Folk costume
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A folk costume (also regional costume, national costume, traditional garment, or traditional regalia) expresses an
identity Identity may refer to: Social sciences * Identity (social science), personhood or group affiliation in psychology and sociology Group expression and affiliation * Cultural identity, a person's self-affiliation (or categorization by others ...
through
costume Costume is the distinctive style of dress or cosmetic of an individual or group that reflects class, gender, profession, ethnicity, nationality, activity or epoch. In short costume is a cultural visual of the people. The term also was traditiona ...
, which is usually associated with a geographic area or a period of time in history. It can also indicate social, marital or religious status. If the costume is used to represent the
culture Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior and Norm (social), norms found in human Society, societies, as well as the knowledge, beliefs, arts, laws, Social norm, customs, capabilities, and habits of the individuals in ...
or
identity Identity may refer to: Social sciences * Identity (social science), personhood or group affiliation in psychology and sociology Group expression and affiliation * Cultural identity, a person's self-affiliation (or categorization by others ...
of a specific
ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identity (social science), identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that distinguish them from other groups. Those attributes can include common sets of traditions, ancest ...
, it is usually known as ethnic costume (also ethnic dress, ethnic wear, ethnic clothing, traditional ethnic wear or traditional ethnic garment). Such costumes often come in two forms: one for everyday occasions, the other for traditional
festival A festival is an event ordinarily celebrated by a community and centering on some characteristic aspect of that community and its religion Religion is a social system, social-cultural system of designated religious behaviour, behaviors a ...

festival
s and
formal wear Formal wear, formal attire or ''full dress'' is the traditional Western dress code category applicable for the most formal occasions, such as weddings, christenings, confirmations, funeral A funeral is a ceremony connected with the final di ...
. Following the rise of
romantic nationalism upright=1.15, Brudeferden i Hardanger (Bridal procession in Hardanger), a monumental piece within Norwegian romantic nationalism. Painted by Hans Gude and Adolph Tidemand. Romantic nationalism (also national romanticism, organic nationalism, ide ...
, the peasantry of
Europe Europe is a continent A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven regions are commonly regarded as continents. Ordered from largest ...

Europe
came to serve as models for all that appeared genuine and desirable. Their dress crystallised into so-called "typical" forms, and enthusiasts adopted that attire as part of their
symbol A symbol is a mark, sign, or word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be uttered in isolation with semantic, objective or pragmatics, practical meaning (linguistics), meanin ...

symbol
ism. In areas where
Western dress codes Western dress codes are dress code A dress code is a set of rules, often written, with regards to clothing. Dress codes are created out of social perceptions and norms, and vary based on purpose, circumstances, and occasions. Different societie ...
have become usual, traditional garments are often worn at special events or celebrations; particularly those connected with cultural traditions, heritage or pride. International events may cater for non-Western attendees with a compound
dress code A dress code is a set of rules, often written, with regards to clothing. Dress codes are created out of social perceptions and norms, and vary based on purpose, circumstances, and occasions. Different societies and cultures are likely to have diff ...
such as "business suit or national dress". In modern times, there are instances where traditional garments are required by
sumptuary law Sumptuary laws (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the R ...
s. In
Bhutan Bhutan (; dz, འབྲུག་ཡུལ་, Druk Yul, ), officially known as the Kingdom of Bhutan ( dz, འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་, Druk Gyal Khap), is a landlocked country in the Eastern Himalayas. It is bordered by Ch ...
, the traditional
Tibet Tibet (; ; ) is a region in East Asia covering much of the Tibetan Plateau spanning about . It is the traditional homeland of the Tibetan people as well as some other ethnic groups such as Monpa people, Monpa, Tamang, Qiang people, Qiang, S ...

Tibet
an-style clothing of ''
gho
gho
'' and ''kera'' for men, and '' kira'' and ''
toego Image:Bhutanese women at festival wearing Kira and Tego.jpg, 250px, Bhutanese women wearing kira (Bhutan), kira with tego A toego or tego ( dz, སྟོད་གོ་, ; also romanised tögo) is a long-sleeved, short jacket-like garment worn over ...
'' for women, must be worn by all citizens, including those not of Tibetan heritage. In
Saudi Arabia (''Shahada The ''Shahada'' ( ar, ٱلشَّهَادَةُ ' , "the testimony"), also spelled Shahadah, is an Islamic oath, one of the Five Pillars of Islam and part of the Adhan. It reads: "I bear witness that none deserves worship e ...

Saudi Arabia
, women are also required to wear the
abaya The abaya "cloak" (varieties of Arabic, colloquially and more commonly, ar, عباية ', especially in Modern Standard Arabic, Literary Arabic: '; plural ', '), sometimes also called an ''aba'', is a simple, loose over-garment, essentially ...

abaya
in public.


Africa


Central Africa

Cameroon Cameroon (, french: Cameroun), officially the Republic of Cameroon (french: République du Cameroun, links=no), is a country in West Africa, west-central Africa. It is bordered by Nigeria to the west and north; Chad to the northeast; the Cen ...

Cameroon
Pagne (female), Toghu (male) * Central African Republic – Pagne * Democratic Republic of the Congo – Pagne * Equatorial Guinea – Wrapper (clothing), Pano * Gabon – Pagne * Republic of the Congo – Pagne * São Tomé and Príncipe – Wrapper (clothing), Pano


Eastern Africa

* Burundi – Mushanana, Imvutano * Comoros – Kanga (African garment), Lesso (female), Kanzu (male) * Djibouti – Sarong, Macawiis (male), Kofia (hat), Koofiyad (male), Dirac (clothing), Dirac (female), Garbasaar (female); the Afar people have their style of traditional clothing. * Eritrea – Kidan Habesha (male), Zuria or Habesha kemis (female) * Ethiopia – Ethiopian suit or Kidan Habesha (male), Habesha kemis (female); each ethnic group has a traditional style of dress. * Kenya – Kenya is unique among African nations in that it is the only country that does not have a national costume. All tribes have their respective traditional garments, for example: Maasai people#Clothing, Maasai traditional costume: Kitenge, Kikoi, ''Maasai beadwork'' * Madagascar – Lamba (garment), Lamba * Mauritius and Réunion – ''Sega'' dress * Rwanda – Mushanana * Seychelles – ''Kanmtole'' dress * Somalia – Kanzu or Khamiis, Sarong, Macawiis (male), Dashiki, Kitenge Kofia (hat), Koofiyad (male), Dirac (clothing), Dirac (female), Culture of Somalia#Women, Guntiino (female), Culture of Somalia#Women, Garbasaar (female) * Sudan – Jellabiya, Jalabiyyah, Taqiyah (cap), Taqiyyah, and Turban (male), Toob, a cotton women's dress (female) * Tanzania – Kanzu and Kofia (hat), Kofia (male), Kanga (African garment), Kanga (female) * Uganda – Kanzu and Kofia (hat), Kofia (male), Gomesi (female), Mushanana (Female - South Western Uganda)


Northern Africa

* Algeria - Burnous, Caftan, Caftan El-Bey, Gandoura, Haïek, Jellaba, Mlaya, Sirwal, Sarouel ** Bikhmar (Ouargla) ** Blouza (Oran) ** Chedda of Tlemcen, Chedda (Tlemcen) ** Chemsa (Jijel) ** Fergani people, Fergani (Constantine, Algeria, Constantine) ** Gandoura Annabiya (Annaba) ** Ghlila, Karakou, Sirwal, Sarouel Mdawer (Algiers) ** Labsa M'zabia (M'zab) ** Labsa Naïlia (Ouled Naïl) ** Lefa we dlala (Annaba) ** Melhfa Chaouïa (Aures) ** Melhfa Sahraouia (Tindouf) ** Qashabiya (Djelfa et Laghouat), Labsa Kbaylia (Kabylie) ** Binouar - Sétif ** Tuareg people#Clothing, Labsa Touratia (Hoggar) * Egypt – Galabeya * Libya – Jellabiya, Farmla (an embroidered vest), Fouta towel, Fouta * Morocco – Djellaba, Fez hat and Balgha (male), Takchita (female) * Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic – Grand boubou, Darra'a (male), Melhfa Sahraouia (female) * Tunisia – Caftan, Jebba, Taqiyah (cap), Chechia, Fouta towel, Fouta


Southern Africa

* Angola – Wrapper (clothing), Pano * Lesotho – Shweshwe clothing and Basotho blanket, blankets, Mokorotlo * Malawi – Kitenge, Chitenje * Mozambique – Capulana * Namibia – Herero people, Herero traditional clothing * South Africa – ** Sotho people, Sotho: Shweshwe clothing and Basotho blanket, blankets, Mokorotlo ** Xhosa people, Xhosa: Umbhaco ** Zulu people, Zulu: Zulu crown ** Afrikaners and Rooineks: slouch hat, safari shirt, veldskoen, knee-high socks, khaki Bermuda shorts or trousers. * Zambia – Kitenge, Chitenje * Zimbabwe – Kitenge, Chitenje


Western Africa

* Benin – Dashiki, Dashiki suit and Aso Oke Hat (male), Wrapper (clothing), Buba and wrapper set (female) * Burkina Faso – Ghanaian smock, Batakari (male), Wrapper (clothing), Kaftan (female) * Cape Verde – Wrapper (clothing), Pano de terra * Côte d'Ivoire – Kente cloth (male), Wrapper (clothing), Kente kaba and slit set (female) * Gambia – Boubou (clothing), Boubou (male), Wrapper (clothing), Kaftan (female) * Ghana – Kente cloth or Ghanaian smock and Kufi (male), Wrapper (clothing), Kente kaba and slit set (female), Boubou (clothing), Agbada (male) * Guinea – Boubou (clothing), Boubou (male), Wrapper (clothing), Kaftan (female) * Guinea-Bissau – Ethnic clothes of Guinea-Bissau; for example: Fula people, Fula: Boubou (clothing), Boubou (male), Wrapper (clothing), Kaftan (female) * Liberia – Dashiki, Dashiki suit and Kufi (male), Wrapper (clothing), Buba and skirt set (female) * Mali – Boubou (clothing), Grand boubou and Kufi (male), Wrapper (clothing), Kaftan (female) * Mauritania – Grand boubou, Darra'a (male), Melhfa Sahraouia (female) * Niger – Boubou (clothing), Babban riga, Tagelmust, Alasho (male), Wrapper (clothing), Kaftan (female) * Nigeria – Boubou (clothing), Agbada, Dashiki or Isiagu and Aso Oke Hat (male), Wrapper (clothing), Buba and wrapper set (female) * Senegal – Senegalese kaftan and Kufi (male), Wrapper (clothing), Kaftan (female)


Asia


Central Asia

* Tajikistan - Chapan, Tubeteika Turkic Countries: * Kazakhstan – Chapan, Kalpak (male), Saukele, Koylek (female) * Kyrgyzstan – Chapan, Kalpak (male), Saukele, Koylek (female) * Turkmenistan – Chapan * Uzbekistan – Khalat, Tubeteika, Chapan


East Asia

* Greater China, China – Cheongsam and Changshan (De Facto) Each ethnic groups of China have their own traditional costume. **Han Chinese – Hanfu: Shenyi, ruqun, shanku ** Manchus – Magua (clothing), Magua, Tangzhuang, Cheongsam and Changshan ** Mongols in China, Mongols – Deel (clothing), Deel ** Uyghurs, Uyghurs, Hui people, Hui and other Chinese Muslims – Tubeteika, Khalat, Chapan ** Taiwanese Aborigines, Gaoshans - Aboriginal groups in Taiwan conserve traditional indigenous styles; popular styles include Amis people, Amis, Atayal people, Atayal, Bunun people, Bunun and Paiwan people, Paiwan styles ** Tibetan people, Tibetan – Chuba * Japan – Wafuku: Kimono, Junihitoe, Sokutai ** Ryukyuan people, Ryukyu - *** Okinawa - Kariyushi shirt ** Hokkaido - Ainu clothing * Korea – Hanbok (South Korea)/Chosŏn-ot (North Korea) * Mongolia – Deel (clothing), Deel


North Asia

* Russia (Ural District, Urals, Siberian Federal District and Far Eastern Federal District, Far Eastern Siberia)- Clothing of Siberian nationalities (Buryat, Yakut, Altai, etc.) ** Buryatia - Deel (clothing), Deel ** Tuva – Deel (clothing), Deel


South Asia

* Afghanistan – Pashtun dress: Afghan cap, turban, Shalwar Kameez (male), Firaq partug, Chador (veil) (female) * Bangladesh – Sherwani and Kurta (male) and Sari Dupatta(female) *
Bhutan Bhutan (; dz, འབྲུག་ཡུལ་, Druk Yul, ), officially known as the Kingdom of Bhutan ( dz, འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་, Druk Gyal Khap), is a landlocked country in the Eastern Himalayas. It is bordered by Ch ...
– Gho (male) and Kira (dress), Kira (female) * India – Achkan, Shalwar Kameez, Sherwani, Dhoti, Phiran, Churidar, Kurta, Turban (male) and Sari, Patiala salwar, Lehenga, Choli, Pathin (female) * Maldives – Dhivehi libaas (women) and Mundu, Dhivehi mundu (men) * Nepal – Daura-Suruwal and Dhaka topi, (male) and Gunyou Cholo (female); Traditional Newar, Sunuwar, Rai (ethnic group), Rai, Limbu people, Limbu ([bakku, chuwa])clothing * Pakistan – Peshawari turban, Shalwar Kameez, Churidar (male), Shalwar Kameez and Dupatta (female), Punjabi turban * Sri Lanka – Sari#Sri Lanka, Kandyan sari (female)


Southeast Asia

* Brunei – Baju Melayu, Songkok (male), Baju Kurung, Tudung (female) * Cambodia – Sampot, Apsara, Sabai, Krama, Chang kben * East Timor – Tais cloth clothing * Indonesia – (''See: National costume of Indonesia''). There are hundreds of types of folk costumes in Indonesia because of the diversity in the island nation. Each ethnic group of Indonesia have their own traditional costume; ** Batak, Batak tribe: Ulos ** Javanese people: :id:Beskap, Beskap, Batik, Batik shirt, Blangkon, Songkok, Sarong (male), Kebaya, Tudung, Sarong (female). ** Malay Indonesian, Malay people: Baju Melayu, Baju Kurung, Songket ** Papuan people, Papua: Koteka ** etc. * Laos – xout lao, suea pat, pha hang, pha biang, sinh (clothing), sinh * Malaysia – Baju Melayu and Songkok (male), Baju Kurung, Malaysian cultural outfits#Glossary, Baju Kebarung (Kebaya/Kurung hybrid), Tudung (female) * Myanmar – Longyi, Gaung baung * Philippines – Barong tagalog, Barong (male) and Baro't saya; Maria Clara gown, Terno (female), Malong, Patadyong, Tapis (Philippine clothing), Tapis, Salakot * Singapore: ** Chinese Singaporeans - Hanfu, Cheongsam (female), Tangzhuang (male),Changpao (male) ** Indian Singaporeans - Sari (Female), Dhoti (Male), Kurta ** Malay Singaporeans - Baju Melayu (Male), Baju Kurung (female), Sarong ** Peranakans - Kebaya (female), Changpao, Baju Lokchuan (male) * Thailand – Chut thai: Thai female: Formal Thai national costume#Formal chut thai for women, Thai Chakkri, Thai male: Formal Thai national costume#Formal chut thai for men, Suea Phraratchathan, Both genders: Chong kraben and Sabai * Vietnam – Việt phục: Áo giao lĩnh, Áo dài, Áo tứ thân, Áo bà ba


West Asia

Turkic Countries: * Azerbaijan – Azerbaijani traditional clothing: Arkhalig, Chokha, Kelaghayi, Kalpak * Turkey-Kalpak, Yazma, Kaftan, Salvar, Çarık]
Cepken-Yelek
Boynuz Kemer -Horn belt *Turkish Republic of Northern CyprusCepken(Yelek)-VestSalta, Yazma, Potur, Boynuz Kemer Middle East: * Armenia - Armenian dress, Arkhalig, Arakhchin, Burka (Caucasus), Burka, Chokha, Kalpak, Papakha, Shalvar * Israel – Tembel hat, Biblical sandals, Sudra (headdress), Sudra, Yemenite Jews in Israel, Yemenite Jewish clothes; Jewish religious clothing: Rekel, Bekishe, Tzitzit, Kippah, Tichel. * Iran – Chador, Turban, Kurdish clothing, * Iraq – Assyrian clothing, Keffiyeh, Hashimi Dress, Bisht (clothing), Bisht, Dishdasha; Kurdish clothing in Iraqi Kurdistan. * Jordan – Keffiyeh, Bisht (clothing), Bisht, Bedouin clothing * Lebanon – Tantour, Keffiyeh, Labbade, Taqiyah (cap), Taqiyah * Kurdistan – Sirwal (pants), Kurdish clothing, gold coin belt and necklace for women. * Kuwait – Thawb * Oman – Dishdasha * State of Palestine, Palestine – Keffiyeh, Palestinian costumes. * Qatar – Kandura *
Saudi Arabia (''Shahada The ''Shahada'' ( ar, ٱلشَّهَادَةُ ' , "the testimony"), also spelled Shahadah, is an Islamic oath, one of the Five Pillars of Islam and part of the Adhan. It reads: "I bear witness that none deserves worship e ...

Saudi Arabia
– Thawb, Keffiyeh, Ghutrah, Agal, Bisht (clothing), Bisht, Abaya, Jilbab, Niqab * Syria – Dishdasha, Sirwal, Taqiyah (cap), Taqiyah, Keffiyeh * United Arab Emirates – Kandura, Abaya * Yemen – Similar to Saudi Arabia, but with the addition of an ornate jambiya and leather bandoliers for the men's costume.


Europe

people in Finland


Eastern Europe

* Belarus – Pas kontuszowy, Slutsk stash, the national type of wimple (''namitka'') * Georgia (country), Georgia – Chokha (Every region has its own specific design of Chokha), Papakha * Ossetia – Chokha * Russia – Bast shoes, Boyar hat, Ryasna, Sarafan, Kaftan, Kokoshnik, Kosovorotka, Ushanka, Valenki; (Sami People, Sami) Gákti, Luhkka for colder weather ** Caucasus republics (for example, Chechnya, North Ossetia-Alania and Adygea) – Chokha, Papakha, Ushanka in cold weather ** Mordovia - Mordovian national costumes * Ukraine – National costumes of Ukraine: Vyshyvanka, Sharovary, Żupan, Ukrainian wreath


Central Europe

* Austria - Each state has a specific design on national costume; the most famous is that of Tyrol (state), Tyrol, consisting of the characteristic Tyrolean tracht and dirndls. * Czech Republic – Kroje * Hungary – Culture of Hungary#Folk costumes (17–19th century), National costumes of Hungary * Poland – Czamara, Żupan, Kontusz, Rogatywka (National costumes of Poland) * Slovakia – Kroj (Embroidery, embroidered traditional dress)


Northern Europe

* Denmark – :da:Folkedragt, Folkedragt ** Faroe Islands – Føroysk klæði ** Greenland – Parka * Estonia – * Finland – Every region has its own specific design of national costume (''kansallispuku'', ''nationaldräkt''). These vary widely. Many of them resemble Swedish costumes, but some take influences from Russian costumes as well. For the Sami People, Sami in Finland, each place has its own Gákti or Luhkka for colder weather. * Iceland – Þjóðbúningurinn * Ireland – Aran sweater, Irish walking hat, Grandfather shirt, ''Leine'', Irish stepdance costume * Latvia - Tautastērps * Lithuania - Tautinis kostiumas * Norway – Bunad, Sami People, Sami: Gákti, and for colder weather, Luhkka * Sweden – the traditional Culture of Sweden#National costuming, folkdräkt has been specific to the local region and varied from landscape to landscape but has since 1983 been supplemented by an official National Costume, Sverigedräkten, common for all; 18th century: Nationella dräkten; Sami People, Sami: Gákti, Luhkka for colder weather * United Kingdom: Countries of the United Kingdom, Every constituent country has its own national costume. ** England – British country clothing, English country clothing, Morris dance costumes, Flat cap, English clogs *** Cornwall – Sou'wester hat, fisherman's smock-frock, smock, Guernsey (clothing), gansey, bal-maiden clothing, Cornish kilts and tartans *** Lancashire – Shawl, Lancashire shawl, English clogs *** London – Pearly kings and queens *** Northumbria (modern), Northumbria - Maud (plaid), Maud, Blue bonnet (hat), blue bonnet, Rapper sword#Costume, Rapper dance costumes, Border tartan, Northumberland kilts and tartan *** Sussex – smock-frock, Sussex round smock ** Northern Ireland: Similar to Ireland. ** Scotland – Highland dress: Kilt or trews, tam o'shanter (hat), tam o'shanter or Balmoral bonnet, doublet (clothing), doublet, Aboyne dress, and brogue shoe, brogues or Ghillie brogues, ghillies. *** Scottish Lowlands: Similar to Northumbria – Maud (plaid), Maud, Blue bonnet (hat), blue bonnet ** Wales – Traditional Welsh costume


Southern Europe

* Albania – Albanian Traditional Clothing, Fustanella, wiktionary:Tirk, Tirq, Xhamadan, Opinga * Andorra – Barretina, espadrilles * Bulgaria – Every town has its own design of a national costume (''nosia''), with different types of clothing items traditional for each of the ethnographic regions of the country. * Croatia – Croatian national costume, Lika cap, Šibenik cap * Greece – Fustanella, Breeches(Vraka), Greek dress#Modern period, Amalia costume. ** Greek fisherman's caps in many coastal villages by the Aegean sea. * Italy – Italian folk dance costumes; Clothing in ancient Rome, Roman clothing: Toga, Stola ** South Tyrol – Tracht and Dirndl ** Sardinia – Every town has its design of the traditional folk costume (see also Sardinian people#Traditional clothes, Sardinian people for more information). ** Sicily – Coppola (cap), Coppola, Arbëreshë people, Arbereshe costumes * Kosovo – Traditional clothing of Kosovo, Qeleshe, wiktionary:Tirk, Tirq, Xhubleta, Xhamadan, Opinga * Malta – Għonnella * Montenegro – Montenegrin cap * North Macedonia – Macedonian national costume * Portugal – Every region has its own specific design of a national costume. * Romania – Romanian dress * Serbia – Every region has different design of a national costume. Serbian traditional clothing, Lika cap, Montenegrin cap, Opanci, Šajkača, Šubara * Slovenia – Gorenjska narodna noša * Spain – Autonomous communities of Spain, Every autonomous region has its own national costume. ** Andalusia - Sombrero cordobes, traje de flamenca, traje de luces, montera ** Basque Country (autonomous community), Basque Country – Beret, espadrilles ** Catalonia - Barretina, Faixa ** Galicia (Spain), Galicia - Each province has its regional costume. A hat akin to a witch hat is worn in rural areas.


Western Europe

* Belgium – Smock-frock, Bleu sårot (Wallonia) * France - Every administrative region has a style of folk costume, varying by department. For example, Brittany, with Breton costume varying by department and predominantly used in Celtic circle, Cercles celtiques, Pardon (ceremony), pardons and festivals. ** French Basque Country, Basque Country - Beret, espadrilles * Germany – Every state has its own specific design of a national costume. For example, Bavaria's well-known Tracht: Lederhosen and Dirndl. * Liechtenstein – Tracht, Dirndl * Netherlands – Many areas, villages and towns used to have their own :nl:Klederdracht (Nederland), traditional style of clothing. In the 21st century, only a few hundred people still wear the traditional dresses and suits on a daily basis. They can be found mainly in Staphorst (about 700 women), Volendam (about 50 men) and Marken (about 40 women). Most well-known parts of Dutch folk costumes outside the Netherlands are probably the Dutch cap, Dutch woman's bonnet and klompen. ** North Brabant – poffer * Switzerland – Every canton has its own specific design of a national costume; the more famous costumes come from the German regions of the country, notably Bern, Appenzell and Zug.


North America

dress, emblematic of the Puebla, Puebla, City of Puebla and sometimes considered the national costume of Mexico. File:Four students with guitar.jpg, 225px, Blue jeans, Stetsons and press stud plaid (fabric), plaid Western shirts, c.1950


Caribbean

* Antigua and Barbuda - plaid dress, with white pinafore for women, designed by Heather Doram * Bahamas - None, unofficially Androsia-cloth clothing. Junkanoo costumes can be considered folk costume but fall more into the sector of carnival dress than traditional garment. * Cuba – Guayabera, panama hat (male), ''guarachera'' (female) * Dominican Republic – Guayabera, Chacabana, panama hat * Dominica – Madras (costume), Madras * Haiti – Quadrille dress, Karabela dress (female), Guayabera, Shirt jacket (male) * Jamaica – Madras (cloth), Bandanna cloth Quadrille dress (female), Madras (cloth), Bandanna cloth shirt and white trousers (male), Jamaican Tam * Puerto Rico – Guayabera, panama hat (male), ''enaguas'' (female) * St. Lucia – Madras (costume), Madras * Trinidad and Tobago – Tobago has an Afro-Tobagonian Creole culture with the Bélé costumes as their typical garment, commonly made of Madras (cloth), madras. Trinidad, however, has no defined national garment; the two major ethnic groups in the island wear the following during cultural occasions: **Afro-Trinidadians and Tobagonians, Afro-Trinidadians - Guayabera, Shirt jacket or Dashiki (male), Wrapper (clothing), Booboo (female) **Indo-Trinidadian and Tobagonian, Indo-Trinidadian - Kurta, Dhoti, Sherwani (male), Sari, Choli, Lehenga (female)


Central America

* Belize - Hispanic Belizean, Mestizos - Huipil (female), Guayabera (male); Maya peoples, Mayas - All tribes wear distinct kinds of Mayan dress. * Guatemala – Huipil, Corte skirt, Tocado (female), Todos Santos Cuchumatán, Todosantero suit (male) * Nicaragua – Huipil, Rebozo (female), ''Cotona'' (male) * Panama – Pollera (female), ''Montuno'' (male)


Northern America

* Bermuda – Bermuda shorts * Canada: **First Nations – button blanket, buckskins, moccasins, Chilkat weaving, Chilkat blanket, Cowichan sweater, war bonnet. The use of the term ''costume'' to denote traditional dress may be considered derogatory in First Nations communities. ''Regalia'' is the preferred term. **Lumberjacks – Traditional logging wear includes mackinaw jackets or flannel shirts, with headgear being a tuque or trapper hat; a good example is seen with folk characters like Big Joe Mufferaw. **Maritimes – Acadians wear their traditional heritage clothing on special occasions like the Tintamarre. The Scottish background in Nova Scotia has brought the Nova Scotia tartan as folk wear in the form of kilts, aboyne dresses and trews for Scottish highland dance competitions. **Métis (Canada), Métis – Ceinture fléchée, Capote (garment), Capote, Moccasins **Newfoundland (island), Newfoundland - Traditional Mummering, mummers dress in masks and baggy clothes in Christmas season celebrations; the Cornish influence has also brought yellow oilskins and sou'westers as typical wear in coastal areas. **Nunavut and other Inuit communities – Parka, mukluks, amauti ** Canadian Prairies, Prairies – Western wear is common on events such as the Calgary Stampede; often worn with Calgary White Hats. **Quebec and French Canadians – Ceinture fléchée, Capote (garment), Capote, tuque * Mexico – Charro outfit, Guayabera, Sarape, Sombrero (male), Rebozo, China Poblana dress (female); every state has a typical folk dress, for example: ** Chiapas - :es:Traje de chiapaneca, Chiapaneca ** Chihuahua (state), Chihuahua and Coahuila – cowboy hats, cowboy boots, bandanna ** Oaxaca: :es:Tehuana (traje), Tehuana ** Querétaro, Hidalgo (state), Hidalgo and San Luis Potosí - Quechquemitl ** Sonora - Sonora is unique among Mexican states to not have a defined representative costume, yet the indigenous clothing, especially the Deer dance costume of the Yaqui and the women's clothing of the Seri people, Seri, is very popular. However, the ''Sonora Bronco'' styles of Norteño folk dance have a costume akin to that of neighboring Chihuahua (state), Chihuahua, but is not mostly regarded as a definite costume for Sonora. ** Tamaulipas :es:cuera tamaulipeca, Cuera tamaulipeca ** Veracruz - Guayabera ** Yucatán – Guayabera (male), Huipil (female) * United States: ** Alaska – Kuspuks, worn with dark pants and mukluks, as well as parkas are traditional Alaska Natives, native wear. ** Southwestern US, American Southwest, Texas and rural areas in the Midwestern US, Midwestern and Western US – Western wear, derived from original Mexican vaquero and American pioneer garb is traditional dress in Texas, the Southwestern US, and many rural communities, including cowboy hats, Western shirts, cowboy boots, jeans, chaps, prairie skirts, and bolo ties. ** American Upper Midwest, Pacific Northwest, the northern portions of the Great Lakes Basin and northern New England (especially Maine) – Due to the cold weather, the garb in rural areas tends to more closely adhere to heavier materials, such as flannel shirts or Buffalo plaid mackinaw jackets, and a knit cap or, in the case of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, Upper Peninsula, a Stormy Kromer cap. A good example is seen in the typical attire of Paul Bunyan, a folk hero popular in areas where logging was a common occupation, as well as lumberjacks working in the area. ** The Amish (mostly found in Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana) follow a style of plain dress. ** Utah – Mormons may dress in 19th-century pioneer clothing for Mormon Trail, Mormon trek-related activities and events. Fundamentalist Mormon women may also follow a style of 19th-century style plain dress for modesty. ** Deep South – *** Louisiana – The Cajun people of Louisiana traditionally wear the colorful capuchon for Mardi Gras celebrations. Louisiana Creole people, Creole women used to historically wear the tignon, mostly in plain or Madras fabric, madras fabrics, but it is now sometimes worn for heritage events or cultural reasons. *** South Carolina and Georgia (U.S. state), Georgia – Gullah communities in the South Carolina Lowcountry and Sea Islands preserve the traditional African-style clothing and culture. ** Nantucket – Summer residents of Nantucket will often wear Nantucket Reds. ** Various styles of Native Americans in the United States, Native American clothing; for example, traditional pow-wow regalia for Plains Indians: Moccasins, buckskins, glass beads, breech clouts, and war bonnets or Roach (headdress), roaches. The use of the term ''costume'' to denote traditional dress may be considered derogatory in Native American communities. ''Regalia'' is the preferred term. ** New York City, New York – According to folklorist Washington Irving, knickerbockers (clothing), knickerbockers similar to the breeches of the Puritans, Pilgrims and Founding Fathers of the United States, Founding Fathers were traditionally worn by many wealthy Dutch families in 19th century New York. Historically, these short pants remained commonplace among young urban American boys until the mid 20th century.


Oceania


Australia and New Zealand

* Australia ** Aboriginal Australians: Australian Aboriginal fibrecraft, fibercraft-made clothing, possum cloak ** European Australians: cork hat, ''bushwear'': Moleskin trousers, safari shirt, bush shirt, Akubra slouch hat, Driza-Bone coat, Australian work boots ** Torres Strait Islands – Mother Hubbard dress, Augemwalli * New Zealand ** Māori people, Māori – Māori traditional textiles#Piupiu, Piupiu, Māori traditional textiles#Korowai, korowai or Māori traditional textiles#kakahu huruhuru, kakahu huruhuru. ** New Zealand Europeans - Swanndri bush jacket, slouch hat, walk shorts, and knee-high socks; or a black singlet and Rugby football, rugby shorts.


Melanesia

* Fiji – Lavalava, Sulu, Tapa cloth (called masi), I-sala * New Caledonia – Lavalava, Manou, Mother Hubbard dress, Robes mission * Papua New Guinea – Mother Hubbard dress, Meri blaus, lap-lap, Koteka * Vanuatu – Mother Hubbard dress, Aelan dress, Lap-lap


Micronesia

* Federated States of Micronesia - Lap-lap (male), Grass skirt (female) * Palau - Lap-lap (male), Grass skirt (female)


Polynesia

* Cook Islands – Pareo * French Polynesia – Pareo ** Marquesas Islands – Pareo * Hawaii – Aloha shirt, Muumuu, Holokū, Pāʻū, Malo (loincloth) * Samoa – Lavalava, Puletasi, 'ie toga clothing * Tonga – Tupenu, Ta'ovala, Tapa cloth


South America

* Argentina – Gaucho costume * Bolivia – Poncho, Chullo, Pollera, Andean pollera * Brazil – Each region has its own traditional costume. ** Bahia – :pt:Baiana (vestuário), Baiana and Abadá ** Brazilian carnival or Samba costumes for Rio de Janeiro. ** Caipiras (Brazilian country folk) in Sao Paulo, Goiás and other nearby states conserve traditional folk styles of clothing, imitated by participants of festa juninas. ** Gaúcho costumes for Rio Grande Do Sul. ** Indigenous peoples in Brazil, Indigenous clothes for many states within the Amazônia Legal area ** Northeastern sertão (desert) – Vaqueiro or Cangaceiro clothing * Chile – Huaso costume: Chamanto, Chupalla * Colombia – Sombrero Vueltiao, ruana, shirt, white shirt, trousers and espadrille, alpargatas (male), blouse, pollera, Cumbia pollera, Sombrero vueltiao and espadrille, alpargatas (female); every region has a distinct costume. * Ecuador – Poncho, Panama hat * Guyana - Guyana is unique among South American nations to not have a designated style of national dress. Their two major ethnic groups wear the following during cultural events or important occasions: ** Afro-Guyanese - Dashiki or Guayabera, Shirt jacket (male), Wrapper (clothing), Booboo (female) ** Indo-Guyanese - Kurta, Sherwani, Churidar (male), Sari, Lehenga (female) * Paraguay – :es:Ao po'i, Ao po'i * Peru – Chullo, Poncho, Pollera, Andean pollera * Suriname – Koto (traditional clothing), Kotomisse, Pangi cloth * Uruguay – Gaucho costume * Venezuela – Llanero costume (Liqui liqui and pelo e' guama hat; men), Joropo dress (women)


Notes

{{DEFAULTSORT:Folk Costume Folk costumes,