The FOOD AND DRUGS ACT (formal title "An Act respecting food, drugs, cosmetics and therapeutic devices") is an act of the Parliament of Canada regarding the production, import , export , transport across provinces and sale of food , drugs , contraceptive devices and cosmetics (including personal cleaning products such as soap and toothpaste ). It was first passed in 1920 and most recently revised in 1985. It attempts to ensure that these products are safe, that their ingredients are disclosed and that drugs are effective and are not sold as food or cosmetics. It also states that cures for disease listed in Schedule A (including cancer , obesity , anxiety , asthma , depression , appendicitis , and sexually transmitted diseases ), cannot be advertised to the general public.
* 1 Background * 2 Part I * 3 Part II * 4 Parts III and IV * 5 2008 Proposed Amendment * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links
After the launch of the Federal Department of Health in 1919, the
As a result of the problems caused by the drug thalidomide , the Act
was revisited and strengthened by
Part I provides general interpretations of the terms, and provides details of each of the topics discussed on what the Act entails:
* Food * Drugs * Cosmetics * Devices
Part II of the act focuses the administration and the Enforcement that allows the government to intervene with the manufacturer. It entails:
* Inspection, Seizure and forfeiture * Analysis * Power of the Minister * Incorporation by Reference * Regulations * Interim Orders * Marketing Authorization * Offense and Punishment * Exports
PARTS III AND IV
Parts III (enacted in 1961) and IV (enacted in 1969) provided for
implementation of controls required by the Convention on Psychotropic
Substances . Part III dealt with "controlled" drugs such as
amphetamine , methaqualone , and phenmetrazine , which have legitimate
medical uses. Part IV focused on Schedule H "restricted drugs", those
whose only legitimate use is for scientific research, such as the
The 1996 Controlled Drugs and Substances Act repealed Parts III and IV.
2008 PROPOSED AMENDMENT
Not to be confused with the 2015 Anti-terror legislation: Bill C-51 (41st Canadian Parliament, 2nd Session) .
On April 2008, an amendment to the
* Illegalize the sale and importation of products that have
knowingly been adulterated.
* Illegalize the sale of counterfeit therapeutic products.
* Clarify in the
The bill has been subject to criticism due to a perception that the
bill would illegalize all food and
Natural Health Products by
categorizing them as drug products. Natural health products have not
been regulated as drugs since the
Natural Health Products Regulations
were put into place on January 1, 2004.
* ^ http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/F-27/FullText.html#h-24 * ^ Brief History of Drug Regulation in Canada * ^ Complete transcript of C51 * ^ C-51 and the Regulation of Natural Health Products - Fast