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Fort Severn, in present-day Annapolis, Maryland, was built in 1808 on the same site as an earlier American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War
fort of 1776. Although intended to guard Annapolis harbor from British attack, it never saw action during the War of 1812. The United States Navy acquired Fort Severn
Fort Severn
and two other military bases from the United States Army on 19 October 1845. The Academy used the structure for classrooms until its demolition in 1909.

Contents

1 History

1.1 American Revolution 1.2 Fort Severn: 1808–1845 1.3 Naval Academy use 1.4 Demolition

2 References 3 Footnotes 4 External links

History[edit] American Revolution[edit] The family of Walter Dulany
Walter Dulany
acquired land on the Severn River near Annapolis, Maryland, in 1753. This family and the city of Annapolis contributed land for the construction of the fort.[2] An American Revolutionary War fort of 1776 existed in the area. Fort Severn: 1808–1845[edit] The War Department constructed Fort Severn
Fort Severn
in 1808 on a 10-acre lot in Annapolis, Maryland. At a time of worsening tensions between the United States and Great Britain and an embargo against trade, the War Department built Fort Severn
Fort Severn
as a defense for Annapolis. Located on Windmill Point, Fort Severn
Fort Severn
offered protection to harbor of Annapolis, which would have been a key target of the British forces. Although constructed as a more substantial fort than the original, this second Fort Severn
Fort Severn
never saw military action. Americans suspected that the British Army
British Army
might attack the area during the War of 1812, but no conflict occurred at the fort during the war. Soldiers continued to garrison Fort Severn
Fort Severn
after the war. The post surgeon took meteorological observations during 1822. Fort Severn occupied 10 acres and several antiquated wooden buildings by 1845. In 1845, Secretary of War
Secretary of War
William L. Marcy
William L. Marcy
agreed to transfer Fort Severn to the jurisdiction of Secretary of the Navy
Secretary of the Navy
George Bancroft, effective 19 October 1845.[3] In so doing, Secretary Bancroft overcame ongoing congressional opposition to an onshore naval school. Naval Academy use[edit] The Navy turned Fort Severn
Fort Severn
into a classroom building at United States Naval Academy for young naval recruits and midshipmen. The Naval Academy started in October 1845 with 56 midshipmen and seven professors. The leaders developed a new curriculum requiring midshipmen to study at the Academy for four years (equivalent to classical college education) and to train aboard ships each summer. That format forms the basis of the far more advanced and sophisticated curriculum at the Naval Academy today. The curriculum in the nineteenth century included mathematics and navigation, gunnery and steam, chemistry, English, natural philosophy, and French. Demolition[edit] Due to deteriorating structure, the Naval Academy demolished the old Fort Severn
Fort Severn
edifices in 1909. United States Naval Academy
United States Naval Academy
expanded in personnel and aereal extent. Modern granite buildings replaced the old wooden structures of Fort Severn. On 28 March 1977, the local chapter of Daughters of the American Revolution
Daughters of the American Revolution
placed a plaque in remembrance of the original fort at its former site. References[edit]

Soley, James Russell, Historical Sketch of the United States Naval Academy, 1876 [4]

Footnotes[edit]

^ Lossing, Benson (1868). The Pictorial Field-Book of the War of 1812. Harper & Brothers, Publishers. p. 181.  ^ Sketch of Naval Academy, pg. 114 ^ Sketch of Naval Academy, pp. 51-54 ^ [1]

External links[edit]

DAR Fort Severn
Fort Severn
website

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