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Friedrich "Fritz" Kreisler (February 2, 1875 – January 29, 1962) was an Austrian-born violinist and composer.[1] One of the most noted violin masters of his day, and regarded as one of the greatest violin masters of all time, he was known for his sweet tone and expressive phrasing. Like many great violinists of his generation, he produced a characteristic sound which was immediately recognizable as his own. Although it derived in many respects from the Franco-Belgian school, his style is nonetheless reminiscent of the gemütlich (cozy) lifestyle of pre-war Vienna.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Legacy 3 Work

3.1 Compositions 3.2 Recordings 3.3 Broadway 3.4 Autobiography

4 References 5 Further sources 6 External links

Biography[edit] Kreisler was born in Vienna, the son of Anna (her original Hebrew name, listed in her sons’ birth certificates was "Chaje Riwe" (rendered as "Chaje Ribe" in Hugo's record) (née Reaches) and Samuel Kreisler, a doctor.[2][3] Of Jewish heritage, he was however baptised at the age of 12. He studied at the Vienna
Vienna
Conservatory and in Paris, where his teachers included Anton Bruckner, Léo Delibes, Jakob Dont, Joseph Hellmesberger Jr., Joseph Massart, and Jules Massenet. While there, he won the "Premier Grand Prix de Rome" gold medal at the age of 12, competing against 40 other players, all of whom were at least 20 years of age.[4] He made his United States debut at the Steinway Hall
Steinway Hall
in New York City on November 10, 1888, and his first tour of the United States in 1888–1889 with Moriz Rosenthal. He then returned to Austria
Austria
and applied for a position in the Vienna
Vienna
Philharmonic, but was turned down by the concertmaster Arnold Rosé. As a result, he left music to study medicine. He spent a brief time in the army before returning to the violin in 1899, when he gave a concert with the Berlin Philharmonic conducted by Arthur Nikisch. It was this concert and a series of American tours from 1901 to 1903 that brought him real acclaim. In 1910, Kreisler gave the premiere of Sir Edward Elgar's Violin Concerto, a work commissioned by and dedicated to him. He served briefly in the Austrian Army
Army
in World War I
World War I
before being honourably discharged after he was wounded. He arrived in New York on November 24, 1914,[5] and spent the remainder of the war in America. He returned to Europe in 1924, living first in Berlin, then moving to France in 1938. Shortly thereafter, at the outbreak of World War II, he settled once again in the United States, becoming a naturalized citizen in 1943. He lived there for the rest of his life, giving his last public concert in 1947, and broadcasting performances for a few years after that.

Fritz Kreisler, Harold Bauer, Pablo Casals, and Walter Damrosch
Walter Damrosch
at Carnegie Hall
Carnegie Hall
on March 13, 1917

On April 26, 1941, he was involved in a serious traffic accident. Struck by a truck while crossing a street in New York, he suffered a fractured skull and was in a coma for over a week.[6] In his later years, he suffered from not only some hearing loss but also sight deterioration due to cataracts.[7] Kreisler died of a heart condition aggravated by old age in New York City in 1962.[1] He was interred in a private mausoleum in Woodlawn Cemetery, The Bronx, New York City. Legacy[edit] Kreisler wrote a number of pieces for the violin, including solos for encores, such as "Liebesleid" and "Liebesfreud". Some of Kreisler's compositions were pastiches ostensibly in the style of other composers. They were originally ascribed to earlier composers, such as Gaetano Pugnani, Giuseppe Tartini
Giuseppe Tartini
and Antonio Vivaldi, and then, in 1935, Kreisler revealed that it was he who wrote the pieces. When critics complained, Kreisler replied that they had already deemed the compositions worthy: "The name changes, the value remains", he said. He also wrote operettas, including Apple Blossoms in 1919[8] and Sissy in 1932, a string quartet, and cadenzas, including ones for Brahms's D major violin concerto, Paganini's D major violin concerto, and Beethoven's D major violin concerto. His cadenzas for the Beethoven concerto are the ones most often played by violinists today. He wrote the music for the 1936 movie The King Steps Out
The King Steps Out
directed by Josef von Sternberg, based on the early years of Empress Elisabeth of Austria. Kreisler performed and recorded his own version of the first movement of Paganini's D major violin concerto. The movement is rescored and in some places reharmonised, and the orchestral introduction is completely rewritten in some places. The overall effect is of a late-nineteenth-century work.

The mausoleum of Fritz Kreisler
Fritz Kreisler
in Woodlawn Cemetery

Kreisler owned several antique violins made by luthiers Antonio Stradivari, Pietro Guarneri, Giuseppe Guarneri, and Carlo Bergonzi, most of which eventually came to bear his name. He also owned a Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume
Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume
violin of 1860, which he often used as his second violin,[9] and which he often loaned to the young prodigy Josef Hassid. In 1952 he donated his Giuseppe Guarneri
Giuseppe Guarneri
to the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. where it remains in use for performances given in the library.[10] On recordings, Kreisler's style resembles that of his younger contemporary Mischa Elman, with a tendency toward expansive tempi, a continuous and varied vibrato, expressive phrasing, and a melodic approach to passage-work. Kreisler makes considerable use of portamento and rubato[citation needed]. The two violinists' approaches are less similar in big works of the standard repertoire, such as Felix Mendelssohn's Violin
Violin
Concerto, than in smaller pieces. A trip to a Kreisler concert is recounted in Siegfried Sassoon's 1928 autobiographical novel Memoirs of a Fox-Hunting Man. Work[edit] Compositions[edit]

See: List of compositions by Fritz Kreisler See also: "Musical Hoax"

Recordings[edit] Kreisler's work has been reasonably well represented on both LP and CD reissues. Original masters were made on RCA Victor
RCA Victor
and HMV. His final recordings were made in 1950.

Bach Concerto for Two Violins in D minor, BWV
BWV
1043, with Efrem Zimbalist (second violin), and a string quartet. rec. January 4, 1915; Beethoven Violin
Violin
Concerto in D major, Op. 61, with Leo Blech, Berlin State Opera Orchestra. rec. December 15, 1926; Beethoven Violin
Violin
Concerto in D major, Op. 61, with John Barbirolli, London Philharmonic Orchestra. rec. June 16, 1936; Beethoven Sonata No. 8 in G major, Op. 30, No. 3, with Sergei Rachmaninoff, pF. rec. March 22, 1928; Beethoven Sonata No. 9 in A major, Op. 47, with Franz Rupp, pf. rec. June 17–19, 1936; Brahms Violin
Violin
Concerto in D major, Op. 77 with Leo Blech, Berlin State Opera Orchestra, rec. November 21, 1927; Brahms Violin
Violin
Concerto in D major, Op. 77 with John Barbirolli, London Symphony Orchestra, rec. June 18, 1936; Grieg Sonata No. 3 in C minor, Op. 45, with Sergei Rachmaninoff, pf. rec. December 14–15, 1928; Mendelssohn Violin
Violin
Concerto in E minor, Op. 64, with Leo Blech, Berlin State Opera Orchestra. rec. December 9, 1926; Mendelssohn Violin
Violin
Concerto in E minor, Op. 64, with Landon Ronald, London Symphony Orch. rec. April 8, 1935; Mozart Violin
Violin
Concerto in D major, K. 218, with Landon Ronald, London Symphony Orchestra, rec. December 1, 1924; Paganini Violin
Violin
Concerto in D major, Op. 6 (recomposed by Kreisler), with Eugene Ormandy, Philadelphia Orchestra, rec. December 13, 1936; Schubert Sonata No. 5 in A major, D. 574, with Sergei Rachmaninoff, pf. rec. December 20, 1928; attrib. Vivaldi, RV Anh. 62 (composed by Kreisler) Violin
Violin
Concerto in C major, with Donald Voorhees, RCA Victor
RCA Victor
Orchestra, rec. May 2, 1945.

Broadway[edit]

La Gitana

Composed in 1917 after an 18th century Arabo-Spanish Gypsy song. Performed by Carrie Rehkopf (2:54)

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Apple Blossoms (1919) – operetta – co-composer; Continental Varieties (1934) – revue – featured composer for "Caprice Viennois" and "La Gitana"; Reunion in New York (1940) – revue – featured composer for "Stars in Your Eyes"; Rhapsody (1944) – musical – composer.

Autobiography[edit]

Kreisler, Fritz (1915). Four Weeks in the Trenches. Boston, New York: Houghton Mifflin. OCLC 1161448. 

References[edit]

^ a b " Fritz Kreisler
Fritz Kreisler
Dies Here at 86; Violinist Composed 200 Works; Made His U.S. Concert Debut in 1888 at 13. Was Known for His Arrangements". New York Times. January 30, 1962. Retrieved July 3, 2013. Fritz Kreisler, the world-famous violinist and composer, died yesterday. He would have been 87 years old on Friday. ...  ^ Morgenstern, Hans (1 January 2009). "Jüdisches biographisches Lexikon: eine Sammlung von bedeutenden Persönlichkeiten jüdischer Herkunft ab 1800". Lit – via Google Books.  ^ Stepansky, Paul E. (1 January 1986). "Freud, Appraisals and Reappraisals: Contributions to Freud Studies". Analytic Press. ISBN 0-88163-038-1 – via Google Books.  ^ " Fritz Kreisler
Fritz Kreisler
– Biography & History – AllMusic". AllMusic.  ^ "The world of music". The Independent. Dec 14, 1914. Retrieved July 24, 2012.  ^ Life magazine, May 12, 1941 (pp. 32–33) ^ Fritz Kreisler: Love's Sorrow, Love's Joy, by Amy Biancolli (Amadeus Press, 1998) ^ Catalog Record for the vocal score of Apple Blossoms ^ Second Fiddle by Philip Kass ^ " Violin
Violin
by Giuseppe Guarneri, Cremona, ca. 1730, "Kreisler"". loc.gov. 

Further sources[edit]

"John McCormack, Great Irish Tenor, in Houston Thursday". The Houston Post. 5 Dec 1915. p. 29 – via Newspapers.com. 

External links[edit]

Fritz Kreisler's page at Carl Fischer

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fritz Kreisler.

Fritz Kreisler
Fritz Kreisler
at AllMusic Fritz Kreisler
Fritz Kreisler
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Works by Fritz Kreisler
Fritz Kreisler
at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Fritz Kreisler
Fritz Kreisler
at Internet Archive Works by Fritz Kreisler
Fritz Kreisler
at LibriVox
LibriVox
(public domain audiobooks) Free scores by Fritz Kreisler
Fritz Kreisler
at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP) An assembled edition of original pieces and arrangements for violin and piano by Fritz Kreisler. From Sibley Music Library Digital Scores Collection Fritz Kreisler
Fritz Kreisler
String Quartet in a minor Soundbites & discussion of work Discography of Fritz Kreisler
Fritz Kreisler
on Victor Records from the Encyclopedic Discography of Victor Recordings (EDVR) Recordings of Fritz Kreisler
Fritz Kreisler
on the Library of Congress
Library of Congress
jukebox The International Fritz Kreisler
Fritz Kreisler
Violin
Violin
Competition

Awards and achievements

Preceded by Charles B. Warren Cover of Time Magazine February 2, 1925 Succeeded by William Mackenzie King

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 56796717 LCCN: n81015317 ISNI: 0000 0001 0857 7654 GND: 119069261 SELIBR: 68545 SUDOC: 082686262 BNF: cb13896157h (data) BIBSYS: 90364552 MusicBrainz: 590fcad4-2ba4-43bc-a22f-a4bb9b496fe8 NDL: 00551547 BNE: XX885

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