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FRANCIEN is a nineteenth-century linguist term applied to the particular langue d\'oïl that was spoken in the Île-de- France
France
region (with Paris
Paris
at its centre) before the establishment of the French language as a standard language .

According to one theory of the development of French, Francien was chosen out of all the competing Oïl languages as an official language (Norman and Picard being the main competitors in the medieval period). The theory currently prevailing, however, is that Francien was one of the dialects in the dialect continuum on top of which an administrative language, untrammelled by perceived regionalisms, was imposed as a compromise means of communication and record to replace Latin
Latin
.

The existence and definition of Francien was put forward in the 19th century, partly to support the idea of the French language as enjoying a direct and pure lineage from Latin
Latin
and to minimise the contribution of the various Romance languages
Romance languages
of France
France
. Nowadays, the question of Francien is a controversial topic in discussions of language policy in France
France
.

SEE ALSO

* Old French * Ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts

NOTES

* ^ "Ce terme est une dénomination linguistique du XIXe siècle. En effet, avant on parlait tout simplement de françoys ou de françois (prononcé puis )" (French).

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Romance languages
Romance languages
(Classification )

WESTERN

IBERO-ROMANCE

GALICIAN-PORTUGUESE

* PORTUGUESE

* dialects * EUROPEAN * BRAZILIAN * Uruguayan * AFRICAN * Asian * Creoles

* Galician

* Eonavian/ Galician-Asturian * Fala

* Judaeo-Portuguese * Caló

ASTUR-LEONESE

* Asturian * Cantabrian * Extremaduran * Leonese * Mirandese

SPANISH

* SPANISH

* dialects * LATIN AMERICAN * Philippine * Equatoguinean * EUROPEAN * Creoles

* Old Spanish * Judaeo-Spanish * Caló

OTHERS

* Navarro-Aragonese

* Aragonese * Judaeo-Aragonese

* Mozarabic

Occitano- Romance

CATALAN

*

* dialects * EASTERN CATALAN * Alguerese * Balearic * CENTRAL * Northern * Western Catalan * North-Western * Valencian
Valencian

* Judaeo-Catalan * Caló

OCCITAN

* Auvergnat

* Gascon

* Aranese

* Languedocien * Limousin

* Provençal

* Niçard * Mentonasc

* Vivaro-Alpine * Old Provençal
Old Provençal
* Judaeo-Provençal * Caló

GALLO-ROMANCE

LANGUES D\\'OïL

* Burgundian * Champenois * Franc-Comtois

* FRENCH

* dialects * STANDARD * AFRICAN * Aostan * Belgian * Cambodian * CANADIAN * Indian * Laotian * Swiss * Vietnamese * Old French * Middle French * Judaeo-French * Creoles

* Gallo * Lorrain

* Norman

* Anglo-Norman

* Picard * Poitevin * Saintongeais * Walloon * Moselle Romance * British Latin
Latin

OTHERS

* Arpitan/Franco-Provençal

* Valdôtain * Savoyard

NORTH ITALIAN DIALECTS

GALLO-ITALIC

* Ligurian

* Brigasc * Genoese * Intemelio * Monégasque

* Lombard

* Western * Eastern

* Emilian-Romagnol

* Emilian

* Bolognese * Parmigiano

* Romagnol

* Piedmontese

* Judaeo-Piedmontese

* Gallo-Italic of Sicily * Gallo-Italic of Basilicata

OTHERS

* Venetian

* Fiuman * Talian * Triestine

RHAETO-ROMANCE

RHAETO-ROMANCE

* Friulian * Ladin * Romansh

CENTRAL , SARDINIAN AND EASTERN

ITALO-DALMATIAN

ITALIAN

* ITALIAN

* dialects

* CENTRAL * Tuscan

* Corsican

* Gallurese

* Sassarese * Judaeo-Italian

SOUTHERN ITALIAN

* Neapolitan

* Northern Calabrese

* Sicilian

* Southern Calabrese

OTHERS

* Dalmatian * Istriot

SARDINIAN

SARDINIAN

* SARDINIAN

* Campidanese * Logudorese

EASTERN

ROMANIAN

* ROMANIAN

* Moldovan * Vlach

OTHERS

* Aromanian * Istro-Romanian * Megleno-Romanian

NORTH AFRICAN

NORTH AFRICAN

* African Romance

* Italics indicate extinct languages * BOLD indicates languages with more than 5 million speakers * Languages between parentheses are varieties of the language on their left.

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* BNF : cb11978575h (data)

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