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Fritz Mauthner (22 November 1849 – 29 June 1923) was an Austro-Hungarian
Austro-Hungarian
novelist, theatre critic and satirist. He was an exponent of philosophical scepticism derived from a critique of human knowledge and of philosophy of language. Mauthner was born on 22 November 1849 into an assimilated, well-to-do Jewish family from Horzitz in Bohemia (now Hořice in the Czech Republic).[1] He was the fourth of the six children of Emmanuel and Amalie Mauthner.[2]:viii He became editor of the Berliner Tageblatt
Berliner Tageblatt
in 1895, but is remembered mainly for his Beiträge zu einer Kritik der Sprache (Contributions to a Critique of Language),[3] published in three parts in 1901 and 1902. Ludwig Wittgenstein
Ludwig Wittgenstein
took several of his ideas from Mauthner,[4] and acknowledges him in his Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
(1922).[5] Mauthner died in Meersburg
Meersburg
am Bodensee on 29 June 1923.[2]:viii

Contents

1 Works 2 References 3 Further reading 4 External links

Works[edit]

Philosophy

Beiträge zu einer Kritik der Sprache, three volumes, Stuttgart: J.G. Cotta, 1901–1903. Aristoteles, 1904 Spinoza, 1906 Die Sprache, 1907 Wörterbuch der Philosophie, 1910–11, 1923–24 Schopenhauer, 1911 Der letzte Tod des Gautama Buddha, 1913 Der Atheismus und seine Geschichte im Abendlande (4 books), 1920–23 Muttersprache und Vaterland, 1920

Fiction

Anna, 1874 Lyrik Die große Revolution, 1872 Nach berühmten Mustern, satirical, 1878, 1889 Einsame Fahrten, 1879 Vom armen Franischko, story, 1879 Die Sonntage der Baronin, 1881 Der neue Ahasver, 1882 Dilettantenspiegel, satirical, 1883 Gräfin Salamanca, 1884 Xanthippe, 1884 Berlin W. (trilogy of novels): Quartett, 1886; Die Fanfare, 1888; Der Villenhof, 1890 Der letzte Deutsche von Blatna, novel, 1887 Der Pegasus, 1889 Zehn Geschichten, 1891 Glück im Spiel, 1891 Hypatia, 1892 Lügenohr, 1892 (under the title: Aus dem Märchenbuch der Wahrheit, 1899) Kraft, novel 1894 Die Geisterseher, novel 1894 Die bunte Reihe, 1896 Der steinerne Riese, novella, 1896 Die böhmische Handschrift, novella 1897 Der wilde Jockey, 1897 Der letzte Tod des Gautamo Buddha, novel 1913 Der goldene Fiedelbogen, 1917

Essays and theoretical works

Kleiner Krieg, 1879 Credo, 1886 Tote Symbole, 1892 Zum Streit um die Bühne, 1893 Totengespräche, 1906 Gespräche im Himmel und andere Ketzereien, 1914

Translations

Henriette Marechal, by Edmond de Goncourt, 1895

Editorial

Wochenschrift für Kunst und Literatur, 1889-1890 Magazin für die Literatur des In- und Auslandes, 1991 Bibliothek der Philosophen, from 1911

Collected works

Ausgewählte Schriften, 6 books, 1919

Miscellaneous

Erinnerungen, autobiography 1918 Selbstbiographie 1922, in: Philosophie der Gegenwart in Selbstdarstellungen, Bd. 3.

References[edit]

^ Iggers, Wilma. "Mauthner, Fritz". The YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews
Jews
in Eastern Europe. Retrieved 5 October 2013.  ^ a b Helmut Henne, Christine Kaiser (2000). [ Fritz Mauthner - Sprache, Literatur, Kritik: Festakt Und Symposion Zu Seinem 150. Geburtstag] (in german). Berlin: De Gruyter. ISBN 9783110941548. ^ Nájera, Elena. "Wittgenstein versus Mauthner: Two critiques of language, two mysticisms". From the ALWS archives: A selection of papers from the International Wittgenstein Symposia in Kirchberg am Wechsel. Retrieved 19 December 2014.  ^ Janik, Allan and Toulmin, Stephen Toulmin. Wittgenstein's Vienna. I.R. Dee, 1996 (first published 1973), pp. 119, 121–133. ^ Wittgenstein L., Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, "4.0031 All philosophy is a 'critique of language' (though not in Mauthner's sense)."

Further reading[edit]

Arens, Katherine. Empire in decline: Fritz Mauthner's critique of Wilhelminian Germany. New York: P. Lang, 2001. Ben-Zvi, Linda. Samuel Beckett, Fritz Mauthner and the Limits of Language. PMLA. Vol. 95(2): 183-200. 1980. Bredeck, Elizabeth. Metaphors of Knowledge: Language
Language
and Thought in Mauthner's Critique. Wayne State University Press, 1992. Dapía, Silvia. Die Rezeption der Sprachkritik Fritz Mauthners im Werk von Jorge Luis Borges. Cologne, Weimar, Vienna: Böhlau, 1993 Knowlson, James & Pilling, John. Frescoes of the skull. London: John Calder, 1979. Kühn, Joachim. Gescheiterte Sprachkritik: Fritz Mauthners Leben und Werk. Walter de Gruyter, 1979. Ludwig, Otto & Heydrich, Moritz. Shakespeare-Studien. Halle: H. Gesenius, 1901. Skerl, Jennie. Fritz Mauthner's "Critique of Language" in Samuel Beckett's "Watt". Contemporary Literature. Vol. 15(4): 474-487. University of Wisconsin Press, 1974. Sluga, Hans. Wittgenstein and Pyrrhonism. In Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (Ed.) Pyrrhonian Skepticism. Oxford University Press, 2006 Vierhufe, Almut. Parody and Language
Language
Critique. Studies on Fritz Mauthner's Nach berühmten Mustern. Niemeyer, 1999. Weiler, Gershon. Mauthner's Critique of Language. Cambridge University Press, 1970.

External links[edit]

Fritz Mauthner Collection at the Leo Baeck Institute Guide to the Fritz Mauthner Correspondence Collection 1765-1868 Book review of Fritz Mauthner's Die Sprache Works by or about Fritz Mauthner at Internet Archive Works by Fritz Mauthner at LibriVox
LibriVox
(public domain audiobooks)

v t e

Ludwig Wittgenstein

Family

Margaret Stonborough-Wittgenstein Karl Wittgenstein Paul Wittgenstein Works associated with Paul Wittgenstein

Early work

Picture theory of language Truth tables

Later work

Language-game Private language argument Family resemblance Rule following Form of life Wittgenstein's philosophy of mathematics

Publications

Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus Some Remarks on Logical Form Blue and Brown Books Philosophical Remarks Philosophical Investigations On Certainty Culture and Value Remarks on Frazer's Golden Bough Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics Zettel Remarks on Colour Lectures and Conversations on Aesthetics, Psychology, and Religious Belief

Movements

Analytic philosophy Linguistic turn Ideal language philosophy Logical atomism Logical positivism Ordinary language philosophy Wittgensteinian fideism Quietism

Friends

G. E. M. Anscombe R. B. Braithwaite Rudolf Carnap Paul Engelmann John Maynard Keynes Peter Geach Norman Malcolm G. E. Moore David Pinsent Frank P. Ramsey Rush Rhees Bertrand Russell Moritz Schlick Francis Skinner Piero Sraffa Vienna Circle Friedrich Waismann Peter Winch G. H. von Wright

Biographers

David Edmonds Ray Monk William Warren Bartley

Secondary sources

A. J. Ayer Gordon Baker James F. Conant Alice Crary Cora Diamond Terry Eagleton Peter Hacker Saul Kripke Anthony Kenny Warren Goldfarb Stanley Cavell D. Z. Phillips Colin McGinn Jaakko Hintikka Oswald Hanfling A. C. Grayling Rupert Read Barry Stroud Stephen Toulmin Crispin Wright Fergus Kerr

Miscellaneous

Cambridge Apostles Cambridge University Moral Sciences Club Haidbauer incident Haus Wittgenstein Fritz Mauthner

Film

Wittgenstein (film)

v t e

Philosophy of language

Philosophers

Plato
Plato
(Cratylus) Gorgias Confucius Xunzi Aristotle Stoics Pyrrhonists Scholasticism Ibn Rushd Ibn Khaldun Thomas Hobbes Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Johann Herder Ludwig Noiré Wilhelm von Humboldt Fritz Mauthner Paul Ricœur Ferdinand de Saussure Gottlob Frege Franz Boas Paul Tillich Edward Sapir Leonard Bloomfield Zhuangzi Henri Bergson Lev Vygotsky Ludwig Wittgenstein

Philosophical Investigations Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus

Bertrand Russell Rudolf Carnap Jacques Derrida

Of Grammatology Limited Inc

Benjamin Lee Whorf Gustav Bergmann J. L. Austin Noam Chomsky Hans-Georg Gadamer Saul Kripke A. J. Ayer G. E. M. Anscombe Jaakko Hintikka Michael Dummett Donald Davidson Roger Gibson Paul Grice Gilbert Ryle P. F. Strawson Willard Van Orman Quine Hilary Putnam David Lewis John Searle Joxe Azurmendi Scott Soames Stephen Yablo John Hawthorne Stephen Neale Paul Watzlawick

Theories

Causal theory of reference Contrast theory of meaning Contrastivism Conventionalism Cratylism Deconstruction Descriptivist theory of names Direct reference theory Dramatism Expressivism Linguistic determinism Logical atomism Logical positivism Mediated reference theory Nominalism Non-cognitivism Phallogocentrism Quietism Relevance theory Semantic externalism Semantic holism Structuralism Supposition theory Symbiosism Theological noncognitivism Theory of descriptions Verification theory

Concepts

Ambiguity Linguistic relativity Meaning Language Truth-bearer Proposition Use–mention distinction Concept Categories Set Class Intension Logical form Metalanguage Mental representation Principle of compositionality Property Sign Sense and reference Speech act Symbol Entity Sentence Statement more...

Related articles

Analytic philosophy Philosophy of information Philosophical logic Linguistics Pragmatics Rhetoric Semantics Formal semantics Semiotics

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 36939733 LCCN: n50007013 ISNI: 0000 0001 0887 9089 GND: 118579304 SUDOC: 028851153 BNF: cb12060132k (data) NKC: jn19990005495 BNE: XX1320

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