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French Flanders
Flanders
(French: La Flandre française; Dutch: Frans-Vlaanderen) is a part of the historical County of Flanders
County of Flanders
in present-day France. The region lies in the modern-day region of Hauts-de- France
France
and roughly corresponds to the arrondissements of Lille, Douai and Dunkirk on the southern border of the present Kingdom of Belgium. Together with French Hainaut
French Hainaut
and the Cambrésis, it makes up the French Department of Nord.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Language 4 Culture 5 See also 6 Sources and references 7 External links

Geography[edit] French Flanders
Flanders
is mostly flat marshlands in the coal-rich area just south of the North Sea. It consists of two regions:

French Westhoek
French Westhoek
to the northwest, lying between the Lys River
Lys River
and the North Sea, roughly the same area as the Arrondissement of Dunkirk; Walloon Flanders
Walloon Flanders
(French: La Flandre wallonne; Dutch: Waals Vlaanderen), to the southeast, south of the Lys River
Lys River
and now the Arrondissements of Lille
Lille
and Douai.

History[edit]

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Once a part of ancient and medieval Francia
Francia
since the inception of the Frankish kingdom (descended from the Empire of Charlemagne) under the Merovingian
Merovingian
monarchs such as Clovis I, who was crowned at Tournai, Flanders
Flanders
gradually fell under the control of the English and then Spanish, becoming part of the Spanish Netherlands
Spanish Netherlands
and retained by Spain at the end of the Eighty Years' War. When French national military power returned under the Bourbons
Bourbons
with King Louis XIV
Louis XIV
"The Sun King" (1638-1715), a part of historically French Flanders
Flanders
was returned to the Kingdom. The region now called "French Flanders" was once part of the feudal state County of Flanders, then part of the Southern Netherlands. It was separated from the county (part of Habsburg's Burgundian inheritance) in 1659 due to the Peace of the Pyrenees, which ended the French-Spanish conflict in the Thirty Years War
Thirty Years War
(1618-1648), and other parts of the region were added in successive treaties in 1668 and 1678. The region was ceded to the Kingdom of France, and became part of the province of Flanders
Flanders
and Hainaut. The bulk became part of the modern French administrative Nord departément, although some western parts of the region, which separated in 1237 and became the County of Artois before the cession to the French, are now part of Pas-de-Calais. During World War II, 'French Flanders' referred to all of Nord-Pas de Calais, which was first attached to the military administration of German-occupied Belgium, then part of "Belgien-Nordfrankreich" under a Reichskommissar, and finally part of a theoretical Reichsgau
Reichsgau
of Flanders. Rich in coal, facing the North Sea, bordered by usually powerful neighbors, French Flanders
Flanders
has been fought over numerous times in the thousand years between the Middle Ages and World War II. Language[edit] The traditional language of northern French Flanders
Flanders
(Westhoek) is a dialect of the Dutch language
Dutch language
known as West Flemish, specifically, a subdialect known as French Flemish, spoken by around 20,000 daily speakers and 40,000 occasional users.[1] The traditional language of Walloon Flanders
Walloon Flanders
(part of Romance Flanders), is Picard (and its dialects, such as Ch'ti (fr) or Rouchi). Culture[edit] In 2008, the success of the movie Bienvenue chez les Ch'tis illuminated this part of France
France
to a wide audience. See also[edit]

Walloon Flanders Burgundian Netherlands Frisians Greater Netherlands Seventeen Provinces Wallonia

Sources and references[edit]

^ http://www.uoc.edu/euromosaic/web/document/neerlandes/an/i1/i1.html

Nouveau Petit Larousse Illustré, 1952. French Flanders Ethnologue Report for West Flemish Flemish
Flemish
in France

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to French Flanders.

The Extent of Flemish
Flemish
in France
France
in 1970, contains language maps

v t e

  Flanders
Flanders
topics

Territories

Modern Belgium

Flemish
Flemish
Region Flemish
Flemish
Community

Neighbouring and historical regions

Margravate County French Flanders Zeelandic Flanders Romance Flanders

Local regions

Flemish
Flemish
Ardennes Campine Denderstreek Hageland Haspengouw Pajottenland Meetjesland Westhoek Waasland ...

Provinces (and cities)

West Flanders
Flanders
(Bruges) East Flanders
Flanders
(Ghent) Antwerp
Antwerp
(Antwerp) Flemish Brabant
Flemish Brabant
(Leuven) Limburg (Hasselt)

See also

Brussels List of municipalities Flemish
Flemish
Diamond

Politics

Flemish
Flemish
Parliament Flemish
Flemish
Government Community Commission (Brussels) Political parties Minister-President

Symbols and history

Anthem Coat of arms Day of the Flemish
Flemish
Community

Guldensporenslag De Leeuw van Vlaanderen

Flag

Other topics

Flemish
Flemish
Movement Language Literature Painting People Education Science and technology Transport Agriculture

Authority control

BNF:

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