Friedrich Ludwig Jahn
1 Life 2 Works 3 Contribution to physical education 4 Criticism 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 External links
He was born in Lanz in Brandenburg, Prussia. He studied theology and
philology from 1796 to 1802 at the Halle, Göttingen, and at the
University of Greifswald. After the
Battle of Jena-Auerstedt
Jahn on a German
In 1840, Jahn was decorated by the Prussian government with the Iron
Cross for bravery in the wars against Napoleon. In the spring of 1848,
he was elected by the district of
Bereicherung des hochdeutschen Sprachschatzes (Leipzig, 1806), Deutsches Volksthum (Lübeck, 1810), Runenblätter (Frankfurt, 1814), Die Deutsche Turnkunst (Berlin, 1816) Neue Runenblätter (Naumburg, 1828), Merke zum deutschen Volksthum (Hildburghausen, 1833), and Selbstvertheidigung (Vindication) (Leipzig, 1863).
A complete edition of his works appeared at Hof in 1884-1887. See the biography by Schultheiss (Berlin, 1894), and Jahn als Erzieher, by Friedric (Munich, 1895). Contribution to physical education Jahn promoted the use of parallel bars, rings and high bar in international competition. In honor and memory of him, some gymnastic clubs, called Turnvereine (German:Turnvereine), took up his name, the most well known of these is probably the SSV Jahn Regensburg. A memorial to Jahn exists in St. Louis, Missouri, within Forest Park. It features a large bust of Jahn in the center of an arc of stone, with statues of a male and female gymnast, one on each end of the arc. The monument is on the edge of Art Hill next to the path running north and south along the western edge of Post-Dispatch lake. It is directly north of the St. Louis Zoo. Other memorials to Jahn are located in Groß-Gerau, Germany; in Vienna, Austria; and in Inwood Park, in the Mt. Auburn neighborhood of Cincinnati. Criticism In his time Friedrich Jahn was seen by both his supporters and opponents as a liberal figure. He advocated that the German states should unite after the withdrawal of Napoleon's occupying armies, and establish a democratic constitution (under the Hohenzollern monarchy), which would include the right to free speech. As a German nationalist, Jahn advocated maintaining German language and culture against foreign influence. In 1810 he wrote, "Poles, French, priests, aristocrats and Jews are Germany's misfortune." At the time Jahn wrote this, the German states were occupied by foreign armies under the leadership of Napoleon. Also, Jahn was "the guiding spirit" of the fanatic book burning episode carried out by revolutionary students at the Wartburg festival in 1817. Jahn gained infamy in English-speaking countries through the publication of Peter Viereck's Metapolitics: The Roots of the Nazi Mind (1941). Viereck claimed Jahn as the spiritual founder of Nazism, who inspired the early German romantics with anti-Semitic and authoritarian doctrines, and then influenced Wagner and finally the Nazis.
Memorial in Vienna
^ a b c d e f Goodbody, John (1982). The Illustrated History of
Gymnastics. London: Stanley Paul & Co.
^ Günther Jahn, Die Studentenzeit des Unitisten F. L. Jahn (1995).
Darstellungen und Quellen zur Geschichte der deutschen
Einheitsbewegung im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert. Volume 15. Heidelberg:
Universitätsverlag C. Winter. pp. 1–129.
^ a b c Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Jahn,
Friedrich Ludwig". The American Cyclopædia.
^ Bauer, Kurt. Nationalsozialismus. Vienna/Cologne/Weimar: Böhlau
2008 (UTB). ["Polen, Franzosen, Pfaffen, Junker und Juden sind
^ Viereck, Peter. Metapolitics: from Wagner and the German Romantics
to Hitler. Second, revised edition. Edison (NJ): Transaction
Publishers 2003,p. 85.
^ Viereck, Peter. Metapolitics: The Roots of the Nazi Mind. New York:
Capricorn Books, 1961.
^ Journal of the History of Ideas, 3:1 (Jan 1942), 107-110.
^ Hajo Bernett, 'Das Jahn-Bild in der Nationalsozialistischen
Weltanschauung' in Internationales Jahn-Symposium
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Jahn, Friedrich Ludwig". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Friedrich Ludwig Jahn.
Early Climbing Activities in Gymnastics Forest Park Monument1 Forest Park Monument 2 "Jahn, Friedrich Ludwig". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920. Open Library
WorldCat Identities VIAF: 61680798 LCCN: n81002823 ISNI: 0000 0001 2135 843X GND: 118556622 SELIBR: 191399 SUDOC: 067119948 BNF: cb13014309p (data) NKC: xx0100433 SN