Francis Andrew March (October 25, 1825 – September 9, 1911) was an American polymath, academic, philologist, and lexicographer. He is considered the principal founder of modern comparative linguistics in Anglo-Saxon.
Life and career
March was born in Millbury, Massachusetts. He graduated from Amherst College in 1845, and received an M.A. degree from Amherst in 1848. After studying law and teaching for three years, he became instructor at Lafayette College. March occupied the chair of English language and comparative philology at Lafayette from 1857 to 1907. March was one of the first professors to advocate and teach English in colleges and universities, and Lafayette was the first college in the world to have the philology of the English language studied - a course all American college soon thereafter incorporated into their own curriculums.
March applied the methods of studying the Latin and Greek classics towards the study of English literature, and led the way for the first scientific study of the English language.
In addition to English, March also taught French, German, Greek, Latin, botany, "mental philosophy", political economy, the Constitution, and law.
He also served as president of the American Philological Association (1873–1874; 1895–1896), the Spelling Reform Association (after 1876), and the Modern Language Association (1891–1893). He was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1881.
Oxford English Dictionary
March was the first American superintendent over the volunteer reading program of the Oxford English Dictionary, thus providing valuable support to James Murray in the compilation of this monumental work.
He was the father of historian Francis Andrew March and General Peyton C. March who was chief of staff of the United States Army during the First World War.
Death and legacy
March was the father of General Peyton Conway March, aide to Gen. MacArthur in the Spanish–American War and Army Chief of Staff from May 20, 1918 – June 30, 1921.
March died at Easton, Pennsylvania. A chaired professorship now exists at Lafayette College to honor his achievements in the field of English.
Francis A. March Elementary School, near the Lafayette Campus, is named in his honor.
March Field, on the Lafayette College Campus, is named in honor of his son, Francis Andrew March, Jr.
Due to his revolutionary work in academia, March was awarded many honorary degrees from universities throughout the world. In 1870, Princeton University awarded March with the degree of Legum Doctor (LL.D). The following year, Amherst, his alma mater, also conferred upon him this degree. Columbia University, on their centennial in 1887, awarded March with the degree of Doctor of humane letters (D.H.L.). In 1896, on a trip to Europe, March was awarded by the University of Oxford the degree of Doctor of Civil Law (D.C.L.), and in that same year was awarded a Doctor of Letters (Litt.D) by the University of Cambridge.
In addition to his honorary degrees, March was the only American to be made a member of the Philological Society of London.
- A Comparative Grammar of the Anglo-Saxon Language (1870) (reprinted, 1977). Based on ten years of intensive research, the work examines the relationship of Anglo-Saxon to Sanskrit, Greek, Latin, and five Germanic languages.
- Method of Philological Study of the English Language (1865)
- Latin Hymns with English Notes (1874)
- An Anglo-Saxon Reader (1882)
- The Spelling Reform (1893), a contribution to the reform of English orthography.
- March served as editor of the Douglass Series of Christian Greek and Latin Writers, to which he contributed Latin Hymns.
- With his son Francis Andrew March (1863–1928), he edited A Thesaurus Dictionary of the English Language (1903; 2nd ed., 1980).
- Collaborated with Richard J Bemis on A History Of The World War, with an introduction by his son General Peyton C. March which was published in 7 volumes. (1919)
- ^ a b c Skillman, David Bishop (1932). The Biography of a College: Being the History of the First Century of the Life of Lafayette College. Easton, Pennsylvania: Lafayette College.
- ^ American Antiquarian Society Members Directory
- ^ Francis Andrew March (1870). A comparative grammar of the Anglo-Saxon language: in which its forms are illustrated by those of the Sanskrit, Greek, Latin, Gothic, Old Saxon, Old Friesic, Old Norse, and Old High-German. Harper.
- ^ Francis Andrew March (1865). Method of philological study of the English language. Harper & brothers.
- ^ Francis Andrew March (1874). Latin hymns, with English notes: For use in schools and colleges. Harper & brothers.
- ^ Francis Andrew March (1882). Anglo-Saxon Reader. Harper & Brothers.
- ^ Francis Andrew March; United States. Bureau of Education (1893). The spelling reform. Government Printing Office.
- Beach, Chandler B., ed. (1914). "March, Francis Andrew". The New Student's Reference Work. Chicago: F. E. Compton and Co.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "March, Francis Andrew". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "March, Francis Andrew". Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York.
- March, Francis A. (2005). Schlueter, Paul; Schlueter, June, eds. Francis A. March: Selected Writings of the First Professor of English. Easton, PA: Lafayette College. ISBN 0-9765162-0-9.
- Simon Winchester, The Meaning of Everything (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003).