Frederick Kappel was an American businessman.[1] He served as chairman of AT&T from 1961 to 1972.[1] He also served in the Johnson and Nixon administrations.[1]


Early life

He graduated from the University of Minnesota.[1]


He started his career at AT&T in 1924, working as a $25-a-week digger of telephone poles for one of its subsidiaries, the Northwestern Bell Telephone Company in Minnesota.[1] In 1954, he became president of Western Electric, another subsidiary.[1] In 1956, he was elected president of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, later renamed AT&T.[1] He also served as its chairman from 1961 to 1972.[1] He served as chairman of The Business Council from 1963 to 1964.[2]

President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed him as chairman of presidential commissions, including the Commission on Postal Organization and, in 1967, to a special mediation board in a railroad dispute.V President Richard M. Nixon appointed him as a governor of the United States Postal Service and, from 1972 to 1974, as its chairman.[1] He was on the cover of Time Magazine on May 29, 1964.[3] He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1964 and the John Fritz Medal in 1965.

He served on the boards of directors of Chase Manhattan Bank and General Foods.[1] He also served as chairman of the board of International Paper from 1969 to 1971, and chairman of its executive committee from 1971 to 1972.[1]

Personal life

He had a first marriage in 1927 and a second marriage in 1978.[1] He died of Alzheimer's disease in Sarasota, Florida, in November 1994.[1]


  • Business Purpose and Performance: Selections from Talks and Papers (1964)