FOREST LAWN MEMORIAL PARK is a privately owned cemetery in Glendale,
California, USA . It is the original location of Forest Lawn , a chain
of six cemeteries and four additional mortuaries in Southern
* 1 History
* 2 Forest Lawn Museum
* 3 Statuary and art
* 4 Locations
* 5 Great Mausoleum
* 6 Notable interments
* 7 See also
* 8 References
* 9 External links
Forest Lawn Memorial Park was founded in 1906 as a not-for-profit
cemetery by a group of businessmen from
San Francisco . Dr. Hubert
Eaton and C. B. Sims entered into a sales contract with the cemetery
in 1912. Eaton took over the management of the cemetery in 1917.
Although Eaton did not start Forest Lawn Cemetery, he is credited as
being the "Founder" of Forest Lawn Memorial-Park for his innovations
of establishing the "memorial park plan" (eliminating upright grave
markers and bringing in works by established artists) and being the
first to open a funeral home on dedicated cemetery grounds. Eaton was
a firm believer in a joyous life after death. He was convinced that
most cemeteries were "unsightly, depressing stoneyards" and pledged to
create one that would reflect his optimistic, Christian beliefs, "as
unlike other cemeteries as sunshine is unlike darkness." He envisioned
Forest Lawn to be "a great park devoid of misshapen monuments and
other signs of earthly death, but filled with towering trees, sweeping
lawns, splashing fountains, beautiful statuary, and ... memorial
architecture." A number of plaques which state Eaton's intentions are
signed "The Builder." Frederick Llewellyn, Eaton's nephew, became CEO
of Forest Lawn in 1966. In 1987 he was succeeded by his son, John
Llewellyn, who is the current Chairman of Forest Lawn.
Most of its burial sections have evocative names, including Eventide,
Babyland (for infants, shaped like a heart ), Graceland, Inspiration
Slope, Slumberland (for children and adolescents), Sweet Memories,
Whispering Pines, Vesperland, Borderland (on the edge of the
cemetery), and Dawn of Tomorrow.
The original Forest Lawn participated in racial segregation and "for
decades refused entrance to blacks ,
Jews , and Chinese ".
FOREST LAWN MUSEUM
This section NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION . Please
help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources .
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2016) (Learn
how and when to remove this template message )
Song of the Angels by
William Bouguereau , 1881.
The FOREST LAWN MUSEUM in Glendale was founded in 1957 and displays
art, artifacts and also regularly hosts rotating fine art exhibits.
The museum has hosted solo exhibitions for
Henri Matisse , Winslow
Ian Hornak , Francisco
Rembrandt , Marc Davis and
Reuben Nakian among many others.
The objects in Forest Lawn's permanent collection represent specific
locations and peoples from around the world. There are sections for
India, Africa, the Middle East, East and Southeast Asia, the United
States, South America, Australia and Europe. Perhaps the most famous
object owned by Forest Lawn's permanent collection is William
Bouguereau 's 84x60 inch, oil on canvas painting, "Song of the Angels"
created in 1881 and regarded as one of the most important examples of
Bouguereau's work in the United States.
The permanent collection also includes one of the largest and most
well respected stained glass collections in North America with over
1000 pieces primarily from France and Germany dating from 1200 A.D.
through the present. The stained glass collection includes portions of
William Randolph Hearst 's former collection and owns the work of
Albrecht Dürer and Viet Hirsvogel the Elder. The Museum also houses
Western bronze sculptures, American historical artifacts, paintings,
actual examples of every coin mentioned in the Bible, exact replicas
of the British crown jewels, world cultural artifacts and one of the
Easter Island statues, rescued from the bottom of a boat where it was
used as ballast. It is named "Henry". All of these precious art pieces
are put in storage or hidden behind temporary walls when a special
display is on site.
STATUARY AND ART
A copy of
Michelangelo 's David
The six Forest Lawn cemeteries contain about 1,500 statues, about 10%
of which are reproductions of famous works of art. Leonardo da Vinci
's The Last Supper has been recreated in stained glass in the Memorial
Court of Honor at the Glendale location ‘in vibrant, glowing and
indestructible colors.’ There are also a number of full-sized
reproductions of other
Renaissance sculptures, including Michelangelo
's David and Moses . This cemetery is the only place in the world
containing a complete collection of replica
which were made from castings taken from the originals and use marble
sourced from the original quarries in
Carrara , Italy.
Some of the inspiration at Forest Lawn in Glendale is patriotic
rather than pious, such as the Court of Freedom, with its large mosaic
of the Declaration of Independence and a 13-foot (4.0 m)-tall statue
George Washington . On display in the "Hall of the Crucifixion" is
the panoramic painting by the Polish artist
Jan Styka entitled "The
Crucifixion." It is the largest permanently mounted religious painting
in the world, measuring 195 feet (59 m) in length by 45 feet (14 m) in
height. The main gates of Forest Lawn – Glendale are claimed to be
the world's largest wrought iron gates.
Mosaic of Trumbull\'s Declaration of Independence
Forest Lawn has three non-denominational chapels: "The Little Church
of the Flowers", "The Wee Kirk o’ the Heather" and "The Church of
the Recessional", which are all exact replicas of famous European
churches. Over 60,000 people have actually been married here,
Ronald Reagan and
Jane Wyman .
More than 250,000 people are buried at Forest Lawn, and over a
million people visit it each year, including thousands of
schoolchildren on field trips.
Forest Lawn's 300 acres (1.2 km2) of intensely landscaped grounds and
thematic sculptures were the inspiration for the biting commentary of
Evelyn Waugh 's satirical novel
The Loved One
The Loved One and
Jessica Mitford 's
The American Way of Death . Many commentators have considered
Forest Lawn to be a unique American creation, and perhaps a uniquely
maudlin Los Angeles creation, with its "
Disneyland -type theme park "
approach to death.
The Great Mausoleum was fashioned after Campo Santo in
Genoa , Italy
and contains many of the most highly sought after interment places
within Forest Lawn, Glendale. Within the portion of the Great
Mausoleum accessible to the public is the Court of Honor where
individuals are inducted as "Immortals" by Forest Lawn's Council of
Regents. The rest of the structure is protected by guards and is
closed to the public. Time magazine described it as the "New World's
Westminster Abbey". In 2009 the cemetery became the focus of intense
media interest surrounding the private interment of
Michael Jackson in
the privacy of Holly Terrace in the Great Mausoleum.
Main article: List of burials at Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Glendale)
* List of
United States cemeteries
The Loved One
The Loved One – a satirical novel inspired by Forest Lawn.
* ^ Llewellyn, John (1998). A
Cemetery Should Be Forever, p. xviii.
Tropico Books, Glendale. ISBN 0-9665801-2-5 .
* ^ Ehrenreich, Ben (1 November 2010). "The End. - Features". Los
Angeles Magazine . Archived from the original on 22 July 2011.
Retrieved 5 June 2011. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown
* ^ "Matisse creates poetry in motion".
tribunedigital-glendalenews-press. Retrieved 2016-03-11.
* ^ "
Winslow Homer Engravings on Display".
tribunedigital-glendalenews-press. Retrieved 2016-03-11.
* ^ Poundstone, William (18 June 2012). "
Ian Hornak at Forest
Blouinartinfo . Retrieved 28 September 2013.
* ^ "Welcome to the Official Website of the
Ian Hornak Foundation".
ianhornak.com. Retrieved 2016-03-11.
* ^ "Art Review: Editorial etchings". tribunedigital-burbankleader.
* ^ "Hitting the Marc". tribunedigital-glendalenews-press.
* ^ "Around Town".
Glendale News-Press . 14 August 2009. Retrieved
28 September 2013.
* ^ "Entrance Gates (Forest Lawn)". forestlawn.com. Retrieved
* ^ "In a Private Service, Last Goodbyes for Jackson". The New York
Times. September 3, 2009.
* ^ "
Michael Jackson tomb remains a mystery". The Associated Press.
September 4, 2009.
* ^ "
Michael Jackson - No one is forgetting". TMZ. November 8,
* ^ "Michael Jackson’s Family Drops Extra Security At His Tomb".
Radar Online. March 29, 2010.