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FRENCH SOMALILAND (French : Côte française des Somalis, lit. "French Coast of Somalis"; Somali : Dhulka Soomaaliyeed ee Faransiiska) was a French colony in the Horn of Africa
Horn of Africa
. It existed between 1883 and 1967.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 Further reading

HISTORY

It was established between 1883 and 1887, after the ruling Somali and Afar sultans signed the land away in various treaties with the French. The name of French Somaliland
French Somaliland
, “Cote Francaise des Somalis” is said to have been proposed by Mohamed Haji Dide of the Mahad 'Ase branch of the Gadabuursi . He himself before the arrival of the French was prosperous merchant of Zayla and the sultan. He came on to build the first Mosque in Djibouti
Djibouti
"Gami ar-Rahma" in 1891. Map of French Somaliland, modern-day Djibouti
Djibouti
, showing the French possession of a small peninsula in the Aden territory

The construction of the Imperial Ethiopian Railway west into Ethiopia turned the port of Djibouti
Djibouti
into a boomtown of 15,000 at a time when Harar
Harar
was the only city in Ethiopia
Ethiopia
to exceed that.

Although the population fell after the completion of the line to Dire Dawa and the original company failed and required a government bail-out, the rail link allowed the territory to quickly supersede the caravan-based trade carried on at Zeila
Zeila
(then in the British area of Somaliland ) and become the premier port for coffee and other goods leaving southern Ethiopia
Ethiopia
and the Ogaden
Ogaden
through Harar
Harar
.

The railway continued to operate following the Italian conquest of Ethiopia
Ethiopia
but, following the tumult of the Second World War , the area became an overseas territory of France in 1946. In 1967, French Somaliland was renamed the French Territory of the Afars and the Issas and, in 1977, it became the independent country of Djibouti
Djibouti
.

SEE ALSO

* List of governors of French Somaliland * List of French possessions and colonies
List of French possessions and colonies
* French colonial empire

REFERENCES

* ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Somaliland: French Somaliland". Encyclopædia Britannica . 25 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 383. * ^ Raph Uwechue, Africa year book and who's who, (Africa Journal Ltd.: 1977), p. 209 ISBN 0903274051 . * ^ A Political Chronology of Africa, (Taylor Leaves from the Note-Book of a District Commissioner in British Somaliland. BiblioLife. ISBN 9781297569760 . * ^ Farah, Rachad (2013-09-01). Un embajador en el centro de los acontecimientos (in Spanish). Editions L'Harmattan. p. 17. ISBN 9782336321356 . * ^ As indicated in Morin (2005:640) the name of “Cote francaise des Somalis” itself is said to have been proposed by hağği Diideh http://ediss.sub.uni-hamburg.de/volltexte/2011/5127/pdf/Yas_Diss_2010.pdf page 92 * ^ " Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Jibuti". Encyclopædia Britannica . 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 414. * ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Abyssinia". Encyclopædia Britannica . 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 86. * ^ " Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Zaila". Encyclopædia Britannica . 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 950.

FURTHER READING

* Imbert-Vier, Simon (2008). Frontières et limites à Djibouti durant la période coloniale (1884–1977) (PhD thesis). Université de Provence–Aix-Marseille I .

* v * t * e

French overseas empire

FORMER

* v * t * e

Former French colonies in Africa and the Indian Ocean

FRENCH NORTH AFRICA

* Algeria * Morocco * Tunisia

FRENCH WEST AFRICA

* Côte d\'Ivoire * Dahomey * French Sudan
French Sudan
* Guinea

* Mauritania

* Arguin
Arguin
Island

* Niger * Senegal * Upper Volta

* French Togoland
French Togoland
* James Island * Albreda

FRENCH EQUATORIAL AFRICA

* Chad * Gabon * Middle Congo * Ubangi-Shari
Ubangi-Shari
* French Cameroons

FRENCH COMOROS

* Anjouan
Anjouan
* Grande Comore
Grande Comore
* Mohéli

* French Somaliland
French Somaliland
(Djibouti) * Madagascar
Madagascar
* Isle de France

* v * t * e

Former French colonies in the Americas

NEW FRANCE

* Acadia
Acadia
* Louisiana * Canada * Terre Neuve

FRENCH CARIBBEAN

* Dominica
Dominica
* Grenada
Grenada
* The Grenadines
Grenadines

* Saint-Domingue
Saint-Domingue

* Haïti , Dominican Republic

* Saint Kitts border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Berbice
Berbice
* France Antarctique * Inini

* French colonization of the Americas
French colonization of the Americas
* French West India Company
French West India Company

* v * t * e

Former French colonies in Asia and Oceania

FRENCH INDIA

* Chandernagor * Coromandel Coast
Coromandel Coast
* Madras * Mahé * Pondichéry * Karaikal
Karaikal
* Yanaon

INDOCHINESE UNION

* Cambodia * Laos

* Vietnam

* Cochinchina * Annam * Tonkin

* Kouang-Tchéou-Wan, China

French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon

* State of Syria

* Aleppo * Damascus

* Alawite State
Alawite State
* Greater Lebanon
Greater Lebanon
* Jabal al-Druze * Sanjak of Alexandretta

OCEANIA

* New Hebrides
New Hebrides

* Vanuatu

* Port Louis-Philippe (Akaroa)

* France–Asia relations
France–Asia relations
* French East India Company
French East India Company

PRESENT

* v * t * e

Overseas France
Overseas France

INHABITED AREAS

OVERSEAS DEPARTMENTS 1

* French Guiana
French Guiana
* Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
* Martinique
Martinique
* Mayotte
Mayotte
2 * Réunion
Réunion

OVERSEAS COLLECTIVITIES

* French Polynesia
French Polynesia
* St. Barthélemy * St. Martin * St. Pierre and Miquelon * Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna

SUI GENERIS COLLECTIVITY

* New Caledonia
New Caledonia

UNINHABITED AREAS

PACIFIC OCEAN

* Clipperton Island
Clipperton Island

Overseas territory (French Southern and Antarctic Lands)

* Île Amsterdam
Île Amsterdam
* Île Saint-Paul
Île Saint-Paul
* Crozet Islands
Crozet Islands
* Kerguelen Islands
Kerguelen Islands
* Adélie Land

Scattered islands in the Indian Ocean

* Bassas da India 3 * Europa Island
Europa Island
3 * Glorioso Islands 2, 3 * Juan de Nova Island 3 * Tromelin Island
Tromelin Island
4

* 1 Also known as overseas regions * 2 Claimed by Comoros
Comoros
* 3 Claimed by Madagascar
Madagascar
* 4 Claimed by Mauritius
Mauritius

* v * t * e

Djibouti
Djibouti
articles

HISTORY

* Ifat Sultanate
Ifat Sultanate
* Adal Sultanate
Adal Sultanate
* French Somaliland * World War II * Afars and the Issas * Civil War

GEOGRAPHY

* Localities * Climate * Districts * Regions * Rivers * Volcanoes * Wildlife

POLITICS

* Constitution * Elections * Foreign relations * Law enforcement * LGBT history * Military * Political parties * President * Prime Minister

ECONOMY

* Agriculture * Franc (currency) * Energy * Mining * Telecommunications * Tourism

* Transport

* airports

CULTURE

* Demographics * Djiboutian
Djiboutian
* Education * Flag * Health * Languages * Media * Music * Olympics * Public holidays * Religion

* Outline * Index

* Category
Category
* Portal
Portal

Coordinates : 11°36′N 43°10′E / 11.600°N 43.167°E

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