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French Togoland
Togoland
(French: Togo
Togo
français) was a French colonial League of Nations Mandate from 1916 to 1960 in French West Africa. In 1960 it became the independent Togolese Republic, and the present day nation of Togo.

Contents

1 Transfer from Germany
Germany
to France
France
and a Mandate territory 2 Governors 3 See also 4 References

Transfer from Germany
Germany
to France
France
and a Mandate territory[edit]

French Togoland
Togoland
in pale purple (British Togoland
Togoland
in pale green).

French troops landed at Little Popo on August 6, 1914, meeting little resistance. The French proceeded inland, taking the town of Togo
Togo
on August 8.[1] On August 26, 1914, the German protectorate of Togoland was invaded by French and British forces and fell after five days of brief resistance. The colony surrendered "without conditions" with British and French troops landing in Kamina on August 27, 1914. The Germans had offered to surrender to the British on terms, to which the British responded a surrender must be unconditional, promising to respect private property, with little interference in trade or private interests and firms.[2] Period news reports suggest the Germans had used expanding bullets during the campaign and had armed native people not under their control, both violations of the Hague Conventions.[1] Togoland
Togoland
was divided into French and British administrative zones in 1916, and following the war, Togoland
Togoland
formally became a League of Nations mandate divided for administrative purposes between France
France
and the United Kingdom. German nationalists in the Weimar Republic were reported to have objected to the seizure of the colony by the French via an interpellation in 1920, expressing their view that it violated Article 22 of the Treaty of Versailles. They also exclaimed via a news release that "the German Government naturally leaves nothing undone to prevent an interpretation of the treaty which would justify France's alleged intention." [3] The value of the colony to France
France
was found in the existing railways, permitting a new link to the railway in Dahomey
Dahomey
at Atakpamé
Atakpamé
and the ports of Lome, Segura and Little Popo.[4] After World War II, the mandate became a UN trust territory, still administered by French commissioners. By statute in 1955, French Togoland
Togoland
became an autonomous republic within the French union, although it retained its UN trusteeship status. A legislative assembly elected by universal adult suffrage had considerable power over internal affairs, with an elected executive body headed by a prime minister responsible to the legislature. These changes were embodied in a constitution approved in a 1956 referendum. On September 10, 1956, Nicolas Grunitzky
Nicolas Grunitzky
became prime minister of the Autonomous Republic of Togo. However, due to irregularities in the plebiscite, an unsupervised general election was held in 1958 and won by Sylvanus Olympio. On April 27, 1960, in a smooth transition, Togo severed its constitutional ties with France, shed its UN trusteeship status, and became fully independent under a provisional constitution with Olympio as president. Governors[edit] Main article: List of colonial governors of Togo
Togo
§ French Togoland See also[edit]

List of colonial heads of French Togoland History of Togo French West Africa French colonisation in Africa French colonial Empire

References[edit]

^ a b "Colored People's Part in the World War: The Fight in Africa: Many Square Miles Wrenched From Germany: Black Troops Display Great Valor". The Richmond Planet. Richmond, VA. March 2, 1918. Retrieved August 13, 2016.  ^ "German Togoland
Togoland
Surrenders Without Conditions to Allies". New York Tribune. New York, NY. August 27, 1914. Retrieved November 12, 2016.  ^ " Germany
Germany
Will Oppose French Annexation Plan". New York Tribune. New York, NY. October 3, 1920. Retrieved November 13, 2016.  ^ "African Tribes Pleased at Overthrow German Masters". The Chattanooga News. Chattanooga, TN. February 27, 1920. Retrieved November 13, 2016. 

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French overseas empire

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Former French colonies in Africa and the Indian Ocean

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Arguin
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French Togoland James Island Albreda

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French Somaliland
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Overseas France

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Sui generis
collectivity

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Pacific Ocean

Clipperton Island

Overseas territory (French Southern and Antarctic Lands)

Île Amsterdam Île Saint-Paul Crozet Islands Kerguelen Islands Adélie Land

Scattered islands in the Indian Ocean

Bassas da India3 Europa Island3 Glorioso Islands2, 3 Juan de Nova Island3 Tromelin Island4

1 Also known as overseas regions 2 Claimed by Comoros 3 Claimed by Madagascar 4 Claimed by Mauritius

v t e

Togo articles

History

Battle of Atakpamé Colonial governors Togoland West Africa Campaign (World War I)

Togoland
Togoland
Campaign

French Togoland 1963 coup d'état

Geography

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airports

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Outline Index

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Mandates of the League of Nations
League of Nations
(1919–46)

Class A

Palestine

Transjordan

Syria and Lebanon Mesopotamia

not enacted

Class B

Ruanda-Urundi Tanganyika British Cameroons French Cameroons British Togoland French Togoland

Class C

New Guinea Nauru South Pacific Mandate South-West Africa Western Samoa

See also: United Nations
United Nations
Trust Terri

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