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The Free Hanseatic City of Bremen
Bremen
(German: Freie Hansestadt Bremen, pronounced [ˈbʁeːmən]) is the smallest and least populous of Germany's 16 states. A more informal name, but used in some official contexts, is Land Bremen
Bremen
("State of Bremen"). The state consists of the city of Bremen
Bremen
as well as the small exclave of Bremerhaven
Bremerhaven
in Northern Germany, surrounded by the larger state of Lower Saxony.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Politics

3.1 Political system 3.2 2003 state reelections 3.3 2007 state elections 3.4 Coat of arms

4 Education 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Geography[edit] The state of Bremen
Bremen
consists of two separated enclaves. These enclaves contain Bremen, officially the 'City' (Stadtgemeinde Bremen) which is the state capital and located in both enclaves, and the city of Bremerhaven
Bremerhaven
(Stadt Bremerhaven). Both are located on the River Weser; Bremerhaven
Bremerhaven
is further downstream than the main parts of Bremen
Bremen
and serves as a North Sea
North Sea
harbour (the name Bremerhaven
Bremerhaven
means "Bremen's harbour"). Both enclaves are completely surrounded by the neighbouring State of Lower Saxony
Lower Saxony
(Niedersachsen). The two cities are the only administrative subdivisions the state has.

The territory of Bremen
Bremen
in 14th and 18th centuries

The territory of Bremen
Bremen
since 1800

The highest point in the state is in Friedehorst Park
Friedehorst Park
(32.5m). History[edit] At the unwinding of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
in 1806 the Free Imperial City of Bremen
Bremen
(as of 1646, after earlier privileges of autonomy of 1186) was not mediatised but became a sovereign state officially titled Free Hanseatic City of Bremen. Its currency was the Bremen thaler (until 1873). In 1811 the First French Empire
First French Empire
annexed the city-state. Upon the first, albeit only preliminary, defeat of Napoléon Bonaparte, Bremen
Bremen
resumed its pre-1811 status as city-state in 1813. The Vienna Congress
Vienna Congress
of 1815 confirmed Bremen's—as well as Frankfurt's, Hamburg's, and Lübeck's—independence after pressuring by Bremen's emissary, and later burgomaster, Johann Smidt. Bremen became one of 39 sovereign states of the German Confederation. In 1827 the state of Bremen
Bremen
bought the tract of land from the Kingdom of Hanover, where future Bremerhaven
Bremerhaven
would be established. Bremen
Bremen
became part of the North German Confederation
German Confederation
in 1867 and became an autonomous component state of the new-founded German Empire
German Empire
in 1871 and stayed with Germany
Germany
in its following forms of government. Bremen, which in 1935 had become a regular city at the de facto abolition of statehood of all component German states within the Third Reich, was reestablished as a state in 1947. Being—at that time—actually located in the British Zone of Occupation the Control Commission for Germany
Germany
- British Element and the Office of Military Government for Germany, U.S. (OMGUS) agreed in 1947 to constitute the cities of Bremen
Bremen
and then Wesermünde—in their borders altered in 1939—as a German state named again Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, becoming at that occasion an exclave of the American Zone of Occupation within the British zone.[4] In 1949 the city-state joined the then West German Federal Republic of Germany.

Religion in Bremen
Bremen
– 2011

religion

percent

EKD Protestants

41%

Roman Catholics

12%

Muslims

10%

Others or none

36%

Politics[edit] Political system[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (November 2009)

The legislature of the state of Bremen
Bremen
is the Bürgerschaft (citizens' assembly), elected by the citizens in the two cities of Bremen
Bremen
and Bremerhaven. The executive is constituted by the Senate of Bremen, elected by the Bürgerschaft. The Senate is chaired by the President of the senate (Senatspräsident), who is also one of the mayors of the city of Bremen
Bremen
(Bürgermeister) and is elected directly by the Bürgerschaft. The Senate selects of its members as a second mayor who serves as deputy of the president. In contrast to the Federal Chancellor of Germany
Germany
or other German states, the President of the Senate has no authority to override senators on policy, which is decided upon by the senate collectively. Since 1945, the Senate has continuously been dominated by the Social Democratic Party. On a municipal level, the two cities in the state are administered separately:

The administration of the city of Bremen
Bremen
is headed by the two mayors and controlled by the portion of the Bürgerschaft elected in the city of Bremen. Bremerhaven, on the other hand, has a municipal assembly distinct from the state legislature and an administration under a distinct head mayor (Oberbürgermeister) and a distinct second mayor.

2003 state reelections[edit] Dr. Henning Scherf
Henning Scherf
(SPD) remained Mayor and Senate President, in an SPD-CDU grand coalition. As promised he resigned after half of the legislative period. The Mayor and Senate President from 8 November 2005, until 17 July 2015, was Jens Böhrnsen.

2007 state elections[edit] The 2007 elections were held on 13 May.

Party Votes % Change Seats change %

Social Democratic Party (SPD)

36.8% −5.5 33 −7 39.8%

Christian Democratic Union (CDU)

25.7% −4.1 23 −6 27.7%

Alliance '90/The Greens

16.4% +3.6 14 +2 16.9%

The Left Party.PDS

8.4% +6.7 7 +7 8.4%

Free Democratic Party (FDP)

6.0% +1.8 5 +4 6.0%

German People's Union
German People's Union
(DVU)

2.7% +0.4 1 ±0 1.2%

Others

4.0% +1.4 0 ±0 0.0%

Totals

100.0%

83

100.0%

Seat results − SPD
SPD
in red, CDU in black, Greens in green, FDP in yellow, The Left in purple, DVU in brown. Note: The only DVU representative, Siegfried Tittmann, left the party in July 2007 and has not joined another party.

Coat of arms[edit] The coat of arms and flag of Bremen
Bremen
state include:

Bremen
Bremen
flag

Big CoA

Midsize CoA

Small CoA

CoA symbol/logo, free to use

Education[edit] The University of Bremen
Bremen
is the largest university in Bremen. Furthermore, Bremen
Bremen
has a University of the Arts Bremen, a University of Applied Sciences in Bremen
Bremen
and another one in Bremerhaven, and more recently the Jacobs University Bremen. See also[edit]

Germany
Germany
portal Bremen
Bremen
portal

Bombing of Bremen
Bremen
in World War II Former countries in Europe after 1815 Timeline of Bremen
Bremen
(city) history

References[edit]

^ "Bevölkerungsstand und Bevölkerungsbewegung am 31.12.2015" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt Bremen
Bremen
(in German). July 2016.  ^ "2014 GDP per capita in 276 EU regions" (in German). Eurostat. 2014. Retrieved 2016.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ "State population". Portal
Portal
of the Federal Statistics Office Germany. Retrieved 25 April 2014.  ^ This situation earned the state its new prefix "AE" for vehicle registration, meaning "American Exclave", used until the federal reform of vehicle registration with effect of 1 July 1956.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bremen
Bremen
(state).

Official state portal Official governmental portal Constitution of the state, German only Geographic data related to Bremen
Bremen
(state) at OpenStreetMap

v t e

States of the Federal Republic of Germany

States

   Baden-Württemberg
Baden-Württemberg
(since 1952)    Bavaria
Bavaria
(since 1949)    Brandenburg
Brandenburg
(since 1990)    Hesse
Hesse
(since 1949)    Lower Saxony
Lower Saxony
(since 1949)    Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
(since 1990)    North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia
(since 1949)    Rhineland-Palatinate
Rhineland-Palatinate
(since 1949)    Saarland
Saarland
(since 1957)    Saxony
Saxony
(since 1990)    Saxony-Anhalt
Saxony-Anhalt
(since 1990)    Schleswig-Holstein
Schleswig-Holstein
(since 1949)    Thuringia
Thuringia
(since 1990)

City-states

   Berlin
Berlin
(since 1990)    Bremen
Bremen
(since 1949)    Hamburg
Hamburg
(since 1949)

Former states

   South Baden
South Baden
(1949–1952)    Württemberg-Baden
Württemberg-Baden
(1949–1952)    Württemberg-Hohenzollern
Württemberg-Hohenzollern
(1949–1952)

v t e

Urban districts in the state of Bremen
Bremen
in Germany
Germany

Bremen Bremerhaven

v t e

States of the German Confederation
German Confederation
(1815–66)

Empires

Austria1

Kingdoms

Prussia1 Bavaria Saxony Hanover Württemberg

Electorates

Hesse-Kassel

Grand Duchies

Baden Hesse-Darmstadt Luxembourg Mecklenburg-Schwerin Mecklenburg-Strelitz Oldenburg Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

Duchies

Anhalt

Bernburg2 Dessau2 Köthen3

Brunswick Holstein Limburg4 Nassau Saxe-Lauenburg Ernest

Altenburg5 Coburg-Saalfeld6 Coburg-Gotha5 Gotha-Altenburg6 Hildburghausen6 Meiningen

Principalities

Hesse-Homburg Hohenzollern

Hechingen7 Sigmaringen7

Liechtenstein Lippe Reuss-Gera (Junior Line) Reuss-Greiz (Elder Line) Schaumburg-Lippe Schwarzburg

Rudolstadt Sondershausen

Waldeck and Pyrmont

City-states

Bremen Frankfurt Hamburg Lübeck

1 w/o areas listed under other territories 2 Merged with Anhalt from 1863 3 until 1847 4 from 1839 5 from 1826 6 until 1826 7 until 1850 8 1849–60 9 as of 1849 10 until 1837 11 until 1829 12 until 1848/57 13 until 1848 14 as of 1848 15 as of 1829 16 as of 1864

v t e

States of the North German Confederation
German Confederation
(1867–71)

Kingdoms

Prussia Saxony

Grand Duchies

Hesse-Darmstadt Mecklenburg-Schwerin Mecklenburg-Strelitz Oldenburg Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

Duchies

Anhalt Brunswick Saxe-Altenburg Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Saxe-Lauenburg Saxe-Meiningen

Principalities

Schaumburg-Lippe Schwarzburg

Rudolstadt Sondershausen

Lippe Reuss-Gera (Junior Line) Reuss-Greiz (Elder Line) Waldeck and Pyrmont

City-states

Bremen Hamburg Lübeck

v t e

States of the German Empire
German Empire
(1871–1918)

Kingdoms

Bavaria Prussia Saxony Württemberg

Grand Duchies

Baden Hesse-Darmstadt Mecklenburg-Schwerin Mecklenburg-Strelitz Oldenburg Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

Duchies

Anhalt Brunswick Saxe-Altenburg Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Saxe-Lauenburg
Saxe-Lauenburg
(until 1876) Saxe-Meiningen

Principalities

Lippe Reuss-Gera (Junior Line) Reuss-Greiz (Elder Line) Schaumburg-Lippe Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Waldeck and Pyrmont

City-states

Bremen Hamburg Lübeck

Imperial Territories

Alsace-Lorraine

Other

German colonial empire Mittelafrika Mitteleuropa

v t e

States of the Weimar Republic
Weimar Republic
(1919–33)

States

Anhalt Baden Bavaria Brunswick Hesse Lippe Mecklenburg-Schwerin Mecklenburg-Strelitz Oldenburg Prussia Saxony Schaumburg-Lippe Thuringia
Thuringia
(from 1920) Waldeck (until 1929) Württemberg

City-states

Bremen Hamburg Lübeck

Until 1920

Ernest

Altenburg Coburg Gotha Meiningen Weimar-Eisenach

Reuss

Reuss-Greiz Reuss-Gera

Schwarzburg

Rudolstadt Sondershausen

Unrecognized separatist movements

Bavarian Soviet Republic Bottleneck Rhenish Republic

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 137159715 LCCN: n81029656 ISNI: 0000 0001 1544 0576 GND: 4008135-7 SUDOC: 026406675 BNF:

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