Frankenthal (Pfalz) is a town in southwestern Germany, in the state of
2 Number of inhabitants
3 Lord Mayors
4 International relations
5 Sons and daughters of the town
6 Family name
9 External links
Frankenthal was first mentioned in 772. In 1119 an Augustinian
monastery was built here, the ruins of which — known, after the
founder, as the Erkenbertruine — still stand today in the town
In the second half of the 16th century, people from Flanders,
persecuted for their religious beliefs, settled in Frankenthal. They
were industrious and artistic and brought economic prosperity to the
town. Some of them were important carpet weavers, jewellers and
artists whose Frankenthaler Malerschule ("
Frankenthal school of
painting") acquired some fame. In 1577 the settlement was raised to
the status of a town by the Count Palatine Johann Casimir.
Frankenthal was converted to a fortress. In 1621 it was
besieged by the Spanish during the Thirty Years' War, and then
successively occupied by troops of the opposing sides. Trade and
industry were ruined and the town was not reconstructed until 1682.
In 1689 the town was burnt to the ground by French troops in the War
of the Grand Alliance. The town did not fully recover from this for
more than fifty years.
However, in 1750, under the rule of the Elector (Kurfürst) Charles
Frankenthal was established as a centre of industry.
Numerous factories were opened and mulberry trees were planted for
silk production. In 1755 the famous
Frankenthal porcelain factory
Frankenthal porcelain factory was
opened, which remained in production until 1800.
In 1797 the town came under French occupation during the French
Revolutionary Wars. It passed into the rule of
Bavaria in 1816.
The beginning of modern industrialisation is dated from 1859.
In 1938 the Jewish synagogue, built in 1884, was burnt to the ground
during the Kristallnacht.
In 1943 during a bombing raid the centre of the town was almost
completely destroyed. In 1945, at the end of World War II, its
industries in ruins, it was occupied first by the Americans and then
by the French.
Frankenthal has been part of the federal state of
Rhineland-Palatinate. Today the town is again the site of some
Number of inhabitants
2000: around 50.000
1921–1933: Hermann Strasser
1942-1945: Hieronymus Merkle (NSDAP)
1945: Hermann Strasser
1946–1947: Karl Zimmermann (SPD)
1947–1948: Karl Breyer (SPD)
1949: Adam Kroll (CDU)
1949–1959: Emil Kraus
1959–1964: Jürgen Hahn (SPD)
1964–1972: Berno Zeißler (SPD)
1972–1983: Günter Kahlberg (CDU)
1984–1989: Jochen Riebel (CDU)
1990–1999: Peter Popitz (SPD)
2000–2015: Theo Wieder (CDU)
since 2016: Martin Hebich (CDU)
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany
Frankenthal is twinned with:
France since October 26, 1958
Germany (Brandenburg) since October 16, 1990
Poland since April 17, 1991
Community of Butamwa,
Rwanda since December 15, 1982
Sons and daughters of the town
Konrad Maurer in 1876
Abraham Heidanus (1597-1678), a reformed theologian
Esther Moscherosch née Ackermann (1602-1632), wife of the statesman
and baroque poet Johann Michael Moscherosch
Jacob Marrel (1614-1681), still life painter
Johann Philipp Becker
Johann Philipp Becker (1809-1886), revolutionary
Georg Vierling (1820-1901), composer (dedication of the
Konrad Maurer (1823-1902), a Bavarian legal historian
Julius von Michel
Julius von Michel (1843-1911), ophthalmologist
Richard Reverdy (1851-1915), civil engineer
Karl Wendling (1857-1918), pianist and music pedagogue
Karl Perron (1858-1928), opera singer
Franz Nissl (1860-1919), neurologist and psychiatrist
August von Parseval
August von Parseval (1861-1942), designer of airships (dedication of
Hermann Wilker (1874-1941), rower
Oskar Perron (1880-1975), mathematician
Ludwig Marum (1882-1934), lawyer and politician, victims of the
Arnold Fanck (1889-1974), director and pioneer of the mountain film
Paul Martini (1889-1964), medical doctor
Carl Neubronner (1892-1961), politician
Georg Gehring (1903-1943), wrestler
Karl Huber (1904-1965), politician and trade unionist
Josef Frank (1906-1971), politician (SPD)
Werner Knab (1908-1945), jurist and SS leader
Hans Carste (1909-1971), composer and conductor
Adolf Metzner (1910-1978), Leichtathlet
Rudi Fischer (1925-2012), Football goalkeeper
The family name "Frankenthal" is attested among people scattered in
many countries - especially among Jews - and indicates an ultimate
origin of the family in the town, though it might be centuries old and
leaving no memory other than the name.
Ruins of the monastery
The two churches in the centre
^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31. Dezember 2015"
Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2016.
"Frankenthal". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.
"Frankenthal". Collier's New Encyclopedia. 1921.
Urban and rural districts in the State of
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