileia
and established Cividale as a March. In 1077, Patriarchate of Aquileia
Aquileia
was given temporal power by the Holy Roman Emperors and this power was extended temporarily even to the east. But already in the 12th century Gorizia had actually become independent and Trieste, along with other coastal towns, organized itself as a free city-state. In the 6th century, the Alpine Slavs, ancestors of present-day Slovenes, settled the eastern areas of the region. They settled in the easternmost mountainous areas of Friuli, known as the Friulian Slavia, as well as the Kras Plateau
Kras Plateau
and the area north and south from Gorizia. In the 12th and 13th century, they also moved closer to Trieste.

Miramare Castle, built by Archduke Maximilian of Austria
Austria
in Trieste

Friuli
Friuli
became Venetian territory in 1420, while Trieste
Trieste
and Gorizia remained under the Austrian Empire. Pordenone
Pordenone
was a "corpus separatum", under Austrian influence until 1515, when it also fell under the Venetian rule. With the peace treaty of Campoformido in 1797, Venetian domination came to an end and Friuli
Friuli
was ceded to Austria. After the period of domination by Napoleon, which affected also Trieste
Trieste
and Gorizia, it again became part of the Austrian Empire and was included in the Lombard- Veneto
Veneto
Kingdom, while Gorizia
Gorizia
was merged with the Illyrian Kingdom and Trieste, together with Istria, became part of the Austrian Coastal Region. The enlightened policy of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire
Austrian-Hungarian Empire
in the 18th and 19th centuries encouraged an extraordinary economic flourishing, making Trieste
Trieste
the empire's port. The outcome of the war of independence brought Friuli alone into the Kingdom of Italy. After the First World War, in which this region was a main theatre of operations and suffered serious damage and loss of lives, the fates of these border lands were again united, although Venezia Giulia, in particular, was the subject of contradictions regarding the borders. The Second World War led to the Anglo-American Administration in Trieste
Trieste
until the border was fixed with the Memorandum of London in 1954[citation needed]. When Trieste
Trieste
was taken back by Italy, the Autonomous Region of Friuli
Friuli
Venezia Giulia
Venezia Giulia
could finally be established[citation needed].[5] The Italian Constitution assigns Friuli- Venezia Giulia
Venezia Giulia
the status of Region with a Special
Special
Statute, together with four other Italian regions. Friuli- Venezia Giulia
Venezia Giulia
obtained administrative autonomy and the special statute in 1963. The reasons for this "constitutional delay" are interwoven with the international problems[citation needed] of the second postwar period and with those deriving from the region’s "diversity" – the different historical, ethnic, and linguistic components that go to make up this area. In 1975 the Treaty of Osimo
Osimo
was signed in Osimo, definitively dividing the former Free Territory of Trieste
Trieste
between Italy
Italy
and Yugoslavia[citation needed]. Economy[edit] See also: Friuli- Venezia Giulia
Venezia Giulia
wine

The sandy beach of Lignano Sabbiadoro

The economy of Friuli- Venezia Giulia
Venezia Giulia
is one of the most developed in the country. Its core is based on small- and middle-size enterprises (the so-called 'North-East model'), on specialized farming and on high-quality tourism with a significant inclination towards exports.[6] Agriculture and farming maintain an essential role in the economy of the region and employed in 2001 around 95,000 persons. Its high quality products are exported not only within the country and Europe (fruit and vegetable, cheese) but have become known worldwide for their quality (cured ham and wines, especially white ones). Noteworthy is also the production of soy (third producer in Italy
Italy
with more than 37,000 hectares cultivated in 2000) and timber production in Carnia.[6] As mentioned above, the economy of the region is based on a widespread mosaic of small and medium-size enterprises; of particular importance are the four industrial districts where a multitude of such highly specialised enterprises are concentrated. These districts are centred around the towns of Manzano, San Daniele del Friuli
Friuli
(cured ham), Maniago
Maniago
(knives) and Brugnera
Brugnera
(furniture). A number of large enterprises are also present in the region in both the industry and services sector. Some of these companies are world-leaders in their relevant sectors; such are Fincantieri
Fincantieri
(headquarters in Trieste
Trieste
with shipyards in Monfalcone) for the construction of the world's largest cruise ships, Zanussi- Electrolux
Electrolux
(Pordenone) in the production of electrical appliances, Danieli, Eurotech, Illy, Rizzani de Eccher, Solari Udine, TBS Group, Banca Generali, Genertellife, Italia Marittima, Telit, Wärtsilä, Allianz
Allianz
Italia and Assicurazioni Generali in Trieste, a leading insurance company in the world.[6] Local craftsmanship boasts products of the highest quality, such as fabrics, carved furniture, wooden sculptures, artistic ceramics, mosaic, wrought iron and copper, string instruments and typical traditional costumes. The tourist industry is developing thanks to a combination of sea (Lignano, Grado, Monfalcone
Monfalcone
and Trieste
Trieste
beaches), mountains (ski resorts in the Friulan
Friulan
Dolomites, the Carnic Prealps and Alps, and the Julian Alps) and gastronomy routes. Again, in the services sector the city of Trieste
Trieste
plays a leading role (with knock-on effects on the other provincial capitals); it is in fact here that activities such as the regional government, large banking and insurance companies are concentrated. With its commercial Free Port, Trieste
Trieste
also plays an essential role in the trade sector: special custom regulations ensure exclusive financial conditions to operators. The Port of Trieste
Trieste
is today the most important centre worldwide for the trade of coffee and plays a strategic key role in trade with northern and eastern Europe-[6]

The port of Trieste

Although small in size, Friuli- Venezia Giulia
Venezia Giulia
has always been 'in the centre of Europe' and has played an important role in connecting Italy (and the Mediterranean) to Central and Eastern Europe. Its role will become even more strategic as a logistical platform with the imminent enlargement of the European Union. Hence the importance of the infrastructure network of the region, which can today be considered first rate in quality and diversity. The motorway network consists of more than 200 km that run from North to South and from West to East, perfectly connecting the region to Austria
Austria
and Slovenia.[6] The railway network consists of around 500 km of track, with the two twin-line 'backbones' Venice- Trieste
Trieste
and Trieste-Udine-Tarvisio-Austria. The motorway and railway networks are linked to the ports of Trieste, Monfalcone
Monfalcone
and Porto Nogaro, the three most northerly ports of the Mediterranean. Trieste, in particular, has a free port for goods since 1719. It is the Italian port with the greatest capacity for covered storage, with a surface area of more than 2 million square meters and 70 km of rail tracks. Intermodality is guaranteed by the Cervignano
Cervignano
terminal, in operation since 1988, to serve the increasing commercial traffic between Italy and Eastern European countries.[6] The regional airport of Ronchi dei Legionari
Ronchi dei Legionari
is situated 30 km from Trieste
Trieste
and 40 km from Udine
Udine
and is closely connected to the motorway and railway networks. The airport offers regular national and international flights including destinations in Eastern Europe. The region is now placing much of its hopes for future economic development in the construction of a high speed European Transport Corridor n° V connecting Lyon, Turin, Venice, Trieste, Ljubljana, Budapest and Kiev, so as to improve the traffic of goods and services with new EU partners.[6] Demographics[edit] See also: Slovene minority in Italy

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1871 508,000 —    

1881 530,000 +4.3%

1901 615,000 +16.0%

1911 728,000 +18.4%

1921 1,178,000 +61.8%

1931 1,176,000 −0.2%

1936 1,108,000 −5.8%

1951 1,226,000 +10.6%

1961 1,204,000 −1.8%

1971 1,214,000 +0.8%

1981 1,234,000 +1.6%

1991 1,198,000 −2.9%

2001 1,184,000 −1.2%

2011 1,235,000 +4.3%

2017 1,217,872 −1.4%

Source: ISTAT 2001

Population density is lower than the national average: In 1978 there were in total only 1,224,611 inhabitants;[7] in 2008 it was in fact equal to 157.5 inhabitants per km2 (compared to 198.8 for Italy
Italy
as a whole). However, density varies from a minimum of 106 inhabitants per km2 in the province of Udine
Udine
to a maximum of 1,144 inhabitants per km2 in the province of Trieste. The negative natural balance in the region is partly made up by the positive net migration. To some extent the migratory surplus has in fact offset the downward trend in the population since 1975. In 2008, the resident population with foreign nationality registered in the region accounted to 83,306 persons (6.7% of the total population). Government and politics[edit] Main article: Politics of Friuli-Venezia Giulia Administrative divisions[edit] Friuli- Venezia Giulia
Venezia Giulia
is divided into four provinces:

Province (listed west to east) Area (km2) Population Density (inh./km2)

Province of Pordenone 2,273 311,931 137.2

Province of Udine 4,905 539,224 109.9

Province of Gorizia 466 142,392 305.5

Province of Trieste 212 236,445 1,115.3

Culture[edit]

A traffic sign in Italian, Friulan, German and Slovene

Language[edit] Italian is the official national language. Friulian language
Friulian language
is also spoken in most of the region — with a few exceptions, most notably Trieste
Trieste
and the area around Monfalcone
Monfalcone
and Grado, where a version of the Venetian language
Venetian language
and Triestine dialect is spoken instead. Venetian is also spoken in western part of the Province of Pordenone, and in the city of Pordenone
Pordenone
itself, due to its proximity with the Veneto
Veneto
region. Friulian and Venetian are more common in the countryside, while standard Italian is the predominant language in the larger towns (Udine, Pordenone, Gorizia). The region is also home to Italy's Slovene-speaking minority. Notable residents or natives[edit]

Francesco Tullio Altan (1942-), graphic designer Emilio Ambrosini (1850-1912), architect Graziado Isaia Ascoli (1829-1907), politician and linguist Gae Aulenti (1927-), architect Tullio Avoledo (1957-), writer Vladimir Bartol
Vladimir Bartol
(1903-1967), writer Gianni Bartoli (1900-1973), mayor of Trieste, politician Afro Basaldella (1912-1976), also known as Afro, painter Franca Batich (1940-), Italian painter Roberto Bazlen, alias Bobi Bazlen (1902-1965), writer Enzo Bearzot (1927-2010), footballer and football manager Antonio Bellina (1941-2007), writer Arduino Berlam (1880-1946), architect Ruggero Berlam (1854-1920), architect Bertrand of Aquileia
Aquileia
(1258–1350), patriarch of Aquileia Alfredo Berzanti (1920-2000), politician Adriano Biasutti (1941-2010), politician Antonio Bibalo (1922-2008), Italian pianist and composer Tarcisio Burgnich
Tarcisio Burgnich
(1939-), footballer Novella Cantarutti, poet, writer in Furlan
Furlan
language Fabio Capello
Fabio Capello
(1946-), football manager and player Luca Cappellari (1963-), racing driver Piero Cappuccilli
Piero Cappuccilli
(1926-2005), Italian operatic baritone Primo Carnera
Primo Carnera
(1906-1967), boxer Leo Castelli, born Leo Krauss (1907-1999), American art dealer Eugenio Cefis (1921-2004), Chairman of ENI Group and Montedison Group Carlo Cergoly, born Carolus Luigi Cergoly Serini (Zriny) (1908-1987), writer, poet Avgust Černigoj, alias Augusto Cernigoi (1898-1985), painter Roberto Chiacig (1974-), basketball player Biaggio Chianese (1961-), Italian boxer St. Chromatius
Chromatius
of Aquileia
Aquileia
(died 407), bishop of Aquileia, theologian Armando Cimolai, industry manager, Chairman Cimolai S.p.A. Luigi-Louis Cobai (1885-1942), architect Claudio Cojaniz (1952-), pianist Fulvio Collovati
Fulvio Collovati
(1957-), football coach and player Antonio Comelli (1920-1998), politician Lodovica Comello (1990-), singer and actress, known from Violetta Mauro Corona (1950-), writer, alpinist and sculptor Claudia Coslovich
Claudia Coslovich
(1972-), athlete, javelin throw Mauro Covacich (1965-), writer Tullio Crali (1910-2000), futurist painter Fabio Cudicini (1935-), football player (goalkeeper) Luigi Danieli, industry manager, Chairman Danieli
Danieli
Group Raimondo D'Aronco (1857-1932), architect Andrea De Adamich (1941-), racing driver Elio De Anna (1949-), international and ITA national rugby player, doctor, politician Pierre (Pietro) Savorgnan de (di) Brazza (1852-1905), French explorer Victor De Sabata (1892-1967), Italian conductor, musician and composer Giulio De Vita (1971-), advertising executive, director, strip cartooner Ardito Desio (1897-2001), explorer, alpinist, geologist Giorgio Di Centa (1972-), cross-country skier Manuela Di Centa (1963-), cross-country skier and politician Ermes di Colorêt (16th century) Dalila di Lazzaro (1953-), film actress and writer Michela Rocco di Torrepadula (1970-), film actress Roberto Dipiazza (1953-), mayor of Trieste, politician George Dolenz
George Dolenz
(1908-1963), born Jure Dolenc, American film actor and father of Micky Dolenz
Micky Dolenz
of the Monkees Max Fabiani
Max Fabiani
(1865-1962), architect Rudy Fantin (1962-), jazzman Julian Fantino
Julian Fantino
(1942-), former Police Chief in Toronto, Canada; former Member of Parliament in Canada Giorgio Ferrini
Giorgio Ferrini
(1939-1976), football player Sante Ferroli, industry manager, Chairman Ferroli S.p.A. Ermenegildo Florit
Ermenegildo Florit
(1901–1985), archbishop of Florence, cardinal Livio Franceschini (1913-?), basketball player Eugenio Geiringer (1844-1904), architect Amadeo Giacomini (1939-2006), writer Virgilio Giotti (1885-1957), poet Giovanni, alias Nino Benvenuti (1938-), boxer and film actor Giuseppe, alias Pino, Grezar (1918-1949), football player Matteo Gladig (1880-1915), Italian chess master Tita Gori (1870-1941), painter Margherita Granbassi (1979-), Italian foil fencer Carla Gravina (1941-), film actress and politician Andrea Illy
Illy
(1964-), industry manager, Chairman Illycaffè Trieste Ernesto Illy
Illy
(1925-2008), scientist, industry manager, Cavaliere del Lavoro (Knight of Industry 1994), Chairman of Illycaffè S.p.A. Riccardo Illy
Illy
(1955-), business-man, politician, mayor of Trieste, president of the region Alfred Jaëll
Alfred Jaëll
(1832-1882), Austrian pianist Leopoldo Janesich (1802-1880), jeweler James Joyce
James Joyce
(1882-1941), 20th century Irish novelist, began work on Ulysses while living in Trieste Tullio Kezich (1928-2009), actor, playwright, screenplayer and film critic Alexander Kircher
Alexander Kircher
(1867-1939), painter Julius Kuggy (1858-1944), alpinist, humanist of Slovene culture Duilio Loi
Duilio Loi
(1929-2008), boxer Alessandro Lotta (1975-), musician, former bassist of the bands Rhapsody of Fire
Rhapsody of Fire
and Wingdom Franko Luin
Franko Luin
(1941-2005), Swedish-slovene graphic designer Lelio Lutazzi (1923-2010), pianist Samuel David Luzzato (1800-1865), Jewish intellectual of Trieste Claudio Magris
Claudio Magris
(1939-), academic, Germanist, journalist, writer in Italian and French languages Luigi Maieron (1954-), singer in Furlan
Furlan
language Cesare Maldini
Cesare Maldini
(1932- 2016), former AC Milan
AC Milan
captain, Italian football team manager Sergio Maldini (1923-1993), writer Michael Manfredi,[8] architect partner of Marion Weiss in New York-based Weiss/Manfredi Ludovico Manin, last doge of Venice Biagio Marin (1891-1985), poet, writing in Graisan Venetian dialect Giovanni Martinolich
Giovanni Martinolich
(1884-1910), Italian chess master Mauro Maur
Mauro Maur
(1958-), Italian trumpet player and composer Paulo Maurensig (1943-), writer Carlo Michelstaedter (1887-1910), philosopher Ottavio Missoni
Ottavio Missoni
(1921-2013), fashion designer Tiberio Mitri (1926-2001), boxer and film actor, born in Trieste Assunta Adelaide Luigia Modotti Mondini, alias Tina Modotti (1896-1942), photographer, model, actress, and revolutionary political activist Elio Morpugo (1858-1944), politician Denis Novato (1976-), musician Guglielmo Oberdan (1858-1882), Italian irredentist Giorgio Oberweger
Giorgio Oberweger
(1913-1998), athlete St. Odoric of Pordenone
Pordenone
(1286–1331), Franciscan priest, traveler to China and East Asia Edi Orioli (1962-), racing driver and motorbike racer Simone Padoin
Simone Padoin
(1984-), football player, Juventus Boris Pahor
Boris Pahor
(1913-), writer Romilda Pantaleoni (1847-1917), Italian operatic soprano Pier Paolo Pasolini
Pier Paolo Pasolini
(1923-1975), poet in Furlan
Furlan
and Italian languages, and film director Saint Paulinus II
Saint Paulinus II
(c. 750–802), patriarch of Aquileia, theologian Caterina Percoto (1812-1887), poet and writer in Furlan
Furlan
and Italian languages Gianluca Pessotto
Gianluca Pessotto
(1970-), footballer Paolo Petrini, chef Bruno Pizzul
Bruno Pizzul
(1938-), footballer and journalist Boris Podrecca
Boris Podrecca
(1940-), architect Poppo of Treffen (died 1045), patriarch of Aquileia Giampaolo Pozzo (1941-), industry manager, owner of Udinese Nicola Princivalli (1979-), football player Alberto Randegger
Alberto Randegger
(1832-1911), composer Ivan Rassimov
Ivan Rassimov
(1938-2003), Italian film actor of Serbian descent Rada Rassimov
Rada Rassimov
(1938-), Italian film actress of Serbian descent Enrico Rava
Enrico Rava
(1939-), jazz trumpeter Carlo Rigotti (1906-1983), football player and manager Nereo Rocco
Nereo Rocco
(1912-1979), football player and manager Ernesto Nathan Rogers
Ernesto Nathan Rogers
(1909-1969), architect, writer and educator Carlo Rubbia
Carlo Rubbia
(1934-), physicist and Nobel Prize winner Cesare Rubini
Cesare Rubini
(1923-2010), water polo player, basketball player and coach Rufinus of Aquileia
Aquileia
(340/5-410), priest, translator Umberto Saba
Umberto Saba
(1883-1957), poet Simone Scuffet (1996-), Udinese
Udinese
Calcio's goalkeeper Debora Serrachiani (1970-), politician, president of the region Carlo Sgorlon (1930-2010), writer in Furlan
Furlan
language Scipio Slataper (1888-1915), writer Rino Snaidero (1946-), industry manager, Chairman of Snaidero Laura Solari
Laura Solari
(Camaur) (1913-1984), film actress Dante Spinotti (1943-), cinematographer, LA Confidential and The Last of the Mohicans Alessandro-Alex Staropoli (1970-), keyboardist of the band Rhapsody of Fire and composer Giovanni Steffè (1926-), rower Marzio Strassoldo (1939-), politician and academic Lino Straulino (1961-), singer in Furlan
Furlan
language Giorgio Strehler (1921-1997), stage actor and director Giani Stuparich (1891-1961), writer Viktor Sulčič, alias Victor (or Victorio) (1895-1973), Argentine Slovene architect (born in the suburb of Santa Croce/Križ) Italo Svevo
Italo Svevo
(1861-1928), writer Elisa Toffoli
Elisa Toffoli
(1977-), singer/songwriter, pianist, and guitarist Vanessa Tomba (1995-), model Fulvio Tomizza (1935-1999), writer Renzo Tondo, politician, president of the region Susanna Tamaro
Susanna Tamaro
(1957-), writer Jožef Tominc, Giuseppe Tominz (1790-1866), Biedermeier
Biedermeier
painter Max Tonetto (1974-), football player Alessia Trost (1993-), athlete, high jump Luca Turilli
Luca Turilli
(1972-), musician and songwriter, Rhapsody of Fire neoclassical guitarist and composer Ferruccio Valcareggi
Ferruccio Valcareggi
(1919-2005), football player and coach Ida Vallerugo (1941-), poet Renzo Vecchiato
Renzo Vecchiato
(1955-), basketball player Glauco Venier (1962-), pianist Gian Mario Villalta (1959-), writer Demetrio Volcic (1931-), writer and politician Dario Zampa (1946-), singer in Furlan
Furlan
and Italian languages Leonardo Zanier (1935-), writer Nevio Zaninotto (1959-), jazzman Alessandro Zanni (1984-), international and ITA national rugby player Lino Zanussi (1920-1968), industry manager, Chairman of Zanussi Group Dino Zoff
Dino Zoff
(1942-), football goalkeeper Italy, Juventus Pietro Zorutti (1792-1867), poet

References[edit]

^ "Regional gross domestic product (million EUR) by NUTS 2 regions". Eurostat. Eurostat. Retrieved 9 July 2012.  ^ "Regional GDP per inhabitant in 2008 GDP per inhabitant ranged from 28% of the EU27 average in Severozapaden in Bulgaria to 343% in Inner London". Eurostat. European Union. 24 February 2011. Archived from the original on 12 February 2012. Retrieved 9 July 2012.  ^ "Costituzione della Repubblica Italiana" (PDF) (in Italian). Retrieved 10 September 2014.  ^ Sarti, Gianpaolo: La Lega lancia la regione " Friuli
Friuli
e Trieste", in: Il Piccolo, 9 September 2014, p. 14. ^ "Sito Ufficale della Regione Autonoma Friuli- Venezia Giulia
Venezia Giulia
– Versione Inglese". Regione.fvg.it. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  ^ a b c d e f g "Eurostat". Circa.europa.eu. Archived from the original on 2010-04-18. Retrieved 2009-05-05.  ^ Prost, Brigitte: Le Frioul.Région d#affrontements, Géneve 1973. ^ Michael Manfredi Archived 2011-07-18 at the Wayback Machine.

Notes[edit]

^ Friuli
Friuli
is sometimes mispronounced [ˈfriːuli].

Gallery[edit]

Piazza San Giacomo in Udine

The Miramare Castle
Miramare Castle
in Trieste

The Beach in Lignano Sabbiadoro

The Devil's Bridge in Cividale del Friuli

Terrazza Mare in Lignano Sabbiadoro

The Grado lagoon

The bay of Sistiana

Piazza Unità d'Italia
Piazza Unità d'Italia
in Trieste

The sea in Trieste

Sanctuary in Mount Lussari, Tarvisio

The Tagliamento
Tagliamento
river near Pinzano

Typical houses in Carnia

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Friuli-Venezia Giulia.

Official site of the Autonomous Region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia (Italian, Friulan, Slovene, German, English) Official site of the Autonomous Region of Friuli- Venezia Giulia
Venezia Giulia
(in German) (in Slovene) (in Friulian) fvg.INFO (Italian, English, German) Giro FVG - Rivista turistica, web, App iPhone, iPad, iPod del Friuli- Venezia Giulia
Venezia Giulia
(Italian) http://www.friulitipico.org (Italian, English) Map of Friuli-Venezia Giulia "The official Website for tourism of Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Welcome". Friuli-Venezia Giulia.  (Italian, English, German) Airport of Friuli- Venezia Giulia
Venezia Giulia
(Italian, English, Slovene) "meteo.fvg: Regione Autonoma Friuli-Venezia Giulia". OSMER: Osservatorio Meteorologico Regionale.  (Italian, Friulan, Slovene, German, English)

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Coordinates: 45°38′10″N 13°48′15″E / 45.63611°N 13.80417°E / 45.63611; 13.80417

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 244522496 GND: 4018496-1 BNF:

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