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Frederik Jacques "Frits" Philips
Philips
(16 April 1905 – 5 December 2005) was the fourth chairman of the board of directors of the Dutch electronics company Philips, which his uncle and father founded. For his actions in saving 382 Jews during the Nazi Occupation of the Netherlands
Netherlands
in World War II, he was recognized in 1996 by Yad Vashem as a Righteous Among the Nations.

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Marriage and family 3 Career 4 Aviation 5 Mr. Frits 6 Evoluon 7 The Caux Round Table 8 The Philips
Philips
Collection 9 Awards and honours 10 Notes 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External links

Early life and education[edit] Frits Philips
Philips
was born in the city of Eindhoven
Eindhoven
in the south of the Netherlands. The second child, he was the only son of Anton Philips and his wife Anne Henriëtte Elisabeth Maria de Jongh. His father was co-founder when in 1912 they incorporated the family business. Frits had an older sister named Annetje and a younger sister named Jettie. Their grandfather Frederik Philips
Philips
was a first cousin of Karl Marx. In 1923, Philips
Philips
started his studies at the Delft
Delft
University of Technology; he received an engineer's degree in mechanical engineering in 1929. He was introduced to the Oxford Group in 1934, the Christian movement that was the forerunner of Moral Re-Armament (MRA) and Initiatives of Change
Initiatives of Change
(IofC). Marriage and family[edit] The Oxford Group was a lifelong source of inspiration to him and his wife. On 4 July 1929 in The Hague, he married Sylvia, Jonkvrouw van Lennep (The Hague, 16 December 1905 – Eindhoven, 29 August 1992), daughter of Jonkheer van Lennep (Wiesbaden, 3 October 1876 – The Hague, 13 September 1951), and wife Digna Jacoba Mijer (b. Batavia, 28 March 1883). The couple had seven children: Digna Hintzen- Philips
Philips
(b. 14 September 1930 who married Peter Hintzen and has Herman-Frederik and Rein), Anton Frederik (Ton) (b. 12 March 1932 who married Charlotte Daneel and had Frits, Joey and Karel), Anne Jetje (Annejet) Campbell- Philips
Philips
(14 October 1933 - 1 March 2007, who married Paul Campbell and had Edith Anne and Digna), Sylvia Dutterloo- Philips
Philips
(6 December 1936 – 13 June 1988, married to Herbert van Werkhoven and had Sylvia and Harro, later married Anton Dutterloo), Warner (b. Eindhoven, 3 August 1938 who married Nel de Graaf and had Liz and Maria), Frederik (Frits) (b. 10 April 1940, who married Christine Bosschaart and had Christine, Tony, Warner and Annejet, later married Els van Slingelandt) and Maria Philips-Moniz (b. 23 April 1947 who married Hans Schouten and had Jan, Marileen and Pieter, later married Allan Moniz and had Mark). Career[edit] On 18 October 1935, Frits Philips
Philips
was appointed vice-director and a member of the board of Philips. Learning of the expected occupation of the Netherlands
Netherlands
by Nazi Germany in World War II
World War II
in 1940, his father Anton Philips, young nephew Frans Otten, and other Philips
Philips
family members escaped from the Netherlands and fled to the United States, taking company capital with them. Frits Philips
Philips
stayed in the Netherlands. Together they managed to keep the company alive during the war. From 30 May until 20 September 1943, Philips
Philips
was held in the concentration camp Vught
Vught
because of a strike at the Philips
Philips
factory. During the Occupation, Philips
Philips
saved the lives of 382 Jews by convincing the Nazis that they were indispensable for the production process at Philips. In 1996, he was recognized by Yad Vashem
Yad Vashem
as among the Righteous Among the Nations
Righteous Among the Nations
for his actions.[1] In 1961, Philips
Philips
succeeded Frans Otten as president of the company. He served in this position for 10 years; in 1971 he was succeeded by Henk van Riemsdijk. At the age of 100, on 5 December 2005, Philips
Philips
died from complications resulting from a fall in November. Aviation[edit] European business aviation emerged with the rebuilding of the continent following the end of Second World War. It was aided, in part, by an appreciation of the recently proven versatility of aviation and the availability of former military aircraft, crew and airfields. Following the end of hostiles company executives saw the potential in this adaptable and available means of transport which could facilitate the visiting of production and administration centers quickly. This was the genesis of corporate flight departments. As chairman of one of Europe's burgeoning conglomerates Philips
Philips
was amongst the first to establish a flight department with the acquisition of a Beechcraft Super G18 (registered PH-LPS) creating Philips
Philips
Vliegdienst.[2] Over the years the flight department grew to include Dassault Falcon's, Fokker F27s and Beechcraft King Airs. Appreciating the growing importance and potential of corporate aviation Frits Philips established the International Business Aviation Association (Europe) in 1977. Initially based in Eindhoven
Eindhoven
and consisting of 12 founding Members the association was to grow into the EBAA (European Business Aviation Association) which hosts the annual European Business Aviation Conference and Exhibition (EBACE) in Genève. Frits Philips
Philips
legacy to Dutch aviation was not solely focused on corporate aviation. He was also instrumental in the construction of the civilian Terminal building and Eindhoven
Eindhoven
Airport. Mr. Frits[edit]

A picture of Frits Philips
Philips
in the Lichtjesroute
Lichtjesroute
of 2005, to celebrate his hundredth birthday

Frits Philips
Philips
was immensely popular in Eindhoven. The citizens of Eindhoven
Eindhoven
commonly referred to him as "Meneer Frits" (Mister Frits).[citation needed] Frits made no class difference between factory workers and members of the board of directors: he was often seen chatting to the factory workers, which contributed to his popularity. His hundredth birthday in 2005 was celebrated on a large scale in his home city of Eindhoven, which was renamed Frits Philips
Philips
Stad (Frits Philips
Philips
City) for the occasion. The city minted a special coin that bears the nickname "Fritske". The yearly Lichtjesroute
Lichtjesroute
event honoured him that year by placing a picture of him highlighted along the route (see right).

Frits Philips
Philips
(right) and Eric Gerets
Eric Gerets
(left) posing with the European Cup on arrival at Eindhoven
Eindhoven
Airport in 1988

At the age of 100, Frits Philips
Philips
frequently visited the home football matches of PSV. He did not use the stadium's business lounge; instead he sat in the crowd — section D, row 22, seat 43. The administration of PSV has announced that this seat will remain empty as a memorial for their faithful supporter. The night he died, supporters paid their tribute in a minute's silence for their "Mr. Frits" prior to the match (PSV-Fenerbahçe 2-0, 6-12-2005). A glossy magazine targeted at Eindhoven
Eindhoven
is named "Frits" in his honor.[3] The Muziekgebouw Frits Philips
Philips
concert hall is named after him, the restaurant located in the building is named "Meneer Frits".[4] Evoluon[edit] In 1966 the company Philips
Philips
celebrated its 75th anniversary. For this occasion, Frits Philips
Philips
wanted to give the people of Eindhoven
Eindhoven
a beautiful gift to support education. The result was a building named Evoluon, based on a sketch which he made on a paper napkin. The Evoluon
Evoluon
was used as an educational centre for science and technology. In 1989 the city closed the Evoluon
Evoluon
to the public and adapted it for use as a conference centre, much to Philips' regret. In the last years of his life, he tried to raise interest to restore the Evoluon
Evoluon
and return it to public uses for the citizens of Eindhoven. The Caux Round Table[edit] In 1986, Frits Philips
Philips
launched the Caux Round Table (CRT) group of senior European, Japanese and American business executives. Alarmed to hear that the Japanese were dumping their products on the western market, he feared a growing trade war. He saw the need to build trust among international executives and for Corporate Social Responsibility practices. The CRT's Principles for Business were published in 1994, incorporating western concepts (human dignity...) and Japanese ones (kyosei, interpreted as “living and working together for the common good”). An international code of good practices written by such senior industrialists from such varied backgrounds remains exceptional today. It was presented to the UN Social Summit in Copenhagen in 1994. It has since become a standard work, translated into 12 languages, and has been used as the basis for internal ethical assessments by international companies such as Nissan. The Philips
Philips
Collection[edit]

Frits Philips
Philips
with artist Henri Bol

A large part of the great art collection famously collected by Mr. and Mrs. Philips
Philips
was auctioned off on December the 4th and 5th 2006 by Sotheby's
Sotheby's
in the Evoluon
Evoluon
in the city of Eindhoven. The auction catalog included a foreword called "Memories of my father" by Digna Hintzen-Philips, the eldest daughter of Frits Philips. It recalls the passion of collecting works of art and the personal friendship which Frits Philips
Philips
maintained with the Dutch painters Sierk Schröder, Kees Bol and Henri Bol. The auction ultimately raised 5.7 million euros. The special collection of tin objects, some of which dated from the Middle Ages attracted much interest. A goblet of the "Voerlieden" guild attributed to Engelbertus Moorrees, master in Nijmegen, with year 1781 engraved, was sold for 36.000 euros. There was also a large collection of Delft tiles, and when it came to the silver objects there was a set of four silver candlesticks by Dirk ten Brink with Amsterdam
Amsterdam
labels dated from 1718 which went for 108.000 euros. A panel depicting an enthroned Virgin and Child with an Angel by the "Master of Saint Ildefonso" in the Netherlands, also known as the "Master of the Verbeeck Triptych" was awarded to an American art dealer for 258.400 euros. Among the paintings there was a Dutch 19th-century painting which stood out, depicting a Shepherd with his flock by Anton Mauve. There were also a few rare globes manufactured by Vincenzo Coronelli
Vincenzo Coronelli
from around 1696, which together fetched 117.000 euros. Furthermore, a polychrome pottery relic box from Limoges, some statues, jewels and books. In the end more than 300 memorabilia went to auction.[5] Awards and honours[edit]

Statue of Frits Philips
Philips
in Eindhoven
Eindhoven
bij Kees Verkade

Frits Philips
Philips
has received many honorary titles and awards during his life.

1965, he received honorary citizenship of the city of Eindhoven
Eindhoven
for his "exceptional contributions to the welfare of the citizens of Eindhoven". 1965, he was included in the Dutch royal ranks of Orange-Nassau (rank of commander). 1970, he was knighted as Knight in the Order of the Netherlands
Netherlands
Lion. He has also received honorary titles in many countries, including Japan, Spain, Denmark
Denmark
and China. See Archived April 18, 2005 title=Onderscheidingen, at the Wayback Machine. for a complete list of honours and decorations. 1995, on his 90th birthday, the Muziekgebouw Frits Philips
Philips
concert hall was named after him. 1996, he was honoured as "Righteous Among the Nations" by Yad Vashem, for saving the lives of 382 Jewish employees of Philips
Philips
during World War II.[6] 1999, he was named "Dutch entrepreneur of the century". 2005, on April 5 to mark his 100th birthday, Eindhoven
Eindhoven
was officially renamed "Frits Philips
Philips
Stad" for the day.

Notes[edit]

^ "Frits Philips
Philips
celebrates 100th birthday", Philips
Philips
Company, 2005 ^ "Where it all began".  ^ http://www.frits.nl ^ "Muziekgebouw Eindhoven". muziekgebouweindhoven.nl.  ^ files.shareholder.com (in Dutch) ^ Frits Philips
Philips
at Yad Vashem
Yad Vashem
site

References[edit]

(in Dutch) "Frits Philips
Philips
(100) overleden", Trouw, December 6, 2005 "Frits Philips
Philips
rewards and decorations". Archived from the original on 2005-04-18.  "Frits Philips" - This obituary first appeared in The Independent, UK, on 7 December 2005. Site of the Caux Round Table

Further reading[edit]

ISBN 978-90-76501-04-8 Meneer Frits, the human factor, dr ir F J Philips, by Dorothée F. Foole (in both English and Dutch languages) ISBN 978-90-5994-084-0 Frits Philips
Philips
100 by Guus Bekooy (in Dutch language) ISBN 978-90-5018-612-4 Ze zullen weten wie ze voor zich hebben by Marcel Metze (in Dutch language) ISBN 978-0-7137-0931-5 45 Years with Philips
Philips
by Frederik Philips (in both English and Dutch languages) Biography as published in the Eindhovens Dagblad ( Eindhoven
Eindhoven
Daily) newspaper.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Frits Philips.

In memoriam Frits Philips Frits Philips
Philips
– his activity to save Jews' lives during the Holocaust, at Yad Vashem
Yad Vashem
website

v t e

Philips

Divisions and subsidiaries

Current

Philips
Philips
Consumer Lifestyle

Gaggia Saeco

Philips
Philips
Healthcare

Philips
Philips
AVENT Respironics Shenzhen Goldway Industrial

Philips
Philips
Lighting

Philips
Philips
Lumileds Lighting Company

Corporate Technologies

Former and defunct

Liquavista Magnavox NXP Semiconductors Philips
Philips
Analytical Philips
Philips
Natuurkundig Laboratorium PolyGram

Fontana Records Mercury Records Philips
Philips
Classics Records Philips
Philips
Records PolyGram
PolyGram
Filmed Entertainment Vertigo Records

Joint ventures and shareholdings

Current

NXP Semiconductors
NXP Semiconductors
(19.9%) Philips-Neusoft Medical Systems (51%) TCL Corporation
TCL Corporation
(6.3%)

BlackBerry Mobile Alcatel Mobile TCL Multimedia
TCL Multimedia
(52.10%) Palm, Inc. Tonly Electronics

Former and defunct

ASML Holding Broadcast Television Systems Inc. Grundig LG. Philips
Philips
Displays LG Philips
Philips
LCD Marantz Navteq NEC Philips
Philips
Unified Systems Philips
Philips
Consumer Communications TP Vision TSMC SSMC Lumileds

Brands, products and standards

Current

Ambilight Hue Norelco Philips
Philips
Cinema 21:9 TV Philips
Philips
Entertaible Philips
Philips
GoGear Philips
Philips
Intimate Massagers Senseo ShoqBox Sonicare Streamium Trimension Video Content Protection System

Defunct

Philips
Philips
CD-i Philips
Philips
Nino Philips
Philips
Velo Philips
Philips
Videopac Philips
Philips
VideoWriter Philips
Philips
:YES Philishave SpeechMagic Video 2000

People

Cor Boonstra President and Chief Executive Officer Frans van Houten Co-founders Anton Philips
Philips
and Gerard Philips Frits Philips

Places

Evoluon High Tech Campus Eindhoven Philips
Philips
Arena Philips
Philips
Stadion

Other

Carousel HDMI Licensing Philips
Philips
Sports Manager of the Year Phoebus cartel

Category

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 62341191 LCCN: n50047706 ISNI: 0000 0001 1492 4907 GND: 11859396X SUDOC: 09384090X BPN: 53208858 NDL: 00452721 BNE: XX

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