HOME
The Info List - Fred M. Vinson


--- Advertisement ---



Frederick "Fred" Moore Vinson (January 22, 1890 – September 8, 1953) was an American Democratic politician who served the United States
United States
in all three branches of government. The most prominent member of the Vinson political family, he was the 53rd United States
United States
Secretary of the Treasury and the 13th Chief Justice of the United States. Born in Louisa, Kentucky, he pursued a legal career and served in the army during World War I. After the war, he served as the Commonwealth's Attorney for the Thirty-Second Judicial District of Kentucky
Kentucky
before winning election to the United States
United States
House of Representatives in 1924. He lost re-election in 1928 but regained his seat in 1930 and served in Congress until 1937. During his time in Congress, he became an adviser and confidante of Missouri
Missouri
Senator Harry S. Truman. In 1937, President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
appointed Vinson to the United States
United States
Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. Vinson resigned from the appellate court in 1943, when he became the Director of the Office of Economic Stabilization. After Truman acceded to the presidency following Roosevelt's death in 1945, Truman appointed Vinson to the position of Secretary of the Treasury. Vinson negotiated the payment of the Anglo-American loan
Anglo-American loan
and presided over the establishment of numerous post-war organizations, including the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the International Monetary Fund. After the death of Chief Justice Harlan F. Stone
Harlan F. Stone
in 1946, Truman appointed Vinson to the Supreme Court. To date, Vinson is the last Chief Justice nominee nominated by a president from the Democratic Party to be confirmed.[1][2] Vinson dissented in the case of Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer, which ruled against Truman's seizure of the nation's steel mills during a strike. He ordered a rehearing of the Briggs v. Elliott
Briggs v. Elliott
case, which was eventually combined into the case known as Brown v. Board of Education. Vinson unexpectedly died of a heart attack in 1953.

Contents

1 Early years 2 U.S. Representative from Kentucky 3 U.S. Court of Appeals 4 Secretary of the Treasury 5 Chief Justice 6 Potential cabinet position 7 Death and legacy 8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links

Early years[edit]

Birthplace in Louisa, Kentucky

Frederick Moore Vinson, known universally as "Fred", was born in the newly built, eight-room, red brick house in front of the Lawrence County jail
County jail
in Louisa, Kentucky, where his father served as the Lawrence County Jailer. As a child he would help his father in the jail and even made friends with prisoners who would remember his kindness when he later ran for public office. Vinson worked odd jobs while in school. He graduated from Kentucky
Kentucky
Normal School in 1908 and enrolled at Centre College, where he graduated at the top of his class. While at Centre, he was a member of the Kentucky
Kentucky
Alpha Delta chapter of Phi Delta Theta
Phi Delta Theta
fraternity. He became a lawyer in Louisa, a small town of 2,500 residents. He first ran for and was elected to office as the City Attorney of Louisa. He joined the Army during World War I. Following the war, he was elected as the Commonwealth's Attorney for the Thirty-Second Judicial District of Kentucky. Vinson married Julia Roberta Dixon on January 24, 1924 in Ashland, Kentucky. They had two sons:

Frederick Vinson, Jr., who married the former Nell Morrison and had two children: Frederick M. Vinson III and Carolyn Pharr Vinson; James Vinson, who married the former Margaret Russell and had four children: James Robert Vinson, Margaret Vinson, Michael Arthur Vinson and Matthew Dixon Vinson.

U.S. Representative from Kentucky[edit] In 1924, he ran in a special election for his district's seat in Congress after William J. Fields
William J. Fields
resigned to become the governor of Kentucky. Vinson was elected as a Democrat and then was reelected twice before losing in 1928. His loss was attributed to his refusal to dissociate his campaign from Alfred E. Smith's presidential campaign. However, Vinson came back to win re-election in 1930, and he served in Congress through 1937. While he was in Congress he befriended Missouri
Missouri
Senator Harry S. Truman, a friendship that would last throughout his life. He soon became a close advisor, confidant, card player, and dear friend to Truman. After Truman decided against running for another term as president in the early 1950s, he tried to convince a skeptical Vinson to seek the Democratic Party nomination, but Vinson turned down the President's offer. After being equally unsuccessful in enlisting General Dwight D. Eisenhower, President Truman eventually landed on Governor of Illinois
Governor of Illinois
Adlai Stevenson as his preferred successor in the 1952 presidential election. U.S. Court of Appeals[edit] Vinson's Congressional service ended after he was nominated by Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
on November 26, 1937, to the federal bench. Roosevelt wanted him to fill a seat vacated by Charles H. Robb
Charles H. Robb
on the United States
United States
Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. Vinson was confirmed by the United States
United States
Senate on December 9, 1937, and received his commission on December 15, 1937. While he was there, he was designated by Chief Justice Harlan Fiske Stone
Harlan Fiske Stone
on March 2, 1942, as chief judge of the United States
United States
Emergency Court of Appeals. He served here until his resignation on May 27, 1943. Secretary of the Treasury[edit]

Official portrait as Secretary of the Treasury

Vinson's signature, as used on American currency

He resigned from the bench to become Director of the Office of Economic Stabilization, an executive agency charged with fighting inflation. He also spent time as Federal Loan Administrator (March 6 to April 3, 1945) and director of War Mobilization and Reconversion (April 4 to July 22, 1945). He was appointed United States
United States
Secretary of the Treasury by President Truman and served from July 23, 1945, to June 23, 1946. His mission as Secretary of the Treasury
Secretary of the Treasury
was to stabilize the American economy during the last months of the war and to adapt the United States financial position to the drastically changed circumstances of the postwar world. Before the war ended, Vinson directed the last of the great war-bond drives. At the end of the war, he negotiated payment of the British Loan of 1946, the largest loan made by the United States
United States
to another country ($3.75 billion), and the lend-lease settlements of economic and military aid given to the allies during the war. In order to encourage private investment in postwar America, he promoted a tax cut in the Revenue Act of 1945. He also supervised the inauguration of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
and the International Monetary Fund, both created at the Bretton Woods Conference of 1944, acting as the first chairman of their respective boards. In 1946, Vinson resigned from the Treasury to be appointed Chief Justice of the United States
Chief Justice of the United States
by Truman; the Senate confirmed him by voice vote on June 20 of that year (E. H. Moore had expressed opposition but was not present for the vote). Chief Justice[edit]

Play media

Swearing in of Chief Justice Vinson on White house portico

Vinson took the oath of office as Chief Justice on June 24, 1946.[3] President Truman had nominated his old friend after Harlan Fiske Stone died. His appointment came at a time when the Supreme Court was deeply fractured, both intellectually and personally.[4] One faction was led by Justice Hugo Black, the other by Justice Felix Frankfurter.[4] Vinson was credited with patching this fracture,[according to whom?] at least on a personal level.[citation needed]

Fred M. Vinson
Fred M. Vinson
bust, U.S. Supreme Court, Washington, D.C.. Sculptor Jimilu Mason

In his time on the Supreme Court, he wrote 77 opinions for the court and 13 dissents. His most dramatic dissent was when the court voided President Truman's seizure of the steel industry during a strike in a June 3, 1952 decision, Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer. His final public appearance at the court was when he read the decision not to review the conviction and death sentence of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. After Justice William O. Douglas
William O. Douglas
granted a stay of execution to the Rosenbergs at the last moment, Chief Justice Vinson sent special flights out to bring vacationing justices back to Washington in order to ensure the execution of the Rosenbergs. During his tenure as Chief Justice, one of his law clerks was future Associate Justice Byron White. The major issues his court dealt with included racial segregation, labor unions, communism and loyalty oaths. On racial segregation, he wrote that states practicing the separate but equal doctrine must provide facilities that were truly equal, in Sweatt v. Painter
Sweatt v. Painter
and McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents. The case of Briggs v. Elliott
Briggs v. Elliott
was before the Court at the time of his death. Vinson, not wanting a 5-4 decision, had ordered a second hearing of the case. He died before the case could be reheard, and his vote may have been pivotal, q.v., discussion of Brown in Felix Frankfurter. Upon his death, Earl Warren was appointed to the Court and the case was heard again. As Chief Justice, he swore in Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
and Dwight D. Eisenhower as President. Vinson is the last Chief Justice to have been appointed by a Democratic President, namely Harry Truman. His successors, Earl Warren, Warren Burger, William Rehnquist
William Rehnquist
and John Roberts
John Roberts
were all appointed by Republican presidents (Dwight D. Eisenhower, Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, and George W. Bush, respectively). As the leader of a court entirely appointed by Roosevelt and Truman, he is also the last Chief Justice to preside over a court solely nominated by presidents of one political party (Harold Hitz Burton, the sole remaining Republican on the Court upon Vinson's death, had been nominated to the Court by Truman). Potential cabinet position[edit] When Secretary of State Dean Acheson
Dean Acheson
came under fire from congressional Republicans for being "soft on communism" at the end of 1950 Vinson was briefly mentioned as the new Secretary of State and Dean Acheson
Dean Acheson
as the new Chief Justice. This speculation died down when President Truman retained Acheson at the State Department. Death and legacy[edit] Vinson died suddenly and unexpectedly on September 8, 1953, of a heart attack at his Washington home, and his body is interred in Pinehill Cemetery, Louisa, Kentucky.[5][6] An extensive collection of Vinson's personal and judicial papers is archived at the University of Kentucky
Kentucky
in Lexington, where they are available for research. A portrait of Vinson hangs in the hallway of the chapter house of the Kentucky
Kentucky
Alpha-Delta chapter of Phi Delta Theta
Phi Delta Theta
(ΦΔΘ) international fraternity, at Centre College. Vinson was a member of the chapter in his years at Centre. Affectionately known as "Dead Fred", the portrait is taken by fraternity members to Centre football and basketball games and other events. See also[edit]

Biography portal United States
United States
Army portal World War I
World War I
portal

Demographics of the Supreme Court of the United States List of Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States List of law clerks of the Supreme Court of the United States

List of United States
United States
Chief Justices by time in office List of U.S. Supreme Court Justices by time in office United States
United States
Supreme Court cases during the Vinson Court

References[edit]

^ "Fred M. Vinson". Laws.com. Retrieved April 23, 2013.  ^ David Leonhardt
David Leonhardt
(June 2, 2014). "The Supreme Court Blunder That Liberals Tend to Make", The New York Times. Retrieved June 3, 2014. ^ Video: Big Four Turns Down Austria on Tyrol, 1946/06/24 (1946). Universal Newsreel. 1946. Retrieved February 20, 2012.  ^ a b James E. St. Clair and Linda C. Gugin, Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson of Kentucky: A Political Biography, p. 169-171. ^ Christensen, George A. (1983). "Here Lies the Supreme Court: Gravesites of the Justices". Supreme Court Historical Society 1983 Yearbook. Archived from the original on September 3, 2005.  ^ Christensen, George A. (February 19, 2008). "Here Lies the Supreme Court: Revisited". Journal of Supreme Court History, Volume 33 Issue 1, Pages 17 - 41. University of Alabama.

Further reading[edit]

Abraham, Henry J., Justices and Presidents: A Political History of Appointments to the Supreme Court. 3d. ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992). ISBN 0-19-506557-3. Cushman, Clare, The Supreme Court Justices: Illustrated Biographies,1789-1995 (2nd ed.) (Supreme Court Historical Society), (Congressional Quarterly Books, 2001) ISBN 1-56802-126-7; ISBN 978-1-56802-126-3. Frank, John P., The Justices of the United States
United States
Supreme Court: Their Lives and Major Opinions (Leon Friedman and Fred L. Israel, editors) (Chelsea House Publishers: 1995) ISBN 0-7910-1377-4, ISBN 978-0-7910-1377-9. Hall, Kermit L., ed. The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-19-505835-6; ISBN 978-0-19-505835-2. Martin, Fenton S. and Goehlert, Robert U., The U.S. Supreme Court: A Bibliography, (Congressional Quarterly Books, 1990). ISBN 0-87187-554-3. Pritchett, C. Herman, Civil Liberties and the Vinson Court. (The University of Chicago
University of Chicago
Press, 1969) ISBN 978-0-226-68443-7; ISBN 0-226-68443-1. St. Clair, James E., and Gugin, Linda C., Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson of Kentucky: A Political Biography (University Press of Kentucky: 2002) ISBN 0-8131-2247-3; ISBN 978-0-8131-2247-2. Symposium, In Memoriam: Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson, 49 Northwestern University Law Review 1–75, (1954). Urofsky, Melvin I., Division and Discord: The Supreme Court under Stone and Vinson, 1941-1953 (University of South Carolina Press, 1997) ISBN 1-57003-120-7. Urofsky, Melvin I., The Supreme Court Justices: A Biographical Dictionary (New York: Garland Publishing 1994). 590 pp. ISBN 0-8153-1176-1; ISBN 978-0-8153-1176-8.

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: Author:Frederick Moore Vinson

Frederick Moore Vinson at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center. "Frederick Moore Vinson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.  Frederick Moore Vinson Sr. at Find a Grave Biography, at the U.S. Treasury Office of the Curator. Truman Presents Supreme Court Chief Justice Vinson With Historic Gavel, 1948 Shapell Manuscript Foundation Chief Justice Vinson dies of Heart Attack, New York Times, September 8, 1953. Obituary, NY Times, September 9, 1953, Vinson Excelled In Federal Posts. Oyez Project, Fred M. Vinson, United States
United States
Supreme Court. Supreme Court Historical Society, The Vinson Court.

U.S. House of Representatives

Preceded by William Fields Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Kentucky's 9th congressional district 1924–1929 Succeeded by Elva Kendall

Preceded by Elva Kendall Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Kentucky's 9th congressional district 1931–1933 Succeeded by John Brown

Preceded by Ralph Gilbert Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Kentucky's 8th congressional district 1933–1938 Succeeded by Joe Bates

Legal offices

Preceded by Charles Robb Judge of the United States
United States
Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit 1937–1943 Succeeded by Wilbur Miller

New seat Chief Judge of the Emergency Court of Appeals 1937–1943 Succeeded by Albert Maris

Preceded by Harlan Stone Chief Justice of the United States 1946–1953 Succeeded by Earl Warren

Political offices

Preceded by James Byrnes Director of the Office of Economic Stabilization 1943–1945 Succeeded by William Davis

Preceded by Henry Morgenthau United States
United States
Secretary of the Treasury 1945–1946 Succeeded by John Snyder

v t e

United States
United States
Secretaries of the Treasury

18th century

Hamilton Wolcott Dexter

19th century

Gallatin Campbell Dallas Crawford Rush Ingham McLane Duane Taney Woodbury Ewing Forward Spencer Bibb Walker Meredith Corwin Guthrie Cobb Thomas Dix Chase Fessenden McCulloch Boutwell Richardson Bristow Morrill Sherman Windom Folger Gresham McCulloch Manning Fairchild Windom Foster Carlisle Gage

20th century

Shaw Cortelyou MacVeagh McAdoo Glass Houston Mellon Mills Woodin Morgenthau Vinson Snyder Humphrey Anderson Dillon Fowler Barr Kennedy Connally Shultz Simon Blumenthal Miller Regan Baker Brady Bentsen Rubin Summers

21st century

O'Neill Snow Paulson Geithner Lew Mnuchin

v t e

Cabinet of President Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
(1945–53)

Vice President

None (1945–49) Alben W. Barkley
Alben W. Barkley
(1949–53)

Secretary of State

Edward R. Stettinius Jr. (1945) James F. Byrnes
James F. Byrnes
(1945–47) George C. Marshall (1947–49) Dean G. Acheson (1949–53)

Secretary of the Treasury

Henry Morgenthau Jr.
Henry Morgenthau Jr.
(1945) Fred M. Vinson
Fred M. Vinson
(1945–46) John W. Snyder (1946–53)

Secretary of War

Henry L. Stimson
Henry L. Stimson
(1945) Robert P. Patterson
Robert P. Patterson
(1945–47) Kenneth C. Royall (1947)

Secretary of Defense

James V. Forrestal (1947–49) Louis A. Johnson
Louis A. Johnson
(1949–50) George C. Marshall (1950–51) Robert A. Lovett
Robert A. Lovett
(1951–53)

Attorney General

Francis B. Biddle (1945) Tom C. Clark
Tom C. Clark
(1945–49) J. Howard McGrath
J. Howard McGrath
(1949–52) James P. McGranery (1952–53)

Postmaster General

Frank C. Walker (1945) Robert E. Hannegan
Robert E. Hannegan
(1945–47) Jesse Monroe Donaldson (1947–53)

Secretary of the Navy

James V. Forrestal (1945–47)

Secretary of the Interior

Harold L. Ickes
Harold L. Ickes
(1945–46) Julius A. Krug (1946–49) Oscar Littleton Chapman (1949–53)

Secretary of Agriculture

Claude Raymond Wickard (1945) Clinton P. Anderson (1945–48) Charles F. Brannan
Charles F. Brannan
(1948–53)

Secretary of Commerce

Henry A. Wallace
Henry A. Wallace
(1945–46) W. Averell Harriman
W. Averell Harriman
(1946–48) Charles Sawyer (1948–53)

Secretary of Labor

Frances Perkins
Frances Perkins
(1945) Lewis B. Schwellenbach
Lewis B. Schwellenbach
(1945–48) Maurice J. Tobin
Maurice J. Tobin
(1948–53)

v t e

Chief Justices of the United States

John Jay
John Jay
(1789–1795; cases) John Rutledge
John Rutledge
(1795; cases) Oliver Ellsworth
Oliver Ellsworth
(1796–1800; cases) John Marshall
John Marshall
(1801–1835; cases) Roger B. Taney
Roger B. Taney
(1836–1864; cases) Salmon P. Chase
Salmon P. Chase
(1864–1873; cases) Morrison Waite
Morrison Waite
(1874–1888; cases) Melville Fuller
Melville Fuller
(1888–1910; cases) Edward Douglass White
Edward Douglass White
(1910–1921; cases) William Howard Taft
William Howard Taft
(1921–1930; cases) Charles Evans Hughes
Charles Evans Hughes
(1930–1941; cases) Harlan F. Stone
Harlan F. Stone
(1941–1946; cases) Fred M. Vinson
Fred M. Vinson
(1946–1953; cases) Earl Warren
Earl Warren
(1953–1969; cases) Warren E. Burger
Warren E. Burger
(1969–1986; cases) William Rehnquist
William Rehnquist
(1986–2005; cases) John Roberts
John Roberts
(2005–present; cases)

v t e

Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States

Chief Justice

Jay J. Rutledge Ellsworth J. Marshall Taney S. P. Chase Waite Fuller E. White Taft Hughes Stone Vinson Warren Burger Rehnquist J. Roberts

Seat 1

J. Rutledge T. Johnson Paterson Livingston Thompson Nelson Hunt Blatchford E. White Van Devanter Black Powell Kennedy

Seat 2

Cushing Story Woodbury Curtis Clifford Gray Holmes Cardozo Frankfurter Goldberg Fortas Blackmun Breyer

Seat 3

Wilson Washington Baldwin Grier Strong Woods L. Lamar H. Jackson Peckham Lurton McReynolds Byrnes W. Rutledge Minton Brennan Souter Sotomayor

Seat 4

Blair S. Chase Duvall Barbour Daniel Miller Brown Moody J. Lamar Brandeis Douglas Stevens Kagan

Seat 5

Iredell Moore W. Johnson Wayne

Seat 6

Todd Trimble McLean Swayne Matthews Brewer Hughes Clarke Sutherland Reed Whittaker White Ginsburg

Seat 7

Catron

Seat 8

McKinley Campbell Davis Harlan Pitney Sanford O. Roberts Burton Stewart O'Connor Alito

Seat 9

Field McKenna Stone R. Jackson Harlan II Rehnquist Scalia Gorsuch

Seat 10

Bradley Shiras Day Butler Murphy Clark T. Marshall Thomas

Note: Seats 5 and 7 are defunct

  Supreme Court of the United States

The Vinson Court

Chief Justice: Frederick Moore Vinson (1946–1953)

1946–1949:

H. Black S. F. Reed F. Frankfurter Wm. O. Douglas F. Murphy R. H. Jackson W. B. Rutledge H. H. Burton

1949:

H. Black S. F. Reed F. Frankfurter Wm. O. Douglas R. H. Jackson W. B. Rutledge H. H. Burton T. C. Clark

1949–1953:

H. Black S. F. Reed F. Frankfurter Wm. O. Douglas R. H. Jackson H. H. Burton T. C. Clark S. Minton

v t e

Kentucky's delegation(s) to the 68th–75th United States
United States
Congresses (ordered by seniority)

68th Senate: A. O. Stanley R. P. Ernst House: B. Johnson J. W. Langley R. Y. Thomas Jr. A. Rouse A. W. Barkley D. H. Kincheloe J. M. Robsion R. Gilbert M. Thatcher J. W. Morris F. M. Vinson

69th Senate: R. P. Ernst F. M. Sackett House: B. Johnson J. W. Langley R. Y. Thomas Jr. A. Rouse A. W. Barkley D. H. Kincheloe J. M. Robsion R. Gilbert M. Thatcher F. M. Vinson V. Chapman

69th Senate: R. P. Ernst F. M. Sackett House: B. Johnson J. W. Langley A. Rouse A. W. Barkley D. H. Kincheloe J. M. Robsion R. Gilbert M. Thatcher F. M. Vinson V. Chapman J. W. Moore

69th Senate: R. P. Ernst F. M. Sackett House: B. Johnson A. Rouse A. W. Barkley D. H. Kincheloe J. M. Robsion R. Gilbert M. Thatcher F. M. Vinson V. Chapman J. W. Moore A. J. Kirk

70th Senate: F. M. Sackett A. W. Barkley House: D. H. Kincheloe J. M. Robsion R. Gilbert M. Thatcher F. M. Vinson V. Chapman J. W. Moore W. V. Gregory K. G. Langley H. D. Moorman O. Ware

71st Senate: F. M. Sackett A. W. Barkley House: D. H. Kincheloe J. M. Robsion M. Thatcher W. V. Gregory K. G. Langley C. W. Roark J. D. Craddock L. Newhall R. L. Blackburn L. L. Walker E. R. Kendall

71st Senate: F. M. Sackett A. W. Barkley House: D. H. Kincheloe J. M. Robsion M. Thatcher W. V. Gregory K. G. Langley J. D. Craddock L. Newhall R. L. Blackburn L. L. Walker E. R. Kendall J. W. Moore

71st Senate: A. W. Barkley J. M. Robsion House: D. H. Kincheloe M. Thatcher W. V. Gregory K. G. Langley J. D. Craddock L. Newhall R. L. Blackburn L. L. Walker E. R. Kendall J. W. Moore C. Finley

71st Senate: A. W. Barkley B. M. Williamson House: M. Thatcher W. V. Gregory K. G. Langley J. D. Craddock L. Newhall R. L. Blackburn L. L. Walker E. R. Kendall J. W. Moore C. Finley J. L. Dorsey Jr.

72nd Senate: A. W. Barkley M. M. Logan House: M. Thatcher W. V. Gregory J. W. Moore C. Finley F. M. Vinson A. J. May V. Chapman G. H. Cary B. Spence C. R. Carden R. Gilbert

73rd Senate: A. W. Barkley M. M. Logan House: W. V. Gregory F. M. Vinson A. J. May V. Chapman G. H. Cary B. Spence C. R. Carden F. Hamilton J. Y. Brown

74th Senate: A. W. Barkley M. M. Logan House: W. V. Gregory F. M. Vinson A. J. May V. Chapman G. H. Cary B. Spence C. R. Carden J. M. Robsion E. O'Neal

74th Senate: A. W. Barkley M. M. Logan House: W. V. Gregory F. M. Vinson A. J. May V. Chapman G. H. Cary B. Spence J. M. Robsion E. O'Neal E. W. Creal

75th Senate: A. W. Barkley M. M. Logan House: F. M. Vinson A. J. May V. Chapman B. Spence J. M. Robsion E. O'Neal E. W. Creal B. M. Vincent N. J. Gregory

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 42638446 LCCN: n88059205 GND: 119001721 US Congress: V000

.