In art history, formalism is the study of art by analyzing and comparing form and style—the way objects are made and their purely visual aspects. In painting, formalism emphasizes compositional elements such as color, line, shape, texture, and other perceptual aspects rather than iconography or the historical and social context. At its extreme, formalism in art history posits that everything necessary to comprehending a work of art is contained within the work of art. The context for the work, including the reason for its creation, the historical background, and the life of the artist, that is, its conceptual aspect is considered to be of secondary importance.
1 Background 2 21st century 3 See also 4 Notes and references 5 Sources 6 External links
The philosopher Nick Zangwill of Glasgow University has defined
formalism in art as referring to those properties "that are determined
solely by sensory or physical properties—so long as the physical
properties in question are not relations to other things and other
times." The philosopher and architect Branko Mitrovic has defined
formalism in art and architecture as "the doctrine that states that
the aesthetic qualities of works of visual art derive from the visual
and spatial properties."
The historical origin of the modern form of the question of aesthetic
formalism is usually dated to
Formalism (literature) Formalism (music) Progressive music Abstract expressionism Josef Albers Hard-edge painting Color field painting Minimalism Lyrical Abstraction Post-modernism Geometric abstraction Op Art Elements of art
Notes and references
^ Nick Zangwill, The Metaphysics of Beauty (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2001), p. 56, ISBN 0801438209. ^ Branko Mitrović, Philosophy for architects (New York: Princeton Architectural Press, ), p. 51. ^ Kant. Critique of Judgment. Section 14.8. ^ Donald Crawford, Kant's Aesthetic Theory (Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1974), p. 100. ^ Review by: Clemency Chase Coggins of The Uses of Style in Archaeology edited by Margaret W. Conkey and Christine A. Hastorf, p. 233, Journal of Field Archaeology, Vol. 19, No. 2 (Summer, 1992), pp. 232–34, Maney Publishing, JSTOR ^ a b Zangwill 2001, p. 84.
Bell, Clive. Art. London: 1914.[full citation needed]
Denis, Maurice. 'Definition of Neo-Traditionism.'
"Aesthetic Formalism". Internet Encyclopedia of Philo