Francis H. Underwood
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Francis Henry Underwood (January 12, 1825 – August 7, 1894) was an American editor and writer. He was the founder and first associate editor of ''
The Atlantic Monthly ''The Atlantic'' is an American magazine and multi-platform publisher. It was founded in 1857 in Boston, Massachusetts, as ''The Atlantic Monthly'', a literary and cultural magazine that published leading writers' commentary on education, the ...

The Atlantic Monthly
'' in 1857 while still working as a publisher's assistant.


Biography

Underwood was born on January 12, 1825 in
Enfield Enfield may refer to: Places Australia * Enfield, New South Wales * Enfield, South Australia ** Electoral district of Enfield, a state electoral district in South Australia, corresponding to the suburb ** Enfield High School (South Australia) * ...
,
Massachusetts Massachusetts (, ), officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * T ...

Massachusetts
, the son of Phoebe (Hall) and Roswell Underwood. Underwood worked in Kentucky from 1845 to 1850, but his hatred of slavery caused him to quit the state. He became an ardent supporter of the
Free Soil Party The Free Soil Party was a short-lived coalition political party A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a country's elections. It is common for the members of a political party to have similar ideas ab ...

Free Soil Party
. Originally, he planned to launch a Free-soil magazine in 1853, but the idea did not come to fruition until ''The Atlantic Monthly'' in 1857. Underwood traveled to Britain in August 1885 on SS ''Cephalonia''. He arrived in
Liverpool Liverpool is a City status in the United Kingdom, city and metropolitan borough in Merseyside, England. Its population in 2019 was approximately , making it the List of English districts by population, tenth-largest English district by popu ...

Liverpool
and then traveled by railway to Glasgow. In 1885, Underwood was appointed American Consul at Glasgow in Scotland. In 1893, he was Consul for
Leith Leith (; gd, Lìte) is a port area in the north of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, founded at the mouth of the Water of Leith. The earliest surviving historical references are in the royal charter authorising the construction of Holyrood Abb ...

Leith
. He is noted as being a member of
Edinburgh Edinburgh (; sco, Edinburgh; gd, Dùn Èideann ) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 Council areas of Scotland, council areas. Historically part of the county of Midlothian (interchangeably Edinburghshire before 1921), it is loc ...

Edinburgh
's "Pen and Pencil Club". He lived at 35 Mansionhouse Road in the
Grange, Edinburgh The Grange (originally St Giles' Grange) is a suburb of Edinburgh Edinburgh (; sco, Edinburgh; gd, Dùn Èideann ) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 Council areas of Scotland, council areas. Historically part of the count ...
. He died in
Edinburgh Edinburgh (; sco, Edinburgh; gd, Dùn Èideann ) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 Council areas of Scotland, council areas. Historically part of the county of Midlothian (interchangeably Edinburghshire before 1921), it is loc ...

Edinburgh
on August 7, 1894.''Dundee Advertiser'' (newspaper). 8 August 1894


Works

* '' Cloud Pictures'', a novel * ''Hand-books of English Literature'' * ''Builders of American Literature'' * ''Lord of Himself'' * ''Man Proposes'' * ''Dr. Gray's Quest'' * biographies of Lowell, Longfellow, and Whittier


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:Underwood, Francis Henry 1825 births 1894 deaths People from Enfield, Massachusetts American biographers 19th-century American diplomats American emigrants to Scotland