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A foreign minister or minister of foreign affairs (less commonly for foreign affairs) is generally a cabinet minister in charge of a state's foreign policy and relations.[1]

Contents

1 World contexts

1.1 Difference in titles 1.2 Powers of position 1.3 Responsibilities

2 Related articles and lists

2.1 By year 2.2 Country and territory-related articles and lists

3 Former countries 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

World contexts[edit] Difference in titles[edit] In some nations, such as India, the Foreign Minister is referred to as the " Minister for External Affairs" or, as in the case of Brazil, "Minister of Foreign Affairs" and of the former Soviet Union, this position is known as the "Minister of External Relations". In the United States, the equivalent to the foreign ministry is called the "Department of State", and the equivalent position is known as the "Secretary of State". Other common titles may include "Minister of Foreign Relations". In many Spanish and Portuguese-speaking countries in Latin America, the foreign minister is colloquially called "Canciller". Diplomats themselves and historians often refer to the foreign ministry by its local address: the Ballhausplatz (Vienna), the Quai d’Orsay (Paris), the Itamaraty (Brasília), the Wilhelmstraße (Berlin); and Foggy Bottom (Washington). For imperial Russia, to 1917 it was the Choristers’ Bridge (St Petersburg). The Italian ministry was called "the Consulta."[2] Powers of position[edit] A foreign minister's powers can vary from government to government. In a classic parliamentary system, a foreign minister can potentially exert significant influence in forming foreign policy but when the government is dominated by a strong prime minister the foreign minister may be limited to playing a more marginal or subsidiary role in determining policy. Similarly, the political powers invested in the foreign minister are often more limited in presidential governments with a strong executive branch. Since the end of World War II, it has been common for both the foreign minister and defense minister to be part of an inner cabinet (commonly known as a national security council) in order to coordinate defense and diplomatic policy. Although the 19th and early 20th centuries saw many heads of government assume the foreign ministry, this practice has since become uncommon in most developed nations. Responsibilities[edit] Along with their political roles, foreign ministers are also traditionally responsible for many diplomatic duties, such as hosting foreign world leaders and going on state visits to other countries. The foreign minister is generally the most well-traveled member of any cabinet.

In the United Kingdom, the minister responsible for foreign policy (as well as the British overseas territories) is the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Foreign Secretary). Before 1968, the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
only handled relations with foreign (non-Commonwealth) countries, while relations with Commonwealth countries and colonies were handled by the Secretary of State for Commonwealth Affairs. For the same reason, in Commonwealth countries other than the United Kingdom, the ministers responsible for handling relations with both Commonwealth and non-Commonwealth countries were formerly usually designated ministers for 'External Affairs'. In the United States, the United States Secretary of State
United States Secretary of State
handles foreign policy and is the senior Cabinet officer. The name of the post comes from several domestic duties.

Although it is very rare for there to be any sub-national foreign minister post, although sometimes there is a minor external relations position, it can exist supranationally. The European Union
European Union
has dealt with external relations in certain areas since its inception (see EU Trade Commissioner) and has a High Representative
High Representative
as its chief diplomat. However her duties are primarily to implement EU Foreign Policy, rather than formulate it. Related articles and lists[edit] By year[edit]

1950 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018

Country and territory-related articles and lists[edit] This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.

Country, territory, partially recognised country or other entity Name of office Head of the office

 Afghanistan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Albania Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Algeria Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Andorra Ministry of External Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs and Institutional Relations

 Angola Ministry of External Relations Minister of External Relations

 Antigua and Barbuda Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs

 Argentina Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship Ministers of Foreign Affairs, International Trade and Worship

 Armenia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs

 Australia Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Minister for Foreign Affairs

 Austria Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs Federal Minister for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs

 Azerbaijan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Bahamas Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs and Immigration

 Bahrain Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs

 Bangladesh Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Barbados Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade and International Business Minister for Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade

 Belarus Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs

 Belgium Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs, External Trade and European Affairs

 Belize Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade

 Benin Ministry of Foreign Affairs and African Integration Minister of Foreign Affairs, African Integration, La Francophonie, and Beninese Abroad

 Bhutan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs

 Bolivia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Chancellor

 Bosnia and Herzegovina Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Botswana Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation

 Brazil Ministry of External Relations Minister of External Relations

 Brunei Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade

 Bulgaria Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Burkina Faso Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Regional Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and Regional Cooperation

 Burundi Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation

 Cambodia Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation

 Cameroon Ministry of External Relations Minister of External Relations

 Canada Department of Global Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Cape Verde Ministry of External Affairs Minister of External Affairs

 Central African Republic Ministry of Foreign Affairs, African Integration, La Francophonie Affairs, and Central Africans Abroad Minister of Foreign Affairs, African Integration, La Francophonie Affairs, and Central Africans Abroad

 Chad Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs and African Integration

 Chile Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 China Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Hong Kong Office of the Commissioner of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China
China
in the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Special
Special
Administrative Region Commerce and Economic Development Bureau Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Bureau

Commissioner of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China
China
in the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Special
Special
Administrative Region Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs

 Macau Office of the Commissioner of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China
China
in the Macao Special
Special
Administrative Region Secretariat for Economy and Finance Secretariat for Social Affairs and Culture

Commissioner of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China
China
in the Macao Special
Special
Administrative Region Secretary of Economy and Finance of Macau Secretary for Social Affairs and Culture of Macau

 Colombia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Comoros Ministry of External Relations, of Cooperation, in Charge of the Diaspora, of la Francophonie and of the Arab World Minister of External Relations, of Cooperation, in Charge of the Diaspora, of la Francophonie and of the Arab World

 Democratic Republic of the Congo Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation and La Francophonie

 Republic of the Congo Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation

 Cook Islands Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Immigration Minister of Foreign Affairs and Immigration

 Costa Rica Ministry of External Relations Minister of External Relations and Worship

 Côte d'Ivoire Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Croatia Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs Minister of Foreign and European Affairs

 Cuba Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Czech Republic Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Denmark Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Djibouti Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation

 Dominica Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Dominican Republic Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Ecuador Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade and Integration Minister of Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade and Integration

 Egypt Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 El Salvador Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Equatorial Guinea Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation and La Francophonie

 Eritrea Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Estonia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Ethiopia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 European Union European External Action Service High Representative
High Representative
of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

 Fiji Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister for Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation and Civil Aviation

 Finland Ministry for Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs

 France Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development

 Gabon Ministry for Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation, La Francophonie, in charge of NEPAD and Regional Integration

 The Gambia Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation and Gambians Abroad Minister for Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation and Gambians Abroad

 Georgia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Germany Foreign Office Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Ghana Ministry for Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs and Regional Integration

 Greece Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs

 Grenada Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs

 Guatemala Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs

 Guernsey Policy Council External Relations Team

 Guinea Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs and Guineans Abroad

 Guinea-Bissau Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation

 Guyana Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Haiti Ministry for Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship

 Honduras Secretariat of Foreign Affairs Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs

 Hungary Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Iceland Ministry for Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs

 India Ministry of External Affairs Minister of External Affairs

 Indonesia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Iran Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Iraq Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Ireland Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade

 Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Italy Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Jamaica Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade

 Japan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Jersey Ministry of External Relations Minister for External Relations

 Jordan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Kazakhstan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ministers of Foreign Affairs

 Kenya Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs

 Kiribati Ministry for Foreign Affairs and Immigration Minister for Foreign Affairs and Immigration

 North Korea Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 South Korea Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Kosovo Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Kuwait Ministry of Foreign Affairs Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Kyrgyzstan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Laos Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Latvia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Lebanon Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Emigrants Minister of Foreign Affairs and Emigrants

 Lesotho Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Relations Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Relations

 Liberia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Libya Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation

 Liechtenstein Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Lithuania Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Luxembourg Ministry for Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs

 Republic of Macedonia Ministry for Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs

 Madagascar Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Malawi Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation

 Malaysia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Maldives Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Mali Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation

 Malta Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Marshall Islands Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Mauritania Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation

 Mauritius Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Regional Integration and International Trade Minister of Foreign Affairs, Regional Integration and International Trade

 Mexico Secretariat of Foreign Affairs Secretary of Foreign Affairs

 Federated States of Micronesia Department of Foreign Affairs, Overseas Embassies, Consulates, and Missions Secretary of Foreign Affairs

 Moldova Ministry of the Foreign Affairs and European Integration Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration

 Monaco Department of External Relations Government Counsellor for External Relations

 Mongolia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Montenegro Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Integration

 Morocco Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation

 Mozambique Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation

 Myanmar Ministry of Foreign Affairs Union Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Namibia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Nauru Department of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade, Health and Sport

   Nepal Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Home Affairs and Foreign Affairs

 The Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Nicaragua Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Niger Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and African Integration Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation, African Integration and Nigeriens Abroad

 Nigeria Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Niue Premiers Department Minister of External Affairs

 Norway Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Oman Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of State for Foreign Affairs

 Pakistan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Palau Ministry of State Minister of State for Foreign Affairs

 Palestine Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs

 Panama Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Papua New Guinea Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Immigration Minister for Foreign Affairs, Trade and Immigration

 Paraguay Ministry of Foreign Relations Minister of Foreign Relations

 Peru Ministry of Foreign Relations Minister of Foreign Relations

 Philippines Department of Foreign Affairs Secretary of Foreign Affairs

 Poland Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Portugal Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of State and Foreign Affairs

 Qatar Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Romania Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Russia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Rwanda Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation

 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Saint Kitts and Nevis Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs, National Security, Labour, Immigration and Social Security

 Saint Lucia Ministry of External Affairs Minister for External Affairs, International Trade and Civil Aviation

 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Consumer Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Consumer Affairs

 Samoa Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade

 San Marino Secretariat of State for Foreign and Political Affairs Secretary for Foreign Affairs

 São Tomé and Príncipe Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and Communities Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and Communities

 Saudi Arabia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Senegal Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs and Senegalese Abroad

 Serbia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Seychelles Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs

 Sierra Leone Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Singapore Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs

 Slovakia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign and European Affairs

 Slovenia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Solomon Islands Ministry of Foreign Affairs and External Trade Minister of Foreign Affairs and External Trade

 Somalia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 South Africa Department of International Relations and Cooperation Minister of International Relations and Cooperation

 South Ossetia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 South Sudan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation

 Spain Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation

 Sri Lanka Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Sudan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Suriname Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Swaziland Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation

 Sweden Ministry for Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs

  Switzerland Federal Department of Foreign Affairs Head of the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs

 Syria Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates Minister of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates

 Taiwan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Tajikistan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Tanzania Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation

 Thailand Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Timor-Leste Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Minister of State and of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation

 Togo Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation

 Tonga Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs, Defence, Information and Communication

 Transnistria Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Trinidad and Tobago Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Tunisia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Turkmenistan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Tuvalu Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs, Environment, Trade, Labour and Tourism

 Uganda Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Ukraine Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister for Foreign Affairs

 United Arab Emirates Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 United Kingdom Foreign and Commonwealth Office Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs

 United States Department of State Secretary of State

 Uruguay Ministry of Foreign Relations Minister of Foreign Relations

 Uzbekistan Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Vanuatu Ministry of Foreign Affairs and External Trade Minister of Foreign Affairs and External Trade

  Vatican City Secretariat of State Secretary for Relations with States

 Venezuela Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of the Popular Participation for Foreign Affairs

 Vietnam Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Yemen Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Zambia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs and Tourism

 Zimbabwe Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

Former countries[edit]

Former country Name of office Head of the office

 Austria-Hungary Foreign Ministry Foreign Ministers

 Czechoslovakia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 East Germany Ministry for Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Irish Free State Department of External Affairs Minister of External Affairs

 Prussia

Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Soviet Union Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

 Yugoslavia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Foreign Affairs

See also[edit]

Diplomacy

References[edit]

^ http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Minister+of+Foreign+Affairs ^ David Stevenson, "The Diplomats" in Jay Winter, ed. The Cambridge History of the First World War: Volume II: The State (2014) vol 2 p 68.

External links[edit]

eDiplomat.com: Foreign Affairs Ministries

v t e

Common types of government ministers and ministries

Leadership

President Vice-President Prime Minister Deputy Prime Minister Office of the President Cabinet department / Office of the Prime Minister

Defence / Foreign Affairs / Public Safety

Defence (list) Foreign / External Affairs (list) International development Public Security / Internal Security / Homeland Security Immigration

Economics / Infrastructure

Commerce / Trade Communications Finance / Treasury (list) Industry Public Works / Infrastructure Transport

Environment / Natural resources

Agriculture Climate change Energy Environment (list) Fisheries Forestry Irrigation Land management Mining Natural resources Petroleum / Oil Water resources

Social

Education (List) Culture Health Information Interior / Internal Affairs / Home Affairs (list) Justice / Law Labour Religion Science (and Technology) Sports Tourism

Minister without portfolio  Ministries by portfolio

v t e

Diplomacy
Diplomacy
and diplomats

Roles

Diplomatic leader titles

Multilateral

Permanent representative

United Nations

Ambassador-at-large Resident representative

Bilateral-national

Ambassador

High commissioner Nuncio

Chargé d'affaires Head of mission Deputy chief of mission

Bilateral-subnational

Consul

Bilateral-insular

Resident

Resident commissioner

Envoy Agent-general

By portfolio (Attaché)

Agricultural attaché Chargé de mission Conseiller chargé des investissements Cultural attaché Military attaché

Air attaché

Science attaché Trade commissioner

Other roles

Diplomatic courier

Queen's Messenger

Foreign minister

Classification

Diplomatic rank

Offices

Apostolic Nunciature Consular corps Consulate De facto embassy Diplomatic corps Diplomatic mission High commission Legation Protecting power

Types

Caviar diplomacy Checkbook diplomacy Coercive diplomacy Commercial diplomacy Cultural diplomacy Defence diplomacy Digital diplomacy Dollar diplomacy Freelance diplomacy Full spectrum diplomacy Guerrilla diplomacy Gunboat diplomacy New diplomacy Panda diplomacy Paradiplomacy Pilgrimage diplomacy Ping-pong diplomacy Preventive diplomacy Public diplomacy Shuttle diplomacy Stadium diplomacy

Topics

Appeasement Consular assistance Consular immunity Diplomatic accreditation Diplomatic bag Diplomatic cable Diplomatic credentials Diplomatic history Diplomatic illness Diplomatic immunity Diplomatic law Diplomatic rank Diplomatic service Diplomatic uniform Protocol

Documents

Exequatur Letter of credence Letter of protest

Other topics

Development aid

Agencies

Parliamentary delegation Summit (meeting) Twin towns and sister cities

Category Commons

International relations portal Politics portal

Authority control

GND: 41436

.