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FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT JR. (August 17, 1914 – August 17, 1988) was an American lawyer, politician, and businessman who served as a United States Congressman
United States Congressman
from New York from 1949 to 1955, the first chairman of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
from 1965 to 1966, and a two time candidate for Governor of New York
Governor of New York
. The five times married Roosevelt was the third son of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
and served as an officer in the United States Navy
United States Navy
during World War II
World War II
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life

* 1.1 Education

* 2 U.S. Navy service

* 2.1 World War II
World War II
* 2.2 Military awards

* 3 Post-war career

* 3.1 Law practice

* 3.2 Politics

* 3.2.1 U.S. House of Representatives * 3.2.2 Governor of New York
Governor of New York
* 3.2.3 Ties to John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy

* 3.3 Entrepreneur

* 4 Personal life * 5 References * 6 External links

EARLY LIFE

Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr.
was born on August 17, 1914, the fifth of six children born to Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1882–1945) and Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
(1884–1962). At the time of his birth, his father was Assistant Secretary of the Navy
Assistant Secretary of the Navy
. He was born at his parents' summer home at Campobello Island , New Brunswick
New Brunswick
, Canada
Canada
, which is now an international historical park .

His siblings were: Anna Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
(1906–1975), James Roosevelt II (1907–1991), Franklin Roosevelt (1909–1909), a brother of the same name had died in infancy in November 1909, having lived only several months, Elliott Roosevelt
Elliott Roosevelt
(1910–1990), and John Aspinwall Roosevelt II (1916–1981).

As a young man in 1936, he contracted a streptococcal throat infection and developed life-threatening complications. His successful treatment with Prontosil , the first commercially available sulfonamide drug, avoided a risky surgical procedure which the White House medical staff had considered, and the subsequent headlines in The New York Times
The New York Times
and other prominent newspapers heralded the start of the era of antibacterial chemotherapy in the United States.

EDUCATION

He graduated from Groton School
Groton School
in 1933, Harvard University
Harvard University
in 1937, and from the University of Virginia
University of Virginia
School of Law in June 1940.

The family thought that FDR Jr. was the one most like his father in appearance and behavior. James said, "Franklin is the one who came closest to being another FDR. He had father's looks, his speaking voice, his smile, his charm, his charisma."

U.S. NAVY SERVICE

Elliot Roosevelt and FDR Jr., far right, in Casablanca

WORLD WAR II

Roosevelt was commissioned an ensign in the U.S. Navy Reserve on June 11, 1940. He was a junior naval officer in World War II
World War II
and was decorated for bravery in the battle of Casablanca .

At the request of his father, along with brother Elliott Roosevelt
Elliott Roosevelt
, he attended both the Argentia ( Atlantic Charter
Atlantic Charter
) summit with Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
in August 1941, and the Casablanca Conference in January 1943. Franklin also met FDR in Africa prior to the Tehran Conference
Tehran Conference
. Returning from Argentia , he sailed with Churchill and stood with him at parades in newly American-occupied Reykjavik, Iceland , to symbolize American solidarity with England, Scotland, and Wales.

Brother James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
summarized "Brud's" naval service: "Franklin served on a destroyer that dodged torpedoes from Iceland to Minsk . He became executive officer of the destroyer USS Mayrant (DD-402) , which was bombed at Palermo
Palermo
in the Sicilian invasion. The famed war correspondent Quentin Reynolds went out of his way to write mother how bravely Franklin performed in that bloody ordeal, in which he was awarded the Silver Star Medal
Silver Star Medal
for exposing himself under fire to carry a critically wounded sailor to safety."

Later, as a lieutenant commander, to which he was promoted to on March 1, 1944, Franklin became the commanding officer of his own destroyer escort, USS Ulvert M. Moore (DE-442) on July 18, 1944. The Moore served in the Pacific and shot down two Japanese aircraft and sank a Japanese submarine. The ship was in Tokyo Bay when Japan formally surrendered on September 2, 1945. James Roosevelt
James Roosevelt
remembered that his brother was known as "Big Moose" to the men who served under him, he did "a tremendous job".

MILITARY AWARDS

* Silver Star
Silver Star
* Bronze Star Medal
Bronze Star Medal
* Purple Heart
Purple Heart
* Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal * American Defense Service Medal with  3⁄16" bronze star * American Campaign Medal * European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with four campaign stars * Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
with eight campaign stars * World War II
World War II
Victory Medal * Navy Occupation Medal * Philippine Liberation Medal
Philippine Liberation Medal

POST-WAR CAREER

LAW PRACTICE

Roosevelt served in several New York law offices after the war. He was senior partner in the New York law firm of Roosevelt and Frieden, later known as Poletti, Diamond, Frieden "> FDR Jr. with his mother and his son, FDR III, 1962.

At the instigation of Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. , he campaigned for John F. Kennedy in the crucial 1960 West Virginia
West Virginia
primary, falsely accusing Kennedy's opponent, Hubert Humphrey
Hubert Humphrey
of having dodged the draft in World War II.

Kennedy later named him Under-Secretary of Commerce and chairman of the President's Appalachian Regional Commission. This post (Under-Secretary of Commerce) was given to him when Defense Secretary Robert McNamara vetoed his appointment as Secretary of the Navy. "JFK and Franklin were friends and their families were close. Socially, Franklin spent a lot of time in the White House
White House
during JFK's reign. But when Kennedy was killed, Franklin fell from power."

He served as chairman of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission from May 26, 1965 to May 11, 1966 during the administration of Kennedy's successor, President Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
.

ENTREPRENEUR

Roosevelt also ran a small cattle farm and distributed FIAT
FIAT
and Jaguar automobiles in the United States. In 1970, he sold the distributorship, Roosevelt Automobile Company. He was a personal friend of Fiat chairman Gianni Agnelli .

PERSONAL LIFE

On June 30, 1937, he married the first of his eventual five wives, Ethel du Pont (1916–1965) of the du Pont family . Before their subsequent separation and divorce on May 21, 1949, they had two sons. Ethel du Pont later married Benjamin S. Warren, Sr., a prominent lawyer, in 1950 before committing suicide at the age of 49, on May 25, 1965. Their sons were:

* Franklin Delano Roosevelt III (born July 19, 1938) * Christopher du Pont Roosevelt (born December 21, 1941)

On August 31, 1949, he married for the second time to Suzanne Perrin (born May 2, 1921), the daughter of Lee James Perrin, a New York attorney. They had two daughters before their divorce in 1970, which was obtained in Juarez, Mexico :

* Nancy Suzanne Roosevelt (born January 11, 1952) * Laura Delano Roosevelt (born October 26, 1959)

On July 1, 1970, he married for the third time to Felicia Schiff Warburg Sarnoff. She was the granddaughter of Felix M. Warburg (1871–1937) and great‐granddaughter of the Jacob H. Schiff (1847–1920). She had been previously married to Robert W. Sarnoff, chairman and president of the RCA Corporation
RCA Corporation
. The marriage was childless and ended in divorce in 1976.

On May 6, 1977, he married for the fourth time to Patricia Luisa Oakes (born 1950), the daughter of British actor Richard Greene (1918–1985) and Nancy Oakes von Hoyningen-Huene (1924-2005), and the granddaughter of gold mining tycoon Sir Harry Oakes
Harry Oakes
(1874–1943). They had one son before divorcing in 1981:

* John Alexander Roosevelt (born October 18, 1977)

On March 3, 1984, he married his fifth and final wife, Linda McKay Stevenson Weicker (born 1939). She was previously married to Theodore M. Weicker, the brother of Connecticut Governor
Connecticut Governor
Lowell P. Weicker Jr. They remained married until his death.

On August 17, 1988, his 74th birthday, Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr. died at Vassar Brothers Hospital in Poughkeepsie, New York after a battle with lung cancer .

REFERENCES

Notes

* ^ A B C D E F G H Mcquiston, John T. (18 August 1988). "Franklin Roosevelt Jr., 74, Ex-Congressman, Dies". The New York Times
The New York Times
. Retrieved 13 August 2016. * ^ Medicine: Prontosil, TIME Magazine
TIME Magazine
, December 28, 1936 * ^ "Roosevelt, Franklin Delano Jr. (1914–1988)". Biographical Directory of Congress. Office of Art and Archives, Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved June 19, 2011. * ^ A B C D E F "FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT JR. DIES". Washington Post
Washington Post
. August 18, 1988. Retrieved 13 August 2016. * ^ Roosevelt, 313 * ^ Hansen, 211–12, 262 * ^ Roosevelt, 269. * ^ Sons of the American Revolution
Sons of the American Revolution
Membership Application * ^ A B C "Representative Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Jr. To Marry Miss Suzanne Perrin in August". The New York Times
The New York Times
. July 30, 1949. Retrieved 13 August 2016. * ^ * ^ Roosevelt, 314 * ^ Moscow, Warren (April 17, 1949). "TAMMANY STILL SEEKING JOBS FOR THE FAITHFUL: In Fight Against FDR Jr., the Hall Hopes to Prove All Is Not Lost". The New York Times
The New York Times
. Retrieved 13 August 2016. * ^ A B C Kandell, Jonathan (July 28, 2004). "Carmine De Sapio, Political Kingmaker and Last Tammany Hall
Tammany Hall
Boss, Dies at 95". The New York Times. * ^ Caro, Robert (2012), The Years of Lyndon Johnson: The Passage of Power , New York: Alfred A. Knopf, pp. 85–86 * ^ Roosevelt, 315 * ^ A B C D Times, Special
Special
To The New York (1 July 1970). "Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr. To Wed Felicia Sarnof". The New York Times
The New York Times
. Retrieved 13 August 2016. * ^ Bachrach, Judy (March 22, 2011). "La Vita Agnelli". Retrieved 13 August 2016. * ^ "ETHEL D. ROOSEVELT IS WED TO ATTORNEY". The New York Times
The New York Times
. December 28, 1950. Retrieved 13 August 2016. * ^ Jones, David R. (May 26, 1965). " Ethel du Pont Dead In Apparent Suicide Ethel du Pont, Heiress, Is Apparent Suicide at Suburban Detroit Home". The New York Times
The New York Times
. Retrieved 13 August 2016. * ^ A B C D E F G H I J "Roosevelt Genealogy". fdrlibrary.marist.edu. Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Presidential Library and Museum. Retrieved 13 August 2016. * ^ A B Pederson, William D. (January 1, 2009). The FDR Years. Infobase Publishing. ISBN 9780816074600 . Retrieved 13 August 2016. * ^ "Nancy Oakes". thepeerage.com. The Peerage . Retrieved 13 August 2016. * ^ A B Laskey, Margaux (18 September 2010). "Lacy Garcia, Jack Roosevelt". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 August 2016. * ^ A B "Nancy Oakes von Hoyningen-Huene". The Times. 21 January 2005. Retrieved 13 August 2016. * ^ (FDR Presidential Library) * ^ "Miss Stevenson Becomes Bride Of T.M. Weicker". The New York Times . September 17, 1967. Retrieved 13 August 2016.

Sources

* * United States Congress. " Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr.
(id: R000425)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved on 2009-5-19 * Roosevelt, James: My Parents: A Differing View, Playboy Press, 1976 (with Bill Libby) * Hansen, Chris: Enfant Terrible: The Times and Schemes of General Elliott Roosevelt, Able Baker Press, 2012.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons

.