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Fox Kids
Fox Kids
(originally known as Fox Children's Network and later as the Fox Kids
Fox Kids
Network) is a defunct American children's programming block and branding for a slate of international children's television channels. Originally a joint venture between the Fox Broadcasting Company (Fox) and its affiliated stations, it was later owned by Fox Kids Worldwide from 1996 to 2001, and then by Fox Entertainment Group from 2001 onwards.[2] Fox Kids
Fox Kids
originated as a programming block that aired on the Fox network from September 8, 1990 to September 7, 2002. The block aired on Saturday mornings throughout its existence, with an additional block on Monday through Friday afternoons airing until January 2002. Fox Kids
Fox Kids
is the only form of daytime television programming, outside sports, aired by the Fox network to date.[3][4] Following then-Fox parent News Corporation's sale of Fox Kids
Fox Kids
Worldwide to The Walt Disney Company in July 2001, Fox put the remaining Saturday morning timeslot up for bidding, with 4Kids Entertainment winning and securing the rights to program that period. The Fox Kids
Fox Kids
block continued to air in repeats until September 7, 2002, and was replaced the following week (on September 14) by the 4Kids-programmed FoxBox.[5] The first Fox Kids-branded television channel launched on October 1, 1995, on Foxtel
Foxtel
in Australia. Beginning in 2004, the channels were gradually relaunched under the Jetix
Jetix
brand following Disney's acquisition of Fox Kids
Fox Kids
Worldwide.[citation needed]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Scheduling

1.1.1 Broadcasting ambiguities

1.2 End of Fox Kids 1.3 After Fox Kids

2 Revival 3 Programming 4 Radio 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] According to James B. Stewart's book DisneyWar, Fox Kids' history is intertwined with that of the syndicated children's program block The Disney Afternoon. DuckTales, the series which served as the launching pad for The Disney Afternoon, premiered in syndication in September 1987, airing on Fox's owned-and-operated stations as well as various Fox affiliates in many markets. This may have been due to the fact that The Walt Disney Company's chief operating officer at the time, Michael Eisner, and his then-Fox counterpart, Barry Diller, had worked together at ABC and at Paramount Pictures.[6] In 1988, Disney purchased independent television station KHJ-TV in Los Angeles, changing its call letters to KCAL-TV
KCAL-TV
the next year. The station's new owners wanted DuckTales
DuckTales
to be shown on KCAL, effectively taking the local television rights to the animated series away from Fox-owned KTTV. Furious at the breach of contract, Diller pulled DuckTales
DuckTales
from all of Fox's other owned-and-operated stations in the fall of 1989. Diller also encouraged the network's affiliates to do the same,[7] though most did not initially. As Disney went forward in developing The Disney Afternoon, Fox (whose schedule at the time was limited to prime time programming on Saturday and Sunday nights) began the process of launching its own children's programming lineup. Fox Kids
Fox Kids
was launched on September 8, 1990, as the Fox Children's Network, a joint venture between the Fox Broadcasting Company
Fox Broadcasting Company
and its affiliates.[2] Originally headed by division president Margaret Loesch, its programming aired for 30 minutes per day on Monday through Fridays, and for 3 hours on Saturday mornings. In September 1991, the block was rebranded as the Fox Kids
Fox Kids
Network, with its programming expanding to 90 minutes on weekdays and 4 hours on Saturday mornings. The weekday editions of the block grew to 2½ hours the following year. From 1992 to 1998, Fox Kids
Fox Kids
aired "The Fox Kids T.V. Takeover," a special programming block on Thanksgiving Day that led into the network's NFL coverage. Scheduling[edit] By 1993, Fox Kids
Fox Kids
increased its schedule to 3 hours on Monday through Fridays, airing usually from 2:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m. local time (making Fox the first network to air programming in the 4:00 p.m. hour since 1986)[citation needed], and 4 hours on Saturdays from 8:00 a.m. to noon Eastern and Pacific Time (7:00 a.m. to 11:00 a.m. Central and Mountain). Many stations split the weekday lineup programming into a one-hour block in the morning and a two-hour block in the afternoon (though this varied slightly in some markets), when network programs intertwined with syndicated children's lineups. Other stations aired all three hours combined in the afternoon due to their carriage of local morning newscasts and/or syndicated talk shows; stations that aired such programming in this case had dropped children's programs acquired via the syndication market, moving them to other "independent" stations. Very few Fox stations aired all three hours of the weekday block in the morning.[citation needed] Broadcasting ambiguities[edit] When Fox Kids
Fox Kids
launched, virtually all of Fox's owned-and-operated stations and affiliates carried the block, with few (if any) declining to carry it. The first Fox station to drop the block was Miami affiliate WSVN, the network's first station to maintain a news-intensive format, in 1993 (the station had been a Fox affiliate since January 1989 as a result of NBC
NBC
purchasing and moving its programming to longtime CBS
CBS
affiliate WTVJ
WTVJ
in a three-station ownership and affiliation swap in the Miami
Miami
market). The following year, in May 1994, Fox signed a multi-station affiliation agreement with New World Communications to switch that company's CBS, ABC and NBC
NBC
affiliates to the network between September 1994, and July 1995,[8] in order to improve its affiliate coverage in certain markets after the National Football League
National Football League
(NFL) awarded the network the contract to the National Football Conference
National Football Conference
television package.[9] Many of the stations owned by New World (which later merged with Fox's then-parent company News Corporation
News Corporation
in July 1996[10]) declined to carry the block in order to air syndicated programs aimed at older audiences or local newscasts. In certain cities with an independent station, or beginning with the launches of those networks in January 1995, affiliates of UPN
UPN
and The WB, Fox contracted the Fox Kids
Fox Kids
block to air on one of these stations if a Fox owned-and-operated station or affiliate chose not to carry it. In some cases, Fox Kids
Fox Kids
would be carried on the same station as one of its two competing children's blocks, The WB's Kids' WB
Kids' WB
and UPN's UPN
UPN
Kids block (the latter of which was replaced in 1999 by Disney's One Too). Between 1995 and early 1996, Fox acquired three former ABC-affiliated stations (WHBQ-TV/Memphis, KTVI/St. Louis and WGHP/High Point). Meanwhile, SF Broadcasting (a joint venture between Savoy Pictures
Savoy Pictures
and Fox) acquired three former NBC
NBC
affiliates and one ABC affiliate during the summer of 1994 (which were later sold to Emmis Communications
Emmis Communications
in 1996). Those stations all aired early evening local newscasts, but wanted to continue to run general entertainment syndicated programming to lead into their news programs instead of cartoons; these stations opted to run Fox Kids
Fox Kids
one hour early, from 1:00 to 4:00 p.m. Much of the Fox Kids
Fox Kids
lineup's early programming was produced by Warner Bros. Animation. Two of Fox Kids' most popular programs, Animaniacs (following a heated dispute with Fox after it ceded the program's timeslot to carry Mighty Morphin Power Rangers, which became one of the block's highest-rated programs when it debuted in 1993) and Batman: The Animated Series, moved to The WB
The WB
after that network launched in January 1995. Both Animaniacs
Animaniacs
and Batman
Batman
served as the linchpin of The WB's new children's block, Kids' WB, when it launched in September of that year (Tiny Toon Adventures, another early Fox Kids program that Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
produced and also aired on Kids' WB
Kids' WB
in reruns, had already ended its run). In 1996, Saban Entertainment
Saban Entertainment
acquired a 50% ownership interest in Fox Kids, to form Fox Kids
Fox Kids
Worldwide Inc., later renamed Fox Family Worldwide.[2][11][12] Some of Fox Kids' programming also aired on Fox Family Channel (later known as ABC Family, now Freeform), after News Corporation and Saban acquired the network from International
International
Family Entertainment in 1997. In 1998, Fox bought out its affiliates' interest in Fox Kids
Fox Kids
as part of a deal to help pay for the network's NFL package.[2] The Fox Kids weekday block was reduced to two hours, and in an effort to help its affiliates comply with the recently implemented educational programming mandates defined by the Children's Television Act, reruns of former PBS
PBS
series The Magic School Bus were added to the lineup.[13] In 2000, affiliates were given the option of pushing the block up one hour to air from 2:00 to 4:00 p.m. rather than 3:00 to 5:00 p.m. In the six or so markets where a Fox affiliate carried Fox Kids
Fox Kids
and carried an early evening newscast at 5:00 p.m. (such as St. Louis and New Orleans), the station was already running the block an hour early by 1996. Some affiliates (such as WLUK-TV) would tape delay the block to air between 10:00 a.m. and 1:00 p.m., one of the lowest-rated time periods on U.S. television (and when virtually all children 5 years of age and older are at school). A few only aired The Magic School Bus in this sort of graveyard slot as an act of malicious compliance with the Children's Television Act. End of Fox Kids[edit] By 2001, members of the Fox affiliate board had felt they were on much more even footing with the "Big Three" networks and wanted to take back the time allocated to the Fox Kids
Fox Kids
programming blocks to air their own programming. Saturday mornings, long the only province of children's programming, had become a liability as the other networks started to extend their weekday morning news programs to weekends.[citation needed] Fox Kids, which had been the top-rated children's program block among the major networks since 1992, had been overtaken in the ratings by Kids' WB
Kids' WB
two years prior with the stronger animation block backed by Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
that included shows such as Pokémon and Yu-Gi-Oh!. ABC and UPN
UPN
aired mostly comedy-based cartoons at this time, with the exception of live-action teen-oriented sitcoms Lizzie McGuire
Lizzie McGuire
and Even Stevens (both originated on Disney Channel
Disney Channel
as part of what would be a gradual takeover of ABC's Saturday morning lineup by the cable channel's programming), while CBS
CBS
aired preschool programming from Nick Jr., and NBC
NBC
was airing teen-oriented sitcoms (later to be replaced the following year by E/I-compliant programming sourced from Discovery Kids), splintering the audience. The added factor of Nickelodeon's aggressive schedule that outrated all of the broadcast networks among children on Saturday mornings[14] left Fox Kids
Fox Kids
behind, and the programmers could find no way to catch up and stand out in this crowded field. Fox Family, despite good reviews, had a 35% audience decline, which led to Fox Kids
Fox Kids
Worldwide and Fox Family Worldwide (along with Saban Entertainment) being sold to The Walt Disney Company in 2001.[citation needed] After Fox Family Worldwide was sold to The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
in July 2001, Fox Kids
Fox Kids
was placed under the oversight of Fox Television Entertainment and moved its programming operations to Fox's headquarters on the 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
studio lot,[2] at which time Fox discontinued the daytime children's programming, giving the time back to its affiliates.[15] Fox put its children's programming block up for bidding, and 4Kids Entertainment, then-producers of the English dub of Pokémon, purchased the remaining four-hour Saturday time period. Fox Kids maintained a Saturday morning-only schedule until September 7, 2002, a week before it gave the time to 4Kids Entertainment.[5] Fox Kids
Fox Kids
was replaced by the 4Kids Entertainment-produced FoxBox on September 14, 2002. The block, renamed 4Kids TV
4Kids TV
in early 2005, ran until December 27, 2008, marking Fox's complete withdrawal from children's programming. It wasn't until 2014 that Fox would reverse course and return to children's programming with the launch of a E/I programming block called Xploration Station, which is produced by Steve Rotfeld Productions.[citation needed] After Fox Kids[edit] While Fox Kids
Fox Kids
ended its existence on broadcast television in the United States, Disney instituted a two-hour morning lineup on its newly acquired ABC Family
ABC Family
cable channel (known as the "ABC Family Action Block") that was programmed similarly to Fox Kids
Fox Kids
and featured content originated on the block. Internationally, Disney temporarily retained the Fox Kids
Fox Kids
brand for the international channels in Australia, Europe, Israel
Israel
and Latin America
Latin America
acquired through the purchase of Fox Kids
Fox Kids
Worldwide (which became ABC Family
ABC Family
Worldwide after the sale was completed). In 2004, Disney began branding its action and adventure programming from the Fox Kids
Fox Kids
library as Jetix; the new name was first used in the United States
United States
on the ABC Family morning block and a new prime-time lineup on Toon Disney. Revival[edit]

Fox Kids' current logo in Finland.

Despite having been retired in most of the world, the Fox Kids
Fox Kids
name was revived for use by the children's programming block on the Fox network in Finland, a free-to-air generalist television channel. Initially, it utilized the Fox Kids' global logo and on-screen branding from early 2000s, but it was later replaced by another logo and look.[1] Programming[edit] Main article: List of programs broadcast by Fox
List of programs broadcast by Fox
Kids Radio[edit] In addition to the program block, Fox Kids
Fox Kids
had its own radio program in the United States, the Fox Kids
Fox Kids
Radio Countdown. This two-hour broadcast was hosted by Chris Leary of ZDTV
ZDTV
and TechTV
TechTV
fame and consisted of contests and gags, with sound effects incorporated throughout the program. It was later renamed as Fox All Access and served primarily as a promotional vehicle for Fox television programs, current artists, and films in its later years, before eventually ending its run in 2012.[citation needed] See also[edit]

Television in the United States
United States
portal 1990s portal 2000s portal

4Kids TV
4Kids TV
– successor children's program block to Fox Kids, running from September 2002 to December 2008, produced by 4Kids Entertainment. Jetix
Jetix
– action-oriented children's program block on ABC Family
ABC Family
and Toon Disney, and international cable channels owned by The Walt Disney Company, operating from 2002 to 2009. Jetix
Jetix
incorporated series from the Saban Entertainment
Saban Entertainment
program library. Vortexx
Vortexx
– children's program block produced by Saban Brands
Saban Brands
for The CW from August 2012 to September 2014.

References[edit]

^ a b " Fox Kids
Fox Kids
Finland
Finland
Website". Fox (21st Century Fox).  ^ a b c d e Michael Schneider; Melissa Grego (September 9, 2001). "Fox Kids net adopted by Fox TV Ent". Variety. Retrieved August 13, 2009.  ^ Heather Tomlinson (July 28, 2001). "Murdoch parts with the Power Rangers and the preacher man". The Independent. London. Retrieved August 20, 2010.  ^ Daniel Cerone (February 20, 1993). "Animated Series Has Helped Fox Challenge the Other Networks on Saturday Mornings". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Times Mirror Company. Retrieved October 15, 2010.  ^ a b Paula Bernstein (January 18, 2002). "4Kids buys 4 hours from Fox Kids". Variety. Retrieved August 13, 2009.  ^ James B. Stewart (2005). Disney War. New York City, New York: Simon & Schuster. pp. 94–95. ISBN 0-6848-0993-1.  ^ Michael Cieply (February 22, 1990). "Disney, Fox Clash Over Children's TV Programming". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Times Mirror Company. Retrieved May 11, 2011.  ^ "Fox Gains 12 Stations in New World Deal". Chicago Sun-Times. Sun-Times Media Group. May 23, 1994. Retrieved June 1, 2013 – via HighBeam Research.  ^ "CBS, NBC
NBC
Battle for AFC Rights // Fox Steals NFC Package". Chicago Sun-Times. Sun-Times Media Group. December 18, 1993 – via HighBeam Research.  ^ Brian Lowry (July 18, 1996). "New World Vision : Murdoch's News Corp. to Buy Broadcast Group". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Times Mirror Company. Retrieved June 22, 2012.  ^ "Fox Family Worldwide Inc". Saban. Retrieved February 19, 2009.  ^ Barry Hillier (November 1, 1996). " Fox Kids
Fox Kids
Worldwide is born". Kidscreen. Retrieved November 21, 2010.  ^ Cynthia Littleton (December 3, 1997). "'Bus' rolling to Fox Kids". Variety. Retrieved August 13, 2009.  ^ "NICK RETAINS SATURDAY CROWN". Broadcasting &Cable. June 18, 2001. Retrieved October 30, 2013.   – via HighBeam (subscription required) ^ Michael Schneider (November 7, 2001). "Fox outgrows kids programs". Variety. Retrieved August 13, 2009. 

External links[edit]

Archive copies of US Fox Kids
Fox Kids
website at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
(archive index) Retrojunk: The Fox Kids
Fox Kids
Club: The End of An Era

Retrojunk: Fox Kids
Fox Kids
TV Block

Fox Kids
Fox Kids
Network on IMDbPro (subscription required)

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Power Rangers

Media

TV series

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Mighty Morphin Power Rangers
Mighty Morphin Power Rangers
(1993–1995; 2010)

Season 1 2 3 2010 re-version

Alien Rangers (1996) Zeo (1996)

Episodes

Turbo
Turbo
(1997)

Episodes

in Space (1998)

Episodes

Lost Galaxy (1999)

Episodes

Lightspeed Rescue (2000)

Episodes

Time Force (2001)

Episodes

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Episodes

Disney

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Episodes

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Season 1 2

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Season 1 2

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Season 1 2

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Season 1 2

Beast Morphers (2019)

Films

Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: The Movie (1995) Turbo: A Power Rangers
Power Rangers
Movie (1997) Saban's Power Rangers
Power Rangers
(2017)

Web series

Power Rangers
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Hyperforce (2017–2018)

Video games

Mighty Morphin Power Rangers
Mighty Morphin Power Rangers
(1994) The Movie (1995) The Fighting Edition (1995) Zeo: Battle Racers (1996) Lightspeed Rescue (2000) Time Force (2001) Wild Force (2002) Ninja Storm (2003) Dino Thunder (2004) S.P.D. (2005) Super Legends (2007) Legacy Wars (2017)

Others

"Day of the Dumpster" (series premiere) "Go Go Power Rangers" (theme song) "Power Rangers" (song) A Rock Adventure World Tour Live on Stage Collectible Card Game Comics

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See also 4Kids TV Animation Domination Animation Domination High-Def Fox Kids Speed on Fox Weekend Marketplace

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Litton

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CBS
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Telemundo
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(CW)

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Playhouse Disney
(Disney Channel)

Network history

ABC CBS First-run syndication NBC TBS / TNT

See also

Children's Television Act E/I Saturday-morning cartoon Weekday cartoon

Notes

1 This block is now a part of Adult Swim. 2 This block is now a part of TeenNick'

.