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Frankenthal
Frankenthal
(Pfalz) is a town in southwestern Germany, in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate.

Contents

1 History 2 Number of inhabitants 3 Lord Mayors 4 International relations 5 Sons and daughters of the town 6 Family name 7 Gallery 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Frankenthal
Frankenthal
was first mentioned in 772. In 1119 an Augustinian monastery was built here, the ruins of which — known, after the founder, as the Erkenbertruine — still stand today in the town centre. In the second half of the 16th century, people from Flanders, persecuted for their religious beliefs, settled in Frankenthal. They were industrious and artistic and brought economic prosperity to the town. Some of them were important carpet weavers, jewellers and artists whose Frankenthaler Malerschule (" Frankenthal
Frankenthal
school of painting") acquired some fame. In 1577 the settlement was raised to the status of a town by the Count Palatine Johann Casimir. In 1600 Frankenthal
Frankenthal
was converted to a fortress. In 1621 it was besieged by the Spanish during the Thirty Years' War, and then successively occupied by troops of the opposing sides. Trade and industry were ruined and the town was not reconstructed until 1682. In 1689 the town was burnt to the ground by French troops in the War of the Grand Alliance. The town did not fully recover from this for more than fifty years. However, in 1750, under the rule of the Elector (Kurfürst) Charles Theodore, Frankenthal
Frankenthal
was established as a centre of industry. Numerous factories were opened and mulberry trees were planted for silk production. In 1755 the famous Frankenthal porcelain factory
Frankenthal porcelain factory
was opened, which remained in production until 1800. In 1797 the town came under French occupation during the French Revolutionary Wars. It passed into the rule of Bavaria
Bavaria
in 1816. The beginning of modern industrialisation is dated from 1859. In 1938 the Jewish synagogue, built in 1884, was burnt to the ground during the Kristallnacht. In 1943 during a bombing raid the centre of the town was almost completely destroyed. In 1945, at the end of World War II, its industries in ruins, it was occupied first by the Americans and then by the French. From 1946 Frankenthal
Frankenthal
has been part of the federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. Today the town is again the site of some medium-sized industries. Number of inhabitants[edit]

1850: 4.767 1900: 16.899 2000: around 50.000 2015: 48.363

Lord Mayors[edit]

1921–1933: Hermann Strasser 1942-1945: Hieronymus Merkle (NSDAP) 1945: Hermann Strasser 1946–1947: Karl Zimmermann (SPD) 1947–1948: Karl Breyer (SPD) 1949: Adam Kroll (CDU) 1949–1959: Emil Kraus

1959–1964: Jürgen Hahn (SPD) 1964–1972: Berno Zeißler (SPD) 1972–1983: Günter Kahlberg (CDU) 1984–1989: Jochen Riebel (CDU) 1990–1999: Peter Popitz (SPD) 2000–2015: Theo Wieder (CDU) since 2016: Martin Hebich (CDU)

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany Frankenthal
Frankenthal
is twinned with:

Colombes, France
France
since October 26, 1958 Strausberg, Germany
Germany
(Brandenburg) since October 16, 1990 Sopot, Poland
Poland
since April 17, 1991

Partnership:

Community of Butamwa, Rwanda
Rwanda
since December 15, 1982

Associated towns:

Berlin-Neukölln, Germany Pushkin, Russia Blumenau, Brazil

Sons and daughters of the town[edit]

Konrad Maurer
Konrad Maurer
in 1876

Franz Nissl

Abraham Heidanus
Abraham Heidanus
(1597-1678), a reformed theologian Esther Moscherosch née Ackermann (1602-1632), wife of the statesman and baroque poet Johann Michael Moscherosch Jacob Marrel
Jacob Marrel
(1614-1681), still life painter Johann Philipp Becker
Johann Philipp Becker
(1809-1886), revolutionary Georg Vierling (1820-1901), composer (dedication of the Vierlingstrasse ) Konrad Maurer
Konrad Maurer
(1823-1902), a Bavarian legal historian Julius von Michel
Julius von Michel
(1843-1911), ophthalmologist Richard Reverdy (1851-1915), civil engineer Karl Wendling (1857-1918), pianist and music pedagogue Karl Perron
Karl Perron
(1858-1928), opera singer Franz Nissl
Franz Nissl
(1860-1919), neurologist and psychiatrist August von Parseval
August von Parseval
(1861-1942), designer of airships (dedication of the Parsevalplatz) Hermann Wilker (1874-1941), rower Oskar Perron
Oskar Perron
(1880-1975), mathematician Ludwig Marum
Ludwig Marum
(1882-1934), lawyer and politician, victims of the Holocaust Arnold Fanck (1889-1974), director and pioneer of the mountain film Paul Martini
Paul Martini
(1889-1964), medical doctor Carl Neubronner (1892-1961), politician Georg Gehring (1903-1943), wrestler Karl Huber (1904-1965), politician and trade unionist Josef Frank (1906-1971), politician (SPD) Werner Knab (1908-1945), jurist and SS leader Hans Carste (1909-1971), composer and conductor Adolf Metzner (1910-1978), Leichtathlet Rudi Fischer (1925-2012), Football goalkeeper

Family name[edit] The family name "Frankenthal" is attested among people scattered in many countries - especially among Jews - and indicates an ultimate origin of the family in the town, though it might be centuries old and leaving no memory other than the name. Gallery[edit]

Ruins of the monastery

The two churches in the centre

Wormser Tor

Outskirts

Fortress Franckenthal

References[edit]

^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31. Dezember 2015" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt
Statistisches Bundesamt
(in German). 2016. 

External links[edit]

 "Frankenthal". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.   "Frankenthal". Collier's New Encyclopedia. 1921. 

v t e

Urban and rural districts in the State of Rhineland-Palatinate
Rhineland-Palatinate
in Germany

Urban districts

Frankenthal Kaiserslautern Koblenz Landau Ludwigshafen Mainz Neustadt Pirmasens Speyer Trier Worms Zweibrücken

Rural districts

Ahrweiler Altenkirchen Alzey-Worms Bad Dürkheim Bad Kreuznach Bernkastel-Wittlich Birkenfeld Bitburg-Prüm Cochem-Zell Donnersbergkreis Germersheim Kaiserslautern Kusel Mainz-Bingen Mayen-Koblenz Neuwied Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis Rhein-Lahn-Kreis Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis Südliche Weinstraße Südwestpfalz Trier-Saarburg Vulkaneifel Westerwaldkreis

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 131403769 LCCN: n82235152 ISNI: 0000 0004 0480 1

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