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The ''Fortune'' Global 500, also known as Global 500, is an annual ranking of the top 500
corporation A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company—authorized by the state to act as a single entity (a legal entity recognized by private and public law 'born out of statute"; a legal person in legal context) and rec ...
s worldwide as measured by
revenue In accounting, revenue is the income or increase in net assets that an entity has from its normal activities (in the case of a business, usually from the sale of goods and services to customers). Commercial revenue may also be referred to as sales ...
. The list is compiled and published annually by ''
Fortune Fortune may refer to: General * Fortuna or Fortune, the Roman goddess of luck * Luck, a chance happening, or that which happens beyond a person's controls * Wealth, an abundance of items of economic value * Fortune, a prediction made in fortune-te ...
'' magazine.


Methodology

Until 1989, it listed only non-
United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, 326 India ...
industrial corporations under the title "International 500" while the
''Fortune'' 500
''Fortune'' 500
contained and still contains exclusively United States corporations. In 1990, United States companies were added to compile a truly global list of top industrial corporations as ranked by sales. Since 1995, the list has had its current form, listing also top financial corporations and service providers by revenue.


Controversy

Several inconsistencies exist in ''Fortune'' ranking of cities with the most ''Fortune'' 500 headquarters. On June 3, 2011, the ''
Atlanta Business Chronicle The ''Atlanta Business Chronicle'' is a weekly newspaper covering business news in Atlanta, Georgia, published by American City Business Journals. The paper has both a weekly print edition and an online edition. History The ''Atlanta Business C ...

Atlanta Business Chronicle
'' stated examples of ''Fortune'' including regional headquarters for some cities, excluding regional headquarters for other cities and in some cases excluding headquarters that are physically located inside a city limit.


Geographical distribution

Since 2001, there has been a significant change in the geographical distribution of the companies in the Global 500 rankings. The number of
North America North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere. It can also be described as the northern subcontinent of the Americas. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to ...

North America
n-based companies decreased from 215 in 2001 to 143 in 2017 and the contribution of
Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres. It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the continent of Europe and the continental landmass of Afro-Eurasia with b ...

Asia
n-based companies increased from 116 in 2001 to 197 in 2017. Most of this growth is accounted for by the rapid increase in the number of Chinese Global 500 companies, of which there were 109 by 2017, increasing from only 10 in 2001. The share of
Europe Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It comprises the westernmost peninsulas of the continental landmass of Eurasia, and is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlant ...

Europe
an-based companies also declined, from 158 to 143, over the same period.


''Fortune'' Global 500 list of 2020

The following is the list of top 10 companies.


Breakdown by country

, this is the list of the top 10 countries with the highest earning top 500 companies. The Global 500 lists Taiwan separately. If Taiwan's 9 companies were combined with the 124 in China (and Hong Kong), then
Greater China "Greater China" is an informal geographical area that shares commercial and cultural ties with the Han Chinese. The notion of "Greater China" refers to the area that normally encompasses Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan in East Asia, ...

Greater China
would have 133 companies. The Global 500 includes
Unilever Unilever is an Anglo-Dutch multinational consumer goods company headquartered in London, England, and Rotterdam, Netherlands. Unilever products include food, confections, energy drinks, baby food, soft drinks, cheese, ice cream, tea, cleaning agen ...

Unilever
under the heading "Britain/Netherlands", as the company is counted in the tally for both countries.


Leadership by sector

The top-ranked companies in 2020 for each sector.


Breakdown by region

, 476 of Fortune Global 500 companies are located in East Asia (40%), Europe (28%), and North America (28%).


''Fortune'' Global 500 list of 2019

The following is the list of top 10 companies.


Breakdown by country

, this is the list of the top 10 countries with the most Global 500 companies. The Global 500 lists Taiwan separately. If its 10 companies were combined with the 119 in China (and Hong Kong), then
Greater China "Greater China" is an informal geographical area that shares commercial and cultural ties with the Han Chinese. The notion of "Greater China" refers to the area that normally encompasses Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan in East Asia, ...

Greater China
would have 129 companies and rank first. The Global 500 includes
Unilever Unilever is an Anglo-Dutch multinational consumer goods company headquartered in London, England, and Rotterdam, Netherlands. Unilever products include food, confections, energy drinks, baby food, soft drinks, cheese, ice cream, tea, cleaning agen ...

Unilever
&
Royal Dutch Shell Royal Dutch Shell, commonly known as Shell, is an Anglo-Dutch multinational oil and gas company headquartered in The Hague, Netherlands, and incorporated in the United Kingdom as a public limited company. It is one of the oil and gas "supermajors ...

Royal Dutch Shell
under the heading "Britain/Netherlands", as the company is counted in the tally for both countries.


Leadership by sector

The top-ranked companies in 2019 for each sector.


''Fortune'' Global 500 list of 2018

The following is the list of top 10 companies.


Breakdown by country

, this is the list of the top 10 countries with the most Global 500 companies. The Global 500 includes
Unilever Unilever is an Anglo-Dutch multinational consumer goods company headquartered in London, England, and Rotterdam, Netherlands. Unilever products include food, confections, energy drinks, baby food, soft drinks, cheese, ice cream, tea, cleaning agen ...

Unilever
under the heading "Britain/Netherlands", as the company is counted in the tally for both countries. As shown in the table above, 436 (87.2%) of the Global 500 are represented by only 10 countries: two in North America (Canada and United States), five in Western Europe (France, Germany, Netherlands, Switzerland and United Kingdom) and three in East Asia (China, Japan and South Korea). Moreover, the top six (United States, China, Japan, Germany, France and United Kingdom) are the world's largest economies as estimated by the IMF (
List of countries by GDP (nominal) Gross domestic product (GDP) is the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year. Countries are sorted by nominal GDP estimates from financial and statistical institutions, which are calculated at market or gover ...

List of countries by GDP (nominal)
). Among the Global 500, 379 companies (75.8%) are from these six countries.


Leadership by sector

The top-ranked companies in 2018 for each sector.


Breakdown by industry

The top-ranked companies in 2018 for each industry. Most profitable The global 500 list sorted by profits.


''Fortune'' Global 500 list of 2017

The following is the list of top 10 companies. ''Fortune'' had previously listed Shell as a British/Dutch company, but as of the 2016 listing it is listed as Dutch.


Breakdown by country

, this is the list of the top 10 countries with the most Global 500 companies. Number of companies data taken from the "Country" box. The Global 500 includes
Unilever Unilever is an Anglo-Dutch multinational consumer goods company headquartered in London, England, and Rotterdam, Netherlands. Unilever products include food, confections, energy drinks, baby food, soft drinks, cheese, ice cream, tea, cleaning agen ...

Unilever
under the heading "Britain/Netherlands", as the company is counted in the tally for both countries. As can be seen from the table above, 425 (85.0%) of the Global 500 are represented by only 10 countries: two in North America (Canada and United States), five in Western Europe (France, Germany, Netherlands, Switzerland and United Kingdom) and three in East Asia (China, Japan and South Korea). Moreover, the top six (United States, China, Japan, France, Germany and United Kingdom) are some of the world's largest economies as estimated by the IMF (
List of countries by GDP (nominal) Gross domestic product (GDP) is the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year. Countries are sorted by nominal GDP estimates from financial and statistical institutions, which are calculated at market or gover ...

List of countries by GDP (nominal)
). Among the Fortune Global 500, 371 companies (74.2%) are from these six countries.


Leadership by sector

The top-ranked companies in each sector are as follows.


See also

*
40 under 40 (Fortune Magazine) ''Fortune'' magazine's 40 Under 40 is a list of individuals the publication considers to be the most influential young leaders for the year. The list has existed in two phases: First, from 1999 to 2003, purely as a numeric ranking of wealth, captur ...

40 under 40 (Fortune Magazine)
*
Fortune India 500 The Fortune India 500 is a ranking of the top 500 corporations in India compiled on the basis of latest sales and gross revenue figures. The list is published annually by ''Fortune'' magazine. Fortune India is Fortune's sixth international edition f ...

Fortune India 500
*
Forbes Global 2000 The Forbes Global 2000 is an annual ranking of the top 2,000 public companies in the world by ''Forbes'' magazine. The ranking is based on a mix of four metrics: sales, profit, assets and market value. The list has been published since 2003. The Fo ...
*
Fortune 500 The ''Fortune'' 500 is an annual list compiled and published by ''Fortune'' magazine that ranks 500 of the largest United States corporations by total revenue for their respective fiscal years. The list includes publicly held companies, along wit ...
*
Fortune 1000 The Fortune 1000 are the 1,000 largest American companies ranked by revenues, as compiled by the American business magazine ''Fortune''. It only includes companies which are incorporated or authorized to do business in the United States, and for wh ...
*
List of largest companies by revenue This list comprises the world's largest companies by consolidated 2020 revenue, according to the ''Fortune'' Global 500 latest tally published on August 10, 2020. American retail corporation Walmart has been the world's largest company by revenue s ...
* List of companies by employees *
List of corporations by market capitalization The following is a list of publicly traded companies having the greatest market capitalization. Market capitalization is calculated from the share price (as recorded on selected day) multiplied by the number of outstanding shares. Figures are conv ...


References

{{Reflist


External links


Fortune.com: full Fortune Global 500 listings
Global 500 Category:Lists of companies by revenue Category:Corporation-related lists Category:International rankings Category:Top lists Category:Annual magazine issues *