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FOSTER + PARTNERS is a British international studio for architecture and integrated design , with headquarters in London . The practice is led by its founder and Chairman, Norman Foster , and has constructed many high-profile glass -and-steel buildings.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Major projects

* 2.1 Masterplans * 2.2 Bridges * 2.3 Government * 2.4 Cultural * 2.5 Higher education * 2.6 Sport * 2.7 Transportation * 2.8 Office * 2.9 Leisure * 2.10 Mixed use * 2.11 Residential * 2.12 Retail * 2.13 Current * 2.14 Selected works

* 3 Awards * 4 Criticism * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links

HISTORY

Established by Norman Foster as FOSTER ASSOCIATES in 1967 shortly after leaving Team 4 , the firm was renamed in the 1990s to more accurately reflect the influence of the other lead architects.

In 2007 the private equity company 3i took a stake in the practice. This was bought back by the practice in June 2014 to become wholly owned by the 140 partners.

MAJOR PROJECTS

Major projects, by year of completion and ordered by type, are:

MASTERPLANS

* More London , London, UK (1998–2000) * Duisburg Inner Harbour , Germany (1991–2003) * Trafalgar Square Redevelopment, London, UK (1996–2003) * Quartermile , Edinburgh, Scotland 2001- * Masdar City , Abu Dhabi, UAE 2007- * West Kowloon Cultural District , Hong Kong (2009) * Thames Hub , UK, 2011- * Cardiff Central Square, UK, 2015-

BRIDGES

* Millau Viaduct , the highest road bridge in the world (2004) * Western Årsta Bridge, Årstabroarna , Sweden (1994/2005) * Millennium Bridge in London (1999/2002)

GOVERNMENT

London City Hall at night.

* Reichstag building redevelopment in Berlin (1999) * London City Hall (2002) * New Supreme Court Building , Singapore (2005) * Palace of Peace and Reconciliation in Astana , Kazakhstan — (September 2006) * Buenos Aires City Hall (new headquarters), Buenos Aires, Argentina (April 2015 )

CULTURAL

* Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts at University of East Anglia in Norwich , UK (1978) * Clyde Auditorium , part of the Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre complex, Glasgow (1997) * Sackler Galleries, Royal Academy of Arts , London, UK (1985–1991) * Carré d\'Art , 1984–1993 * American Air Museum , Imperial War Museum Duxford , UK (1997) — Stirling Prize * Redevelopment of the Queen Elizabeth II Great Court of the British Museum (2000) * The Sage Gateshead , , (1997–2004) * The Zenith, Le Zénith#Le Zénith de Saint-Étienne , St Etienne, France (2004–2007) * The Robert and Arlene Kogod Courtyard, Smithsonian Institution , , Washington, DC (2004–2007) * Winspear Opera House , Dallas (2003–2009) * Art of the Americas Wing, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston , (1999–2010) * Khan Shatyr Entertainment Center , (2006–2010) * Sperone Westwater Gallery , (2008–2010) * Extension to Lenbachhaus art museum, Munich (2013) * The SSE Hydro , Glasgow, Scotland (2004–2013)

HIGHER EDUCATION

* Kings Norton Library, Cranfield University , UK (1994) * Faculty of Law, Cambridge , Cambridge, UK (1995) * Faculty of Management (now known as Aberdeen Business School), The Robert Gordon University , UK (1998) * Imperial College School of Medicine , Sir Alexander Flemming Building, London, UK 1994–1998 * Center for Clinical Science Research, Stanford University Stanford, California, USA (1995–2000) * British Library of Political and Economic Science , London School of Economics , London, UK (1993–2001) * Imperial College London , Flowers Building London, UK 1997–2001 * Faculty of Social Studies, University of Oxford , UK (1996–2002) * James H. Clark Center , Stanford, California, USA (1999–2003) * Universiti Teknologi Petronas , Tronoh, Perak , Malaysia (2004) * Tanaka Business School , as of 2008 renamed the Imperial College Business School , London 2004 * Free University of Berlin Berlin, Germany 2005 * Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy , University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada (2006) * Library, California State University Channel Islands , Camarillo, California, USA 2000–2008 * Yale School of Management , new campus, New Haven, USA (projected 2013) * Masdar Institute of Science and Technology , Abu Dhabi, UAE (2007–2015) * China Resources University, Shenzhen (2011-2016)

SPORT

* Wembley Stadium reconstruction (2007) * Lusail Iconic Stadium , Qatar (2010)

TRANSPORTATION

* Stansted Airport , UK (1991) * Metro Bilbao , Spain (1995) — Line 2 (2004) * Hong Kong International Airport , _Chek Lap Kok_ in Hong Kong (1998) * Canary Wharf Underground Station , London, UK (1999) * Expo MRT Station , Singapore (2001) * Dresden Central Station Redevelopment, Germany (1997–2006) * Beijing Capital International Airport (2008) * London Heathrow Airport East Terminal (projected 2013) * Spaceport America , New Mexico (2005–2013) * Four railway stations for the Haramain High Speed Rail Project , Saudi Arabia (projected 2015) * Kai Tak Cruise Terminal (projected 2013) * New Mexico City International Airport (projected 2020) * Slussen , re-development and masterplan of a major transportation hub in central Stockholm (projected 2022) * Queen Alia International Airport , Amman, Jordan 2005–2013 * Thames Hub , UK, from 2011 * Thames Hub Airport , UK, from 2013 * York University (TTC) station - TYSSE , Vaughan, Ontario /Toronto, Ontario , (under construction, projected 2018)

OFFICE

* Fred. Olsen Lines terminal, London Docklands (1971) * Willis Building (Ipswich) , UK, (1971–1975) * HSBC Tower (1986) * Commerzbank Tower in Frankfurt , Germany (1997) * Citigroup Centre, London , London, UK (1996–2000) * HSBC HQ, 8 Canada Square , London, UK (1997–2002) * Gherkin/ 30 St Mary Axe , London Swiss Re headquarters (2004) — Stirling Prize winner * McLaren Technology Centre , base for the McLaren Formula One team and McLaren Group (2004) * Deutsche Bank Place , Sydney, Australia, (1997–2005) * Hearst Tower , New York City (June 2006) * Willis Building (London) London, UK (2001–2007) * Caja Madrid , Madrid, Spain (2002–2009) * Apple Park in Cupertino, California * The One , Toronto (under construction)

LEISURE

* The Great Glashouse National Botanic Garden of Wales , Wales, UK (1995–2000) * Elephant House, Copenhagen Zoo#Foster\'s Elephant House , Denmark (2002–2008) * Dolder Grand restoration, Zürich, Switzerland (2002–2008) * Faustino Winery Bodegas Faustino , Castilla y Leon, Spain (2007–2010) * ME Hotel, ME by Meliá , London, UK (2004–2013)

MIXED USE

* Albion Riverside , London, UK (1998–2003) * Al Faisaliyah Center , Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, (1994–2000) * The Index (Dubai) , Dubai, UAE (2010) * The Troika (Kuala Lumpur) , Malaysia (2004–2011) * The Bow , Calgary (2005–2013) * Central Market Project , Abu Dhabi, UAE (2006–2013) * One Central Park , Sydney * (Formerly) 200 Greenwich Street , New York (projected 2020) Two World Trade Center * CityCenterDC , Washington, D.C. (first portion projected 2012; second portion projected 2015) * Crystal Island (completion date not set yet) * Hermitage Plaza , La Défense , Paris from 2008 * India Tower (cancelled) * Comcast Technology Center , Philadelphia (predicted completion date 2017) * VietinBank Business Center Office Tower , Hanoi, Vietnam (predicted completion date 2017) * Battersea Power Station Phase 3, London, UK (under construction)

RESIDENTIAL

* The Murezzan, St Moritz, Switzerland (2003–2007) * Regent Place, Sydney, Australia (2003–2007) * Jameson House, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada (2004–2011) * The Aleph, Buenos Aires, Argentina (2006–2013) * Anfa Place, Casablanca, Morocco (2007–2013) * Faena House, Miami Beach * The Towers by Foster + Partners , Brickell ( Miami ) * Arcoris Mont Kiara, Malaysia (projected 2016) * 610 Lexington Avenue (projected 2016) * 50 United Nations Plaza (projected 2014)

RETAIL

* Apple Orchard Road in Singapore * Apple Dubai Mall in UAE * Apple Union Square in California, USA * Apple Zorlu in Turkey * Apple Westlake in China * Apple Regent Street in London * Apple Brussels in Belgium * Potential future Apple location in Washington DC, USA * Potential future Apple location in Milan, Italy

CURRENT

* York University (TTC) , Toronto (projected 2018)

SELECTED WORKS

*

The British Library of Political and Economic Science *

The futuristic interior roof of Hong Kong International Airport *

The Willis Faber and Dumas Headquarters in Ipswich was one of Foster's earliest commissions after founding Foster Associates . *

The tessellated glass roof of the British Museum 's Great Court redevelopment has a complex curved form, approximating the top half of a doughnut anchored by the circular Reading Room at the centre of the court. *

The new Wembley Stadium in London: perhaps one of the most controversial projects that Foster + Partners have been involved in. *

30 St Mary Axe , one of London's most popular new buildings, towers above its neighbours. *

The reconstruction of the Reichstag building

AWARDS

* 1998 RIBA Stirling Prize for _Imperial War Museum_ * 2000 Welsh National Eisteddfod Gold Medal for the Great Glasshouse, National Botanic Garden of Wales * 2003 MIPIM AR Future Projects Award, Grand Prix for _Swiss Re_ * 2004 RIBA Stirling Prize for _Swiss Re_ * 2007 RIBA European Award for _Dresden Station Redevelopment_ * 2007 RIBA International Award for _Hearst Tower_ * 2007 Aga Khan Award for Architecture for _University of Technology Petronas_ * 2008 LEAF Award for _Beijing Airport Terminal 3_ * 2009 RIBA European Award for _Zenith_ * 2009 RIBA International Award for _Beijing Airport Terminal 3_ * In June 2011, The Index Tower was the recipient of the 2011 Best Tall Building Middle East & Africa award by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat * 2013 RIBA International Award for _Faena Aleph Residences_ * 2013 RIBA International Award Central Market Project * 2013 RIBA Award 7 More London More London * 2013 Best Bar, Restaurant -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ Rogers, David (1 July 2014). "Foster\'s buys out private equity stake". _ Building Design _. Retrieved 2 July 2014. * ^ Laura Rocha. "Macri muda a Parque Patricios la sede de la jefatura de gobierno de la ciudad". _La Nación_ (in Spanish). Retrieved 2014-03-29. * ^ Design New Haven "Lord Norman Foster Unveils Svelte Glass Design for Yale School of Management". _Design New Haven_. 11 December 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-13. * ^ "Foster + Partners and Buro Happold joint venture to design four stations for Saudi Arabia’s new Haramain High-speed Railway". * ^ Kai Tak Cruise Terminal, Hong Kong, 2010–2013 * ^ " Slussen Masterplan & Urban Design in collaboration with Berg Arkitektkontor". * ^ "Superstar Architects Gehry and Foster to design Battersea Power Station\'s High Street". Retrieved 2013-10-23. * ^ The Murezzan Projects Foster + Partners. Fosterandpartners.com. Retrieved on 2014-06-23. * ^ Regent Place Projects Foster + Partners. Fosterandpartners.com (2003-06-19). Retrieved on 2014-06-23. * ^ Jameson House Projects Foster + Partners. Fosterandpartners.com. Retrieved on 2014-06-23. * ^ The Aleph Projects Foster + Partners. Fosterandpartners.com. Retrieved on 2014-06-23. * ^ Anfa Place Projects Foster + Partners. Fosterandpartners.com (2009-02-13). Retrieved on 2014-06-23. * ^ Faena House Projects Foster + Partners. Fosterandpartners.com. Retrieved on 2014-06-23. * ^ http://www.faenahotelanduniverse.com/en/miami * ^ Hughes, C.J. (July 25, 2014). "An Architect Gets Busy". The New York Times. * ^ Horsely, Carter. "Review of 50 United Nations Plaza, 50 UN Plaza between East 46th Street & East 47th Street". _City Realty_. Retrieved 1 July 2017. * ^ International Herald Tribune "Roundup: Wembley Opening Delayed Until 2007". _International Herald Tribune_. 1 April 2006. Retrieved 2009-02-13. * ^ BBC News "Building Prize for \'Icon Gherkin\'". _BBC News_. 16 October 2004. Retrieved 2009-02-13. * ^ Gold Medal for Architecture, The National Eisteddfod of Wales. * ^ \'Winners of the 2013 RIBA International Awards awards for architectural excellence announced.\', _Architecture.com_ * ^ Kate Connolly (14 July 2008). "Bulgarian eco town \'the biggest mistake of Norman Foster\'s career\', say protesters". _The Guardian_. London.

EXTERNAL LINKS

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to FOSTER AND PARTNERS _.

* Foster + Partners