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Franklin James Schaffner (May 30, 1920 – July 2, 1989) was an American film director best known for the films Planet of the Apes (1968), Patton (1970), Nicholas and Alexandra
Nicholas and Alexandra
(1971), Papillon (1973), and The Boys from Brazil (1978).

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Frequent collaborators

3 Personal life 4 Critical perception 5 Archive 6 Filmography 7 References 8 External links

Early life[edit]

(from far left) Stanley O'Toole, Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
and Franklin J. Schaffner outside Franklin & Marshall College after accepting an honorary degree in 1977.

Schaffner was born in Tokyo, Japan, the son of American missionaries Sarah Horting (née Swords) and Paul Franklin Schaffner,[1][2] and was raised in Japan. He returned to the United States
United States
and graduated from Franklin & Marshall College in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, where he was active in drama. He studied law at Columbia University
Columbia University
in New York City but his education was interrupted by service with the United States Navy in World War II
World War II
during which he served with American amphibious forces in Europe
Europe
and North Africa. In the latter stages of the war he was sent to the Pacific
Pacific
Far East
Far East
to serve with the United States Office for Strategic Services. Career[edit] Returning home after the war, he found work in the television industry with March of Time and then joined the CBS
CBS
network. He won directing Emmys for his work on the original 1954 CBS
CBS
teleplay, Twelve Angry Men. Schaffner earned two more Emmy
Emmy
awards for his work on the 1955 TV adaptation of the Broadway play, The Caine Mutiny Court Martial, shown on the anthology series Ford Star Jubilee. He won his fourth Emmy Award for his work on the series, The Defenders. In the realm of network television, Schaffner also received widespread critical acclaim in 1962 for his groundbreaking collaboration with the First Lady of the United States
United States
Jacqueline Kennedy
Jacqueline Kennedy
and CBS television's Musical Director Alfredo Antonini in the production of A Tour of the White House with Mrs. John F. Kennedy- a television special which was broadcast to over 80 million viewers worldwide.[3] Schaffner's contributions in this production earned him a nomination in 1963 by the Director's Guild of America USA, for its award in the category of Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Television.[4] In 1960, he directed Allen Drury's stage play Advise and Consent. His first motion picture The Stripper was praised, and he later made The Best Man, The War Lord, and The Double Man. They were followed by the critical and commercial hit Planet of the Apes. His next film, Patton was a major success for which he won the Academy Award for Best Director and the Directors Guild of America Award
Directors Guild of America Award
for Best Director. Later works included Nicholas and Alexandra, Papillon, Islands in the Stream and The Boys from Brazil. Schaffner was President of the Directors Guild of America
Directors Guild of America
from 1987 until his death in 1989. Frequent collaborators[edit] Jerry Goldsmith
Jerry Goldsmith
composed the music for seven of his films: The Stripper, Planet of the Apes, Patton, Papillon, Islands in the Stream, The Boys from Brazil and Lionheart. Four of them were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Score.[5] Schaffner twice worked with actors Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
and Maurice Evans (The War Lord; Planet of the Apes), George C. Scott
George C. Scott
(Patton; Islands in the Stream) and Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(Nicholas and Alexandra; The Boys from Brazil).[6][7][8] Personal life[edit]

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Schaffner married Helen Jane Gilchrist in 1948. The couple had two children, Jennie and Kate. Schaffner died on July 2, 1989, at the age of 69.[9] He was released 10 days before his death from a hospital where he was being treated for lung cancer. Critical perception[edit] Screenwriter William Goldman
William Goldman
identified Schaffner in 1981 as being one of the three best directors (then living) at handling "scope" (a gift for screen epics) in films. The other two were David Lean
David Lean
and Richard Attenborough.[10] In 1991 Schaffner's widow Jean established the Franklin J. Schaffner Alumni Medal (colloquially known as the Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
Award), which is awarded by the American Film Institute
American Film Institute
at its annual ceremony to an alumnus of either the AFI Conservatory or the AFI Conservatory Directing Workshop for Women who best embodies the qualities of the late director: talent, taste, dedication and commitment to quality filmmaking.[11] Archive[edit] The moving image collection of Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
is held at the Academy Film Archive.[12] Filmography[edit]

Year Film Academy Award Wins Academy Award Nominations Notes

1963 The Stripper

1 Feature film debut

1964 The Best Man

1 Film adapted from a stage play by Gore Vidal

1965 The War Lord

1967 The Double Man

1968 Planet of the Apes 1 2 Film won an Honorary Academy Award

1970 Patton 7 10 Won Academy Award for Best Director
Academy Award for Best Director
and the Directors Guild of America Award for Best Director

1971 Nicholas and Alexandra 2 6

1973 Papillon

1

1976 Islands in the Stream

1

1978 The Boys from Brazil

3 Film stars Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
in his last Academy Award-nominated acting role

1980 Sphinx

1982 Yes, Giorgio

1

1987 Lionheart

1989 Welcome Home

References[edit]

^ "Franklin J. Schaffner". Filmreference.com.  ^ Kim, Erwin (1985). Franklin J. Schaffner. Scarecrow Press.  ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0207800/?ref_=nm_flmg_msdp_14 ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0207800/awards?ref_=tt_awd ^ Jerry Goldsmith
Jerry Goldsmith
awards & nominations IMDb.com
IMDb.com
Retrieved 2011-05-31. ^ Pulver, Andrew (24 June 2005). "Monkey business". The Guardian.  Missing or empty url= (help); access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Salvato, Larry (2 December 2014). "16 Overlooked Movies From The 1970s That Are Worth Watching". Retrieved 13 May 2015.  ^ Vermilye, Jerry (1992). The Complete Films of Laurence Olivier. Citadel Press. ISBN 9780806513027.  ^ " Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
Dies at 69; An Oscar-Winning Film Director". The New York Times.  ^ John Bradey, "The craft of the screenwriter", 1981. Page 168 ^ http://www.afi.com/Conservatory/alumni/schaffneraward.aspx ^ "Franklin J. Schaffner". Academy Film Archive. 

External links[edit]

Biography portal

Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
on IMDb Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
at Find a Grave

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Films directed by Franklin J. Schaffner

Features

The Stripper (1963) The Best Man (1964) The War Lord
The War Lord
(1965) The Double Man (1967) Planet of the Apes (1968) Patton (1970) Nicholas and Alexandra
Nicholas and Alexandra
(1971) Papillon (1973) Islands in the Stream (1977) The Boys from Brazil (1978) Sphinx (1981) Yes, Giorgio (1982) Lionheart (1987) Welcome Home (1989)

TV

Twelve Angry Men (1954) Seven Against the Wall (1958)

v t e

Academy Award for Best Director

1927–1950

Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1927) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1928) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1929) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1930) Norman Taurog
Norman Taurog
(1931) Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1932) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1933) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1934) John Ford
John Ford
(1935) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1936) Leo McCarey (1937) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1938) Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
(1939) John Ford
John Ford
(1940) John Ford
John Ford
(1941) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1942) Michael Curtiz
Michael Curtiz
(1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Carol Reed
Carol Reed
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Directors Guild of America Award
Directors Guild of America Award
for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film

1948–1975

Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Anthony Harvey (1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Rob Marshall
Rob Marshall
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Primetime Emmy
Emmy
Award for Outstanding Directing for a Drama Series

Jack Smight for "Eddie" (1959) Robert Mulligan
Robert Mulligan
for The Moon and Sixpence (1960) George Schaefer for Macbeth (1961) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1962) Stuart Rosenberg for "The Madman" (1963) Tom Gries for "Who Do You Kill?" (1964) Paul Bogart for "The 700 Year Old Gang" (1965) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
for "The Game" (1966) Alex Segal for Death of a Salesman (1967) Lee H. Katzin (1968) David Greene for "The People Next Door" (1969) Paul Bogart for "Shadow Game" (1970) Daryl Duke
Daryl Duke
for "The Day the Lion Died" / Fielder Cook for "The Price" (1971) Alexander Singer for "The Invasion of Kevin Ireland" (1972) Jerry Thorpe for "An Eye for an Eye" / Joseph Sargent
Joseph Sargent
for "The Marcus-Nelson Murders" (1973) John Korty for The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman / Robert Butler for "Part III" (1974) Bill Bain for "A Sudden Storm" (1975) David Greene for Episode 8 (Rich Man, Poor Man) (1976) David Greene for Roots ("Part 1") (1977) Marvin J. Chomsky for Holocaust (1978) Jackie Cooper
Jackie Cooper
for "Pilot" (The White Shadow) (1979) Roger Young for "Cop" (1980) Robert Butler for "Hill Street Station"(1981) Harry Harris for "To Soar and Never Falter" (1982) Jeff Bleckner for "Life in the Minors" (1983) Corey Allen for "Goodbye, Mr. Scripps" (1984) Karen Arthur for "Heat" (1985) Georg Stanford Brown
Georg Stanford Brown
for "Parting Shots" (1986) Gregory Hoblit for "Pilot" (L.A. Law) (1987) Mark Tinker for "Weigh In, Way Out" (1988) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
for "The Boiler Room" (1989) Thomas Carter for "Promises to Keep" / Scott Winant for "The Go-Between" (1990) Thomas Carter for "In Confidence" (1991) Eric Laneuville
Eric Laneuville
for "All God's Children" (1992) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
for "Gone for Goode" (1993) Daniel Sackheim for "Tempest in a C-Cup" (1994) Mimi Leder
Mimi Leder
for "Love's Labor Lost" (1995) Jeremy Kagan for "Leave of Absence" (1996) Mark Tinker for "Where's 'Swaldo?" (1997) Mark Tinker for "Pilot" (Brooklyn South) / Paris Barclay
Paris Barclay
for "Brain Salad Surgery" (1998) Paris Barclay
Paris Barclay
for "Hearts and Souls" (1999) Thomas Schlamme for "Pilot" (The West Wing) (2000) Thomas Schlamme for "In the Shadow of Two Gunmen: Part I" & "Part II" (2001) Alan Ball for "Pilot" (Six Feet Under) (2002) Christopher Misiano for "Twenty Five" (2003) Walter Hill for "Deadwood" (2004) J. J. Abrams
J. J. Abrams
for "Pilot" (Lost) (2005) Jon Cassar
Jon Cassar
for "Day 5: 7:00 a.m. – 8:00 a.m." (2006) Alan Taylor for "Kennedy and Heidi" (2007) Greg Yaitanes for "House's Head" (2008) Rod Holcomb for "And in the End..." (2009) Steve Shill for "The Getaway" (2010) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
for "Boardwalk Empire" (2011) Tim Van Patten for "To the Lost" (2012) David Fincher
David Fincher
for "Chapter 1" (2013) Cary Joji Fukunaga for "Who Goes There" (2014) David Nutter
David Nutter
for "Mother's Mercy" (2015) Miguel Sapochnik
Miguel Sapochnik
for "Battle of the Bastards" (2016) Reed Morano for "Offred" (2017)

v t e

Presidents of the Screen Directors Guild and the Directors Guild of America

King Vidor
King Vidor
(1936) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1939) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1941) Mark Sandrich
Mark Sandrich
(1943) John Cromwell (1944) George Marshall (1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950) George Sidney
George Sidney
(1951) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1960) George Sidney
George Sidney
(1961) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1967) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1971) Robert Aldrich (1975) George Schaefer (1979) Jud Taylor (1981) Gilbert Cates (1983) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1987) Gene Reynolds
Gene Reynolds
(1993) Jack Shea (1997) Martha Coolidge (2002) Michael Apted
Michael Apted
(2003) Taylor Hackford
Taylor Hackford
(2009) Paris Barclay
Paris Barclay
(2013) Thomas Schlamme (2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 34644482 LCCN: n84161165 ISNI: 0000 0001 0887 048X GND: 126673519 SUDOC: 059549769 BNF: cb13899460z (data) BNE: XX1492545 SN