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Frederick Martin MacMurray (August 30, 1908 – November 5, 1991) was an American actor who appeared in more than 100 movies and a successful television series during a career that spanned nearly a half-century, from 1930 to the 1970s. MacMurray is best known for his role in the 1944 film noir Double Indemnity directed by Billy Wilder, in which he starred with Barbara Stanwyck. Later in his career, he performed in numerous Disney films, including The Absent-Minded Professor
The Absent-Minded Professor
and The Shaggy Dog. In 1960, MacMurray turned to television in the role of Steve Douglas, the widowed patriarch on My Three Sons, which ran on ABC from 1960 to 1965 and then on CBS from 1965 to 1972.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career 3 Personal life 4 Illness and death 5 Awards and influence 6 Archive 7 Filmography 8 Theater 9 Short subjects 10 Radio 11 Television 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

Early life[edit] Fred MacMurray
Fred MacMurray
was born in Kankakee, Illinois, the son of Maleta (née Martin) and Frederick MacMurray, Sr., both natives of Wisconsin.[1] His aunt was a vaudeville performer and actress Fay Holderness. Before MacMurray was two years old, his family moved to Madison, Wisconsin, where his father worked as a music teacher.[1] The family then relocated within the state to Beaver Dam, where his mother had been born in 1880.[2] He later attended school in Quincy, Illinois, before earning a full scholarship to attend Carroll College
Carroll College
(now Carroll University) in Waukesha, Wisconsin. While at Carroll, MacMurray performed in numerous local bands, playing the saxophone. He did not graduate from the college. Career[edit] MacMurray, as a featured vocalist, recorded in 1930 with the Gus Arnheim Orchestra on "All I Want Is Just One Girl" on the Victor label.[3][4] and with George Olsen
George Olsen
on "I'm In The Market For You" and "After a Million Dreams". Before signing with Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
in 1934, he appeared on Broadway in Three's a Crowd (1930–31) and alongside Sydney Greenstreet
Sydney Greenstreet
and Bob Hope
Bob Hope
in Roberta
Roberta
(1933–34).[5] Later in the 1930s, MacMurray worked with film directors Billy Wilder and Preston Sturges, along with actors Barbara Stanwyck, Humphrey Bogart, Marlene Dietrich
Marlene Dietrich
and, in seven films, Claudette Colbert, beginning with The Gilded Lily (1935). He co-starred with Katharine Hepburn in Alice Adams (1935), with Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
in Above Suspicion (1943), and with Carole Lombard
Carole Lombard
in four productions: Hands Across the Table (1935), The Princess Comes Across
The Princess Comes Across
(1936), Swing High, Swing Low (1937), and True Confession
True Confession
(1937).

With Carole Lombard
Carole Lombard
in Swing High, Swing Low (1937)

Usually cast in light comedies as a decent, thoughtful character (The Trail of the Lonesome Pine 1936) and in melodramas (Above Suspicion 1943) and musicals (Where Do We Go from Here? 1945), MacMurray became one of the movie industry's highest-paid actors in that period. By 1943, his annual salary had reached $420,000, making him the highest-paid actor in Hollywood and the fourth-highest-paid person in the nation.[6] Despite being typecast as a "nice guy", MacMurray often said his best roles were when he was cast against type, such as under the direction of Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
and Edward Dmytryk. Perhaps his best known "bad guy" performance was in the role of Walter Neff, an insurance salesman who plots with a greedy wife Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
to murder her husband in the film noir classic Double Indemnity (1944). In another turn in the "not so nice" category, MacMurray played the cynical, duplicitous Lieutenant Thomas Keefer in Dmytryk's 1954 film The Caine Mutiny.[7] Six years later, MacMurray played Jeff Sheldrake, a two-timing corporate executive in Wilder's Oscar-winning romcom The Apartment, (1960) with Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
and Jack Lemmon. In 1958, he guest-starred in the premiere episode of NBC's Cimarron City Western series, with George Montgomery and John Smith.[8] MacMurray's career continued upward the following year, when he was cast as the father in the popular Disney Studios comedy, The Shaggy Dog.[7] Then, from 1960 to 1972, he starred on television in My Three Sons, a long-running, highly rated series. Concurrent with My Three Sons, MacMurray stayed busy in films, starring as Professor Ned Brainard in Disney's The Absent-Minded Professor
The Absent-Minded Professor
(1961) and in the sequel Son of Flubber
Son of Flubber
(1963). Using his star-power clout, MacMurray had a provision in his My Three Sons
My Three Sons
contract that all of his scenes on that series were to be shot in two separate month-long production blocks and filmed first. That condensed performance schedule provided him more free time to pursue his work in films, maintain his ranch in Northern California, and enjoy his favorite leisure activity, golf.[9]

Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame
at 6421 Hollywood Boulevard

Over the years, MacMurray became one of the wealthiest actors in the entertainment business, primarily from wise real estate investments and from his "notorious frugality".[9] After the cancellation of My Three Sons in 1972, MacMurray made only a few more film appearances before retiring in 1978. In the 1970s, MacMurray appeared in commercials for the Greyhound Lines bus company. Towards the end of the decade, he was also featured in a series of commercials for the Korean chisenbop math calculation program. Personal life[edit] MacMurray was married twice. He married Lillian Lamont (legal name Lilian Wehmhoener MacMurray, born 1908) on June 20, 1936, and the couple adopted two children, Susan (born 1940)[citation needed] and Robert (born 1946).[citation needed] After Lamont died of cancer on June 22, 1953, he married actress June Haver
June Haver
the following year. The couple subsequently adopted two more children—twins born in 1956—Katherine and Laurie. MacMurray and Haver's marriage was a long one, lasting 37 years, until Fred's death. In 1941, MacMurray purchased land in the Russian River Valley in Northern California
Northern California
and established MacMurray Ranch, where he spent time when not making films or later appearing on television. At the 1,750-acre ranch he raised prize-winning Aberdeen Angus cattle; cultivated prunes, apples, alfalfa, and other crops; and enjoyed watercolor painting, fly fishing, and skeet shooting.[10][11] MacMurray wanted the property's agricultural heritage preserved, so five years after his death, in 1996, it was sold to Gallo, which planted vineyards on it for wines that bear the MacMurray Ranch label.[12] Kate MacMurray, daughter of Haver and MacMurray, now lives on the property (in a cabin built by her father), and is "actively engaged in Sonoma's thriving wine community, carrying on her family's legacy and the heritage of MacMurray Ranch."[13] He was a staunch supporter of the Republican Party. He joined Bob Hope and James Stewart
James Stewart
to campaign for Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
in 1968. Illness and death[edit]

MacMurray and wife June Haver's grave at Holy Cross Cemetery, Culver City, California

A lifelong heavy smoker, MacMurray suffered from throat cancer in the late 1970s and it reappeared in 1987; he also suffered a severe stroke at Christmas 1988 which left his right side paralyzed and his speech affected, although with therapy he was able to make a 90% recovery.[14] After suffering from leukemia for more than a decade, MacMurray died from pneumonia at age 83 in November 1991 in Santa Monica. His body was entombed in Holy Cross Cemetery. In 2005, his wife June Haver
June Haver
died at age 79; and her body was entombed with his. Awards and influence[edit] In 1939, artist C. C. Beck
C. C. Beck
used MacMurray as the initial model for the superhero character who became Fawcett Comics' Captain Marvel.[15] MacMurray was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for The Absent-Minded Professor (1961). MacMurray was the first person honored as a Disney Legend, in 1987.[16] Archive[edit] The Academy Film Archive houses the Fred MacMurray-June Haver Collection. The film material at the Academy Film Archive is complemented by material in the Fred MacMurray
Fred MacMurray
and June Haver
June Haver
papers at the Academy’s Margaret Herrick Library.[17] Filmography[edit]

Girls Gone Wild (1929) as Extra (uncredited) Why Leave Home? (1929) (uncredited) Tiger Rose (1929) as Rancher (uncredited) Grand Old Girl (1935) as Sandy The Gilded Lily (1935) as Peter Dawes Car 99 (1935) as Trooper Ross Martin Men Without Names (1935) as Richard Hood / Richard 'Dick' Grant Alice Adams (1935) as Arthur Russell Hands Across the Table
Hands Across the Table
(1935) as Theodore Drew III The Bride Comes Home
The Bride Comes Home
(1935) as Cyrus Anderson The Trail of the Lonesome Pine (1936) as Jack Hale Thirteen Hours by Air
Thirteen Hours by Air
(1936) as Jack Gordon The Princess Comes Across
The Princess Comes Across
(1936) as King Mantell The Texas Rangers (1936) as Jim Hawkins Champagne Waltz (1937) as Buzzy Bellew Maid of Salem
Maid of Salem
(1937) as Roger Coverman of Virginia Swing High, Swing Low (1937) as Skid Johnson Exclusive (1937) as Ralph Houston True Confession
True Confession
(1937) as Kenneth Bartlett Cocoanut Grove (1938) as Johnny Prentice Men with Wings
Men with Wings
(1938) as Pat Falconer Sing You Sinners (1938) as David Beebe Cafe Society (1939) as Crick O'Bannon Invitation to Happiness
Invitation to Happiness
(1939) as Albert 'King' Cole Honeymoon in Bali
Honeymoon in Bali
(1939) as Bill 'Willie' Burnett Remember the Night
Remember the Night
(1940) as John Sargent Little Old New York
Little Old New York
(1940) as Charles Brownne Too Many Husbands
Too Many Husbands
(1940) as Bill Cardew Rangers of Fortune (1940) as Gil Farra Virginia (1941) as Stonewall Elliott One Night in Lisbon (1941) as Dwight Houston Dive Bomber (1941) as Joe Blake New York Town
New York Town
(1941) as Victor Ballard The Lady Is Willing (1942) as Dr. Corey T. McBain Star Spangled Rhythm
Star Spangled Rhythm
(1942) as Frank in Card-Playing Skit Take a Letter, Darling
Take a Letter, Darling
(1942) as Tom Verney The Forest Rangers (1942) as Don Stuart No Time for Love (1943) as Jim Ryan Flight for Freedom
Flight for Freedom
(1943) as Randy Britton Above Suspicion (1943) as Richard Myles Standing Room Only (1944) as Lee Stevens And the Angels Sing
And the Angels Sing
(1944) as Happy Morgan Double Indemnity (1944) as Walter Neff Practically Yours
Practically Yours
(1944) as Daniel Bellamy Where Do We Go from Here? (1945) as Bill Morgan Captain Eddie
Captain Eddie
(1945) as Capt. Edward Rickenbacker Murder, He Says (1945) as Pete Marshall Pardon My Past
Pardon My Past
(1945) as Eddie York / Francis Pemberton Smoky (1946) as Clint Barkley Suddenly, It's Spring
Suddenly, It's Spring
(1947) as Peter Morely The Egg and I (1947) as Bob MacDonald Singapore (1947) as Matt Gordon On Our Merry Way
On Our Merry Way
(1948) as Al The Miracle of the Bells
The Miracle of the Bells
(1948) as Bill Dunnigan An Innocent Affair
An Innocent Affair
(1948) as Vincent Doane Family Honeymoon
Family Honeymoon
(1949) as Grant Jordan Father Was a Fullback
Father Was a Fullback
(1949) as George Cooper Borderline (1950) as Johnny McEvoy - aka Johnny Macklin Never a Dull Moment (1950) as Chris A Millionaire for Christy
A Millionaire for Christy
(1951) as Peter Ulysses Lockwood Callaway Went Thataway (1951) as Mike Frye Fair Wind to Java
Fair Wind to Java
(1953) as Capt. Boll The Moonlighter (1953) as Wes Anderson The Caine Mutiny (1954) as Lt. Tom Keefer Pushover (1954) as Paul Sheridan Woman's World (1954) as Sid Burns The Far Horizons (1955) as Captain Meriwether Lewis There's Always Tomorrow (1955) as Clifford Groves The Rains of Ranchipur (1955) as Thomas "Tom" Ransome At Gunpoint (1955) as Jack Wright Gun for a Coward (1957) as Will Keough Quantez
Quantez
(1957) as Gentry / John Coventry Day of the Badman (1958) as Judge Jim Scott Good Day for a Hanging
Good Day for a Hanging
(1959) as Marshal Ben Cutler The Shaggy Dog (1959) as Wilson Daniels Face of a Fugitive
Face of a Fugitive
(1959) as Jim Larsen aka Ray Kincaid The Oregon Trail (1959) as Neal Harris The Apartment
The Apartment
(1960) as Jeff D. Sheldrake The Absent-Minded Professor
The Absent-Minded Professor
(1961) as Professor Ned Brainard Bon Voyage! (1962) as Harry Willard Son of Flubber
Son of Flubber
(1963) as Prof. Ned Brainard Kisses for My President
Kisses for My President
(1964) as Thad McCloud Follow Me, Boys!
Follow Me, Boys!
(1966) as Lemuel Siddons The Happiest Millionaire
The Happiest Millionaire
(1967) as Father Charley and the Angel
Charley and the Angel
(1973) as Charley Appleby The Swarm (1978) as Mayor Clarence (final film role)

Theater[edit]

Three's a Crowd (1930–31) Roberta
Roberta
(1933–34)

Short subjects[edit]

Screen Snapshots: Art and Artists (1940) as Himself Hedda Hopper's Hollywood No. 1 (1941) as Himself (uncredited) Popular Science (1941) as Himself (uncredited) Show Business at War
Show Business at War
(1943) as Himself (uncredited) The Last Will and Testament of Tom Smith (1943) as Narrator (uncredited) Screen Snapshots: Motion Picture Mothers, Inc. (1949) as Himself

Radio[edit]

Lux Radio Theater
Lux Radio Theater
- Pete Dawes ("The Gilded Lily") (1937), Victor Hallam ("Another Language") (1937), John Horace Mason ("Made for Each Other") (1940), Bill Dunnigan ("The Miracle of the Bells) (1948)[18] Screen Directors Playhouse
Screen Directors Playhouse
- Take a Letter, Darling
Take a Letter, Darling
(1951)[19] Bright Star - George Harvey (1952-53) Lux Summer Theatre - The Lady and the Tumblers (1953)[20] The Martin and Lewis Show
The Martin and Lewis Show
- Himself (1953)

Television[edit]

The Jack Benny Program
The Jack Benny Program
1 episode (Fred in The Jam Session Show) (1954) General Electric Theater
General Electric Theater
2 episodes (Richard Elgin in The Bachelor's Bride) (1955) (Harry Wingate in One Is a Wanderer) (1958) Screen Directors Playhouse
Screen Directors Playhouse
1 episode (Peter Terrance in It's a Most Unusual Day) (1956) The 20th Century-Fox Hour
The 20th Century-Fox Hour
1 episode (Peterson in False Witness) (1957) Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour
Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour
1 episode (Himself in Lucy Hunts Uranium) (1958) Cimarron City
Cimarron City
1 episode (Laird Garner in I, the People) (1958) The United States Steel Hour
The United States Steel Hour
1 episode (The American Cowboy) (1960) My Three Sons
My Three Sons
380 episodes (Steve Douglas) (1960–1972) Summer Playhouse
Summer Playhouse
1 episode (Himself in The Apartment
The Apartment
House) (1964) The Chadwick Family (TV movie) (Ned Chadwick) (1974) Beyond the Bermuda Triangle (TV movie) (Harry Ballinger) (1975)

See also[edit]

Biography portal

References[edit]

^ a b "Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910", Madison, Dane County, Wisconsin; enumeration page dated April 18, 1910. Bureau of the Census, United States Department of Commerce and Labor, Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
Digital image of original enumeration page available at FamilySearch, a free online genealogical database provided as a public service by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah. Retrieved June 2, 2017. ^ "MacMurray Family Lived in Gladstone, Fred's Folks Friends of Mrs. S. Goldstein". The Escanaba Daily Press. September 26, 1935. p. 7. Retrieved December 19, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ "Gus Arnheim: Information re MacMurray". Answers.com. Retrieved 2012-08-24.  ^ "All I Want is One", Fred MacMurray
Fred MacMurray
with Gus Arnheim's Coconut Grove Orchestra, YouTube. Retrieved 2013-02-23. ^ The Broadway League. "IBDb". IBDb. Retrieved 2012-08-24.  ^ Flint, Peter B. " Fred MacMurray
Fred MacMurray
Is Dead at 83; Versatile Film and Television Star." The New York Times, November 6, 1991. ^ a b "TCM Movie Database". Tcmdb.com. Retrieved 2012-08-24.  ^ "Cimarron City". ctva.biz. Retrieved September 7, 2012.  ^ a b Gaita, Paul. "Fred MacMurray", , biographical profile, Turner Classic Movies (TCM). Retrieved June 2, 2017. ^ Taylor, Dan (2013). "Healdsburg Museum exhibits memorabilia from actor Fred MacMurray's nearby ranch". Press Democrat (Santa Rosa, California), May 31, 2013, arts section. Retrieved June 4, 2017. ^ Murphy, Linda (2003). "Hollywood to vine / A film star's daughter returns home to a Pinot paradise". San Francisco Chronicle, March 6, 2003. Retrieved June 4, 2017. ^ "Gallo Family to Buy MacMurray Ranch". Articles.sfgate.com. 1996-05-06. Retrieved 2012-08-24.  ^ "Kate MacMurray". Macmurrayranch.com. 2008-02-25. Archived from the original on 2012-05-04. Retrieved 2012-08-24.  ^ "Archives: Story". Filmsofthegoldenage.com. Retrieved 2012-08-24.  ^ "The Marvel Family Web". Marvelfamily.com. Retrieved 2012-08-24.  ^ "Fred MacMurray: The First Disney Legend". Mouseplanet.com. 2009-08-26. Retrieved 2012-08-24.  ^ "Fred MacMurry- June Haver
June Haver
Collection". Academy Film Archive.  ^ "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. 35 (2): 32–39. Spring 2009.  ^ "Radio's Golden Age". Nostalgia Digest. 40 (1): 40–41. Winter 2014.  ^ Kirby, Walter (June 14, 1953). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 54. Retrieved July 1, 2015 – via Newspapers.com. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fred MacMurray.

Fred MacMurray
Fred MacMurray
on IMDb Fred MacMurray
Fred MacMurray
at the TCM Movie Database Fred MacMurray
Fred MacMurray
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Fred MacMurray's Caine Mutiny Costume, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Historical Society Fred MacMurray
Fred MacMurray
at Disney Legends MacMurray Ranch timeline (documents MacMurray's involvement with the ranch) Fred MacMurray
Fred MacMurray
Greyhound commercial on YouTube Literature on Fred MacMurray Fred MacMurray
Fred MacMurray
at Find a Grave

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 117402514 LCCN: n80018755 ISNI: 0000 0001 2148 7223 GND: 140458085 SUDOC: 061396443 BNF: cb13944733t (data) BNE: XX1092487 SN

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