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Fort Belle Fontaine
Fort Belle Fontaine
(formerly known as Cantonment Belle Fontaine) is a former U.S. military base located in St. Louis County, Missouri, across the Mississippi and Missouri
Missouri
rivers from Alton, Illinois. The fort was the first U.S. military installation west of the Mississippi River, in the newly acquired Louisiana Territory, and served as a starting point for many expeditions to the American West.

Contents

1 History 2 Preservation 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

History[edit]

The Upper Mississippi River
Mississippi River
during the War of 1812. 1: Fort Belle Fontaine U.S. headquarters; 2: Fort Osage, abandoned 1813; 3: Fort Madison, defeated 1813; 4: Fort Shelby, defeated 1814; 5: Battle of Rock Island Rapids, July 1814 and the Battle of Credit Island, Sept. 1814; 6: Fort Johnson, abandoned 1814; 7: Fort Cap au Gris
Fort Cap au Gris
and the Battle of the Sink Hole, May 1815.

Located on the south bank of the Missouri
Missouri
River, in present-day Missouri, Fort Belle Fontaine
Fort Belle Fontaine
was first a Spanish military post.[2] After the Louisiana Purchase, by a treaty made between the United States Government, signed by William H. Harrison
William H. Harrison
and representatives of the Native American Sac and Fox tribes (on November 3, 1804), the fort became a fur trading post of the United States Government. Rudolf Tiller served as factor and Colonel Thomas Hunt served as the military commander. The trading post was discontinued after 1808, and from 1809 to 1826 the facility served as a United States military fort. During that time period, from about 1809 to 1815, the fort served as the headquarters of the Department of Louisiana, and was the regional Army headquarters during the War of 1812. Its sister forts were Fort Osage
Fort Osage
along the Missouri
Missouri
near modern Kansas City, which controlled trade with western Indians; and Fort Madison
Fort Madison
in what is now Iowa, which controlled trade of the Upper Mississippi. Preservation[edit] Part of the site of the fort is preserved as the Fort Belle Fontaine County Park, a unit of the park system of St. Louis County, Missouri. An archaeological site associated with the fort was listed on the National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
in 2016.[1] See also[edit]

National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
listings in St. Louis County, Missouri

References[edit]

^ a b National Park Service
National Park Service
(2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.  ^ Luttig, John C., and edited by Stella Madeleine Drumm, Journal of a Fur-trading Expedition on the Upper Missouri: 1812-1813. Kansas City, MO: The Missouri
Missouri
Historical Society, 1920

External links[edit] Media related to Fort Belle Fontaine
Fort Belle Fontaine
at Wikimedia Commons

John C. Luttig, Journal of a Fur-trading Expedition on the Upper Missouri: 1812-1813, Kansas City, MO: The Missouri
Missouri
Historical Society, 1920

Articles related to Fort Belle Fontaine

v t e

Protected areas of Missouri

Federal

National Parks:

Gateway Arch National Park

National Monuments:

George Washington Carver

National Historic Sites:

Harry S. Truman Ulysses S. Grant

National Battlefields:

Wilson's Creek

National Wildlife Refuges:

Big Muddy Clarence Cannon Great River Middle Mississippi River Mingo Ozark Cavefish Pilot Knob Squaw Creek Swan Lake Two Rivers

National Forests:

Mark Twain

Wilderness
Wilderness
Areas:

Bell Mountain Devils Backbone Hercules Glades Irish Mingo Paddy Creek Piney Creek Rockpile Mountain

Other Protected Areas:

Ozark National Scenic Riverways

State

State Parks:

Babler Sam A. Baker Bennett Spring Big Lake Big Oak Tree Big Sugar Creek Bryant Creek Castlewood Crowder Cuivre River Current River Don Robinson Echo Bluff Elephant Rocks Eleven Point Finger Lakes Graham Cave Grand Gulf Ha Ha Tonka Harry S Truman Hawn Jay Nixon Johnson's Shut-Ins Jones-Confluence Point Katy Trail Knob Noster Lake of the Ozarks Lake Wappapello Lewis and Clark Long Branch Mark Twain Meramec Montauk Morris Onondaga Cave Ozark Mountain Pershing Pomme de Terre Prairie Roaring River Rock Island Trail Robertsville Rock Bridge Memorial Roger Pryor Pioneer Backcountry Route 66 St. Francois St. Joe Stockton Table Rock Taum Sauk Mountain Thousand Hills Trail of Tears Van Meter Wakonda Wallace Washington Watkins Woolen Mill Weston Bend

State Historic Sites:

Arrow Rock Battle of Athens Battle of Carthage Battle of Island Mound Battle of Lexington Thomas Hart Benton Home and Studio Bollinger Mill Nathan Boone Homestead Boone's Lick Bothwell Lodge Clark's Hill/Norton Confederate Memorial Deutschheim Dillard Mill Gov. Daniel Dunklin's Grave Felix Vallé House First Missouri
Missouri
State Capitol Fort Davidson Gen. John J. Pershing Boyhood Home Harry S Truman Birthplace Hunter-Dawson Iliniwek Village Jefferson Landing Jewell Cemetery Locust Creek Covered Bridge Mark Twain Birthplace Mastodon Missouri
Missouri
Mines Missouri
Missouri
State Capitol Missouri
Missouri
State Museum Osage Village Sandy Creek Covered Bridge Sappington Cemetery Scott Joplin House Towosahgy Union Covered Bridge Watkins Woolen Mill

Conservation areas:

List of Missouri
Missouri
conservation areas

State Forests:

List of Missouri
Missouri
state forests

Missouri
Missouri
Department of Natural Resources

v t e

U.S. National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
in Missouri

Lists by county

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