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FRITZ MAUTHNER (22 November 1849 – 29 June 1923) was an Austro-Hungarian
Austro-Hungarian
novelist, theatre critic and satirist. He was an exponent of philosophical scepticism derived from a critique of human knowledge.

Mauthner was born on 22 November 1849 into an assimilated, well-to-do Jewish family from Horzitz in Bohemia (now Hořice in the Czech Republic). He was the fourth of the six children of Emmanuel and Amalie Mauthner. :viii

He became editor of the Berliner Tageblatt
Berliner Tageblatt
in 1895, but is remembered mainly for his Beiträge zu einer Kritik der Sprache (Contributions to a Critique of Language), published in three parts in 1901 and 1902. Ludwig Wittgenstein
Ludwig Wittgenstein
took several of his ideas from Mauthner, and acknowledges him in his Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
(1922).

Mauthner died in Meersburg
Meersburg
am Bodensee on 29 June 1923. :viii

CONTENTS

* 1 Works * 2 References * 3 Further reading * 4 External links

WORKS

Philosophy

* Beiträge zu einer Kritik der Sprache, three volumes, Stuttgart: J.G. Cotta, 1901–1903. * Aristoteles, 1904 * Spinoza, 1906 * Die Sprache, 1907 * Wörterbuch der Philosophie, 1910–11, 1923–24 * Schopenhauer, 1911 * Der letzte Tod des Gautama Buddha, 1913 * Der Atheismus und seine Geschichte im Abendlande (4 books), 1920–23 * Muttersprache und Vaterland, 1920

Fiction

* Anna, 1874 * Lyrik * Die große Revolution, 1872 * Nach berühmten Mustern, satirical, 1878, 1889 * Einsame Fahrten, 1879 * Vom armen Franischko, story, 1879 * Die Sonntage der Baronin, 1881 * Der neue Ahasver, 1882 * Dilettantenspiegel, satirical, 1883 * Gräfin Salamanca, 1884 * Xanthippe, 1884 * Berlin W. (trilogy of novels): Quartett, 1886; Die Fanfare, 1888; Der Villenhof, 1890 * Der letzte Deutsche von Blatna, novel, 1887 * Der Pegasus, 1889 * Zehn Geschichten, 1891 * Glück im Spiel, 1891 * Hypatia, 1892 * Lügenohr, 1892 (under the title: Aus dem Märchenbuch der Wahrheit, 1899) * Kraft, novel 1894 * Die Geisterseher, novel 1894 * Die bunte Reihe, 1896 * Der steinerne Riese, novella, 1896 * Die böhmische Handschrift, novella 1897 * Der wilde Jockey, 1897 * Der letzte Tod des Gautamo Buddha, novel 1913 * Der goldene Fiedelbogen, 1917

Essays and theoretical works

* Kleiner Krieg, 1879 * Credo, 1886 * Tote Symbole, 1892 * Zum Streit um die Bühne, 1893 * Totengespräche, 1906 * Gespräche im Himmel und andere Ketzereien, 1914

Translations

* Henriette Marechal, by Edmond de Goncourt
Edmond de Goncourt
, 1895

Editorial

* Wochenschrift für Kunst und Literatur, 1889-1890 * Magazin für die Literatur des In- und Auslandes, 1991 * Bibliothek der Philosophen, from 1911

Collected works

* Ausgewählte Schriften, 6 books, 1919

Miscellaneous

* Erinnerungen, autobiography 1918 * Selbstbiographie 1922, in: Philosophie der Gegenwart in Selbstdarstellungen, Bd. 3.

REFERENCES

* ^ Iggers, Wilma. "Mauthner, Fritz". The YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe . Retrieved 5 October 2013. * ^ A B Helmut Henne, Christine Kaiser (2000). (in german). Berlin: De Gruyter. ISBN 9783110941548 . * ^ Nájera, Elena. "Wittgenstein versus Mauthner: Two critiques of language, two mysticisms". From the ALWS archives: A selection of papers from the International Wittgenstein Symposia in Kirchberg am Wechsel. Retrieved 19 December 2014. * ^ Janik, Allan and Toulmin, Stephen Toulmin. Wittgenstein's Vienna. I.R. Dee, 1996 (first published 1973), pp. 119, 121–133. * ^ Wittgenstein L., Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, "4.0031 All philosophy is a 'critique of language' (though not in Mauthner's sense)."

FURTHER READING

* Arens, Katherine. Empire in decline: Fritz Mauthner's critique of Wilhelminian Germany. New York: P. Lang, 2001. * Ben-Zvi, Linda. Samuel Beckett, Fritz Mauthner and the Limits of Language. PMLA. Vol. 95(2): 183-200. 1980. * Bredeck, Elizabeth. Metaphors of Knowledge: Language
Language
and Thought in Mauthner's Critique. Wayne State University Press, 1992. * Dapía, Silvia. Die Rezeption der Sprachkritik Fritz Mauthners im Werk von Jorge Luis Borges. Cologne, Weimar, Vienna: Böhlau, 1993 * Knowlson, James & Pilling, John. Frescoes of the skull. London: John Calder, 1979. * Kühn, Joachim. Gescheiterte Sprachkritik: Fritz Mauthners Leben und Werk. Walter de Gruyter, 1979. * Ludwig, Otto ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Ludwig Wittgenstein
Ludwig Wittgenstein

FAMILY

* Margaret Stonborough-Wittgenstein
Margaret Stonborough-Wittgenstein
* Karl Wittgenstein
Karl Wittgenstein
* Paul Wittgenstein
Paul Wittgenstein
* Works associated with Paul Wittgenstein
Paul Wittgenstein

EARLY WORK

* Picture theory of language * Truth tables

LATER WORK

* Language-game * Private language argument
Private language argument
* Family resemblance * Rule following * Form of life * Wittgenstein\'s philosophy of mathematics

PUBLICATIONS

* Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
* Some Remarks on Logical Form * Blue and Brown Books * Philosophical Remarks * Philosophical Investigations
Philosophical Investigations
* On Certainty * Culture and Value * Remarks on Frazer\'s Golden Bough * Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics * Zettel * Remarks on Colour * Lectures and Conversations on Aesthetics, Psychology, and Religious Belief

MOVEMENTS

* Analytic philosophy
Analytic philosophy
* Linguistic turn
Linguistic turn
* Ideal language philosophy * Logical atomism
Logical atomism
* Logical positivism * Ordinary language philosophy
Ordinary language philosophy
* Wittgensteinian fideism * Quietism

FRIENDS

* G. E. M. Anscombe
G. E. M. Anscombe
* R. B. Braithwaite * Rudolf Carnap
Rudolf Carnap
* Paul Engelmann * John Maynard Keynes
John Maynard Keynes
* Peter Geach * Norman Malcolm
Norman Malcolm
* G. E. Moore
G. E. Moore
* David Pinsent * Frank P. Ramsey
Frank P. Ramsey
* Rush Rhees * Bertrand Russell
Bertrand Russell
* Moritz Schlick
Moritz Schlick
* Francis Skinner * Piero Sraffa
Piero Sraffa
* Vienna Circle
Vienna Circle
* Friedrich Waismann * Peter Winch
Peter Winch
* G. H. von Wright

BIOGRAPHERS

* David Edmonds * Ray Monk * William Warren Bartley
William Warren Bartley

SECONDARY SOURCES

* A. J. Ayer
A. J. Ayer
* Gordon Baker * James F. Conant * Cora Diamond * Terry Eagleton
Terry Eagleton
* Peter Hacker * Saul Kripke
Saul Kripke
* Anthony Kenny * Warren Goldfarb * Stanley Cavell * D. Z. Phillips * Colin McGinn * Jaakko Hintikka
Jaakko Hintikka
* Oswald Hanfling * A. C. Grayling
A. C. Grayling
* Rupert Read
Rupert Read
* Barry Stroud * Stephen Toulmin
Stephen Toulmin
* Crispin Wright * Fergus Kerr

MISCELLANEOUS

* Cambridge Apostles * Cambridge University Moral Sciences Club * Haidbauer incident * Haus Wittgenstein
Haus Wittgenstein
* Fritz Mauthner

FILM

* Wittgenstein (film)

* v * t * e

Philosophy of language
Philosophy of language

PHILOSOPHERS

* Plato
Plato
(Cratylus ) * Gorgias
Gorgias
* Confucius
Confucius
* Xunzi * Aristotle
Aristotle
* Stoics * Pyrrhonists * Scholasticism
Scholasticism
* Ibn Rushd * Ibn Khaldun
Ibn Khaldun
* Thomas Hobbes
Thomas Hobbes
* Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
* Johann Herder * Ludwig Noiré * Wilhelm von Humboldt
Wilhelm von Humboldt
* Fritz Mauthner * Paul Ricœur * Ferdinand de Saussure
Ferdinand de Saussure
* Gottlob Frege
Gottlob Frege
* Franz Boas
Franz Boas
* Paul Tillich
Paul Tillich
* Edward Sapir
Edward Sapir
* Leonard Bloomfield * Zhuangzi * Henri Bergson
Henri Bergson
* Lev Vygotsky
Lev Vygotsky

* Ludwig Wittgenstein
Ludwig Wittgenstein

* Philosophical Investigations
Philosophical Investigations
* Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus

* Bertrand Russell
Bertrand Russell
* Rudolf Carnap
Rudolf Carnap

* Jacques Derrida
Jacques Derrida

* Of Grammatology * Limited Inc

* Benjamin Lee Whorf
Benjamin Lee Whorf
* Gustav Bergmann * J. L. Austin * Noam Chomsky
Noam Chomsky
* Hans-Georg Gadamer
Hans-Georg Gadamer
* Saul Kripke
Saul Kripke
* A. J. Ayer
A. J. Ayer
* G. E. M. Anscombe
G. E. M. Anscombe
* Jaakko Hintikka
Jaakko Hintikka
* Michael Dummett
Michael Dummett
* Donald Davidson * Roger Gibson * Paul Grice * Gilbert Ryle
Gilbert Ryle
* P. F. Strawson * Willard Van Orman Quine
Willard Van Orman Quine
* Hilary Putnam
Hilary Putnam
* David Lewis * John Searle
John Searle
* Joxe Azurmendi
Joxe Azurmendi
* Scott Soames * Stephen Yablo * John Hawthorne * Stephen Neale
Stephen Neale
* Paul Watzlawick
Paul Watzlawick

THEORIES

* Causal theory of reference * Contrast theory of meaning * Contrastivism * Conventionalism * Cratylism * Deconstruction
Deconstruction
* Descriptivist theory of names * Direct reference theory * Dramatism
Dramatism
* Expressivism * Linguistic determinism * Logical atomism
Logical atomism
* Logical positivism * Mediated reference theory * Nominalism * Non-cognitivism * Phallogocentrism * Quietism * Relevance theory * Semantic externalism * Semantic holism * Structuralism
Structuralism
* Supposition theory * Symbiosism * Theological noncognitivism * Theory of descriptions * Verification theory

CONCEPTS

* Ambiguity
Ambiguity
* Linguistic relativity
Linguistic relativity
* Meaning * Language
Language
* Truth-bearer * Proposition * Use–mention distinction * Concept
Concept
* Categories * Set * Class * Intension * Logical form * Metalanguage * Mental representation * Principle of compositionality * Property * Sign * Sense and reference * Speech act * Symbol
Symbol
* Entity * Sentence * Statement * MORE...

RELATED ARTICLES

* Analytic philosophy
Analytic philosophy
* Philosophy of information * Philosophical logic * Linguistics
Linguistics
* Pragmatics
Pragmatics
* Rhetoric
Rhetoric
* Sema