The Info List - François Truffaut

François Roland Truffaut (French: [fʁɑ̃.swa ʁɔ.lɑ̃ tʁyfo]; 6 February 1932 – 21 October 1984) was a French film director, screenwriter, producer, actor, and film critic, as well as one of the founders of the French New Wave.[1] In a film career lasting over a quarter of a century, he remains an icon of the French film industry, having worked on over 25 films. Truffaut's film The 400 Blows came to be a defining film of the French New Wave movement, and was followed by three sequels, Stolen Kisses, Bed and Board, and Love on the Run between 1958 and 1979. Truffaut's 1973 film Day for Night earned him critical acclaim and several awards, including the BAFTA Award for Best Film and the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. His other notable films include Shoot the Piano Player
Shoot the Piano Player
(1960), Jules et Jim
Jules et Jim
(1961), The Wild Child (1970), Two English Girls
Two English Girls
(1971), and The Woman Next Door (1981).


1 Early life 2 Career 3 Personal life 4 Death 5 Work 6 Attitude towards other filmmakers 7 Filmography

7.1 Director: features 7.2 Director: shorts and collaborations 7.3 Screenwriter only 7.4 Actor 7.5 Producer only

8 Bibliography 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Early life[edit] Truffaut was born in Paris
on 6 February 1932. His mother was Janine de Montferrand. His mother's future husband, Roland Truffaut, accepted him as an adopted son and gave him his surname. He was passed around to live with various nannies and his grandmother for a number of years. It was his grandmother who instilled in him her love of books and music. He lived with his grandmother until her death when Truffaut was eight years old. It was only after his grandmother's death that he lived with his parents for the first time.[2] The identity of Truffaut's biological father was unknown, though a private detective agency in 1968 revealed that their inquiry into the matter led to a Roland Levy, a Jewish dentist from Bayonne. Truffaut's mother's family disputed the findings but Truffaut himself believed and embraced them.[3] Truffaut would often stay with friends and try to be out of the house as much as possible. His best friend throughout his youth and until his death was Robert Lachenay, who was the inspiration for the character René Bigey in The 400 Blows
The 400 Blows
and would work as an assistant on some of Truffaut's films. It was the cinema that offered him the greatest escape from an unsatisfying home life. He was eight years old when he saw his first movie, Abel Gance's Paradis Perdu (Paradise Lost) from 1939. It was there that his obsession began. He frequently played truant from school and would sneak into theaters because he didn't have enough money for admission. After being expelled from several schools, at the age of fourteen he decided to become self-taught. Two of his academic goals were to watch three movies a day and read three books a week.[2][4] Truffaut frequented Henri Langlois' Cinémathèque Française
Cinémathèque Française
where he was exposed to countless foreign films from around the world. It was here that he became familiar with American cinema and directors such as John Ford, Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
and Nicholas Ray, as well as those of British director Alfred Hitchcock.[5] Career[edit] After starting his own film club in 1948, Truffaut met André Bazin, who would have great effect on his professional and personal life. Bazin was a critic and the head of another film society at the time. He became a personal friend of Truffaut's and helped him out of various financial and criminal situations during his formative years.[6] Truffaut joined the French Army
French Army
in 1950, aged 18, but spent the next two years trying to escape. Truffaut was arrested for attempting to desert the army. Bazin used his various political contacts to get Truffaut released and set him up with a job at his newly formed film magazine Cahiers du cinéma. Over the next few years, Truffaut became a critic (and later editor) at Cahiers, where he became notorious for his brutal, unforgiving reviews. He was called "The Gravedigger of French Cinema"[7] and was the only French critic not invited to the Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
in 1958. He supported Bazin in the development of one of the most influential theories of cinema itself, the auteur theory.[8] In 1954, Truffaut wrote an article in Cahiers du cinéma called "Une Certaine Tendance du Cinéma Français" ("A Certain Trend of French Cinema"),[4] in which he attacked the current state of French films, lambasting certain screenwriters and producers, and listing eight directors he considered incapable of devising the kinds of "vile" and "grotesque" characters and storylines that he declared were characteristic of the mainstream French film industry: Jean Renoir, Robert Bresson, Jean Cocteau, Jacques Becker, Abel Gance, Max Ophuls, Jacques Tati
Jacques Tati
and Roger Leenhardt. The article caused a storm of controversy, and also landed Truffaut an offer to write for the nationally circulated, more widely read cultural weekly Arts-Lettres-Spectacles. Truffaut would pen more than 500 film articles for that publication over the next four years. Truffaut later devised the auteur theory, which stated that the director was the "author" of his work; that great directors such as Renoir or Hitchcock have distinct styles and themes that permeate all of their films. Although his theory was not widely accepted then, it gained some support in the 1960s from American critic Andrew Sarris. In 1967, Truffaut published his book-length interview of Hitchcock, Hitchcock/Truffaut (New York: Simon and Schuster).[citation needed] After having been a critic, Truffaut decided to make films of his own. He started out with the short film Une Visite in 1955 and followed that up with Les Mistons in 1957. After seeing Orson Welles' Touch of Evil at the Expo 58, he was inspired to make his feature film debut in 1959 with Les Quatre Cents Coups (The 400 Blows).[citation needed]

Truffaut's grave in Montmartre Cemetery, Paris

This film was an instant success and won him a prize at the Cannes Film Festival.[9] This film and the following films were successful even with the low budget he had to make the films.[citation needed] He also acted, appearing in Steven Spielberg's 1977 film Close Encounters of the Third Kind, where he played scientist Claude Lacombe.[10] Personal life[edit] Truffaut was married to Madeleine Morgenstern from 1957 to 1965, and they had two daughters, Laura (born 1959) and Eva (born 1961). Madeleine was the daughter of Ignace Morgenstern, managing director of one of France's largest film distribution companies, and was largely responsible for securing funding for Truffaut's first films. He had affairs with many of his leading ladies: in 1968 he was engaged to actress Claude Jade; Truffaut and actress Fanny Ardant
Fanny Ardant
lived together from 1981 to 1984 and had a daughter, Joséphine Truffaut (born 28 September 1983).[2][11] Truffaut was an atheist, although he had great respect for the Catholic Church and even requested a mass for his funeral.[12][13] Death[edit] In July 1983, Truffaut rented France Gall's and Michel Berger's house outside Honfleur, Normandy (composing for Philippe Labro's film Rive droite, rive gauche) when he had his first stroke and was diagnosed with a brain tumor.[14] He was expected to attend his friend Miloš Forman's Amadeus premiere[15] when he died on 21 October 1984, aged 52, at the American Hospital
American Hospital
in Neuilly-sur-Seine
in France.[16] At the time of his death, he still had numerous films in preparation. His goal was to make 30 films and then retire to write books for his remaining days. He was five films short of his personal goal.[citation needed] He is buried in Paris' Montmartre Cemetery.[17] Work[edit]

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The 400 Blows
The 400 Blows
was released in 1959 to much critical and commercial acclaim. Truffaut received a Best Director award from the Cannes Film Festival, the same festival that had banned him only one year earlier. The film follows the character of Antoine Doinel through his perilous misadventures in school, an unhappy home life and later reform school. The film is highly autobiographical. Both Truffaut and Doinel were only children of loveless marriages; they both committed petty crimes of theft and truancy from the military. Truffaut cast Jean-Pierre Léaud as Antoine Doinel. Léaud was seen as an ordinary boy of 14 who auditioned for the role after seeing a flyer, but interviews filmed after the film's release (one is included on the Criterion DVD of the film) reveal Léaud's natural sophistication and an instinctive understanding of acting for the camera. Léaud and Truffaut collaborated on several films over the years. Their most noteworthy collaboration was the continuation of the Antoine Doinel character in a series of films called "The Antoine Doinel Cycle". The primary focus of The 400 Blows
The 400 Blows
is on the life of a young character by the name of Antoine Doinel. This film follows this character through his troubled adolescence. He is caught in between an unstable parental relationship and an isolated youth. The film focuses on the real life events of the director, François Truffaut. From birth Truffaut was thrown into an undesired situation. As he was born out of wedlock, his birth had to remain a secret because of the social stigma associated with illegitimacy. He was registered as "A child born to an unknown father" in the hospital records. He was looked after by a nurse for an extended period of time. His mother eventually married and her husband Roland gave his surname, Truffaut, to François. Although he was legally accepted as a legitimate child, his parents did not accept him. The Truffauts had another child who died shortly after birth. This experience saddened them greatly and as a result they despised François because of the memory of regret that he represented (Knopf 4[specify]). He was an outcast from his earliest years, dismissed as an unwanted child. François was sent to live with his grandparents. It wasn't until François's grandmother's death before his parents took him in, much to the dismay of his own mother. The experiences with his mother were harsh. He recalled being treated badly by her but he found comfort in his father's laughter and overall spirit. The relationship with Roland was more comforting than the one with his own mother. François had a very depressing childhood after moving in with his parents. They would leave him alone whenever they would go on vacations. He even recalled memories of being alone during Christmas. Being left alone forced François into a sense of independence, he would often do various tasks around the house in order to improve it such as painting or changing the electric outlets. Sadly, these kind gestures often resulted in a catastrophic event causing him to get scolded by his mother. His father would mostly laugh them off. The 400 Blows
The 400 Blows
marked the beginning of the French New Wave movement, which gave directors such as Jean-Luc Godard, Claude Chabrol
Claude Chabrol
and Jacques Rivette
Jacques Rivette
a wider audience. The New Wave dealt with a self-conscious rejection of traditional cinema structure. This was a topic on which Truffaut had been writing for years. Following the success of The 400 Blows, Truffaut featured disjunctive editing and seemingly random voice-overs in his next film Shoot the Piano Player (1960) starring Charles Aznavour. Truffaut has stated that in the middle of filming, he realized that he hated gangsters. But since gangsters were a main part of the story, he toned up the comical aspect of the characters and made the movie more attuned to his liking. Even though Shoot the Piano Player
Shoot the Piano Player
was much appreciated by critics, it performed poorly at the box office. While the film focused on two of the French New Wave's favorite elements, American film noir and themselves, Truffaut never again experimented as heavily. In 1962, Truffaut directed his third movie, Jules and Jim, a romantic drama starring Jeanne Moreau. Over the next decade, Truffaut had varying degrees of success with his films. In 1963, Truffaut was approached to direct an American film called Bonnie and Clyde, with a treatment written by Esquire journalists, David Newman and Robert Benton intended to introduce the French New Wave to Hollywood. Although he was interested enough to help in script development, Truffaut ultimately declined, but not before interesting Jean-Luc Godard and American actor and would be producer, Warren Beatty, the latter of whom proceeded with the film with director Arthur Penn. As for Truffaut, his first non-French film was a 1966 adaptation of Ray Bradbury's classic science fiction novel Fahrenheit 451, showcasing Truffaut's love of books. His only English-speaking film was a great challenge for Truffaut, because he barely spoke English himself. This was also his first film shot in color. The larger scale production was difficult for Truffaut, who had worked only with small crews and budgets. Truffaut worked on projects with varied subjects. The Bride Wore Black (1968), a brutal tale of revenge, is a stylish homage to the films of Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(once again starring Jeanne Moreau). Mississippi Mermaid (1969), with Catherine Deneuve, is an identity-bending romantic thriller. Stolen Kisses
Stolen Kisses
(1968) and Bed and Board (1970) are continuations of the Antoine Doinel Cycle, both starring Claude Jade as Antoine's fiancée and later wife Christine Darbon. The Wild Child (1970) included Truffaut's acting debut in the lead role of 18th century physician Jean Marc Gaspard Itard. Two English Girls
Two English Girls
(1971) is the female reflection of the same love story as "Jules et Jim". It is based on a story written by Henri-Pierre Roche, who also wrote Jules and Jim. It is about a man who falls equally in love with two sisters, and their love affair over a period of years. Day for Night won Truffaut a Best Foreign Film Oscar in 1973.[18] The film is probably his most reflective work. It is the story of a film crew trying to finish their film while dealing with all of the personal and professional problems that accompany making a movie. Truffaut plays the director of the fictional film being made. This film features scenes shown in his previous films. It is considered to be his best film since his earliest work. Time magazine placed it on their list of 100 Best Films of the Century (along with The 400 Blows). In 1975, Truffaut gained more notoriety with The Story of Adele H. Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
in the title role earned a nomination for a Best Actress Oscar. Truffaut's 1976 film Small Change gained a Golden Globe Nomination for Best Foreign Film. Love on the Run starring Jean-Pierre Léaud and Claude Jade
Claude Jade
is the final movie of the Doinel Cycle. One of Truffaut's final films gave him an international revival. In 1980, his film The Last Metro
The Last Metro
garnered twelve César Award
César Award
nominations with ten wins, including Best Director. Truffaut's final movie was shot in black and white. It gives his career almost a sense of having bookends. Confidentially Yours
Confidentially Yours
is Truffaut's tribute to his favorite director, Alfred Hitchcock. It deals with numerous Hitchcockian themes, such as private guilt vs. public innocence, a woman investigating a murder, anonymous locations, etc. Among Truffaut's films, a series features the character Antoine Doinel, played by the actor Jean-Pierre Léaud. He began his career in The 400 Blows
The 400 Blows
at the age of fourteen, and continued as the favorite actor and "double" of Truffaut. The series continued with Antoine and Colette (a short film in the anthology Love at Twenty), Stolen Kisses (in which he falls in love with Christine Darbon alias Claude Jade), Bed and Board about the married couple Antoine and Christine—and, finally, Love on the Run, where the couple go through a divorce. In the last movies, Léaud's girlfriend and later wife, Christine Darbon, was played by Truffaut's favorite actress, Claude Jade. During the filming of Stolen Kisses, Truffaut himself fell in love with, and was briefly engaged to, Claude Jade. A keen reader, Truffaut adapted many literary works, including two novels by Henri-Pierre Roché, Ray Bradbury's Fahrenheit 451, Henry James' "The Altar of the Dead", filmed as The Green Room, and several American detective novels. Truffaut's other films were from original screenplays, often co-written by the screenwriters Suzanne Schiffman or Jean Gruault. They featured diverse subjects, the sombre The Story of Adele H., inspired by the life of the daughter of Victor Hugo, with Isabelle Adjani; Day for Night, shot at the Victorine Studios
Victorine Studios
describing the ups and downs of film-making; and The Last Metro, set during the German occupation of France, a film rewarded by ten César Awards. Known as being a lifelong cinephile, Truffaut once (according to the 1993 documentary film François Truffaut: Stolen Portraits) threw a hitchhiker he had picked up out of his car after learning that the hitchhiker didn't like films. Truffaut is admired among other filmmakers and several tributes to his work have appeared in other films such as Almost Famous, Face and The Diving Bell and the Butterfly, as well as novelist Haruki Murakami's Kafka on the Shore. Attitude towards other filmmakers[edit] Truffaut expressed his admiration for filmmakers such as Luis Buñuel, Ingmar Bergman, Robert Bresson, Roberto Rossellini, and Alfred Hitchcock. Truffaut wrote Hitchcock/Truffaut, a book about Hitchcock, based on a lengthy series of interviews.[19] He once called German New Wave filmmaker Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
"the most important film director alive". On Jean Renoir, he said: "I think Renoir is the only filmmaker who's practically infallible, who has never made a mistake on film. And I think if he never made mistakes, it's because he always found solutions based on simplicity—human solutions. He's one film director who never pretended. He never tried to have a style, and if you know his work—which is very comprehensive, since he dealt with all sorts of subjects—when you get stuck, especially as a young filmmaker, you can think of how Renoir would have handled the situation, and you generally find a solution".[20] In 1973, Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
accused Truffaut of making a movie that was a "lie", and Truffaut replied with a 20-page letter in which he accused Godard of being a radical-chic hypocrite, a man who believed everyone to be "equal" in theory only. The two never saw each other again.[21] However, as noted by Serge Toubiana and Antoine de Baecque in their biography of Truffaut, Godard tried to reconcile their friendship later on, and after Truffaut's death wrote the introduction to a collection of his letters and a lengthy tribute in his video-essay film Histoire(s) du cinéma.[citation needed] Filmography[edit] Director: features[edit]

Year English Title Original title Notes

1959 The 400 Blows Les Quatre Cents Coups Antoine Doinel series Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
– Best Director Nominated – Academy Award for Writing Original Screenplay[22] Nominated – Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
– Palme d’Or

1960 Shoot the Piano Player Tirez sur le pianiste

1962 Jules and Jim Jules et Jim Mar del Plata International Film Festival – Best Director Nominated – Mar del Plata International Film Festival – Best Film

1964 The Soft Skin La Peau douce Nominated – Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
– Palme d’Or

1966 Fahrenheit 451 Fahrenheit 451 Filmed in English Nominated – Venice Film Festival – Golden Lion

1968 The Bride Wore Black La Mariée était en noir

1968 Stolen Kisses Baisers volés Antoine Doinel series Nominated – Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film[23]

1969 Mississippi Mermaid La sirène du Mississipi

1970 The Wild Child L'Enfant sauvage

1970 Bed and Board Domicile conjugal Antoine Doinel series

1971 Two English Girls Les Deux anglaises et le continent

1972 Such a Gorgeous Kid Like Me Une belle fille comme moi

1973 Day for Night La Nuit américaine Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film[18] BAFTA Award for Best Film BAFTA Award for Best Direction Nominated – Academy Award for Directing Nominated – Academy Award for Writing Original Screenplay[18]

1975 The Story of Adele H. L'Histoire d'Adèle H. Nominated – César Award
César Award
for Best Director

1976 Small Change L'Argent de poche Nominated – Berlin International Film Festival – Golden Bear[24]

1977 The Man Who Loved Women L'Homme qui aimait les femmes Nominated – Berlin International Film Festival – Golden Bear[25]

1978 The Green Room La Chambre verte

1979 Love on the Run L'Amour en fuite Antoine Doinel series Nominated – Berlin International Film Festival – Golden Bear[26]

1980 The Last Metro Le Dernier métro César Award
César Award
for Best Film César Award
César Award
for Best Director César Award
César Award
for Best Writing Nominated – Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film[27]

1981 The Woman Next Door La Femme d'à côté

1983 Confidentially Yours Vivement dimanche! Nominated – César Award
César Award
for Best Director

Director: shorts and collaborations[edit]

Year Title Original title Notes

1955 A Visit Une Visite

1957 The Mischief Makers Les Mistons

1958 A Story of Water Une Histoire d'eau Co-directed with Jean-Luc Godard

1961 The Army Game "Tire-au-flanc 62" Directed by Claude de Givray; Truffaut credited as co-director

1962 Antoine and Colette Antoine et Colette Antoine Doinel series, segment from Love at Twenty

Screenwriter only[edit]

Year Title Original title Notes

1960 Breathless À bout de souffle Directed by Jean-Luc Godard

1988 The Little Thief La Petite voleuse Directed by Claude Miller

1995 Belle Époque Belle Époque Miniseries, with Jean Gruault; directed by Gavin Millar


Year Title Role Notes

1956 Le Coup du berger Party guest Uncredited, Directed by Jacques Rivette

1956 La sonate à Kreutzer

1959 The 400 Blows Man in Funfair Uncredited

1963 À tout prendre Himself Uncredited

1964 The Soft Skin Le pompiste Voice, Uncredited

1970 The Wild Child Dr. Jean Itard Lead role

1970 Bed & Board Newspaper vendor Voice, Uncredited

1971 Two English Girls Récitant / Narrator Voice, Uncredited

1972 Such a Gorgeous Kid Like Me Un journaliste Voice, Uncredited

1973 Day for Night Ferrand, the film director Lead role

1975 The Story of Adele H. Officer Uncredited

1976 Small Change Martine's Father Uncredited

1977 The Man Who Loved Women Man at Funeral Uncredited

1977 Close Encounters of the Third Kind Claude Lacombe Directed by Steven Spielberg Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role

1978 The Green Room Julien Davenne Lead role

1981 The Woman Next Door Cameo Uncredited

Producer only[edit]

Year Title Original title Notes

1958 Good Anna Anna your mam Directed by Harry Kümel

1960 Testament of Orpheus Le testament d'Orphée Directed by Jean Cocteau

1961 The Gold Bug Le scarabée d'or Directed by Robert Lachenay

1961 Paris
Belongs to Us Paris
nous appartient Directed by Jacques Rivette

1968 Naked Childhood L'Enfance Nue Directed by Maurice Pialat


Les 400 Coups (1960) with M. Moussy (English translation: The 400 Blows) Le Cinéma selon Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1967, second edition 1983) (English translation: Hitchcock and Hitchcock/Truffaut with the collaboration of Helen G. Scott) Les Aventures d' Antoine Doinel (1970) (English translation: Adventures of Antoine Doinel; translated by Helen G. Scott) Jules et Jim
Jules et Jim
(film script) (1971) (English translation: Jules and Jim; translated by Nicholas Fry) La Nuit américaine et le Journal de Fahrenheit 451 (1974) Le Plaisir des yeux (1975) L'Argent de poche (1976) (English title: Small change: a film novel; translated by Anselm Hollo) L'Homme qui aimait les femmes (1977) Les Films de ma vie (1981) (English translation: Films in my life; translated by Leonard Mayhew) Correspondance (1988) (English translation: Correspondence, 1945–1984; translated by Gilbert Adair) Le Cinéma selon François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1988) edited by Anne Gillain Belle époque (1996) with Jean Gruault

See also[edit]

François Truffaut
François Truffaut
Award Paris
Belongs to Us Two in the Wave, a 2010 documentary film about Truffaut's relationship with Jean-Luc Godard La Cinémathèque Française
Cinémathèque Française
will offer a full retrospective and an exhibition of François Truffaut's work[28] in 2014 / 2015


^ Obituary Variety, 24 October 1984. ^ a b c "FRANCOIS TRUFFAUT – French New Wave Director". Newwavefilm.com. Retrieved 6 February 2012.  ^ François Truffaut: film author 1932–1984 – Robert Ingram, Paul Duncan. Google Books. Retrieved 6 February 2012.  ^ a b " François Truffaut
François Truffaut
– Movie and Film Biography and Filmography". Allmovie.com. 21 October 1984. Retrieved 6 February 2012.  ^ "'Francois Truffaut' at the Cinematheque Francaise: Exhibition Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2017-01-31.  ^ Truffaut, François (1989). Correspondence, 1945–1984. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. pp. 17, 50, 57.  ^ SUKHDEV SANDHU (2 April 2009). "Film as an act of love". New Statesman.  ^ The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica (20 July 1998). "Auteur theory FILMMAKING". Encyclopedia Britannica.  ^ "Francois Truffaut". François Truffaut. Retrieved 6 February 2012.  ^ Aurélien Ferenczi (26 October 2014). "Qu'allait-donc faire Truffaut chez Spielberg ?". Télérama.  ^ Eric Pace (22 October 1984). "Francois Truffaut, New Wave Director, Dies". New York Times. Retrieved 1 May 2013. Mr. Truffaut's 1957 marriage to Madeleine Morgenstern ended in divorce. He is survived by two adult daughters from that marriage, Laura Truffaut-Wong of San Francisco and Eva Truffaut of Paris, and by a 13-month-old daughter, Josephine.  ^ Eric Michael Mazur (2011). Encyclopedia of Religion and Film. ABC-CLIO. p. 438. ISBN 9780313330728. Yet Truffaut, an atheist, was not stumping for God with these conservative attacks.  ^ David Sterritt (1999). The Films of Jean-Luc Godard: Seeing the Invisible. Cambridge University Press. p. 17. ISBN 9780521589710. One way of understanding Godard's approach is to contrast it with that of François Truffaut, one of his most respected New Wave colleagues. As a self-described atheist, Truffaut took special pleasure in the materiality of cinema, noting that no photographic image can be obtained without real, physical light making direct contact with a real, physical object in the immediate presence of the camera.  ^ Antoine de Baecque and Serge Toubiana's Biography of François Truffaut ^ "Truffaut : un classique (1970-80)". francetv.fr. Retrieved 14 March 2016.  ^ "Francois Truffaut, New Wave Director, Dies". New York Times. 22 October 1984. Retrieved 26 May 2011. François Truffaut, the exuberant film director whose depictions of children, women and romantic obsessions helped make him a leader of the New Wave group of French movie makers, died yesterday. He was 52 years old. Mr. Truffaut died at the American Hospital
American Hospital
in Neuilly-sur-Seine, a Paris
suburb, a hospital spokesman said. He had been hospitalized about 10 days ago for treatment of cancer.  ^ "Journées du patrimoine 2011 Paris
18ème, le programme". Le Figaro. 14 September 2011. Retrieved 29 December 2016.  ^ a b c "The 47th Academy Awards (1975) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 10 January 2012.  ^ François Truffaut. "Hitchcock". Goodreads. Retrieved 14 March 2016.  ^ On Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir
TRUFFAUT’S LAST INTERVIEW ^ Gleiberman, Owen. "Godard and Truffaut: Their spiky, complex friendship is its own great story in 'Two in the Wave".  ^ "The 32nd Academy Awards (1960) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 15 November 2011.  ^ "The 41st Academy Awards (1969) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 15 November 2011.  ^ "IMDB.com: Awards for Small Change". imdb.com. Retrieved 16 July 2010.  ^ "IMDB.com: Awards for The Man Who Loved Women". imdb.com. Retrieved 25 July 2010.  ^ "IMDB.com: Awards for Love on the Run". imdb.com. Retrieved 14 August 2010.  ^ "The 53rd Academy Awards (1981) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 8 June 2013.  ^ "François Truffaut, l'exposition". 

External links[edit]

Animated Google Logo for François Truffaut's 80th birthday on YouTube

Wikimedia Commons has media related to François Truffaut.

François Truffaut
François Truffaut
on IMDb New Wave Film Encyclopedia: "François Truffaut" an extensive biography François Truffaut
François Truffaut
complete biography: "François Truffaut" François Truffaut
François Truffaut
bibliography via the UC Berkeley Media Resources Center Francois Truffaut at The Guardian
The Guardian
Film Francois Truffaut at The New York Times
New York Times
Movies " François Truffaut
François Truffaut
collected news and commentary". The New York Times.  Works by or about François Truffaut
François Truffaut
in libraries ( WorldCat
catalog) Legendary interview with Truffaut from 1970 AllMovie.com Biography

v t e

François Truffaut

Films directed

The 400 Blows
The 400 Blows
(1959) Shoot the Piano Player
Shoot the Piano Player
(1960) The Army Game (1961) Jules and Jim
Jules and Jim
(1962) The Soft Skin
The Soft Skin
(1964) Fahrenheit 451 (1966) The Bride Wore Black
The Bride Wore Black
(1968) Stolen Kisses
Stolen Kisses
(1968) Mississippi Mermaid
Mississippi Mermaid
(1969) The Wild Child
The Wild Child
(1970) Bed and Board (1970) Two English Girls
Two English Girls
(1971) Such a Gorgeous Kid Like Me (1972) Day for Night (1973) The Story of Adele H.
The Story of Adele H.
(1975) Small Change (1976) The Man Who Loved Women (1977) The Green Room (1978) Love on the Run (1979) The Last Metro
The Last Metro
(1980) The Woman Next Door
The Woman Next Door
(1981) Confidentially Yours
Confidentially Yours

Short films

Une Visite (1955) Les Mistons (1957) A Story of Water
A Story of Water
(1958) Antoine and Colette
Antoine and Colette
(from Love at Twenty, 1962)

Written only

Breathless (1960) The Little Thief
The Little Thief




Antoine Doinel François Truffaut
François Truffaut
Award François Truffaut: Stolen Portraits (1993 documentary) Two in the Wave
Two in the Wave
(2010 documentary) Hitchcock/Truffaut (2015 documentary)

v t e

Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

1947–1955 (Honorary)

1947: Shoeshine – Vittorio De Sica 1948: Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
– Maurice Cloche 1949: Bicycle Thieves
Bicycle Thieves
– Vittorio De Sica 1950: The Walls of Malapaga – René Clément 1951: Rashomon
– Akira Kurosawa 1952: Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
– René Clément 1953: No Award 1954: Gate of Hell – Teinosuke Kinugasa 1955: Samurai, The Legend of Musashi – Hiroshi Inagaki


1956: La Strada
La Strada
– Federico Fellini 1957: Nights of Cabiria
Nights of Cabiria
– Federico Fellini 1958: My Uncle – Jacques Tati 1959: Black Orpheus
Black Orpheus
– Marcel Camus 1960: The Virgin Spring
The Virgin Spring
– Ingmar Bergman 1961: Through a Glass Darkly – Ingmar Bergman 1962: Sundays and Cybele
Sundays and Cybele
– Serge Bourguignon 1963:
– Federico Fellini 1964: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
– Vittorio De Sica 1965: The Shop on Main Street
The Shop on Main Street
Ján Kadár & Elmar Klos 1966: A Man and a Woman
A Man and a Woman
– Claude Lelouch 1967: Closely Watched Trains
Closely Watched Trains
– Jiří Menzel 1968: War and Peace – Sergei Bondarchuk 1969: Z – Costa-Gavras 1970: Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion
Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion
– Elio Petri 1971: The Garden of the Finzi Continis – Vittorio De Sica 1972: The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie
The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie
– Luis Buñuel 1973: Day for Night – François Truffaut 1974: Amarcord
– Federico Fellini 1975: Dersu Uzala – Akira Kurosawa


1976: Black and White in Color
Black and White in Color
– Jean-Jacques Annaud 1977: Madame Rosa
Madame Rosa
– Moshé Mizrahi 1978: Get Out Your Handkerchiefs
Get Out Your Handkerchiefs
– Bertrand Blier 1979: The Tin Drum – Volker Schlöndorff 1980: Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears
Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears
– Vladimir Menshov 1981: Mephisto – István Szabó 1982: Volver a Empezar ('To Begin Again') – José Luis Garci 1983: Fanny and Alexander
Fanny and Alexander
– Ingmar Bergman 1984: Dangerous Moves
Dangerous Moves
– Richard Dembo 1985: The Official Story
The Official Story
– Luis Puenzo 1986: The Assault – Fons Rademakers 1987: Babette's Feast – Gabriel Axel 1988: Pelle the Conqueror
Pelle the Conqueror
– Bille August 1989: Cinema Paradiso – Giuseppe Tornatore 1990: Journey of Hope – Xavier Koller 1991: Mediterraneo – Gabriele Salvatores 1992: Indochine – Régis Wargnier 1993: Belle Époque – Fernando Trueba 1994: Burnt by the Sun
Burnt by the Sun
– Nikita Mikhalkov 1995: Antonia's Line
Antonia's Line
– Marleen Gorris 1996: Kolya
– Jan Svěrák 1997: Character – Mike van Diem 1998: Life Is Beautiful
Life Is Beautiful
– Roberto Benigni 1999: All About My Mother
All About My Mother
– Pedro Almodóvar 2000: Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
– Ang Lee


2001: No Man's Land – Danis Tanović 2002: Nowhere in Africa – Caroline Link 2003: The Barbarian Invasions
The Barbarian Invasions
– Denys Arcand 2004: The Sea Inside
The Sea Inside
– Alejandro Amenábar 2005: Tsotsi
– Gavin Hood 2006: The Lives of Others
The Lives of Others
– Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck 2007: The Counterfeiters – Stefan Ruzowitzky 2008: Departures – Yōjirō Takita 2009: The Secret in Their Eyes
The Secret in Their Eyes
– Juan J. Campanella 2010: In a Better World
In a Better World
– Susanne Bier 2011: A Separation – Asghar Farhadi 2012: Amour – Michael Haneke 2013: The Great Beauty
The Great Beauty
– Paolo Sorrentino 2014: Ida – Paweł Pawlikowski 2015: Son of Saul
Son of Saul
– László Nemes 2016: The Salesman – Asghar Farhadi 2017: A Fantastic Woman
A Fantastic Woman
– Sebastián Lelio

v t e

BAFTA Award for Best Direction

Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) George Roy Hill (1970) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1973) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1974) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(1975) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(1978) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1979) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1980) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) Bill Forsyth
Bill Forsyth
(1983) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1984) no award (1985) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1987) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1988) Kenneth Branagh
Kenneth Branagh
(1989) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(1991) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Mike Newell (1994) Michael Radford
Michael Radford
(1995) Joel Coen (1996) Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
(1997) Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Weir
Peter Weir
(2003) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro

v t e

Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
Best Director Award

René Clément
René Clément
(1946) René Clément
René Clément
(1949) Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel
(1951) Christian-Jaque (1952) Jules Dassin
Jules Dassin
/ Sergei Vasilyev
Sergei Vasilyev
(1955) Sergei Yutkevich
Sergei Yutkevich
(1956) Robert Bresson (1957) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1958) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1959) Yuliya Solntseva
Yuliya Solntseva
(1961) Liviu Ciulei (1965) Sergei Yutkevich
Sergei Yutkevich
(1966) Ferenc Kósa
Ferenc Kósa
(1967) Glauber Rocha
Glauber Rocha
/ Vojtěch Jasný
Vojtěch Jasný
(1969) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1970) Miklós Jancsó
Miklós Jancsó
(1972) Michel Brault / Costa-Gavras
(1975) Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1976) Nagisa Oshima
Nagisa Oshima
(1978) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(1979) Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
(1982) Robert Bresson / Andrei Tarkovsky
Andrei Tarkovsky
(1983) Bertrand Tavernier
Bertrand Tavernier
(1984) André Téchiné
André Téchiné
(1985) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1986) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1987) Fernando Solanas
Fernando Solanas
(1988) Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(1989) Pavel Lungin
Pavel Lungin
(1990) Joel Coen (1991) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1992) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(1993) Nanni Moretti
Nanni Moretti
(1994) Mathieu Kassovitz
Mathieu Kassovitz
(1995) Joel Coen (1996) Wong Kar-wai
Wong Kar-wai
(1997) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Edward Yang (2000) Joel Coen / David Lynch
David Lynch
(2001) Im Kwon-taek / Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2002) Gus Van Sant
Gus Van Sant
(2003) Tony Gatlif
Tony Gatlif
(2004) Michael Haneke
Michael Haneke
(2005) Alejandro González Iñárritu
Alejandro González Iñárritu
(2006) Julian Schnabel
Julian Schnabel
(2007) Nuri Bilge Ceylan
Nuri Bilge Ceylan
(2008) Brillante Mendoza
Brillante Mendoza
(2009) Mathieu Amalric
Mathieu Amalric
(2010) Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
(2011) Carlos Reygadas
Carlos Reygadas
(2012) Amat Escalante
Amat Escalante
(2013) Bennett Miller
Bennett Miller
(2014) Hou Hsiao-hsien
Hou Hsiao-hsien
(2015) Olivier Assayas
Olivier Assayas
/ Cristian Mungiu
Cristian Mungiu
(2016) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola

v t e

César Award
César Award
for Best Director

1976 Bertrand Tavernier 1977 Joseph Losey 1978 Alain Resnais 1979 Christian de Chalonge 1980 Roman Polanski 1981 François Truffaut 1982 Jean-Jacques Annaud 1983 Andrzej Wajda 1984 Ettore Scola 1985 Claude Zidi 1986 Michel Deville 1987 Alain Cavalier 1988 Louis Malle 1989 Jean-Jacques Annaud 1990 Bertrand Blier 1991 Jean-Paul Rappeneau 1992 Alain Corneau 1993 Claude Sautet 1994 Alain Resnais 1995 André Téchiné 1996 Claude Sautet 1997 Patrice Leconte
Patrice Leconte
/ Bertrand Tavernier 1998 Luc Besson 1999 Patrice Chéreau 2000 Tonie Marshall 2001 Dominik Moll 2002 Jean-Pierre Jeunet 2003 Roman Polanski 2004 Denys Arcand 2005 Abdellatif Kechiche 2006 Jacques Audiard 2007 Guillaume Canet 2008 Abdellatif Kechiche 2009 Jean-François Richet 2010 Jacques Audiard 2011 Roman Polanski 2012 Michel Hazanavicius 2013 Michael Haneke 2014 Roman Polanski 2015 Abderrahmane Sissako 2016 Arnaud Desplechin 2017 Xavier Dolan 2018 Albert Dupontel

v t e

National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Director

Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1966) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1967) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1968) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1969) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1970) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1971) Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel
(1972) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1975) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1976) Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel
(1977) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(1978) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
/ Robert Benton (1979) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1980) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1981) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1982) Paolo Taviani and Vittorio Taviani (1983) Robert Bresson (1984) John Huston
John Huston
(1985) David Lynch
David Lynch
(1986) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1987) Philip Kaufman
Philip Kaufman
(1988) Gus Van Sant
Gus Van Sant
(1989) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(1994) Mike Figgis
Mike Figgis
(1995) Lars von Trier
Lars von Trier
(1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
(1997) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(1998) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2003) Zhang Yimou
Zhang Yimou
(2004) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2007) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(2011) Michael Haneke
Michael Haneke
(2012) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Todd Haynes
Todd Haynes
(2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
(2016) Greta Gerwig
Greta Gerwig

v t e

French New Wave

Cahiers du Cinéma Directors

François Truffaut Jean-Luc Godard Éric Rohmer Claude Chabrol Jacques Rivette

Left Bank

Henri Colpi Marguerite Duras Armand Gatti Chris Marker Alain Resnais Alain Robbe-Grillet Agnès Varda

Other filmmakers

Philippe de Broca Jacques Demy Jean Douchet Jean Eustache Georges Franju Pierre Kast Louis Malle Jean-Pierre Melville Luc Moullet Jacques Rozier Straub–Huillet Roger Vadim

Theoretical influences

Alexandre Astruc André Bazin Robert Bresson Jacques Doniol-Valcroze Henri Langlois Joseph-Marie Lo Duca Jean Rouch

Key films

Le Coup du Berger (1956) Le Beau Serge (1958) Le Signe du Lion (1959) The 400 Blows
The 400 Blows
(1959) Hiroshima mon amour
Hiroshima mon amour
(1959) Breathless (1960) Adieu Philippine
Adieu Philippine
(1962) Cléo from 5 to 7
Cléo from 5 to 7
(1962) La Jetée
La Jetée


Auteurism Cahiers du cinéma Cinémathèque Française Jump cut Two in the Wave
Two in the Wave
(2010 documentary)

Authority control

Identities VIAF: 102375575 LCCN: n80036636 ISNI: 0000 0001 2145 929X GND: 118624202 SELIBR: 216352 SUDOC: 027170489 BNF: cb11927177t (data) NDL: 00459159 NKC: jn20000701846 ICCU: ITICCUCFIV72994 BNE: XX4578765 RKD: 404263 SN