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Formula Super Vee
Formula Super Vee
was a type of open-wheel motor created to act as a platform for the promotion of VW products, playing much the same role in the 1970s as formulae such as Formula Renault
Formula Renault
play today. Initially it was seen as a simple step up from Formula Vee, using the same type 3 air-cooled VW engines, but in 1600cc. However it soon transformed to using the very different and more powerful fuel injected water-cooled engines from the VW Golf/Rabbit.

Contents

1 History 2 The original Formula Super Vee
Formula Super Vee
series specifications 3 Champions

3.1 SCCA Super Vee Gold Cup (professional) (USA) 3.2 USAC Mini-Indy (professional) (USA) 3.3 Formel Super Vau GTX (Germany)/German Formula Super Vee Championship 3.4 Formula Super Vau Gold Pokal (Europe)/European Formula Super Vee Championship

4 References 5 External links

History[edit] To assist the launch of the new formula Hopen commissioned Gene Beach, an established constructor of Formula Vee
Formula Vee
cars, to design and build the first Super Vee and put this car on display at the Daytona 24 hour race. Beach was one of the first three constructors of Formula Vees, along with Autodynamics and Formcar. It is therefore appropriate that a Super Vee designed and built by Ray Caldwell’s Autodynamics concern soon joined the Beach Super Vee. This second Super Vee (the Caldwell D-10) was put on display at the New York Auto Show. Other manufacturers soon followed suit, with Formula Vee
Formula Vee
constructors such as Zink Cars joined by more mainstream firms such as Lola. John Zeitler also built his first cars around the same time as Beach and Caldwell. As a matter of fact, John Zeitler won the very first Super Vee race at Lime Rock Park
Lime Rock Park
in 1970. This race was run with the Formula Ford class. Initially the series allowed 1600cc air-cooled engines of either type 3 (as used in the VW 1500 and 1600) or type 4 (as used in the VW 411, 412 and the VW-Porsche 914/4 sports car), however at a late stage VW had a change of heart and decided that the type 4 engines would be a better option. The type 4 engine is without doubt a better engine. However, this motor was never produced in a 1600cc version so VW decided to produce a "special" 1600cc version through their industrial engines division (the 127V unit), with smaller pistons and barrels, which reduced the capacity to 1600cc. As with any formula, Formula Super Vee
Formula Super Vee
progressed through a number of changes during its life. Initially, for example, the cars ran without wings and used drum brakes at the rear. Later the regulations allowed the use of 8-inch rear wheels, rear disc brakes and 34 mm exhaust valves (1973) and then rear wings (1975). Since slick tyres had yet to be introduced into racing, the cars ran with treaded racing tyres, such as the Firestone "No-DOT", but later moved onto slicks. The original regulations specified a non- Hewland
Hewland
gearbox and cars ran with fixed ratio VW boxes. In Europe a company called Metso began building Hewland-like boxes which provided the ability to change ratios to suit each circuit and exploited the wording of the regulations, which had simply banned Hewland
Hewland
boxes rather than explicitly specifying the fixed ratio VW box. Once the cars started to use Metso boxes the regulations were changed and Hewland
Hewland
Gearboxes were also allowed. This change, combined with start money being offered by Hewland
Hewland
to drivers using its products, effectively put Metso out of business, although the company did build boxes for other formula cars such as Formula Fords.

Mark Smith leading Robbie Groff in a Super Vee race at the 1988 Grand Prix of Cleveland.

Much later, engine regulations were also opened up, allowing fuel injected water-cooled engines from the Volkswagen
Volkswagen
Golf (or Rabbit as the Mk1 was known in North America). The water-cooled engines inevitably replaced the air-cooled, which were rendered uncompetitive, and many air-cooled cars were converted to accept the water-cooled engine. Some constructors, such as Lola, offered "conversion kits" which allowed the fitment of the Golf/Rabbit engine to earlier air-cooled chassis. The SCCA in the USA did allow 1700cc air-cooled engines towards the end of the air-cooled period, to remain competitive while the water-cooled cars joined the grid. Ultimately the most developed version of Super Vee was to be found in the USA, since they continued with a Super Vee series years after the formula had died away elsewhere. Indeed, by late 70s Super Vee in the USA had become the feeder formula for Indy cars, referred to as the "Mini-Indy" series. This series was run in conjunction with the much older VW-Bosch "Gold Cup" for Super V. This series lasted until 1990 and, unlike the oval track USAC Mini Indy Series, was a road racing series. Each series crowned its own champion each year. In the late 70s the Ron Tauranac designed the Ralt
Ralt
RT1 and RT5, based on his Formula 3 designs, had a virtual monopoly in the USA series. The original Formula Super Vee
Formula Super Vee
series specifications[edit]

Engine: Type 3 1600cc (actually a stroke of 69 mm and a bore of 85.5 mm for a displacement of 1582cc). Dry sump not allowed. Cooling: air, with external oil coolers and oil filters. Carburetion: free, however most used Weber 48 IDA or Solex 40P11 dual downdraft. Some use of Weber IDF and DCNF. (Note: two dual down draft carbs allowed, any manufacturer with dual port VW or aftermarket intake manifolds). Transmission: stock VW from the 1969 Square back/fastback series. However, gear ratios were open and almost immediately Webster and Hewland
Hewland
gear sets were adopted for the VW transaxle. Ignition: coil and distributor. Clutch: VW stock, with Hydraulic linkage. Brakes: Girling hydraulic with VW discs front, VW Drums in the rear. Wheels: 6" X 13" front and rear. Magnesium allowed. Tires: 5:00/8:30 X 13 front, Treaded (no slicks) 5:50/9/20 X 13 rear, Treaded (no slicks) Steering: Rack and Pinion Suspension: free, front and rear Shocks: free, front and rear Sway bars: free, front and rear Rear uprights: free (and usually proprietary by car manufacturer) Curb Weight: Dry, without driver, 825 lbs minimum. Wheelbase: free (most manufacturers were between 88" and 94") Track, Front/Rear: Up to 92" Fuel Tank Capacity: Free, but most manufacturers located the tank under and behind the driver but in front of the firewall, which pretty much limited the capacity to 6.0 gallons. Construction: tubular space frame, flat bottom, no wings or tabs to induce downforce. Body: any material, but full coverage (including engine compartment) required.

Champions[edit] SCCA Super Vee Gold Cup (professional) (USA)[edit]

Season Champion Driver Chassis

1971 Bill Scott Royale RP9

1972 Bill Scott Royale RP14

1973 Bertil Roos Tui BH3

1974 Elliott Forbes-Robinson Lola T320

1975 Eddie Miller Lola T324

1976 Tom Bagley Zink Z11

1977 Bob Lazier Lola T324

1978 Bill Alsup Argo JM2

1979 Geoff Brabham Ralt
Ralt
RT1

1980 Peter Kuhn Ralt
Ralt
RT1/RT5

1981 Al Unser, Jr. Ralt
Ralt
RT5

1982 Michael Andretti Ralt
Ralt
RT5

1983 Ed Pimm Anson SA4

1984 Arie Luyendyk Ralt
Ralt
RT5

1985 Ken Johnson Ralt
Ralt
RT5

1986 Didier Theys Martini MK-47/MK-50

1987 Scott Atchison Ralt
Ralt
RT5

1988 Ken Murillo Ralt
Ralt
RT5

1989 Mark Smith Ralt
Ralt
RT5

1990 Stuart Crow Ralt
Ralt
RT5

USAC Mini-Indy (professional) (USA)[edit]

Season Champion Driver Chassis

19771 Tom Bagley Zink Z11

Herm Johnson Lola T324

1978 Bill Alsup Argo JM2

1979 Dennis Firestone March

1980 Peter Kuhn Ralt
Ralt
RT1/RT5

1Bagley and Johnson tied in the points and were declared co-champions.

Formel Super Vau GTX (Germany)/German Formula Super Vee Championship[edit]

Season Champion Driver Chassis

1972 Manfred Schurti Royale RP9

1973 Kennerth Persson Kaimann

1974 Kennerth Persson Kaimann

1975 Keke Rosberg Kern-Kaimann

1976 Mika Arpiainen Veemax Mk VIII

1977 Dieter Engel Veemax Mk VIII

1978 Helmut Henzler March 783

Formula Super Vau Gold Pokal (Europe)/European Formula Super Vee Championship[edit]

Season Champion Driver Chassis

1971 Erich Breinberg Austro Kaimann

1972 Manfred Schurti Royale RP9

1973 Helmuth Koinigg Austro Kaimann

1974 Freddy Kottulinsky Lola T320

1975 Mikko Kozarowitzky Lola T324

1976 Mika Arpiainen Veemax Mk VII

1977 Arie Luyendyk Lola T326

1978 Helmut Henzler March 783

1979 John Nielsen Ralt
Ralt
RT1

1980 John Nielsen Ralt
Ralt
RT5

1981 John Nielsen Ralt
Ralt
RT5

1982 Walter Lechner Ralt
Ralt
RT5

References[edit]

External links[edit]

FSV Forum and classifieds Formula Super Vee
Formula Super Vee
website and registry (new site) [1]

v t e

Formula Vee
Formula Vee
and Formula Super Vee

European Formula Super Vee
Formula Super Vee
Championship

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992

Formula Super Vee
Formula Super Vee
GTX Championship

1972 1973 1974 1975 1976

Formel Super Vau Gold Pokal

1971 1972 1974 1975 1976

SCCA Formula Super Vee

1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988

USAC Mini Indy Series

1977 1978 1979 1980

German Formula Super Vee

1977 1978

Engines

Volkswagen

Type 1 Type 2 Type 3 Type 4

Notable current and former constructors

Apal Argo Autodynamics Beach Fitti Kaimann Lola Lynx March Ralt Royale Tui Veemax Zeitler Zink

v t e

Classes of auto racing

Formula racing

F1 F2 F3 F4 F500 Formula 1000 Formula Atlantic Formula Car Challenge Formula Continental Formula E Formula Ford FF1600 Formula Libre Formula Vee IndyCar Super Formula Supermodified BOSS GP Monoposto Racing Club

Defunct Formula racing

F3000 F5000 Formula A (SCCA) Formula B (SCCA) Formula C (SCCA) FCJ Formula Dream Formula Holden Formula Junior Formula Mondial Formula Pacific Formula Super Vee Australian National Formula Grand Prix Masters Tasman Formula

One-make formulae

CFGP Formula Abarth Formula Car Challenge Formula LGB

Swift Hyundai

Formula Maruti Formula Masters China Formula Mazda Formula Renault Formula Toyota GP3 Indy Lights SRF USF2000 FIA Formula 2 Championship

Defunct one-make formulae

A1GP ADAC Formel Masters Auto GP Barber Pro FA1 Formula Alfa Formula Asia Formula BMW FC Euro Series Formula König Formula Lightning Formula Nissan Formula Opel/Vauxhall Formula Palmer Audi Formula RUS Formula Rolon Formula SCCA Grand Prix Masters GP2 International Formula Master Superleague Formula World Series Formula V8 3.5

Karting

KF1 KF2 KF3 KZ1 KZ2 Superkart

Touring car racing

DTM WTCR BTCC Group F Group G Group H Super 2000 Diesel 2000 NGTC (TCN-1) TCR (TCN-2) Supercars TC2000

Defunct touring car racing

Appendix J BTC-T Group 1 Group 2 Group 5 Group A Group C
Group C
(Australia) Group E Group N Group N
Group N
(Australia) Group S Class 1 Super Touring
Super Touring
(Class 2) Superstars V8Star WTCC

Stock car racing

ARCA Allison Legacy Series AUSCAR IMCA Sport Compact Late model Legends Modifieds NASCAR

Monster Energy NASCAR
NASCAR
Cup Xfinity Truck Pinty's Whelen Euro Series PEAK Mexico

Super Stock Street Stock Brasil Turismo Carretera

Oval racing

BriSCA F1 BriSCA F2 V8 Hotstox Hot Rods Superstocks Sprint car racing Midget car racing Quarter Midget racing

Rallying

Group R Group R-GT Super 2000 Super 1600 World Rally Car

Defunct rallying

Group 1 Group 2 Group 4 Group A Group B Group N Group S

Sports prototypes

Clubmans DP Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7 Group A
Group A
Sports Cars Group C GC GC-21 Group CN IMSA GTP LMP LMPC S2000

Grand touring

LM GTE (GT2) GT3 GT4 GT500 GT300 Trans-Am Appendix K Group D GT Cars

Defunct grand touring

Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group B Group D Production Sports Cars GT1 (1993–99) GT2 (1993–99) FIA GT1 (2000-12) IMSA AAGT IMSA GTO/GTS IMSA GTU IMSA GTX

Drag racing

Top Fuel
Top Fuel
Dragster (TF/D) Top Alcohol
Top Alcohol
Dragster (TA/D) Top Fuel
Top Fuel
Funny Car
Funny Car
(TF/FC) Pro Stock
Pro Stock
(PS) Pro Modified (Pro Mod) Pro FWD Super Comp/Quick Rod Top Doorslammer

Defunct drag racing

Top Gas Modified Altered Competition Super Stock

Off-road racing

Baja Bug Dune buggy Rallycross Trophy Truck Group T4 Truggy

.