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In the
mountaineering Mountaineering, or alpinism, is the set of activities that involves ascending mountains. Mountaineering-related activities include traditional outdoor climbing, skiing, and traversing via ferratas. Indoor climbing, sport climbing and boul ...
parlance of the
Western United States The Western United States (also called the American West, the Far West, and the West) is the List of regions of the United States#Census Bureau-designated regions and divisions, region comprising the westernmost U.S. state, states of the United S ...
, a fourteener is a
mountain peak
mountain peak
with an elevation of at least . The 96 fourteeners in the United States are all west of the
Mississippi River The Mississippi River is the List of longest rivers of the United States (by main stem), second-longest river and chief river of the second-largest Drainage system (geomorphology), drainage system on the North American continent, second only to ...
.
Colorado Colorado (, other variants) is a U.S. state, state in the Mountain states, Mountain West region of the United States. It encompasses most of the Southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the weste ...

Colorado
has the most (53) of any single state;
Alaska Alaska (; ale, Alax̂sxax̂; ; ems, Alas'kaaq; Central Alaskan Yup'ik language, Yup'ik: ''Alaskaq''; tli, Anáaski) is a U.S. state in the Western United States, on the northwest extremity of the country's West Coast of the United States ...
is second with 29. Many peak baggers try to climb all fourteeners in the
contiguous United States The contiguous United States or officially the conterminous United States consists of the 48 adjoining U.S. states (plus the District of Columbia ) , image_skyline = , image_caption = Clockwise fro ...
, one particular state, or another region. __TOC__


Qualification criteria

The
summit A summit is a point on a surface that is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. The topographic terms acme, apex, peak (mountain peak), and zenith are synonymous. The term (mountain top) is generally used only for a ...

summit
of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways: #
Topographic elevation The elevation of a geographic location is its height above or below a fixed reference point, most commonly a reference geoid, a mathematical model A mathematical model is a description of a system A system is a group of Interaction, int ...

Topographic elevation
is the height of the summit above a geodetic sea level.All elevations in the 48
contiguous United States The contiguous United States or officially the conterminous United States consists of the 48 adjoining U.S. states (plus the District of Columbia ) , image_skyline = , image_caption = Clockwise fro ...
include an elevation adjustment from the
National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929 The National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929 is the official name since 1973 of the vertical datum A vertical datum, altimetric datum, or height datum is a reference surface for vertical positions, such as the elevations of Earth features includ ...
(
NGVD 29 The National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929 is the official name since 1973 of the vertical datum A vertical datum, altimetric datum, or height datum is a reference surface for vertical positions, such as the elevations of Earth features includ ...
) to the
North American Vertical Datum of 1988 The North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88) is the vertical datum A vertical datum, altimetric datum, or height datum is a reference surface for vertical positions, such as the elevations of Earth features including terrain, bathymetry, ...
(
NAVD 88 The North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88) is the vertical datum A vertical datum, altimetric datum, or height datum is a reference surface for vertical positions, such as the elevations of Earth features including terrain, bathymetry, ...
). For further information, please see this
United States National Geodetic Survey The National Geodetic Survey (NGS), formerly the United States Survey of the Coast (1807–1836), United States Coast Survey (1836–1878), and United States Coast and Geodetic Survey (USC&GS) (1878–1970), is a United States federal agency th ...
br>note
If the elevation or prominence of a summit is calculated as a range of values, the
arithmetic mean In mathematics and statistics, the arithmetic mean (, stress on first and third syllables of "arithmetic"), or simply the mean or the average (when the context is clear), is the sum of a collection of numbers divided by the count of numbers in the ...
is shown.
#
Topographic prominence In topography, prominence (also referred to as autonomous height, relative height, and shoulder drop in US English, and drop or relative height in British English) measures the height of a mountain or hill's summit relative to the lowest conto ...

Topographic prominence
is how high the summit rises above its surroundings.The
topographic prominence In topography, prominence (also referred to as autonomous height, relative height, and shoulder drop in US English, and drop or relative height in British English) measures the height of a mountain or hill's summit relative to the lowest conto ...

topographic prominence
of a ewfdwjirvjs,vjJWKV,Zkjv,,zkjv,zx.wEKVJ,VSVV,V,KEVEVZ=on, comma=5 away.
#Topographic isolation (or radius of dominance) is how far the summit lies from its nearest point of equal elevation.The topographic isolation of a summit is the great-circle distance to its nearest point of equal elevation. Not all summits over 14,000 feet qualify as fourteeners. Summits that qualify are those considered by mountaineering, mountaineers to be independent. Objective standards for independence include topographic prominence and isolation (distance from a higher summit), or a combination of the two. However, fourteener lists do not always use such objective rules consistently. A rule commonly used by mountaineers in the contiguous United States is that a peak must have at least of prominence to qualify. By this rule, Colorado has 53 fourteeners, California has 12, and Washington has two. According to the Mountaineering Club of Alaska, the standard in
Alaska Alaska (; ale, Alax̂sxax̂; ; ems, Alas'kaaq; Central Alaskan Yup'ik language, Yup'ik: ''Alaskaq''; tli, Anáaski) is a U.S. state in the Western United States, on the northwest extremity of the country's West Coast of the United States ...
uses a prominence rule rather than a rule. By this rule, Alaska has at least 21 peaks over and its 12 highest peaks exceed .


Fourteeners

The following table lists the 96 mountain peaks of the United States with at least of Elevation, topographic elevation and at least of topographic prominence]. Of these, 53 rise in Colorado, 29 in Alaska, 12 in California, and one in Washington (Liberty Cap is part of the crater atop Mt Rainier). The 22 highest fourteeners all rise in Alaska.


Topographic prominence

The table above uses a minimum topographic prominence criterion of and includes 97 peaks. The number of peaks included depends upon the minimum topographic prominence criterion. A criterion of includes 90 peaks, includes 77 peaks, includes 63 peaks, and includes 46 peaks. The following U.S. summits have 14,000 ft of elevation, but have less than 300 ft of topographic prominence: * Denali, Browne Tower, 14,530, Alaska: Prominence = .Why this became included on some fourteener lists is unclear. * Mount Cameron, Colorado, Mount Cameron, 14,238, Colorado: Prominence = 118 feet. * El Diente Peak, 14,159, Colorado: Prominence = 239 feet. On many fourteener lists. * Mount Rainier#Subsidiary peaks, Point Success, 14,158, Washington: Prominence = 118 feet. * North Palisade, Polemonium Peak, 14,080+, California: Prominence = 160–240 feet. * North Palisade, Starlight Peak, 14,080, California: Prominence = 80–160 feet. * North Castle Peak (Colorado), Conundrum Peak, 14,040+, Colorado: Prominence = 200–280 feet. * North Eolus, 14,039, Colorado: Prominence = 159–199 feet. * North Maroon Peak, 14,014, Colorado: Prominence = 234 feet. On many fourteener lists. * North Palisade, Thunderbolt Peak, 14,003, California: Prominence = 223 feet. * Sunlight Spire, 14,001, Colorado: Prominence = 195–235 feet.http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=6510


Gallery

Mt Saint Elias.jpg, Mount Saint Elias, Alaska Mount foraker.jpg, Mount Foraker, Alaska MtBlackburn-KennicottGlacier.jpg, Mount Blackburn, Alaska MountSanford.jpg, Mount Sanford (Alaska), Mount Sanford and Mount Wrangell, Alaska Elbert.JPG, Mount Elbert, Colorado Mount Williamson.jpg, Mount Williamson, California White Mountain CA.JPG, White Mountain Peak, California Longs.JPG, Longs Peak, Colorado Mount Shasta 1.jpg, Mount Shasta, California Maroon Bells (11553)a.jpg, Maroon Bells (Maroon Peak and North Maroon Peak), Colorado Pikes Peak by David Shankbone.jpg, Pikes Peak, Colorado BLANCA.JPG, Blanca Peak, Colorado San Miguel Mountains.jpg, Wilson Peak, Colorado


See also

*List of mountain peaks of North America **List of mountain peaks of Greenland **Mountain peaks of Canada, List of mountain peaks of Canada **List of mountain peaks of the Rocky Mountains **List of mountain peaks of the United States ***List of the highest major summits of the United States ****List of the major 4000-meter summits of the United States ****List of the major 3000-meter summits of the United States ***List of the most prominent summits of the United States ****List of the ultra-prominent summits of the United States ***List of the most isolated major summits of the United States ****List of the major 100-kilometer summits of the United States ***List of extreme summits of the United States ***List of mountain peaks of Alaska ***List of mountain peaks of California ***List of mountain peaks of Colorado ***List of mountain peaks of Hawaii, List of mountain peaks of Hawaii ***List of mountain peaks of Montana ***List of mountain peaks of Nevada ***List of mountain peaks of Utah ***List of mountain peaks of Washington (state) ***List of mountain peaks of Wyoming **List of mountain peaks of Mexico, List of mountain peaks of México **List of mountain peaks of Central America **List of mountain peaks of the Caribbean *United States, United States of America **Geography of the United States **Geology of the United States ***:Mountains of the United States ****commons:Mountains of the United States *Physical geography


Notes


References


External links


United States Geological Survey (USGS)

Geographic Names Information System @ USGSUnited States National Geodetic Survey (NGS)

Geodetic Glossary @ NGS

NGVD 29 to NAVD 88 online elevation converter @ NGS

Survey Marks and Datasheets @ NGSBivouac.comPeakbagger.comPeaklist.orgSummitpost.org
{{DEFAULTSORT:Fourteeners, List Of United States Mountains of the United States Lists of mountains of the United States, *Fourteener United States geography-related lists Lists of mountains by elevation, United States Fourteeners, List Of