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FRITZ A LENZ (9 March 1887 in Pflugrade , Pomerania – 6 July 1976 in Göttingen , Lower Saxony ) was a German geneticist , member of the Nazi Party, and influential specialist in eugenics in Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Biography * 2 Theories * 3 References * 4 See also

BIOGRAPHY

The pupil of Alfred Ploetz , Lenz took over the publication of the magazine "Archives for Racial and Social Biology" from 1913 to 1933 and received in 1923 the first chair in eugenics in Munich. In 1933 he came to Berlin where he established the first specific department devoted to eugenics, at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics .

Lenz specialised in the field of the transmission of hereditary human diseases and "racial health". The results of his research were published in 1921 and 1932 in collaboration with Erwin Baur and Eugen Fischer in two volumes that were later combined under the title _Human Heredity Theory and Racial Hygiene_ (1936).

This work and his theory of "race as a value principle" placed Lenz and his two colleagues in the position of Germany's leading racial theorists . Their ideas provided scientific justification for Nazi ideology , in particular its emphasis on the superiority of the " Nordic race " and the desirability of eliminating allegedly inferior strains of humanity - or "life unworthy of life" (_Lebensunwertes Leben _). Lenz was a member of the "Committee of Experts for Population and Racial Policy". He joined the Nazi party in 1937 while serving as the head of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology.

After World War II
World War II
, Lenz continued to work as a Professor of genetics at the University of Goettingen. When questioned Lenz said that the Holocaust
Holocaust
would undermine the study of human genetics and racial theory. He continued to believe that eugenic theories of racial differences had been scientifically proven.

THEORIES

For Lenz, human genetics established that the connection between racial identity and human nature was actually physical in character. This extended to political affiliations. Lenz even claimed that the revolutionary agitation in Germany after 1918 was caused by inferior racial elements, warning that the nation's racial superiority was threatened. He stated that "The German nation is the last refuge of the Nordic race...before us lies the greatest task of world history". For Lenz, this validated the racialised politics of the Nazis .

He justified the Nuremberg laws
Nuremberg laws
of 1935 in this way: As important as the external features for their evaluation is the lineage of individuals, a blond Jew is also a Jew. Yes, there are Jews who have most of the external features of the Nordic race, but who nevertheless display Jewish mental tendencies. The legislation of the National Socialist state therefore properly defines a Jew not by external race characteristics, but by descent.

Likewise, Lenz took the view that Slavs were inferior to Nordic peoples, and that they threatened to "overrun the superior Volk (People)." In 1940, Lenz advised the SS that "The resettlement of the Eastern zone is...the most consequential task of racial policy. It will determine the racial character of the population living there for centuries to come."

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ "Human biodiversity: genes, race, and history", Jonathan M. Marks. Transaction Publishers, 1995. p. 88. ISBN 0-202-02033-9 , ISBN 978-0-202-02033-4 . * ^ Geoffrey G. Field, "Nordic Racism", _Journal of the History of Ideas_, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1977, p. 526 * ^ Fritz Lenz, _Über Wege und Irrwege rassenkundlicher Untersuchungen_, in: _Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Anthropologie_ Bd. 39, 3/1941, S. 397

SEE ALSO

* Racial policy of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Eugenics * Ex-Nazis * Alfred Ploetz * Ernst Rudin * Eugen Fischer * racial hygiene * Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics

* v * t * e

Historical race concepts

BY COLOR

* Black * Bronze * Brown * Red * White * Yellow

ANTHROPOLOGICAL

* Australoid * Capoid * Caucasoid * Mongoloid * Negroid

SUB-TYPES

* Alpine * Arabid * Armenoid * Atlantid * Borreby * Brunn * Caspian * Dinaric * East Baltic * Ethiopid * Hamitic * Dravidian * Irano-Afghan * Japhetic * Malay * Mediterranean * Neo- Mongoloid * Neo-Danubian * Nordic * Northcaucasian * Ladogan * Lappish * Pamirid * Proto- Mongoloid * Semitic * Turanid

MULTIRACIAL

* Miscegenation * Ethnogenesis * List of racially mixed groups

WRITERS

* Louis Agassiz * John Baker * Erwin Baur * John Beddoe * Robert Bennett Bean * François Bernier * Renato Biasutti * Johann Friedrich Blumenbach
Johann Friedrich Blumenbach
* Franz Boas * Paul Broca * Alice Mossie Brues * Halfdan Bryn * Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon * Charles Caldwell * Petrus Camper * Samuel A. Cartwright * Houston Stewart Chamberlain * Sonia Mary Cole * Carleton S. Coon * Georges Cuvier
Georges Cuvier
* Jan Czekanowski * Charles Davenport * Joseph Deniker
Joseph Deniker
* Egon Freiherr von Eickstedt * Anténor Firmin * Eugen Fischer * John Fiske * Francis Galton * Stanley Marion Garn * Reginald Ruggles Gates * George Gliddon * Arthur de Gobineau
Arthur de Gobineau
* Madison Grant
Madison Grant
* John Grattan * Hans F. K. Günther * Ernst Haeckel * Frederick Ludwig Hoffman * Earnest Hooton * Julian Huxley * Thomas Henry Huxley * Calvin Ira Kephart * Robert Knox * Robert E. Kuttner * Georges Vacher de Lapouge * Fritz Lenz * Carl Linnaeus * Cesare Lombroso * Bertil Lundman * Felix von Luschan * Dominick McCausland * John Mitchell * Ashley Montagu
Ashley Montagu
* Lewis H. Morgan * Samuel George Morton * Josiah C. Nott * Karl Pearson * Oscar Peschel * Isaac La Peyrère * Charles Pickering * Ludwig Hermann Plate * Alfred Ploetz * James Cowles Prichard * Otto Reche * Gustaf Retzius * William Z. Ripley * Alfred Rosenberg * Benjamin Rush * Henric Sanielevici * Heinrich Schmidt * Ilse Schwidetzky * Charles Gabriel Seligman * Giuseppe Sergi * Samuel Stanhope Smith * Herbert Spencer * Morris Steggerda * Lothrop Stoddard *