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François Duprat (1940–1978) was a writer, a founding member of the Front National party and part of the leadership until his assassination in 1978.

Contents

1 Life and career 2 Revisionist writings 3 Death 4 Legacy 5 References 6 Further reading

Life and career[edit] François Duprat was born on 26 October 1940,[1] in Ajaccio, Corsica, and was educated in Bayonne, Toulouse, at the prestigious Lycée Louis-le-Grand in Paris. He graduated in History at the Sorbonne, earning a diploma of higher studies in history in 1963.[2] A communist in his teenage years,[2] François Duprat moved to the far right and became a member of the Jeune Nation wing of the French nationalist students' federation (Fédération des étudiants nationalistes FEN). Strongly opposed to Algerian independence during the Algerian War (1954–62), Duprat later supported Arab states as an anti-Zionist. After the March 1962 Evian agreements granting independence to Algeria, he traveled to Katanga, supporting the secession led by Moise Tshombe. He became Tshome's Director of Propaganda on Radio-Katanga. Thereafter, he returned to France, where he became a member of Occident, which carried out street brawls against the Maoists and other left-wing students. However, he was excluded in 1967, accused of being a police informant.[3] Duprat then took part in the Ordre Nouveau movement (New Order), and became the editor of L'Action européenne (European Action) and of the Revue d’histoire du fascisme (History Review of Fascism), which introduced in France Holocaust denial thesis supported by far right circles in the English-world.[4] In 1972, François Duprat co-founded the National Front (FN) headed by Jean-Marie Le Pen, and was part of its political bureau until his death in 1978. He represented the hard-liners of the party, and directed the Groupes nationalistes révolutionnaires (National Revolutionary Groups), alongside Alain Renault. Revisionist writings[edit] François Duprat saw history as a political weapon, stating in May 1976:

We must not let to our opponents, Marxists and régimistes,[5] the monopoly of the historical representation of men, facts and ideas. Because History is a wonderful war instrument, and it would be useless to deny that one of the important reasons of our political hardships resides in the historical exploitation and the systematic deformation of the nationalist experiences of the past... It is in order to answer these needs... that a team of intellectuals, professors and nationalists have created the Revue d'histoire du fascisme." [6]

Duprat wrote a book on far right movements in France from 1940 to 1944, during the Collaborationist regime of Vichy. He also created a number of magazines and political reviews, including the Cahiers d'histoire du fascisme (History Notebooks on Fascism) and the Cahiers Européens-Notre Europe (European Notebooks - Our Europe), which also circulated denialist books or far right literature exalting the Third Reich. Death[edit] Duprat was killed on 18 March 1978, in a car-bomb explosion. His wife Jeanine was also injured in the attack, losing the use of her legs. He was finishing a book titled Argent et politique (Money and Politics) concerning the funding of right-wing and far-right political parties. There are many theories about the assassination, but historian Michel Winock notes that perpetrators and their motives have never been established;[7] the police investigation into his assassination was inconclusive. A Jewish "Remembrance Commando" and a "Jewish Revolutionary Group" immediately claimed responsibility for the murder. The perpetrators of the bombing were never found, while Jean-Pierre Bloch, director of the LICRA anti-racist NGO, condemned the killing. In Génération Occident: de l'extrême droite à la droite, Frédéric Charpier alleged that the assassination could have been commissioned by a rival far right organisation. He recalled that Duprat had been excluded in 1967 from Occident after allegations that he was a police informant. According to Roger Faligot and Pascal Krop, Duprat was killed for his links with Palestinians and Syrians.[8] Shortly before the assassination, Patrice Chairoff had published names and addresses of publishers which were tied to Duprat; one of the addresses happened to be his private residence.[9] His funeral at the church of Saint-Nicolas-du-Chardonnet was attended by the leading lights of the nationalist right, which included the National Front, the PFN, monarchists and right-wing solidarists.[10][11] Legacy[edit] Le National, a far right political review, honoured him in April 1978 as one of the French leaders of "the 'revisionist' historical school" who had introduced in France "one of the most explosive booklet" of Richard Harwood.,[12]" member of the British National Front and author of the negationist pamphlet "Did Six Million Really Die?". The Cahiers européens - Notre Europe diffused this pamphlet starting in February 1976. The anonymous author of this text had been identified by Pierre-André Taguieff as likely being André Delaporte.[13] Each year Jean-Marie Le Pen pays his respects at Duprat's gravesite at the cimetière de Montmartre. At the 30th anniversary of his death, LePen paid tribute to his being a "martyr to the cause of freedom of thought", "a fighter", and "politician right to the tips of his fingers".[14] References[edit]

^ Rosso, Romain (8 March 2012). "François Duprat, l'homme qui inventa le Front National". L'Express.  ^ a b Francis Bergeron, Philippe Vilgier, De Le Pen à Le Pen. Une histoire des nationaux et des nationalistes sous la Ve République, Dominique Martin Morin editions, 1986, p.155 ^ Frédéric Charpier, Génération Occident : de l'extrême droite à la droite ^ Henry Rousso, "Les habits neufs du négationniste," in L'Histoire n°318, March 2007, pp.26-28 (in French) ^ This is a neologism, which is not in the Petit Robert dictionary. Probably alludes to legalistic supporters of the Republic (as "régime" means "regime" or "political regime" ^ « Front historique », Année Zéro, May 1976. French: « Nous ne devons pas laisser à nos adversaires, marxistes et régimistes, le monopole de la présentation historique des hommes, des faits et des idées. Car l'Histoire est un merveilleux instrument de combat et il serait vain de nier qu'une des raisons importantes de nos difficultés politiques réside dans l'exploitation historique et la déformation systématique des expériences nationalistes du passé. (...) C'est pour répondre à ce besoin (...) qu'une équipe d'intellectuels, de professeurs, de nationalistes a créé la Revue d'Histoire du fascisme. ^ Michel Winock, « Les sources historiques du Front national », article repris dans La France politique : XIXe-XXe siècle, Paris, Éditions du Seuil, 1999, p. 282. ^ DST : Police secrète (Flammarion, 1999) ^ Patrice Chairoff, Dossier néo-nazisme, Preface by Beate Klarsfeld, éditions Ramsay, 1977, page 238, note 141. ^ Minute, 29 mars 1978. ^ Joseph Algazy, op. cit., p. 170. ^ Hommage à François Duprat, Le National, April 1978, p. 9-11 ^ Interview of Pierre-André Taguieff by Valérie Igounet, Paris, 2 April 1993, quoted by Valérie Igounet, in Histoire du négationnisme en France, Le Seuil, 2000. ^ « Hommage de Jean-Marie Le Pen à l'occasion des 30 ans de l'attentat contre François Duprat » Archived 2008-11-18 at the Wayback Machine., website of Front national, 18 March 2008

Further reading[edit]

Chebel d'Appollonia, A., L'Extrême Droite en France: De Maurras à Le Pen. Éditions Complexe, Brussels, 2nd edition, 1996. ISBN 2-87027-573-0 Duprat, François. L'Internationale étudiante révolutionnaire (Revolutionary Student International), N.E.L., 1968. Igounet, Valérie, Histoire du négationnisme en France. Éditions du Seuil, Paris, 2000. ISBN 2-02-035492-6 (in particular the chapter L'extrême droite diffuse les thèses négationnistes / François Duprat, un passeur idéologique, p. 161 to 180). Lebourg, Nicolas. François Duprat: Idéologies, Combats, Souvenirs, Perpignan 2000.

v t e

Historical revisionism (negationism)

Denialism Relativism Rationalization Victim blaming Vergangenheitsbewältigung Historiography

school textbook controversies

Genocide denial

Holocaust

trivialization criticism

Armenian genocide Serbian genocide Holodomor Rwandan genocide Cambodian genocide Srebrenica massacre Nanking massacre

Proponents

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad Austin App Claude Autant-Lara Maurice Bardèche Harry Elmer Barnes John Tuson Bennett Jane Birdwood, Baroness Birdwood Don Black Eric Butler Arthur Butz Gheorghe Buzatu Willis Carto Louis-Ferdinand Céline Norberto Ceresole Thies Christophersen Craig Cobb Doug Collins Louis Darquier de Pellepoix Günter Deckert Léon Degrelle Luis D'Elía David Duke François Duprat Richard Edmonds Saeed Emami Robert Faurisson James H. Fetzer Bobby Fischer Paul Fromm Hermann Gauch Hutton Gibson Stephen Goodson Jürgen Graf Nick Griffin Hans F. K. Günther Anthony Hancock Peter Hartung Ursula Haverbeck Taj El-Din Hilaly Adolf Hitler Michael A. Hoffman II David Hoggan Ahmed Huber Augustus Sol Invictus David Irving Colin Jordan Ilias Kasidiaris James Keegstra Ali Khamenei Nicholas Kollerstrom Franz Kurowski Gottfried Küssel Laurent Louis Fred A. Leuchter Alex Linder Horst Mahler Naser Makarem Shirazi Princess Marie Adelheid of Lippe James J. Martin Anders Greif Mathisen Carlo Mattogno David McCalden Nikolaos Michaloliakos Eustace Mullins Issam Naaman Michael Collins Piper Oleg Platonov Konstantinos Plevris Robert Poulet Roeland Raes Ahmed Rami Mohammad-Ali Ramin Paul Rassinier Otto Ernst Remer Michèle Renouf Vincent Reynouard Jürgen Rieger Ingrid Rimland Thomas Robb Manfred Roeder Malcolm Ross Germar Rudolf Bernhard Schaub Hans Schmidt Simon Sheppard Bradley R. Smith Wilhelm Stäglich Kevin Alfred Strom Sultan bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan Robert Sungenis Tomislav Sunić Mohammed Taheri Serge Thion H. Keith Thompson Fredrick Töben Ferdinand Topacio Franjo Tuđman Hal Turner Richard Verrall Louis Vezelis James von Brunn Udo Walendy Adam Walker Mark Weber Bill White Richard Williamson Sami Abu Zuhri Ernst Zündel

Organizations

Adelaide Institute Centre for the Study of the Causes of the War CODOH HIAG Institute for Historical Review

Publications

Did Six Million Really Die? Leuchter report Journal of Historical Review The Hoax of the Twentieth Century

Conferences

International Conference to Review the Global Vision of the Holocaust Bali Holocaust Conference

Publishing houses

Arndt Verlag J.J. Fedorowicz Publishing Munin Verlag Nation Europa Verlag

Legal status

Statute law

Austria Belgium France Germany

Case law

Lehideux and Isorni v France R v Zundel

Treaties

Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 7508326 LCCN: n2012024890 ISNI: 0000 0001 1591 425X GND: 172057949 SUDOC: 055151515 BNF:

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