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Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(US: /ˈkoʊpələ/; born April 7, 1939[1]) is an American film director, producer, screenwriter and film composer. He was a central figure in the New Hollywood wave of filmmaking. After directing The Rain People (1969), he co-wrote the 1970 film Patton, earning the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay
Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay
along with co-writer Edmund H. North. His directorial prominence was cemented with the release in 1972 of The Godfather, a film which revolutionized movie-making in the gangster genre,[2] earning praise from both critics and the public before winning three Academy Awards—including his second Oscar (Best Adapted Screenplay, with Mario Puzo), Best Picture, and his first nomination for Best Director. He followed with The Godfather
The Godfather
Part II in 1974, which became the first sequel to win the Academy Award for Best Picture. Highly regarded by critics, it brought him three more Academy Awards: Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Director and Best Picture, and made him the second director, after Billy Wilder, to be honored three times for the same film. The Conversation, which he directed, produced and wrote, was released that same year, winning the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
at the 1974 Cannes Film Festival. He next directed 1979's Apocalypse Now. While notorious for its lengthy and strenuous production, the film is widely acclaimed for its vivid depiction of the Vietnam War. It won the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
at the 1979 Cannes Film Festival, making Coppola one of only eight filmmakers to win two Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
awards. While a number of Coppola's ventures in the 1980s and 1990s were critically lauded, he has never quite achieved the same commercial success with films as in the 1970s.[3][4][5] His most well-known films released since the start of the 1980s are the dramas The Outsiders and Rumble Fish
Rumble Fish
(both 1983), the crime-drama The Cotton Club (1984), the crime-drama The Godfather
The Godfather
Part III (1990), and the horror film Bram Stoker's Dracula
Dracula
(1992).

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 1960s 2.2 1970s

2.2.1 Patton (1970) 2.2.2 The Godfather
The Godfather
(1972) 2.2.3 The Conversation
The Conversation
(1974) 2.2.4 The Great Gatsby (1974) 2.2.5 The Godfather
The Godfather
Part II (1974) 2.2.6 Apocalypse Now
Apocalypse Now
(1979)

2.3 1980s

2.3.1 One from the Heart
One from the Heart
(1982) 2.3.2 Hammett (1982) 2.3.3 The Outsiders (1983) 2.3.4 Rumble Fish
Rumble Fish
(1983) 2.3.5 The Cotton Club (1984) 2.3.6 Rip Van Winkle (1984) 2.3.7 Captain EO
Captain EO
(1986) 2.3.8 Peggy Sue Got Married (1986) 2.3.9 Gardens of Stone
Gardens of Stone
(1987) 2.3.10 Tucker: The Man and His Dream (1988) 2.3.11 New York Stories
New York Stories
(1989)

2.4 1990s

2.4.1 The Godfather
The Godfather
Part III (1990) 2.4.2 Bram Stoker's Dracula
Bram Stoker's Dracula
(1992) 2.4.3 Jack (1996) 2.4.4 The Rainmaker (1997) 2.4.5 Pinocchio dispute with Warner Bros. 2.4.6 Contact dispute with Carl Sagan/Warner Bros.

2.5 2000s

2.5.1 Youth Without Youth (2007) 2.5.2 Tetro
Tetro
(2009)

2.6 2010s

2.6.1 Twixt (2011) 2.6.2 Distant Vision (2015)

3 Commercial ventures

3.1 American Zoetrope 3.2 Zoetrope
Zoetrope
Virtual Studio 3.3 Inglenook Winery 3.4 Uptown Theater 3.5 Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
Presents

3.5.1 Winery 3.5.2 Resorts 3.5.3 Cafe and restaurant 3.5.4 Literary publications

4 Other ventures 5 Honors 6 Filmography 7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

Early life[edit] Coppola was born in Detroit, Michigan, to father Carmine Coppola (1910–1991),[6] a flautist with the Detroit
Detroit
Symphony Orchestra, and mother Italia Coppola (née Pennino; 1912–2004). Coppola is the middle of three children: his older brother was August Coppola, his younger sister is actress Talia Shire. Born into a family of Italian immigrant ancestry, his paternal grandparents came to the United States from Bernalda, Basilicata.[7] His maternal grandfather, popular Italian composer Francesco Pennino, immigrated from Naples, Italy.[8] Coppola received his middle name in honor of Henry Ford, not only because he was born in the Henry Ford
Henry Ford
Hospital but also because of his musician-father's association with the automobile manufacturer. At the time of Coppola's birth, his father was a flautist as well as arranger and assistant orchestra director for The Ford Sunday Evening Hour, an hour-long concert music radio series sponsored by the Ford Motor Company.[9][10][11] Two years after Coppola's birth, his father was named principal flautist for the NBC Symphony Orchestra, and the family moved to New York, settling in Woodside, Queens, where Coppola spent the remainder of his childhood. Having contracted polio as a boy, Coppola was bedridden for large periods of his childhood, allowing him to indulge his imagination with homemade puppet theater productions. Reading A Streetcar Named Desire at age 15 was instrumental in developing his interest in theater.[12] Eager to be involved in film-craft, he created 8mm features edited from home movies with such titles as The Rich Millionaire and The Lost Wallet.[13] As a child, Coppola was a mediocre student, but he was so interested in technology and engineering that his friends nicknamed him "Science".[14] Trained initially for a career in music, he became proficient on the tuba and won a music scholarship to the New York Military Academy.[13] Overall, Coppola attended 23 other schools[15] before he eventually graduated from Great Neck High School.[16] He entered Hofstra College in 1955 with a major in theater arts. There he was awarded a scholarship in playwriting. This furthered his interest in directing theater despite the disapproval of his father, who wanted him to study engineering.[17] Coppola was profoundly impressed after seeing Sergei Eisenstein's October: Ten Days That Shook the World, especially with the movie's quality of editing. It was at this time Coppola decided he would go into cinema rather than theater.[17] Coppola says he was tremendously influenced to become a writer early on by his brother, August,[15] in whose footsteps he would also follow by attending both of his brother's alma maters: Hofstra and UCLA. Coppola also gives credit to the work of Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
and for its influence on him as a director.[15] Amongst Coppola's classmates at Hofstra were James Caan, Lainie Kazan
Lainie Kazan
and radio artist Joe Frank.[16][18] He later cast Lainie Kazan
Lainie Kazan
in One from the Heart
One from the Heart
and Caan in The Rain People and The Godfather. While pursuing his bachelor's degree, Coppola was elected president of the university's drama group, The Green Wig, and its musical comedy club, the Kaleidoscopians. He then merged the two into The Spectrum Players and under his leadership, they staged a new production each week. Coppola also founded the cinema workshop at Hofstra and contributed prolifically to the campus literary magazine.[13] He won three D. H. Lawrence Awards for theatrical production and direction and received a Beckerman Award for his outstanding contributions to the school's theater arts division.[19] While a graduate student, one of his teachers was Dorothy Arzner, whose encouragement Coppola later acknowledged as pivotal to his film career.[12] Career[edit] 1960s[edit] After earning his theater arts degree from Hofstra in 1960, Coppola enrolled in UCLA
UCLA
Film School for graduate work in film.[13][20] There he directed a short horror film called The Two Christophers, inspired by Edgar Allan Poe's "William Wilson", and Ayamonn the Terrible, a film about a sculptor's nightmares coming to life,[14] before directing the experimental softcore comedy Tonight for Sure
Tonight for Sure
in 1962.[16] At UCLA, Coppola met Jim Morrison. He later used Morrison's song "The End" in Apocalypse Now.[21] The company that hired him for Tonight for Sure
Tonight for Sure
brought him back to re-cut a German film titled Mit Eva fing die Sünde an directed by Fritz Umgelter. He added some new 3-D color footage and earned a writer's and director's credit for The Bellboy and the Playgirls, also a box-office failure. Coppola was hired as an assistant by Roger Corman and his first job for Corman was to dub and re-edit a Russian science fiction film, Nebo zovyot, which he turned into a sex-and-violence monster movie entitled Battle Beyond the Sun, released in 1962.[16] Impressed by Coppola's perseverance and dedication, Corman hired him as dialogue director on Tower of London (1962), sound man for The Young Racers
The Young Racers
(1963) and associate producer of The Terror (1963).[19] While on location in Ireland for The Young Racers
The Young Racers
in 1963, Corman, ever alert for an opportunity to produce a decent movie on a shoestring budget, persuaded Coppola to make a low-budget horror movie with funds left over from the movie.[19] Coppola wrote a brief draft story idea in one night, incorporating elements from Hitchcock's Psycho,[22] and the result impressed Corman enough to give him the go-ahead. On a budget of $40,000 ($20,000 from Corman and $20,000 from another producer who wanted to buy the movie's English rights),[22] Coppola directed in a period of nine days Dementia 13, his first feature from his own screenplay. The film recouped its expenses and later became a cult film among horror buffs. It was on the sets of Dementia 13
Dementia 13
that he met his future wife Eleanor Jessie Neil. In 1965, Coppola won the annual Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
Award for the best screenplay (Pilma, Pilma) written by a UCLA
UCLA
student.[13] This secured him a job as a scriptwriter with Seven Arts. In between, he co-wrote the scripts for This Property Is Condemned
This Property Is Condemned
(1966) and Is Paris Burning? (1966). However, with fame still eluding him and partly out of desperation, Coppola bought the rights to the David Benedictus novel You're a Big Boy Now
You're a Big Boy Now
and fused it with a story idea of his own, resulting in You're a Big Boy Now
You're a Big Boy Now
(1966). This was his UCLA
UCLA
thesis project that also received a theatrical release via Warner Bros.[16] This movie brought him some critical acclaim and eventually his Master of Fine Arts Degree from UCLA
UCLA
School of Theater, Film and Television in 1967.[19][23] Following the success of You're a Big Boy Now, Coppola was offered the reins of the movie version of the Broadway musical Finian's Rainbow, starring Petula Clark
Petula Clark
in her first American film and veteran Fred Astaire. Producer Jack L. Warner
Jack L. Warner
was nonplussed by Coppola's shaggy-haired, bearded, "hippie" appearance and generally left him to his own devices. He took his cast to the Napa Valley for much of the outdoor shooting, but these scenes were in sharp contrast to those obviously filmed on a Hollywood soundstage, resulting in a disjointed look to the film. Dealing with outdated material at a time when the popularity of film musicals was already on the downslide, Coppola's result was only semi-successful, but his work with Clark no doubt[according to whom?] contributed to her Golden Globe Best Actress nomination. The film introduced to him George Lucas, who became his lifelong friend as well as production assistant in his next film The Rain People in 1969. It was written, directed and initially produced by Coppola himself, though as the movie advanced, he exceeded his budget and the studio had to underwrite the remainder of the movie.[16] The film won the Golden Shell
Golden Shell
at the 1969 San Sebastian Film Festival. In 1969, Coppola took it upon himself to subvert the studio system which he felt had stifled his visions, intending to produce mainstream pictures to finance off-beat projects and give first-time directors their chance to direct. He decided he would name his future studio "Zoetrope" after receiving a gift of zoetropes from Mogens Scot-Hansen, founder of a studio called Lanterna Film and owner of a famous collection of early motion picture-making equipment. While touring Europe, Coppola was introduced to alternative filmmaking equipment and inspired by the bohemian spirit of Lanterna Film, he decided he would build a deviant studio that would conceive and implement creative, unconventional approaches to filmmaking. Upon his return home, Coppola and George Lucas
George Lucas
searched for a mansion in Marin County to house the studio. However, in 1969, with equipment flowing in and no mansion found yet, the first home for Zoetrope
Zoetrope
Studio became a warehouse in San Francisco
San Francisco
on Folsom Street.[24] The studio went on to become an early adopter of digital filmmaking, including some of the earliest uses of HDTV. In his book The American Cinema, Andrew Sarris wrote, "[Coppola] is probably the first reasonably talented and sensibly adaptable directorial talent to emerge from a university curriculum in film-making... [He] may be heard from more decisively in the future."[25] 1970s[edit]

Coppola in 1976

Coppola epitomized a group of filmmakers known as the "New Hollywood" that emerged in the early 1970s with ideas that challenged conventional film-making. The group included Steven Spielberg, Martin Scorsese, Brian De Palma, Terrence Malick, Robert Altman, Woody Allen, William Friedkin, Philip Kaufman
Philip Kaufman
and George Lucas.[16][26] Patton (1970)[edit] Main article: Patton (film) Coppola co-wrote the script for Patton in 1970 along with Edmund H. North. This earned him his first Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay. However, it was not easy for Coppola to convince Franklin J. Schaffner that the opening scene would work. Coppola later revealed in an interview:[27]

I wrote the script of Patton. And the script was very controversial when I wrote it, because they thought it was so stylized. It was supposed to be like, sort of, you know, The Longest Day. And my script of Patton was—I was sort of interested in the reincarnation. And I had this very bizarre opening where he stands up in front of an American flag and gives this speech. Ultimately, I wasn't fired, but I was fired, meaning that when the script was done, they said, "Okay, thank you very much," and they went and hired another writer and that script was forgotten. And I remember very vividly this long, kind of being raked over the coals for this opening scene.

"When the title role was offered to George C. Scott, he remembered having read Coppola's screenplay earlier. He stated flatly that he would accept the part only if they used Coppola's script. 'Scott is the one who resurrected my version,' says Coppola."[28] The movie opens with Scott's rendering of Patton's famous military "Pep Talk" to members of the Third Army, set against a huge American flag. Coppola and North had to tone down Patton's actual language to avoid an R rating; in the opening monologue, the word "fornicating" replaced "fucking" when criticizing The Saturday Evening Post. Over the years, this opening monologue has become an iconic scene and has spawned parodies in numerous films, political cartoons and television shows. The Godfather
The Godfather
(1972)[edit] Main article: The Godfather The release of The Godfather
The Godfather
in 1972 was a milestone in cinema. The near 3-hour-long epic, which chronicled the saga of the Corleone family, received overwhelmingly positive reviews from critics and fetched Coppola the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, which he shared with Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
and two Golden Globe Awards: for Best Director and Best Screenplay. However, Coppola faced several difficulties while filming The Godfather. He was not Paramount's first choice to direct the movie; Italian director Sergio Leone
Sergio Leone
was initially offered the job, but declined in order to direct his own gangster opus, Once Upon a Time in America.[29] Peter Bogdanovich
Peter Bogdanovich
was then approached but he also declined the offer and made What's Up, Doc? instead; Bogdanovich has often said that he would have cast Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
in the lead had he accepted the film. According to Robert Evans, head of Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
at the time, Coppola also did not initially want to direct the film because he feared it would glorify the Mafia and violence and thus reflect poorly on his Sicilian and Italian heritage; on the other hand, Evans specifically wanted an Italian-American to direct the film because his research had shown that previous films about the Mafia that were directed by non-Italians had fared dismally at the box office and he wanted to, in his own words, "smell the spaghetti". When Coppola hit upon the idea of making it a metaphor for American capitalism, however, he eagerly agreed to take the helm.[30] There was disagreement between Paramount and Coppola on the issue of casting; Coppola stuck to his plan of casting Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
as Vito Corleone, though Paramount wanted either Ernest Borgnine
Ernest Borgnine
or Danny Thomas. At one point, Coppola was told by the then-president of Paramount that " Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
will never appear in this motion picture". After pleading with the executives, Coppola was allowed to cast Brando only if he appeared in the film for much less salary than his previous films, perform a screen-test and put up a bond saying that he would not cause a delay in the production (as he had done on previous film sets).[31] Coppola chose Brando over Ernest Borgnine
Ernest Borgnine
on the basis of Brando's screen test, which also won over the Paramount leadership. Brando later won an Academy Award for his portrayal, which he refused to accept. Coppola would later recollect:[22]

The Godfather
The Godfather
was a very unappreciated movie when we were making it. They were very unhappy with it. They didn't like the cast. They didn't like the way I was shooting it. I was always on the verge of getting fired. So it was an extremely nightmarish experience. I had two little kids, and the third one was born during that. We lived in a little apartment, and I was basically frightened that they didn't like it. They had as much as said that, so when it was all over I wasn't at all confident that it was going to be successful, and that I'd ever get another job.

After it was released, the film received widespread praise. It went on to win multiple awards, including the Academy Award for Best Picture and the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay for Coppola. The film routinely features at the top in various polls for the greatest movies ever. It has been selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry. In addition, it was ranked third, behind Citizen Kane, and Casablanca on the initial AFI's 100 Years…100 Movies list by the American Film Institute. It was moved up to second when the list was published again, in 2008.[32] Director Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
believed that The Godfather
The Godfather
was possibly the greatest movie ever made and had without question the best cast.[33] The Conversation
The Conversation
(1974)[edit] Main article: The Conversation Coppola's next film, The Conversation, further cemented his position as one of the most talented auteurs of Hollywood.[34] The movie was partly influenced by Michelangelo Antonioni's Blowup
Blowup
(1966)[35] and generated much interest when news leaked that the film utilized the very same surveillance and wire-tapping equipment that members of the Nixon administration
Nixon administration
used to spy on political opponents prior to the Watergate scandal. Coppola insisted that this was purely coincidental. The script for The Conversation, was completed in the mid-1960s (before the election of Richard Nixon); the spying equipment used in the film was developed through research and use of technical advisers and not by newspaper stories about the Watergate break-in. However, the audience interpreted the film to be a reaction to both the Watergate scandal
Watergate scandal
and its fallout. The movie was a critical success and Coppola won his first Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
at the 1974 Cannes Film Festival. The Great Gatsby (1974)[edit] Main article: The Great Gatsby (1974 film) During the filming of The Conversation, Coppola wrote the screenplay for The Great Gatsby. However, in the commentary track to the DVD of The Godfather
The Godfather
Coppola states, "I don't think that script was [actually] made."[36] The Godfather
The Godfather
Part II (1974)[edit] Main article: The Godfather
The Godfather
Part II Coppola shot The Godfather
The Godfather
Part II parallel to The Conversation
The Conversation
and it was the last major American motion picture to be filmed in Technicolor. George Lucas
George Lucas
commented on the film after its five-hour-long preview, telling Coppola: "You have two films. Take one away, it doesn't work", referring to the movie's portrayal of two parallel storylines; one of a young Vito Corleone
Vito Corleone
and the other of his son Michael. In the director's commentary on the DVD edition of the film (released in 2002), Coppola states that this film was the first major motion picture to use "Part II" in its title. Paramount was initially opposed to his decision to name the movie The Godfather
The Godfather
Part II. According to Coppola, the studio's objection stemmed from the belief that audiences would be reluctant to see a film with such a title, as the audience would supposedly believe that, having already seen The Godfather, there was little reason to see an addition to the original story. However, the success of The Godfather
The Godfather
Part II began the Hollywood tradition of numbered sequels. The movie was released in 1974 and went on to receive tremendous critical acclaim, with many deeming it superior to its predecessor.[37] It was nominated for 11 Academy Awards
Academy Awards
and received 6 Oscars, including 3 for Coppola: Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Director. The Godfather
The Godfather
Part II is ranked as the #1 greatest movie of all time in TV Guide's "50 Best Movies of All Time"[38] and is ranked at #7 on Entertainment Weekly's list of the "100 Greatest Movies of All Time".[39] The film is also featured on movie critic Leonard Maltin's list of the "100 Must-See Films of the 20th Century",[40] as well as Roger Ebert's "Great Movies" list.[41] It was also featured on Sight & Sound's list of the ten greatest films of all time in 2002, ranking at #4.[42] Coppola was the third director to have two nominations for Best Picture in the same year. Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
was the first in 1939 with Gone with the Wind and The Wizard of Oz; Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
repeated the feat the next year with Foreign Correspondent and Rebecca. Since Coppola, two other directors have done the same: Herbert Ross in 1977 with The Goodbye Girl
The Goodbye Girl
and The Turning Point, and Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
in 2000 with Erin Brockovich and Traffic. Coppola, however, is the only one to have produced the pictures. Apocalypse Now
Apocalypse Now
(1979)[edit] Main article: Apocalypse Now Following the success of The Godfather, The Conversation
The Conversation
and The Godfather Part II, Coppola began filming Apocalypse Now, an adaptation of Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness
Heart of Darkness
set in Cambodia
Cambodia
during the Vietnam War
Vietnam War
(Coppola himself briefly appears as a TV news director). The production of the film was plagued by numerous problems, including typhoons, nervous breakdowns, the firing of Harvey Keitel, Martin Sheen's heart attack, extras from the Philippine military and half of the supplied helicopters leaving in the middle of scenes to go fight rebels and an unprepared Brando with a bloated appearance (which Coppola attempted to hide by shooting him in the shadows). It was delayed so often it was nicknamed Apocalypse When?[43] The 1991 documentary film Hearts of Darkness: A Filmmaker's Apocalypse, directed by Eleanor Coppola (Francis's wife), Fax Bahr and George Hickenlooper, chronicles the difficulties the crew went through making Apocalypse Now
Apocalypse Now
and features behind-the-scenes footage filmed by Eleanor. After filming Apocalypse Now, Coppola famously stated:[44] "We were in the jungle, there were too many of us, we had access to too much money, too much equipment and little by little, we went insane." The film was overwhelmingly lauded by critics when it finally appeared in 1979 and was selected for the 1979 Cannes Film Festival, winning the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
along with The Tin Drum, directed by Volker Schlöndorff. When the film screened at Cannes, he quipped:[43] "My film is not about Vietnam, it is Vietnam." Apocalypse Now's reputation has grown in time and it is now regarded by many as a masterpiece of the New Hollywood era and is frequently cited as one of the greatest movies ever made.[16][45][46][47] Roger Ebert
Roger Ebert
considers it to be the finest film on the Vietnam War
Vietnam War
and included it in his list for the 2002 Sight & Sound critics' poll of the greatest movies ever made.[48][49] In 2001, Coppola re-released Apocalypse Now
Apocalypse Now
as Apocalypse Now
Apocalypse Now
Redux, restoring several sequences lost from the original 1979 cut of the film, thereby expanding its length to 200 minutes. 1980s[edit] One from the Heart
One from the Heart
(1982)[edit] Main article: One from the Heart Apocalypse Now
Apocalypse Now
marked the end of the golden phase of Coppola's career.[16] His musical fantasy One from the Heart, although pioneering the use of video-editing techniques which are standard practice in the film industry today, ended with a disastrous box-office gross of $636,796 against a US$26 million budget,[50] far from enough to recoup the costs incurred in the production of the movie and he was forced to sell his 23-acre Zoetrope
Zoetrope
Studio in 1983.[19] He would spend the rest of the decade working to pay off his debts. ( Zoetrope
Zoetrope
Studios finally filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy
Chapter 11 bankruptcy
in 1990, after which its name was changed to American Zoetrope).[16] Hammett (1982)[edit] Main article: Hammett (film) Following the disastrous One from the Heart, Coppola co-directed Hammett along with Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
in the same year. Although Coppola was not credited for his effort, according to one source, "by the time the final version was released in 1982, only 30 percent of Wenders' footage remained and the rest was completely reshot by Coppola, whose mere 'executive producer' credit is just a technicality."[51] The Outsiders (1983)[edit] Main article: The Outsiders (film) In 1983, he directed The Outsiders, a film adaptation of the novel of the same name by S. E. Hinton. Coppola credited his inspiration for making the film to a suggestion from middle school students who had read the novel. The Outsiders is notable for being the breakout film for a number of young actors who would go on to become major stars. These included major roles for Matt Dillon, Ralph Macchio
Ralph Macchio
and C. Thomas Howell. Also in the cast were Patrick Swayze, Rob Lowe, Emilio Estevez, Diane Lane
Diane Lane
and Tom Cruise. Matt Dillon
Matt Dillon
and several others also starred in Coppola's related film, Rumble Fish, which was also based on a S. E. Hinton novel and filmed at the same time as The Outsiders on-location in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Carmine Coppola wrote and edited the musical score, including the title song "Stay Gold", which was based upon a famous Robert Frost
Robert Frost
poem and performed for the movie by Stevie Wonder. The film was a moderate box-office success, drawing a revenue of $25 million[52] against a budget of $10 million. Rumble Fish
Rumble Fish
(1983)[edit] Main article: Rumble Fish Rumble Fish
Rumble Fish
was based on the novel of the same name by S. E. Hinton, who also co-wrote the screenplay. Shot in black-and-white as an homage to German expressionist films, Rumble Fish
Rumble Fish
centres on the relationship between a revered former gang leader (Mickey Rourke) and his younger brother, Rusty James (Matt Dillon). The film bombed at the box office, earning a meagre $2.5 million against a budget of $10 million and once again aggravated Coppola's financial troubles. The Cotton Club (1984)[edit] Main article: The Cotton Club (film) In 1984 Coppola directed the Robert Evans-produced The Cotton Club. The film was nominated for several awards, including Golden Globes for Best Director and Best Picture (Drama) and the Oscars for Best Film Editing and Best Art-Direction. However, the film failed miserably at the box-office, recouping only $25.9 million of the $47.9 million privately invested by brothers Fred and Ed Doumani.[34] Rip Van Winkle (1984)[edit] Main article: Rip Van Winkle The same year he directed an episode of Faerie Tale Theatre
Faerie Tale Theatre
entitled Rip Van Winkle, where Harry Dean Stanton
Harry Dean Stanton
played the lead role.[53] Captain EO
Captain EO
(1986)[edit] Main article: Captain EO In 1986, Coppola directed Captain EO, a 17-minute space fantasy for Disney theme parks
Disney theme parks
executive produced by George Lucas, starring singer Michael Jackson. Peggy Sue Got Married (1986)[edit] Main article: Peggy Sue Got Married In 1986 Coppola released the comedy Peggy Sue Got Married starring Kathleen Turner, Coppola's nephew Nicolas Cage, and Jim Carrey. Much like The Outsiders and Rumble Fish, Peggy Sue Got Married centered around teenage youth. The film earned Coppola positive feedback and provided Kathleen Turner
Kathleen Turner
her first and only Oscar nomination. It was the first box-office success for Coppola since Apocalypse Now[54] and the film ranked number 17 on Entertainment Weekly's list of "50 Best High School Movies".[55] Gardens of Stone
Gardens of Stone
(1987)[edit] Main article: Gardens of Stone The following year, Coppola re-teamed with James Caan
James Caan
for Gardens of Stone, but the film was overshadowed by the death of Coppola's eldest son Gian-Carlo Coppola during the film's production. The movie was not a critical success and performed poorly at the box office, earning only $5.6 million against a budget of $13 million.[56] Tucker: The Man and His Dream (1988)[edit] Main article: Tucker: The Man and His Dream Coppola directed Tucker: The Man and His Dream the following year. A biopic based on the life of Preston Tucker and his attempt to produce and market the Tucker '48, Coppola had originally conceived the project as a musical with Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
after the release of The Godfather Part II. Ultimately it was Jeff Bridges
Jeff Bridges
who played the role of Preston Tucker. Budgeted at $24 million, the film received positive reviews and earned three nominations at the 62nd Academy Awards, although its $19.65 million box office was a disappointment. Two awards came its way: Martin Landau
Martin Landau
won the Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actor and Dean Tavoularis took BAFTA's honors for Best Production Design. New York Stories
New York Stories
(1989)[edit] Main article: New York Stories In 1989, Coppola teamed up with fellow Oscar-winning directors Martin Scorsese and Woody Allen
Woody Allen
for an anthology film called New York Stories. Coppola directed the Life Without Zoë segment, starring his sister Talia Shire
Talia Shire
and also co-wrote the film with his daughter Sofia Coppola. Life Without Zoë was mostly panned by critics and was generally considered the segment that brought the film's overall quality down.[57][58] Hal Hinson of The Washington Post
The Washington Post
wrote a particularly scathing review, stating that "It's impossible to know what Francis Coppola's Life Without Zoë is. Co-written with his daughter Sofia, the film is a mystifying embarrassment; it's by far the director's worst work yet."[59] 1990s[edit] The Godfather
The Godfather
Part III (1990)[edit] Main article: The Godfather
The Godfather
Part III

Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival

In 1990, he released the third and final chapter of The Godfather series: The Godfather
The Godfather
Part III. While not as critically acclaimed as the first two films,[60][61][62] it was still a box office success, earning $136 million against a budget of $54 million.[63] Some reviewers criticized the casting of Coppola's daughter Sofia, who had stepped into the leading role of Mary Corleone
Mary Corleone
which had been abandoned by Winona Ryder
Winona Ryder
just as filming began.[60] Despite this, The Godfather Part III went on to gather 7 Academy Award nominations, including Best Director and Best Picture. The film failed to win any of these awards, the only film in the trilogy not to do so. Bram Stoker's Dracula
Bram Stoker's Dracula
(1992)[edit] Main article: Bram Stoker's Dracula In 1992, Coppola directed and produced Bram Stoker's Dracula. Adapted from Bram Stoker's novel, it was intended to be more faithful to the book than previous film adaptations.[64] Coppola cast Gary Oldman
Gary Oldman
in the film's title role, with Keanu Reeves, Winona Ryder
Winona Ryder
and Anthony Hopkins in supporting roles. The movie became a box-office hit, grossing $82,522,790 domestically, making it the 15th highest-grossing film of the year.[65] It fared even better overseas grossing $133,339,902 for a total worldwide gross of $215,862,692 against a budget of $40 million,[66] making it the 9th highest-grossing film of the year worldwide.[67] The film won Academy Awards
Academy Awards
for Costume Design, Makeup and Sound Editing. Jack (1996)[edit] Main article: Jack (1996 film) Coppola's next project was Jack, which was released on August 9, 1996. It starred Robin Williams
Robin Williams
as Jack Powell, a ten-year-old boy whose cells are growing at four times the normal rate, so at the age of ten he looks like a 40-year-old man. With Diane Lane, Brian Kerwin and Bill Cosby, Jack also featured Jennifer Lopez, Fran Drescher
Fran Drescher
and Michael McKean
Michael McKean
in supporting roles. Although a moderate box-office success, grossing $58 million domestically on an estimated $45 million budget, it was panned by critics, many of whom disliked the film's abrupt contrast between actual comedy and tragic melodrama. It was also unfavourably compared with the 1988 film Big, in which Tom Hanks also played a child in a grown man's body. Most critics felt that the screenplay was poorly written, not funny and the dramatic material was unconvincing and unbelievable. Other critics felt that Coppola was too talented to be making this type of film. Although ridiculed for making the film, Coppola has defended it, saying he is not ashamed of the final cut of the movie. He had been friends with Robin Williams
Robin Williams
for many years and had always wanted to work with him as an actor. When Williams was offered the screenplay for Jack, he said he would only agree to do it if Coppola agreed to sign on as director. The Rainmaker (1997)[edit] Main article: The Rainmaker (1997 film) The last film Coppola directed in the 90s, The Rainmaker, was based on the 1995 novel of the same name by John Grisham. An ensemble courtroom drama, the film was well received by critics, earning an 88% rating on Rotten Tomatoes.[68] Roger Ebert
Roger Ebert
gave The Rainmaker three stars out of four, remarking: "I have enjoyed several of the movies based on Grisham novels... but I've usually seen the storyteller's craft rather than the novelist's art being reflected. By keeping all of the little people in focus, Coppola shows the variety of a young lawyer's life, where every client is necessary and most of them need a lot more than a lawyer."[69] James Berardinelli also gave the film three stars out of four, saying that "the intelligence and subtlety of The Rainmaker took me by surprise" and that the film "stands above any other filmed Grisham adaptation".[70] Grisham said of the film, "To me it's the best adaptation of any of [my books]... I love the movie. It's so well done."[71] The film grossed about $45 million domestically.[72] This would be more than the estimated production budget of $40 million, but a disappointment compared with previous films adapted from Grisham novels. Pinocchio dispute with Warner Bros.[edit] In the late 1980s, Coppola started considering concepts for a motion picture based upon the 19th century novel The Adventures of Pinocchio and in 1991, Coppola and Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
began discussing the project as well as two others involving the life of J. Edgar Hoover
J. Edgar Hoover
and the children's novel The Secret Garden. These discussions led to negotiations for Coppola to both produce and direct the Pinocchio project for Warners, as well as The Secret Garden (which was made in 1993 and produced by American Zoetrope, but directed by Agnieszka Holland) and Hoover, which never came to fruition. (A film was eventually to be made by Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
in 2011 as J. Edgar, which was distributed by Warners.) But, in mid-1991, Coppola and Warners came to disagreement over the compensation to be paid to Coppola for his directing services on Pinocchio.[73] The parties deferred this issue and finally a settlement was reached in 1998, when the jurors in the resultant court case awarded Coppola $20 million as compensation for losing the Pinocchio film project. However, they also awarded him a further $60 million in punitive damages on top, stemming from his charges that Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
sabotaged his intended version. This is the largest civil financial verdict ever against a Hollywood studio. Contact dispute with Carl Sagan/Warner Bros.[edit] Main article: Contact During the filming of Contact on December 28, 1996, Coppola filed a lawsuit against Carl Sagan
Carl Sagan
and Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Sagan had died a week earlier[74][75] and Coppola claimed that Sagan's novel Contact was based on a story the pair had developed for a television special back in 1975, titled First Contact.[74] Under their development agreement, Coppola and Sagan were to split proceeds from the project with American Zoetrope
Zoetrope
and Children's Television Workshop Productions, as well as any novel Sagan would write. The TV program was never produced, but in 1985, Simon & Schuster published Sagan's Contact and Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
moved forward with development of a film adaptation. Coppola sought at least $250,000 in compensatory damages and an injunction against production or distribution of the film.[74] Even though Sagan was shown to have violated some of the terms of the agreement, the case was dismissed in February 1998 because Coppola had waited too long to file suit.[76] 2000s[edit] Youth Without Youth (2007)[edit]

Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival.

Main article: Youth Without Youth (film) After a 10-year hiatus, Coppola returned to directing with Youth Without Youth in 2007, based on the novella of the same name by Romanian author Mircea Eliade. The film was poorly reviewed, currently holding a 30% 'rotten' rating on Rotten Tomatoes.[77] It was made for about $19 million and was given a limited release, only managing $2,624,759 at the box-office.[78] As a result, Coppola announced his plans to produce his own films in order to avoid the marketing input that goes into most films that results in trying to make films appeal to too wide an audience. Tetro
Tetro
(2009)[edit] Main article: Tetro In 2009, Coppola released Tetro. It was "set in Argentina, with the reunion of two brothers. The story follows the rivalries born out of creative differences passed down through generations of an artistic Italian immigrant family."[79] The film received generally positive reviews from critics. On Metacritic, the film has an average metascore of 63% based on 19 reviews.[80] Rotten Tomatoes
Rotten Tomatoes
reported that 68% of critics gave positive reviews based on 71 reviews with an average score of 5.6/10.[81] Overall, the Rotten Tomatoes
Rotten Tomatoes
consensus was: "A complex meditation on family dynamics, Tetro's arresting visuals and emotional core compensate for its uneven narrative."[81] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times
Chicago Sun-Times
gave the film 3 stars, praising the film for being "boldly operatic, involving family drama, secrets, generations at war, melodrama, romance and violence". Ebert also praised Vincent Gallo's performance and claimed that Alden Ehrenreich
Alden Ehrenreich
is "the new Leonardo DiCaprio".[82] Todd McCarthy of Variety gave the film a B+ judging that "when Coppola finds creative nirvana, he frequently has trouble delivering the full goods."[83] Richard Corliss
Richard Corliss
of TIME gave the film a mixed review, praising Ehrenreich's performance, but claiming Coppola "has made a movie in which plenty happens, but nothing rings true."[84] It has made $2,636,774 worldwide,[85] against a budget of $5,000,000. 2010s[edit] Twixt (2011)[edit] Main article: Twixt (film) Twixt, starring Val Kilmer, Elle Fanning, Joanne Whalley and Bruce Dern and narrated by Tom Waits, was released to film festivals in late 2011[86] and was released theatrically in early 2012. It received critical acclaim in France,[87] but mostly negative reviews elsewhere.[88] Distant Vision (2015)[edit] Main article: Distant Vision Distant Vision is a live semi-autobiographical novella-length film wrought in real-time on the 6,000-square-foot soundstage at Oklahoma City Community College. The live cinema project had a limited screening on June 5, 2015.[89] Commercial ventures[edit] American Zoetrope[edit] In 1971, Coppola and George Lucas
George Lucas
co-produced the latter's first film, THX 1138. Shortly after completion of production they brought the finished film to Warner Bros., along with several other scripts for potential projects at their newly founded company, American Zoetrope. However, studio executives strongly disliked all the scripts, including THX and demanded that Coppola repay the $300,000 they had loaned him for the Zoetrope
Zoetrope
studio, as well as insisting on cutting five minutes from the film. The debt nearly closed Zoetrope
Zoetrope
and forced Coppola to reluctantly focus on The Godfather.[3] Zoetrope
Zoetrope
Virtual Studio[edit] His company American Zoetrope
Zoetrope
also administers the Zoetrope
Zoetrope
Virtual Studio, a complete motion picture production studio for members only. Launched in June 2000, the culmination of more than four years work, it brings together departments for screenwriters, directors, producers and other filmmaker artists, plus new departments for other creative endeavours. Filmmaker members can workshop a wide range of film arts, including music, graphics, design and film and video. Inglenook Winery[edit] Coppola, with his family, expanded his business ventures to include winemaking in California's Napa Valley, when in 1975 he purchased the former home and adjoining vineyard of Gustave Niebaum in Rutherford, California using proceeds from the first movie in the Godfather trilogy.[90] His winery produced its first vintage in 1977 with the help of his father, wife and children stomping the grapes barefoot and every year the family has a harvest party to continue the tradition.[91] After purchasing the property, he produced wine under the Niebaum-Coppola label. When he purchased the former Inglenook Winery chateau in 1995,[92] he renamed the winery Rubicon Estate Winery
Rubicon Estate Winery
in 2006. On 11 April 2011, Coppola acquired the iconic Inglenook trademark[93] paying more, he said, for the trademark than he did for the entire estate[94] and announced that the estate would once again be known by its historic original name, Inglenook. Its grapes are now entirely organically grown. Uptown Theater[edit] George Altamura, a real estate developer announced in 2003 that he had partnered with several people, including Francis Ford Coppola, in a project to restore the Uptown Theater in downtown Napa, California in order to create a live entertainment venue.[95] Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
Presents[edit] Coppola is also the owner of Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
Presents, a lifestyle brand under which he markets goods from companies he owns or controls. It includes films and videos, resorts, cafes, a literary magazine, a line of pastas and pasta sauces called Mammarella Foods and a winery. Winery[edit] The Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
Winery near Geyserville, California,[96] located on the former Chateau Souverain Winery,[97] where he has opened a family-friendly facility, is influenced by the idea of the Tivoli Gardens
Tivoli Gardens
in Copenhagen,[98] with swimming pools, bocce courts and a restaurant. The winery displays several of Coppola's Oscars along with memorabilia from his movies, including Vito Corleone's desk from The Godfather
The Godfather
and a restored 1948 Tucker Sedan as used in Tucker: The Man and His Dream. Resorts[edit]

Palazzo Margherita in Bernalda, owned by Coppola

Included in the Francis Ford Coppola Presents lifestyle brand are several hotels and resorts around the world. The Blancaneaux Lodge in Belize, which from the early 1980s was a family retreat until it was opened to the public in 1993 as a 20-room luxury resort[99] and The Turtle Inn, in Placencia, Belize,[100] (both of which have won several prestigious awards including "Travel + Leisure's World's Best: Best Resort in Central & South America"); La Lancha in Lago Petén Itzá, Guatemala;[101] Jardin Escondido in Buenos Aires, Argentina[102] and Palazzo Margherita in Bernalda, Italy.[103] Cafe and restaurant[edit] In San Francisco, Coppola owns a restaurant named Cafe Zoetrope, located in the Sentinel Building where American Zoetrope
Zoetrope
is based.[104] It serves traditional Italian cuisine and wine from his personal estate vineyard. For 14 years from 1994, Coppola co-owned the Rubicon restaurant in San Francisco
San Francisco
along with Robin Williams
Robin Williams
and Robert De Niro. Rubicon closed in August 2008.[105] Literary publications[edit] He brought out the San Francisco-based City Magazine in the 1970s, but lost $1.5 million on this venture.[106] In 1997, Coppola founded Zoetrope: All-Story, a literary magazine devoted to short stories and design. The magazine publishes fiction by emerging writers alongside more recognizable names, such as Woody Allen, Margaret Atwood, Haruki Murakami, Alice Munro, Don DeLillo, Mary Gaitskill, and Edward Albee; as well as essays, including ones from Mario Vargas Llosa, David Mamet, Steven Spielberg, and Salman Rushdie. Each issue is designed, in its entirety, by a prominent artist, one usually working outside his / her expected field. Previous guest designers include Gus Van Sant, Tom Waits, Laurie Anderson, Marjane Satrapi, Guillermo del Toro, David Bowie, David Byrne, and Dennis Hopper. Coppola serves as founding editor and publisher of All-Story. Other ventures[edit] Coppola stated that The Godfather
The Godfather
Part IV was never made as Mario Puzo died before they had a chance to write the film.[107] Andy García
Andy García
has since claimed the film's script was nearly produced.[107] Coppola was the jury president at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
and he also took part as a special guest at the 46th International Thessaloniki Film Festival
Thessaloniki Film Festival
in Greece. Over the years, Coppola has given contributions to several candidates of the Democratic Party, including Mike Thompson and Nancy Pelosi
Nancy Pelosi
for the U.S. House of Representatives
U.S. House of Representatives
and Barbara Boxer
Barbara Boxer
and Alan Cranston for the U.S. Senate.[108] He had planned to direct an epic movie named Megalopolis, a story about the aftermath and reconstruction of New York City
New York City
after a mega-disaster, but after the city was hit by the real life disaster of September 11, 2001, the project was seen as being too sensitive.[109] In 2007 Coppola stated that "I have abandoned that as of now. I plan to begin a process of making one personal movie after another and if something leads me back to look at that, which I'm sure it might, I'll see what makes sense to me."[110] Honors[edit]

In the 2002 poll of the Sight & Sound publication, Coppola ranked #4 in the Directors' top ten directors of all time[111] and #10 in the Critics' top ten directors of all time.[112] He featured at #17 in MovieMaker Magazine's 25 most influential directors of all-time.[113] He also ranked #9 in toptenreviews' list of top directors of all time[114] and at #21 in Entertainment Weekly's top 50 directors of all time.[115] Four of Coppola's films, The Godfather; The Godfather
The Godfather
Part II; Apocalypse Now
Apocalypse Now
and Patton featured in the Writers Guild of America, West list of 101 greatest screenplays ever.[116] Three of his films feature in AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies: The Godfather (at #2), Apocalypse Now
Apocalypse Now
(at #28) and The Godfather
The Godfather
Part II (at #32). The Godfather
The Godfather
also ranks at #11 in AFI's 100 Years…100 Thrills. The following Coppola films were also nominated for the list: American Graffiti
American Graffiti
(1973) – Producer; The Conversation
The Conversation
(1974) – Director/Producer/Screenwriter; Patton (1970) – Screenwriter. In 1991, he was honored with the Berlinale Camera at the Berlin International Film Festival.[117] In 1992, he was awarded a Golden Lion – Honorary Award at the Venice Film Festival.[117] In 1998, the Directors Guild of America
Directors Guild of America
honored him with a Lifetime Achievement Award.[117] He was honored with a special 50th anniversary award for his impressive career at the 2002 San Sebastián International Film Festival.[117] The same year he received a gala tribute from Film Society of Lincoln Center.[117] In 2003, he was awarded a Lifetime Achievement Award at the Denver Film Festival.[117] He was given an honorary award at the 2007 Antalya Golden Orange Film Festival.[118] In 2010, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
decided to honor him with the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award
Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award
at the 2nd Governor's Awards in November.[119] The honor was bestowed on him on November 13, along with honorary Oscars to Jean-Luc Godard, Kevin Brownlow and Eli Wallach.[120] In 2013, he was awarded a Praemium Imperiale
Praemium Imperiale
in the theatre/film category.[121][122][123] Coppola serves as the "Honorary Consul H. E. Francis Ford Coppola" in San Francisco
San Francisco
for Belize.[124] On October
October
1, 2014, Coppola was inducted into the California Hall of Fame by Governor Edmund G. "Jerry" Brown, Jr.[125] Coppola is among only six people in Academy Award history to receive Oscars as a producer, director and screenwriter.[126] On May 6, 2015, he was awarded the Princess of Asturias Award for the Arts.[127] He is an honorary member of Phi Beta Kappa[128] through Hofstra University.

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Also credited as Notes

Director Writer Producer

1962 Tonight for Sure Yes Yes Yes

Bellboy and the Playgirls, TheThe Bellboy and the Playgirls Yes Yes

1963 Dementia 13 Yes Yes

Terror, TheThe Terror

Uncredited co-director and associate producer

1966 You're a Big Boy Now Yes Yes

Nominated – Palme d'Or Nominated – Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Nominated – Writers Guild of America Award for Best American Screenplay – Comedy

Is Paris Burning?

Yes

Co-written with Gore Vidal

1968 Finian's Rainbow Yes

Nominated – Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy

1969 Rain People, TheThe Rain People Yes Yes

Golden Shell
Golden Shell
at San Sebastián International Film Festival

1970 Patton

Yes

Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay

1972 Godfather, TheThe Godfather Yes Yes

Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay Academy Award for Best Picture David di Donatello for Best Foreign Film Directors Guild of America
Directors Guild of America
Award for Outstanding Achievement in Feature Film Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Motion Picture – Drama Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Director Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Screenplay Golden Screen Award, Germany Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director Writers Guild of America Award for Best Drama Adapted from Another Medium Nominated – Academy Award for Best Director Nominated – Best Audio Commentary at DVD Exclusive Awards

1973 American Graffiti

Yes Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Film Nominated – Academy Award for Best Picture

1974 The Great Gatsby

Yes

Conversation, TheThe Conversation Yes Yes Yes Palme d'Or Prize of the Ecumenical Jury
Prize of the Ecumenical Jury
Special
Special
Mention Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director National Board of Review Award for Best Director Nominated – Academy Award for Best Picture Nominated – Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Direction Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Screenplay Nominated – Video Premiere Award at DVD Exclusive Awards Nominated – Directors Guild of America
Directors Guild of America
Award for Outstanding Achievement in Feature Film Nominated – Best Motion Picture Screenplay Nominated – Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Motion Picture Nominated – Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Director Nominated – Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Screenplay Nominated – Writers Guild of America Award for Best Drama Written Directly for the Screen

Godfather Part II, The The Godfather
The Godfather
Part II Yes Yes Yes Academy Award for Best Picture Academy Award for Best Director Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay Directors Guild of America
Directors Guild of America
Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Feature Film Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Director Writers Guild of America Award for Best Drama Adapted from Another Medium Nominated – Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Motion Picture – Drama Nominated – Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Director Nominated – Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Screenplay

1979 Apocalypse Now Yes Yes Yes Palme d'Or FIPRESCI Prize Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Director BAFTA Award for Best Direction David di Donatello for Best Foreign Film Golden Screen Award, Germany London Film Critics Circle Award for Best Film Nominated – Academy Award for Best Picture Nominated – Academy Award for Best Director Nominated – Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Film Nominated – Best Foreign Language Film at Cinema Brazil Grand Prize (2002) Nominated – César Award for Best Foreign Film Nominated – Directors Guild of America
Directors Guild of America
Award for Outstanding Achievement in Feature Film Nominated – Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Motion Picture Nominated – Grammy Award for Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or Television Special Nominated – Writers Guild of America Award for Best Drama Written Directly for the Screen

Black Stallion, TheThe Black Stallion

Yes

1980 Kagemusha

Yes Executive Producer for the international version.

1982 One from the Heart Yes Yes

1983 Outsiders, TheThe Outsiders Yes

Nominated – Golden Prize at the 13th Moscow International Film Festival[129] Nominated – Best Family Feature Motion Picture at the Young Artist Awards

Rumble Fish Yes Yes

FIPRESCI Prize at San Sebastián International Film Festival OCIC Award at the San Sebastián International Film Festival

1984 Cotton Club, TheThe Cotton Club Yes Yes

Nominated – Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Director Nominated – Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Motion Picture Nominated – Japan Academy Prize for Outstanding Foreign Language Film

1986 Captain EO Yes

Disney theme park attraction

Peggy Sue Got Married Yes

Nominated – Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Nominated – Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film

1987 Gardens of Stone Yes

Yes Nominated – Golden Prize at the Moscow International Film Festival[130] Nominated – Political Film Society Award for Peace

1988 Tucker: The Man and His Dream Yes

1989 New York Stories Yes Yes

Co-director, co-writer

1990 Godfather Part III, The The Godfather
The Godfather
Part III Yes Yes Yes Best Foreign Film (Mejor Película Extranjera) at Fotogramas de Plata Nominated – Academy Award for Best Picture Nominated – Academy Award for Best Director Nominated – Directors Guild of America
Directors Guild of America
Award for Outstanding Achievement in Feature Film Nominated – Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Motion Picture Nominated – Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Director Nominated – Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Screenplay

1992 Bram Stoker's Dracula Yes

Yes Saturn Award for Best Direction Saturn Award for Best Horror Film Best Foreign Film (Mejor Película Extranjera) at Fotogramas de Plata Nominated – Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation

1993 Junky's Christmas, TheThe Junky's Christmas

Yes

1994 Mary Shelley's Frankenstein

Yes Nominated – Saturn Award for Best Horror Film

1995 Don Juan DeMarco

Yes

1996 Jack Yes

Yes Nominated – Best Family Feature – Musical or Comedy at Young Artist Awards

1997 Rainmaker, TheThe Rainmaker Yes Yes

Nominated – USC Scripter Award Nominated – Political Film Society Award for Democracy

1998 Lanai-Loa

Yes

1999 Florentine, TheThe Florentine

Yes

Virgin Suicides, TheThe Virgin Suicides

Yes

2001 Jeepers Creepers

Yes

2003 Jeepers Creepers 2

Yes

2007 Youth Without Youth Yes Yes Yes

2009 Tetro Yes Yes Yes

2011 Twixt Yes Yes Yes

2015 Distant Vision Yes Yes Yes

See also[edit]

Film in the United States portal

Coppola family tree List of wine personalities List of celebrities who own wineries and vineyards

References[edit]

^ Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
at Encyclopædia Britannica ^ Barry, Langford (2005). Film Genre: Hollywood and Beyond. Edinburgh University Press. p. 134.  ^ a b Featured Filmmaker: Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
– IGN. Retrieved October
October
18, 2010. ^ "Francis Ford Coppola". Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ "Directors Hall of Fame, Class of 2010". Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ Saxon, Wolfgang (April 27, 1991). "Carmine Coppola, 80, Conductor And Composer for His Son's Films". The New York Times.  ^ Cowie, Peter (1988). Coppola: a biography. Da Capo Press. 2. ISBN 978-0-306-80598-1.  ^ Michael Cabanatuan (2004-01-23). " Italia Coppola – mother of filmmaker". SFGate. Retrieved 2014-05-14.  ^ "The Dream And Its Men Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
And George Lucas Immortalize A Legendary Car And Its Inventor On Film". Sun Sentinel. 1988-08-14. Retrieved 2013-05-25.  ^ "Francis Ford Coppola". Partners.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2013-05-25.  ^ "Francis Ford Coppola". Bipolar.about.com. 1939-04-07. Retrieved 2013-05-25.  ^ a b "An Interview with Francis Ford Coppola". Archived from the original on June 6, 1997. Retrieved October
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18, 2010.  ^ a b c d e "Francis Ford Coppola". Retrieved October
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18, 2010.  ^ a b " Francis Ford Coppola
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biography". Archived from the original on 10 July 2010. Retrieved 30 November 2010.  ^ a b c "Francis Ford Coppola". Inside the Actors Studio. Season 7. Episode 14. Bravo. Archived from the original on 24 May 2015.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j " Francis Ford Coppola
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biography". Yahoo! Movies. Archived from the original on 23 August 2010. Retrieved October
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18, 2010.  ^ a b "An Interview with Francis Ford Coppola". Archived from the original on October
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25, 2010. Retrieved October
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18, 2010.  ^ Kristine McKenna (2008-09-17). "Joe Frank: Off the Radio – Page 1 – Stage – Los Angeles". LA Weekly. Retrieved 2013-05-25.  ^ a b c d e " Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
Biography". Archived from the original on December 13, 2010. Retrieved October
October
18, 2010.  ^ "Points of Pride - Hofstra University, New York". www.hofstra.edu.  ^ "SparkNotes: Apocalypse Now: Score and Soundtrack". www.sparknotes.com. Archived from the original on 2012-08-26. Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ a b c "An Interview with Francis Ford Coppola". Archived from the original on December 13, 2010. Retrieved October
October
18, 2010.  ^ "Profile: Francis Ford Coppola", UCLA
UCLA
School of Theater, Film, and Television, Executive Board ^ "A Brief History of American Zoetrope". Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ Sarris, Andrew (1968). The American Cinema (Paperback ed.). New York, NY: EP Dutton and Co., Inc. p. 210. ^ "The kid stays in the Picture". Archived from the original on 2011-05-10. Retrieved 2010-10-21.  ^ "An Interview with Francis Ford Coppola". achievement.org. Archived from the original on December 13, 2010. Retrieved October
October
18, 2010.  ^ Phillips, Gene (2004). "1 Point of Departure". Godfather The Intimate Francis Ford Coppola. Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky. p. 32. ISBN 0-8131-2304-6.  ^ Christopher Frayling (1981). Spaghetti Westerns: Cowboys and Europeans from Karl May to Sergio Leone. Routledge. p. 215. ISBN 978-0-7100-0503-8.  ^ The Kid Stays in the Picture
The Kid Stays in the Picture
(2002), documentary film about Evans' life ^ The Godfather
The Godfather
DVD Collection documentary A Look Inside, [2001] ^ " Citizen Kane
Citizen Kane
Stands the test of Time" (PDF). American Film Institute.  ^ Michael Herr for Vanity Fair "He watched The Godfather
The Godfather
again the night before and was reluctantly suggesting for the tenth time that it was possibly the greatest movie ever made and certainly the best-cast." ^ a b Greatest Box-Office Bombs, Disasters and Flops of All-Time. Retrieved October
October
18, 2010. ^ Murch in Ondaatje, 2002, p. 152 ^ Commentary track, The Godfather, The Godfather
The Godfather
Collection 2008 Blu-ray, ASIN: B000NTPDSW, ^ Stax (July 28, 2003). "Featured Filmmaker: Francis Ford Coppola". Retrieved 30 November 2010.  ^ "50 Greatest Movies (on TV and VIDEO) by TV Guide Magazine". Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ "100 Greates Movies of All Time by Entertainment Weekly". Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ "100 Must-See Films of the 20th Century Part 2 by Leonard Maltin". Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ "Great Movies". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ "10 Best Films of All Time Polls by Sight & Sound Magazine". Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ a b Ryan, Tim ( October
October
15, 2010). "Francis Ford Coppola: The RT Interview. The great director reflects upon his masterpiece Apocalypse Now". rottentomatoes.com. Retrieved November 30, 2010.  ^ Maslin, Janet (1991-11-27). "Hearts of Darkness: A Filmmaker's Apocalypse (1991)". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ " Apocalypse Now
Apocalypse Now
(Redux) (1979) (2001)". Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ " Apocalypse Now
Apocalypse Now
(1979)". Archived from the original on 2010-11-29. Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ "DVD Pick: Apocalypse Now
Apocalypse Now
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2007. Retrieved 2008-03-31.  ^ "The Outsiders". Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ " Faerie Tale Theatre
Faerie Tale Theatre
– Rip Van Winkle (1984)". Archived from the original on 4 December 2009. Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ "Peggy Sue Got Married". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on 2011-08-28.  ^ "Entertainment Weekly's 50 Best High School Movies". Archived from the original on September 5, 2008.  ^ "Gardens of Stone". Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ "New York Stories: DVD Information". Archived from the original on 2010-11-23. Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ " New York Stories
New York Stories
by Roger Ebert". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ " New York Stories
New York Stories
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October
18, 2010. ^ " The Godfather
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The Godfather
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The Godfather
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Bram Stoker's Dracula
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– Box Office Data, News, Cast Information from The Numbers ^ " Dracula
Dracula
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John Grisham
issues judgment on all his novels". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 13, 2004.  ^ "The Rainmaker (1997)". Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ "In the Court of Appeal of the State of California Second Appelate District". Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ a b c Staff (1996-12-30). " Zoetrope
Zoetrope
sues over 'Contact'". Variety. Retrieved 2009-01-26. [dead link] ^ Janet Shprintz (2000-02-13). "Coppola loses 'Contact'". Variety. Retrieved 2009-01-28.  ^ Paul Karon (1998-02-17). "Coppola's 'Contact' claim is dismissed". Variety. Retrieved 2009-01-28.  ^ "Youth Without Youth (2007)". Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ "Youth Without Youth". Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ "Tetro". ComingSoon.net. Coming Soon Media, L.P. Retrieved August 6, 2008.  ^ " Tetro
Tetro
(2009): Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved June 23, 2009.  ^ a b " Tetro
Tetro
Movie Reviews, Pictures". Rotten Tomatoes. IGN Entertainment. Retrieved June 23, 2009.  ^ " Tetro
Tetro
Movie Review – Roger Ebert". Chicago Sun-Times. June 17, 2009. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved June 23, 2009.  ^ McCarthy, Todd (May 14, 2009). " Tetro
Tetro
Review – Variety". Variety. Retrieved June 23, 2009.  ^ Corliss, Richard (June 11, 2009). "Coppola's Tetro: An Offer You Can Refuse". TIME Magazine. Retrieved June 23, 2009.  ^ " Tetro
Tetro
(2009)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 9, 2010.  ^ Steven Davies. "International One-Sheet For Francis Ford Coppola's New Mystery Thriller 'Twixt'; Horror Movie Entertainment News and Reviews". Horror-asylum.com. Retrieved 2012-11-01.  ^ "Francis Ford Coppola's 'Twixt' opens in France to critical acclaim • Hypable". Hypable.com. 2012-04-13. Archived from the original on 2013-05-24. Retrieved 2012-11-01.  ^ "Twixt (2012)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 11 April 2015.  ^ "Hollywood legend brings vision to OCCC". Retrieved 2016-10-11.  ^ Hamlin, Suzanne (July 10, 1996). "A Director's Vision for Celebrating Food, Wine and Film". New York Times. Rutherford, CA. Retrieved October
October
15, 2010.  ^ " Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
Winemaker and Sommelier Interviews". Novus Vinum. 2008-09-17. Retrieved 30 November 2010.  ^ "Q&A: Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
Explains His Passion For Wine". Forbes. 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2014-05-14.  ^ James Laube (April 11, 2011). "Coppola Reunites Inglenook Name with Its Vineyards". Wine Spectator. Retrieved 2011-12-05.  ^ Lechmere, Adam (2011-06-02). " Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
to return Inglenook to 'lower alcohol'". decanter.... Retrieved 2013-05-25.  ^ Osborne, Heather (July 17, 2003). "Altamura tells students he's headed for silver screen". Napa Valley Register. Napa, CA: Lee Enterprises, Inc. Retrieved September 2, 2014.  ^ "Discover Our Wines Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
Winery". Franciscoppolawinery.com. Archived from the original on 18 May 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-25.  ^ Davis, Kip ( October
October
15, 2010). "Coppola's wine chateau also is family-friendly". Napa Valley Register. Napa, CA: Lee Enterprises, Inc. Retrieved October
October
15, 2010.  ^ "Vision". Franciscoppolawinery.com. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-25.  ^ "Blancaneaux Lodge, Belize
Belize
Luxury Hotels – Blancaneaux Lodge at Coppola Resorts". Coppolaresorts.com. Retrieved 2013-05-25.  ^ "Turtle Inn, Luxury Resorts in Belize
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– Turtle Inn at Coppola Resorts". Coppolaresorts.com. Retrieved 2013-05-25.  ^ "La Lancha, Boutique Hotels Guatemala
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– La Lancha at Coppola Resorts". Coppolaresorts.com. Retrieved 2013-05-25.  ^ "Jardin Escondido". Coppolaresorts.com. Retrieved 2013-05-25.  ^ "Palazzo Margherita – Francis Ford Coppola
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Luxury Hotel in Bernalda
Bernalda
Italy". Coppolaresorts.com. Retrieved 2013-05-25.  ^ "Cafe Zoetrope". Cafecoppola.com. Retrieved 2013-05-25.  ^ "Rubicon Shuttered News News & Features". Wine Spectator. Retrieved 2013-05-25.  ^ "Francis Ford Coppola(1939-):Biography from Baseline's Encyclopedia of Film". Retrieved 2010-10-27.  ^ a b GQ Archived March 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Francis Ford Coppola
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Archived 2008-05-17 at the Wayback Machine.. Newsmeat. ^ "10 Best Films Never Made". Bangstyle.com. 2012-04-17. Archived from the original on 2013-05-31. Retrieved 2013-05-25.  ^ " Francis Ford Coppola
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Says He Has Abandoned 'Megalopolis' Project". Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ "The Directors' Top Ten Directors". Archived from the original on 2012-05-27. Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ "The Critics' Top Ten Directors". Archived from the original on 19 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ "25 Most Influential Directors of All-Time (ranked) – MovieMaker Magazine". Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ "Top Director All Time List". Archived from the original on 2007-03-22. Retrieved 2010-10-18.  ^ "Entertainment Weekly's 50 Greatest Directors". Retrieved 2010-10-27.  ^ "101 Greatest Screenplays". Archived from the original on 2010-11-30.  ^ a b c d e f "Francis Ford Coppola". Retrieved October
October
18, 2010.  ^ "44th Antalya Golden Orange Film Festival Kicks off". Archived from the original on 2008-08-03. Retrieved 2010-10-19.  ^ "Oscar 2011: Francis Ford Coppola
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Gets Thalberg Award, Kevin Brownlow Gets Honorary Oscar". Retrieved 2010-10-19.  ^ "Honorary Oscars for film legends Coppola, Godard". Archived from the original on 21 February 2014. Retrieved 2010-12-11.  ^ "Francis Ford Coppola, 2013 Theatre/ Film, Praemium Imperiale". Archived from the original on 2015-06-10. Retrieved 2013-10-25.  ^ "2013 Praemium Imperiale
Praemium Imperiale
Press Conference". Retrieved 2013-10-25.  ^ "Francis Ford Coppola, 2013 Laureate of Theatre/Film". Retrieved 2013-10-25.  ^ Honorary Consulates of Belize
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from Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Belize) ^ "Meet the Newest California Hall Of Fame Inductees".  ^ EUdesign, Peter Hobbs of. "OSCARS LISTS: RECORDS AND CURIOSITIES". www.eudesign.com.  ^ Tecnologías, Developed with webControl CMS by Intermark. "Francis Ford Coppola, Princess of Asturias Award for the Arts - Communication - The Princess of Asturias Foundation".  ^ "PBK Famous Members". depts.washington.edu.  ^ " 13th Moscow International Film Festival (1983)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-11-07. Retrieved 2013-01-31.  ^ " 15th Moscow International Film Festival (1987)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2013-02-21. 

Further reading[edit]

Jeffrey Chown (May 1988). Hollywood auteur: Francis Coppola. Praeger Publishers. ISBN 978-0-275-92910-7. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Francis Ford Coppola.

Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
at Encyclopædia Britannica Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
on IMDb Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
at AllMovie Francis Ford Coppola: Texas Monthly Talks, YouTube video posted on November 24, 2008 2007 Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
Video Interview with InterviewingHollywood.com Bibliography at the University of California Berkeley Library "Perfecting the Rubicon: An interview with Francis Ford Coppola" "Back to Bernalda" by Coppola, T ( International Herald Tribune
International Herald Tribune
Style Magazine), December 8, 2012 Works by Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
at Open Library
Open Library

v t e

Francis Ford Coppola

Films directed

The Bellboy and the Playgirls (1962) Tonight for Sure
Tonight for Sure
(1962) Battle Beyond the Sun
Battle Beyond the Sun
(1962) Dementia 13
Dementia 13
(1963) You're a Big Boy Now
You're a Big Boy Now
(1966) Finian's Rainbow (1968) The Rain People (1969) The Godfather
The Godfather
(1972) The Conversation
The Conversation
(1974) The Godfather
The Godfather
Part II (1974) Apocalypse Now
Apocalypse Now
(1979; Redux, 2001) One from the Heart
One from the Heart
(1982) The Outsiders (1983) Rumble Fish
Rumble Fish
(1983) The Cotton Club (1984) Captain EO
Captain EO
(1986) Peggy Sue Got Married (1986) Gardens of Stone
Gardens of Stone
(1987) Tucker: The Man and His Dream (1988) New York Stories
New York Stories
(segment "Life Without Zoë", 1989) The Godfather
The Godfather
Part III (1990) Bram Stoker's Dracula
Bram Stoker's Dracula
(1992) Jack (1996) The Rainmaker (1997) Youth Without Youth (2007) Tetro
Tetro
(2009) Twixt (2011)

Written only

Is Paris Burning? (1966) This Property Is Condemned
This Property Is Condemned
(1966) Patton (1970) The Great Gatsby (1974)

Produced only

American Graffiti
American Graffiti
(1973) The Junky's Christmas (1993) Mary Shelley's Frankenstein (1994) Don Juan DeMarco
Don Juan DeMarco
(1995) Lani Loa – The Passage
Lani Loa – The Passage
(1998) The Florentine (1999) The Virgin Suicides (1999)

Enterprises

American Zoetrope Zoetrope: All-Story Rubicon Estate Winery Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
Presents

Awards for Francis Ford Coppola

v t e

Academy Award for Best Director

1927–1950

Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1927) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1928) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1929) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1930) Norman Taurog
Norman Taurog
(1931) Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1932) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1933) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1934) John Ford
John Ford
(1935) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1936) Leo McCarey (1937) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1938) Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
(1939) John Ford
John Ford
(1940) John Ford
John Ford
(1941) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1942) Michael Curtiz
Michael Curtiz
(1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Carol Reed
Carol Reed
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay

1940–1960

Preston Sturges
Preston Sturges
(1940) Herman J. Mankiewicz
Herman J. Mankiewicz
and Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1941) Michael Kanin
Michael Kanin
and Ring Lardner Jr.
Ring Lardner Jr.
(1942) Norman Krasna (1943) Lamar Trotti (1944) Richard Schweizer (1945) Muriel Box and Sydney Box (1946) Sidney Sheldon (1947) No award (1948) Robert Pirosh (1949) Charles Brackett, D. M. Marshman Jr. and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1950) Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1951) T. E. B. Clarke (1952) Charles Brackett, Richard L. Breen and Walter Reisch (1953) Budd Schulberg
Budd Schulberg
(1954) Sonya Levien and William Ludwig (1955) Albert Lamorisse
Albert Lamorisse
(1956) George Wells (1957) Nathan E. Douglas and Harold Jacob Smith (1958) Clarence Greene, Maurice Richlin, Russell Rouse and Stanley Shapiro (1959) I. A. L. Diamond and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960)

1961–1980

William Inge
William Inge
(1961) Ennio de Concini, Pietro Germi, and Alfredo Giannetti (1962) James Webb (1963) Peter Stone and Frank Tarloff (1964) Frederic Raphael (1965) Claude Lelouch
Claude Lelouch
and Pierre Uytterhoeven (1966) William Rose (1967) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(1968) William Goldman
William Goldman
(1969) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Edmund H. North (1970) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1971) Jeremy Larner (1972) David S. Ward
David S. Ward
(1973) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
(1974) Frank Pierson
Frank Pierson
(1975) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
and Marshall Brickman (1977) Robert C. Jones, Waldo Salt, and Nancy Dowd (1978) Steve Tesich
Steve Tesich
(1979) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
(1980)

1981–2000

Colin Welland (1981) John Briley (1982) Horton Foote (1983) Robert Benton (1984) William Kelley, Pamela Wallace and Earl W. Wallace (1985) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) John Patrick Shanley
John Patrick Shanley
(1987) Ronald Bass and Barry Morrow (1988) Tom Schulman (1989) Bruce Joel Rubin (1990) Callie Khouri
Callie Khouri
(1991) Neil Jordan
Neil Jordan
(1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
and Roger Avary
Roger Avary
(1994) Christopher McQuarrie
Christopher McQuarrie
(1995) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (1996) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
and Matt Damon
Matt Damon
(1997) Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
(1998) Alan Ball (1999) Cameron Crowe
Cameron Crowe
(2000)

2001–present

Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
(2001) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2002) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
(2003) Pierre Bismuth, Michel Gondry
Michel Gondry
and Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(2004) Paul Haggis
Paul Haggis
and Bobby Moresco (2005) Michael Arndt
Michael Arndt
(2006) Diablo Cody
Diablo Cody
(2007) Dustin Lance Black
Dustin Lance Black
(2008) Mark Boal
Mark Boal
(2009) David Seidler (2010) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu, Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris Jr., and Armando Bo (2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2016) Jordan Peele
Jordan Peele
(2017)

v t e

Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay

1928–1950

Benjamin Glazer (1928) Hanns Kräly (1929) Frances Marion
Frances Marion
(1930) Howard Estabrook
Howard Estabrook
(1931) Edwin J. Burke (1932) Victor Heerman
Victor Heerman
and Sarah Y. Mason
Sarah Y. Mason
(1933) Robert Riskin
Robert Riskin
(1934) Dudley Nichols (1935) Pierre Collings
Pierre Collings
and Sheridan Gibney (1936) Heinz Herald, Geza Herczeg, and Norman Reilly Raine
Norman Reilly Raine
(1937) Ian Dalrymple, Cecil Arthur Lewis, W. P. Lipscomb, and George Bernard Shaw (1938) Sidney Howard
Sidney Howard
(1939) Donald Ogden Stewart
Donald Ogden Stewart
(1940) Sidney Buchman and Seton I. Miller (1941) George Froeschel, James Hilton, Claudine West, and Arthur Wimperis (1942) Philip G. Epstein, Julius J. Epstein, and Howard E. Koch (1943) Frank Butler, and Frank Cavett (1944) Charles Brackett and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) Robert Sherwood (1946) George Seaton
George Seaton
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

Harry Brown and Michael Wilson (1951) Charles Schnee (1952) Daniel Taradash (1953) George Seaton
George Seaton
(1954) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1955) John Farrow, S. J. Perelman, and James Poe (1956) Carl Foreman
Carl Foreman
and Michael Wilson (1957) Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1958) Neil Paterson (1959) Richard Brooks
Richard Brooks
(1960) Abby Mann (1961) Horton Foote (1962) John Osborne
John Osborne
(1963) Edward Anhalt (1964) Robert Bolt (1965) Robert Bolt (1966) Stirling Silliphant (1967) James Goldman (1968) Waldo Salt (1969) Ring Lardner Jr.
Ring Lardner Jr.
(1970) Ernest Tidyman (1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1972) William Peter Blatty
William Peter Blatty
(1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1974) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
and Lawrence Hauben (1975)

1976–2000

William Goldman
William Goldman
(1976) Alvin Sargent (1977) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Alvin Sargent (1980) Ernest Thompson
Ernest Thompson
(1981) Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
and Donald E. Stewart (1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Peter Shaffer (1984) Kurt Luedtke (1985) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
and Mark Peploe (1987) Christopher Hampton
Christopher Hampton
(1988) Alfred Uhry
Alfred Uhry
(1989) Michael Blake (1990) Ted Tally (1991) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
(1992) Steven Zaillian (1993) Eric Roth (1994) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1995) Billy Bob Thornton
Billy Bob Thornton
(1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
and Brian Helgeland (1997) Bill Condon (1998) John Irving
John Irving
(1999) Stephen Gaghan
Stephen Gaghan
(2000)

2001–present

Akiva Goldsman
Akiva Goldsman
(2001) Ronald Harwood (2002) Philippa Boyens, Peter Jackson, and Fran Walsh (2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Larry McMurtry
Larry McMurtry
and Diana Ossana (2005) William Monahan
William Monahan
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Simon Beaufoy (2008) Geoffrey S. Fletcher
Geoffrey S. Fletcher
(2009) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) Alexander Payne, Jim Rash, and Nat Faxon
Nat Faxon
(2011) Chris Terrio (2012) John Ridley
John Ridley
(2013) Graham Moore (2014) Adam McKay
Adam McKay
and Charles Randolph (2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
and Tarell Alvin McCraney
Tarell Alvin McCraney
(2016) James Ivory
James Ivory
(2017)

v t e

Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award

Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1938) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1939) David O. Selznick
David O. Selznick
(1940) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1942) Sidney Franklin (1943) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1944) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1945) Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
(1947) Jerry Wald
Jerry Wald
(1949) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1951) Arthur Freed (1952) Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1953) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1954) Buddy Adler (1957) Jack L. Warner
Jack L. Warner
(1959) Stanley Kramer
Stanley Kramer
(1962) Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
(1964) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1966) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1967) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1968) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1971) Lawrence Weingarten (1974) Mervyn LeRoy
Mervyn LeRoy
(1976) Pandro S. Berman
Pandro S. Berman
(1977) Walter Mirisch (1978) Ray Stark (1980) Albert R. Broccoli
Albert R. Broccoli
(1982) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1986) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1988) David Brown and Richard D. Zanuck
Richard D. Zanuck
(1991) George Lucas
George Lucas
(1992) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1995) Saul Zaentz
Saul Zaentz
(1997) Norman Jewison
Norman Jewison
(1999) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2000) Dino De Laurentiis
Dino De Laurentiis
(2001) John Calley (2009) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(2010)

v t e

BAFTA Award for Best Direction

Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) George Roy Hill (1970) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1973) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1974) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(1975) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(1978) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1979) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1980) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) Bill Forsyth
Bill Forsyth
(1983) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1984) no award (1985) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1987) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1988) Kenneth Branagh
Kenneth Branagh
(1989) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(1991) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Mike Newell (1994) Michael Radford
Michael Radford
(1995) Joel Coen (1996) Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
(1997) Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(2003) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Directors Guild of America
Directors Guild of America
Award for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film

1948–1975

Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Anthony Harvey (1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Rob Marshall
Rob Marshall
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Film Society of Lincoln Center
Film Society of Lincoln Center
Gala Tribute Honorees

Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1972) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1973) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1974) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
and Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1975) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1978) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1979) John Huston
John Huston
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1982) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1983) Claudette Colbert
Claudette Colbert
(1984) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1985) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1986) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1987) Yves Montand
Yves Montand
(1988) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1989) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1990) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1991) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1992) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1993) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1994) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1995) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1996) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1997) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1998) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1999) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2000) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(2001) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(2002) Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(2003) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(2004) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(2005) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(2006) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(2007) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2008) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2009) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2010) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2011) Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
(2012) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2013) Rob Reiner
Rob Reiner
(2014) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2015) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2016) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2017) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2018)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Director

Henry King (1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1950) László Benedek (1951) Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Joshua Logan (1955) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
(1960) Stanley Kramer
Stanley Kramer
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) David Lean
David Lean
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1968) Charles Jarrott (1969) Arthur Hiller
Arthur Hiller
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1973) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) John Huston
John Huston
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2001) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Julian Schnabel
Julian Schnabel
(2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Original Score

1940s

Life with Father – Max Steiner
Max Steiner
(1947) The Red Shoes – Brian Easdale (1948) The Inspector General – Johnny Green
Johnny Green
(1949)

1950s

Sunset Boulevard – Franz Waxman (1950) September Affair
September Affair
Victor Young
Victor Young
(1951) High Noon
High Noon
Dimitri Tiomkin
Dimitri Tiomkin
(1952) On the Beach – Ernest Gold (1959)

1960s

The Alamo – Dimitri Tiomkin
Dimitri Tiomkin
(1960) The Guns of Navarone – Dimitri Tiomkin
Dimitri Tiomkin
(1961) To Kill a Mockingbird – Elmer Bernstein
Elmer Bernstein
(1962) (1963) The Fall of the Roman Empire – Dimitri Tiomkin
Dimitri Tiomkin
(1964) Doctor Zhivago – Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(1965) Hawaii – Elmer Bernstein
Elmer Bernstein
(1966) Camelot – Frederick Loewe (1967) The Shoes of the Fisherman Alex North (1968) Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
Burt Bacharach
Burt Bacharach
(1969)

1970s

Love Story – Francis Lai (1970) Shaft – Isaac Hayes
Isaac Hayes
(1971) The Godfather
The Godfather
Nino Rota
Nino Rota
(1972) Jonathan Livingston Seagull – Neil Diamond
Neil Diamond
(1973) The Little Prince – Alan Jay Lerner, Frederick Loewe (1974) Jaws – John Williams
John Williams
(1975) A Star is Born – Kenneth Ascher, Paul Williams (1976) Star Wars – John Williams
John Williams
(1977) Midnight Express – Giorgio Moroder
Giorgio Moroder
(1978) Apocalypse Now
Apocalypse Now
– Carmine Coppola, Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1979)

1980s

The Stunt Man
The Stunt Man
Dominic Frontiere (1980) (1981) E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
John Williams
John Williams
(1982) Flashdance
Flashdance
Giorgio Moroder
Giorgio Moroder
(1983) A Passage to India – Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(1984) Out of Africa – John Barry (1985) The Mission – Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(1986) The Last Emperor
The Last Emperor
– David Byrne, Ryuichi Sakamoto, Cong Su (1987) Gorillas in the Mist
Gorillas in the Mist
Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(1988) The Little Mermaid – Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1989)

1990s

The Sheltering Sky – Richard Horowitz, Ryuichi Sakamoto
Ryuichi Sakamoto
(1990) Beauty and the Beast – Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1991) Aladdin – Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1992) Heaven & Earth – Kitarō
Kitarō
(1993) The Lion King
The Lion King
Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
(1994) A Walk in the Clouds
A Walk in the Clouds
Maurice Jarre
Maurice Jarre
(1995) The English Patient – Gabriel Yared (1996) Titanic – James Horner
James Horner
(1997) The Truman Show – Burkhard Dallwitz, Philip Glass
Philip Glass
(1998) 1900 – Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(1999)

2000s

Gladiator – Lisa Gerrard, Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
(2000) Moulin Rouge! – Craig Armstrong (2001) Frida
Frida
Elliot Goldenthal
Elliot Goldenthal
(2002) The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King – Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2003) The Aviator – Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2004) Memoirs of a Geisha – John Williams
John Williams
(2005) The Painted Veil – Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2006) Atonement – Dario Marianelli (2007) Slumdog Millionaire
Slumdog Millionaire
A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2008) Up – Michael Giacchino
Michael Giacchino
(2009)

2010s

The Social Network
The Social Network
– Trent Reznor, Atticus Ross
Atticus Ross
(2010) The Artist – Ludovic Bource
Ludovic Bource
(2011) Life of Pi – Mychael Danna (2012) All Is Lost Alex Ebert
Alex Ebert
(2013) The Theory of Everything – Jóhann Jóhannsson
Jóhann Jóhannsson
(2014) The Hateful Eight
The Hateful Eight
Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2015) La La Land – Justin Hurwitz
Justin Hurwitz
(2016) The Shape of Water
The Shape of Water
- Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Screenplay

Robert Bolt (1965) Robert Bolt (1966) Stirling Silliphant (1967) Stirling Silliphant (1968) Bridget Boland, John Hale and Richard Sokolove (1969) Erich Segal
Erich Segal
(1970) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1972) William Peter Blatty
William Peter Blatty
(1973) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
(1974) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
and Lawrence Hauben (1975) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1976) Neil Simon
Neil Simon
(1977) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) William Peter Blatty
William Peter Blatty
(1980) Ernest Thompson
Ernest Thompson
(1981) John Briley (1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Peter Shaffer (1984) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1985) Robert Bolt (1986) Bernardo Bertolucci, Mark Peploe and Enzon Ungari (1987) Naomi Foner (1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
and Ron Kovic
Ron Kovic
(1989) Michael Blake (1990) Callie Khouri
Callie Khouri
(1991) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
(1992) Steven Zaillian (1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(1994) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1995) Scott Alexander and Larry Karaszewski (1996) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
and Matt Damon
Matt Damon
(1997) Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
(1998) Alan Ball (1999) Stephen Gaghan
Stephen Gaghan
(2000) Akiva Goldsman
Akiva Goldsman
(2001) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2002) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
(2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Larry McMurtry
Larry McMurtry
and Diana Ossana (2005) Peter Morgan (2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Simon Beaufoy (2008) Jason Reitman
Jason Reitman
and Sheldon Turner (2009) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu, Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris Jr., and Armando Bo (2014) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Martin McDonagh
Martin McDonagh
(2017)

v t e

Golden Orange Honorary Award

Ömer Lütfi Akad (1983) Sezer Sezin (1984) Metin Erksan (1987) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
/ Taylor Hackford
Taylor Hackford
/ Norman Jewison
Norman Jewison
(2006) Shekhar Kapur
Shekhar Kapur
/ Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
/ Hanna Schygulla
Hanna Schygulla
(2007) Maximilian Schell
Maximilian Schell
/ Mickey Rourke
Mickey Rourke
/ Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
/ Michael J. Warner (2008)

v t e

National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Director

Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1966) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1967) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1968) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1969) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1970) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1971) Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel
(1972) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1975) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1976) Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel
(1977) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(1978) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
/ Robert Benton (1979) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1980) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1981) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1982) Paolo Taviani and Vittorio Taviani (1983) Robert Bresson (1984) John Huston
John Huston
(1985) David Lynch
David Lynch
(1986) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1987) Philip Kaufman
Philip Kaufman
(1988) Gus Van Sant
Gus Van Sant
(1989) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(1994) Mike Figgis
Mike Figgis
(1995) Lars von Trier
Lars von Trier
(1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
(1997) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(1998) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2003) Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
(2004) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2007) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(2011) Michael Haneke
Michael Haneke
(2012) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Todd Haynes
Todd Haynes
(2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
(2016) Greta Gerwig
Greta Gerwig
(2017)

v t e

Saturn Award for Best Director

Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(1974/75) Dan Curtis (1976) George Lucas/ Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1977) Philip Kaufman
Philip Kaufman
(1978) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(1979) Irvin Kershner
Irvin Kershner
(1980) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1981) Nicholas Meyer
Nicholas Meyer
(1982) John Badham (1983) Joe Dante
Joe Dante
(1984) Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(1985) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1986) Paul Verhoeven
Paul Verhoeven
(1987) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1988) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1989/90) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1991) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1994) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(1995) Roland Emmerich
Roland Emmerich
(1996) John Woo
John Woo
(1997) Michael Bay
Michael Bay
(1998) Andy Wachowski and Larry Wachowski (1999) Bryan Singer
Bryan Singer
(2000) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2001) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Sam Raimi
Sam Raimi
(2004) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2005) Bryan Singer
Bryan Singer
(2006) Zack Snyder
Zack Snyder
(2007) Jon Favreau
Jon Favreau
(2008) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2009) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2010) J. J. Abrams
J. J. Abrams
(2011) Joss Whedon
Joss Whedon
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) James Gunn
James Gunn
(2014) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(2015) Gareth Edwards (2016)

v t e

Writers Guild of America Award for Best Original Screenplay

Original Drama (1969–1983, retired)

William Goldman
William Goldman
(1969) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Edmund H. North (1970) Penelope Gilliatt (1971) Jeremy Larner (1972) Steve Shagan (1973) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
(1974) Frank Pierson
Frank Pierson
(1975) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1976) Arthur Laurents
Arthur Laurents
(1977) Nancy Dowd, Robert C. Jones and Waldo Salt (1978) Mike Gray, T. S. Cook and James Bridges (1979) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
and Trevor Griffiths (1981) Melissa Mathison
Melissa Mathison
(1982) Horton Foote (1983)

Original Comedy (1969–1983, retired)

Paul Mazursky
Paul Mazursky
and Larry Tucker (1969) Neil Simon
Neil Simon
(1970) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1971) Peter Bogdanovich, Buck Henry, David Newman and Robert Benton (1972) Melvin Frank and Jack Rose (1973) Mel Brooks, Norman Steinberg, Andrew Bergman, Richard Pryor
Richard Pryor
and Alan Uger (1974) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
and Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1975) Bill Lancaster
Bill Lancaster
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
and Marshall Brickman (1977) Larry Gelbart
Larry Gelbart
and Sheldon Keller (1978) Steve Tesich
Steve Tesich
(1979) Nancy Meyers, Harvey Miller and Charles Shyer
Charles Shyer
(1980) Steve Gordon (1981) Don McGuire, Larry Gelbart
Larry Gelbart
and Murray Schisgal (1982) Lawrence Kasdan
Lawrence Kasdan
and Barbara Benedek (1983)

Original Screenplay (1984–present)

Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1984) William Kelley and Earl W. Wallace (1985) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) John Patrick Shanley
John Patrick Shanley
(1987) Ron Shelton (1988) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1989) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1990) Callie Khouri
Callie Khouri
(1991) Neil Jordan
Neil Jordan
(1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(1994) Randall Wallace (1995) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (1996) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
and Mark Andrus (1997) Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
(1998) Alan Ball (1999) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2000) Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
(2001) Michael Moore
Michael Moore
(2002) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
(2003) Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(2004) Paul Haggis
Paul Haggis
and Bobby Moresco (2005) Michael Arndt
Michael Arndt
(2006) Diablo Cody
Diablo Cody
(2007) Dustin Lance Black
Dustin Lance Black
(2008) Mark Boal
Mark Boal
(2009) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2010) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2011) Mark Boal
Mark Boal
(2012) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2013) Wes Anderson
Wes Anderson
and Hugo Guinness (2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
and Tarell Alvin McCraney
Tarell Alvin McCraney
(2016) Jordan Peele
Jordan Peele
(2017)

v t e

Writers Guild of America Award for Best Adapted Screenplay

Adapted Drama (1969–1983, retired)

Waldo Salt (1969) Robert Anderson (1970) Ernest Tidyman (1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1972) Waldo Salt and Norman Wexler (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1974) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
and Lawrence Hauben (1975) William Goldman
William Goldman
(1976) Denne Bart Petitclerc
Denne Bart Petitclerc
(1977) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Alvin Sargent (1980) Ernest Thompson
Ernest Thompson
(1981) Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
and Donald E. Stewart (1982) Julius J. Epstein (1983)

Adapted Comedy (1969–1983, retired)

Arnold Schulman (1969) Ring Lardner Jr.
Ring Lardner Jr.
(1970) John Paxton (1971) Jay Presson Allen
Jay Presson Allen
(1972) Alvin Sargent (1973) Lionel Chetwynd and Mordecai Richler
Mordecai Richler
(1974) Neil Simon
Neil Simon
(1975) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
and Frank Waldman (1976) Larry Gelbart
Larry Gelbart
(1977) Elaine May
Elaine May
and Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
/ Bernard Slade (1978) Jerzy Kosiński
Jerzy Kosiński
(1979) Jim Abrahams, David Zucker, and Jerry Zucker
Jerry Zucker
(1980) Gerard Ayres (1981) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983)

Adapted Screenplay (1984–present)

Bruce Robinson
Bruce Robinson
(1984) Richard Condon and Janet Roach (1985) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
(1986) Steve Martin
Steve Martin
(1987) Christopher Hampton
Christopher Hampton
(1988) Alfred Uhry
Alfred Uhry
(1989) Michael Blake (1990) Ted Tally (1991) Michael Tolkin
Michael Tolkin
(1992) Steven Zaillian (1993) Eric Roth (1994) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1995) Billy Bob Thornton
Billy Bob Thornton
(1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
and Brian Helgeland (1997) Scott Frank (1998) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (1999) Stephen Gaghan
Stephen Gaghan
(2000) Akiva Goldsman
Akiva Goldsman
(2001) David Hare (2002) Shari Springer Berman and Robert Pulcini
Shari Springer Berman and Robert Pulcini
(2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Larry McMurtry
Larry McMurtry
and Diana Ossana (2005) William Monahan
William Monahan
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Simon Beaufoy (2008) Jason Reitman
Jason Reitman
and Sheldon Turner (2009) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) Alexander Payne, Jim Rash, and Nat Faxon
Nat Faxon
(2011) Chris Terrio (2012) Billy Ray (2013) Graham Moore (2014) Adam McKay
Adam McKay
and Charles Randolph (2015) Eric Heisserer (2016) James Ivory
James Ivory
(2017)

v t e

Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
jury presidents

1946–1975

Georges Huisman (1946) Georges Huisman (1947) Georges Huisman (1949) André Maurois
André Maurois
(1951) Maurice Genevoix
Maurice Genevoix
(1952) Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
(1953) Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau
(1954) Marcel Pagnol
Marcel Pagnol
(1955) Maurice Lehmann
Maurice Lehmann
(1956) André Maurois
André Maurois
(1957) Marcel Achard (1958) Marcel Achard (1959) Georges Simenon
Georges Simenon
(1960) Jean Giono (1961) Tetsurō Furukaki (1962) Armand Salacrou (1963) Fritz Lang
Fritz Lang
(1964) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1965) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1966) Alessandro Blasetti (1967) André Chamson
André Chamson
(1968) Luchino Visconti
Luchino Visconti
(1969) Miguel Ángel Asturias
Miguel Ángel Asturias
(1970) Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1971) Joseph Losey
Joseph Losey
(1972) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1973) René Clair
René Clair
(1974) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1975)

1975–2000

Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
(1976) Roberto Rossellini
Roberto Rossellini
(1977) Alan J. Pakula
Alan J. Pakula
(1978) Françoise Sagan
Françoise Sagan
(1979) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1980) Jacques Deray (1981) Giorgio Strehler (1982) William Styron
William Styron
(1983) Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
(1984) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1985) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1986) Yves Montand
Yves Montand
(1987) Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1988) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1989) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1990) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1991) Gérard Depardieu
Gérard Depardieu
(1992) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1993) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1994) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1995) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1996) Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
(1997) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1998) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1999) Luc Besson
Luc Besson
(2000)

2001–present

Liv Ullmann
Liv Ullmann
(2001) David Lynch
David Lynch
(2002) Patrice Chéreau
Patrice Chéreau
(2003) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2004) Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(2005) Wong Kar-wai
Wong Kar-wai
(2006) Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(2009) Tim Burton
Tim Burton
(2010) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2011) Nanni Moretti
Nanni Moretti
(2012) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2013) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(2014) Joel and Ethan Coen (2015) George Miller (2016) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2017) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2018)

v t e

The Godfather

Novels

The Godfather The Sicilian The Godfather
The Godfather
Returns The Godfather's Revenge The Family Corleone

Films

The Godfather The Godfather
The Godfather
Part II The Godfather
The Godfather
Part III

Video games

The Godfather
The Godfather
(1991) The Godfather
The Godfather
(2006) The Godfather
The Godfather
II (2009)

Corleone
Corleone
family

Vito Corleone Michael Corleone Tom Hagen Sonny Corleone Fredo Corleone Carmela Corleone Kay Adams-Corleone Connie Corleone Anthony Corleone Mary Corleone Vincent Corleone Sandra Corleone

Family allies

Genco Abbandando Luca Brasi Peter Clemenza Al Neri Frank Pentangeli Salvatore Tessio

Family enemies

Don Altobello Emilio Barzini Don Fanucci Moe Greene Johnny Ola Carlo Rizzi Hyman Roth Louie Russo Joey Zasa

Others

Amerigo Bonasera Cardinal Lamberto Lucy Mancini Danny Shea Mickey Shea Billy Van Arsdale Aldo Trapani Albert Volpe

Music

The Godfather
The Godfather
(soundtrack) The Godfather
The Godfather
Part II (soundtrack) The Godfather
The Godfather
Part III (soundtrack) "Speak Softly, Love" "Promise Me You'll Remember"

Miscellaneous

List of minor characters in The Godfather
The Godfather
series Mario Puzo Mark Winegardner Edward Falco Five Families Corleone The Godfather
The Godfather
Effect The Godfather
The Godfather
Papers and Other Confessions The Godfather
The Godfather
Saga The Last Don Omertà The Sicilian

Book Category

v t e

Coppola family

1st generation

Carmine Coppola Anton Coppola Italia Coppola

2nd generation

August Coppola Francis Ford Coppola Talia Shire Eleanor Coppola Jack Schwartzman

3rd generation

Nicolas Cage Jason Schwartzman Robert Coppola Schwartzman Sofia Coppola Roman Coppola Gian-Carlo Coppola Marc Coppola Christopher Coppola

4th generation

Gia Coppola

See also

Palazzo Margherita (Bernalda)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 112744406 LCCN: n80145599 ISNI: 0000 0001 1480 194X GND: 118522094 SELIBR: 239064 SUDOC: 032768214 BNF: cb12373335m (data) BIBSYS: 90348740 MusicBrainz: 2027f439-a29c-4d28-9b97-c05b350b18da NLA: 35088677 NDL: 00620525 NKC: jn20010525098 ICCU: ITICCUNAPV84205 BNE: XX883

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