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FLINTSHIRE (Welsh : Sir y Fflint) is a principal area of Wales
Wales
, known as a county. It was created by the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994 . It is in north-east Wales
Wales
, bordering the English county of Cheshire
Cheshire
to the east, Denbighshire
Denbighshire
to the west and Wrexham County Borough to the south. It is named after the historic county of Flintshire
Flintshire
which has notably different borders. Flintshire
Flintshire
is considered part of the Welsh Marches and formed part of the historic Earldom of Chester and Flint . The county is governed by Flintshire County Council .

The largest town in the county is Connah\'s Quay , followed by Flint , Buckley
Buckley
and Mold
Mold
.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Early history * 1.2 Modern history

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Historic buildings and structures

* 3 Railways * 4 Industry * 5 Fairtrade * 6 Education * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links

HISTORY

Flintshire
Flintshire
takes its name from the former county of Flintshire established in 1536 which existed until 1974 when it was abolished under the Local Government Act 1972 . Its re-establishment in 1996 under the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994 does not follow those original boundaries and covers a smaller area.

EARLY HISTORY

At the time of the Roman invasion, the area of present-day Flintshire was inhabited by the Deceangli
Deceangli
, one of the Celtic tribes in ancient Britain, with the Cornovii to the east and the Ordovices to the west. Lead and silver mine workings are evident in the area, with several sows of lead found bearing the name 'DECEANGI' inscribed in Roman epigraphy. The Deceangli
Deceangli
appear to have surrendered to Roman rule with little resistance. Following Roman Britain, and the emergence of various petty kingdoms , the region had been divided into the Hundred of Englefield (Welsh : Cantref Tegeingl), derived from the Latin Deceangli. The Domesday Hundreds of Atiscross and Exestan later forming the principal area of Flintshire
Flintshire
are shown in pink.

It became part of the Kingdom of Mercia by the 8th century, with much of the western boundary reinforced under Offa of Mercia after 752 CE, but there is evidence that Offa\'s Dyke is probably a much earlier construction. By the time of the Norman conquest in 1066 it was under the control of Edwin of Tegeingl
Tegeingl
, from whose Lordship the Flintshire coat of arms is derived. Edwin's mother is believed to have been Ethelfleda or Aldgyth, daughter of Eadwine of Mercia. At the time of the establishment of the Earldom of Chester, which succeeded the Earl of Mercia, the region formed two of the then twelve Hundreds of Cheshire
Cheshire
of which it remained a part for several hundred years.

Flintshire
Flintshire
today approximately resembles the boundaries of the Hundred of Atiscross as it existed at the time of the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
. Atiscross, along with the Hundred of Exestan , was transferred from the Earldom of Chester to the expanding Kingdom of Gwynedd from the west in the 13th century following numerous military campaigns. This region, as well as an exclave formed from part of the Hundred of Dudestan (known as Maelor Saesneg ), later formed the main areas of Flintshire, established by the Statute of Rhuddlan in 1284 under Edward I . It was administered with the Palatinate of Chester and Flint by the Justiciar of Chester . The county was consolidated in 1536 by the Laws in Wales
Wales
Acts 1535–1542 under the Tudor King Henry VIII , when it was incorporated into the Kingdom of England
England
. Flintshire
Flintshire
remained in existence until 1974 when it was merged with Denbighshire
Denbighshire
and Edeyrnion Rural District to form the administrative county of Clwyd . Clwyd was abolished only 22 years later and Flintshire
Flintshire
re-established in its present form in 1996. However, some parts of the historic country are not included within the present boundaries of Flintshire: significantly English Maelor was incorporated into Wrexham County Borough, and St Asaph , Prestatyn and Rhyl into Denbighshire.

MODERN HISTORY

The current administrative area of Flintshire
Flintshire
(a unitary authority ) came into existence in 1996, when the former administrative county of Clwyd was split into three smaller areas. The principal area was formed by the merger of the Alyn and Deeside
Deeside
and Delyn districts. In terms of pre-1974 divisions, the area comprises

* the former borough of Flint * the urban districts of Buckley
Buckley
, Connah\'s Quay , Holywell , Mold
Mold
* the rural district of Holywell Rural District * all of Hawarden Rural District except the parish of Marford and Hosley

The district of Rhuddlan , which was also formed entirely from the administrative county of Flintshire
Flintshire
was included in the new Denbighshire
Denbighshire
instead. Other parts of the pre-1974 administrative Flintshire
Flintshire
to be excluded from the principal area are the Maelor Rural District and the parish of Marford and Hoseley , which became part of the Wrexham Maelor district in 1974 and are now part of Wrexham County Borough .

GEOGRAPHY

See List of places in Flintshire for a list of towns and villages.

Flintshire
Flintshire
is a maritime county bounded to the north by the Dee estuary, to the east by Cheshire
Cheshire
, to the west by Denbighshire
Denbighshire
and to the south by Wrexham County Borough
Wrexham County Borough
. The coast along the Dee estuary is heavily developed by industry and the north coast much developed for tourism . The Clwydian Mountains occupy much of the west of the county. The highest point is Moel Famau
Moel Famau
(1,820 feet/554 metres). The chief towns are Buckley
Buckley
, Connah\'s Quay , Flint , Hawarden , Holywell , Mold
Mold
, Queensferry , and Shotton . The main rivers are the Dee (the estuary of which forms much of the coast) and the Clwyd .

HISTORIC BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES

* Flint Castle
Flint Castle
* Hawarden Castle (medieval) * Hawarden Castle (18th century) * Ewloe Castle
Ewloe Castle
* Ancient Cross at Whitford * Flintshire Bridge

RAILWAYS

Located on the North Wales
Wales
Coast Line (Holyhead to Chester ) with services run by Virgin Trains
Virgin Trains
and Arriva Trains Wales
Wales
specifically calling at Flintshire
Flintshire
stations such as Flint and Shotton with an interchange at Shotton with the Borderlands Line , which links other Flintshire
Flintshire
stations with the Liverpool
Liverpool
area.

INDUSTRY

Parts of Flintshire
Flintshire
have major manufacturing industries. Amongst these are an advanced Toyota
Toyota
plant that manufactures engines, a TATA steelworks , Shotton Paper , and Airbus
Airbus
, making the wings for the A330 and the A380 at Broughton .

There are daily flights of the Airbus
Airbus
Beluga transport aircraft of Airbus
Airbus
wings from Broughton for the smaller aircraft. The wings for the A380, which are too large to be transported by air, use a multi-modal transport using Flintshire's roads, the River Dee and the port of Mostyn , also in Flintshire.

Flintshire
Flintshire
is also known for its internet companies, the largest and most well known being Moneysupermarket.com based in Ewloe .

Flintshire
Flintshire
included much of the North Wales
Wales
Coalfield , with the last colliery at Point of Ayr closing in 1996.

Flintshire
Flintshire
is home to Shotwick Solar Park, the largest Solar array in the UK, built on the south east edge of the Wirral Peninsula . It has a maximum generating capacity of 45 MW.

FAIRTRADE

On 19 November 2004, Flintshire
Flintshire
was granted Fairtrade County status.

EDUCATION

Main article: List of schools in Flintshire

Flintshire County Council is the Local Education Authority of Flintshire. It runs 72 primary schools , 2 special schools and 12 secondary schools .

Four of the secondary schools have come together with Coleg Cambria to form the Deeside Consortium .

SEE ALSO

* List of Lord Lieutenants of Flintshire
Flintshire
* List of High Sheriffs of Flintshire
Flintshire
* List of Scheduled Monuments in Flintshire

REFERENCES

* ^ "The Celtic tribes of Britain". Roman Britain Organisation. Retrieved 3 May 2014. * ^ "Offa's Dyke: built by multiple kings?". Current Archaeology. XXV, No. 3 (291): 6. June 2014. * ^ Higham, Nick (1993). The origins of a County. Manchester University Press. ISBN 0-7190-3160-5 . * ^ http://domesdaymap.co.uk/search/?geo=atis%27s+cross * ^ Harris ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Flintshire
Flintshire

PRINCIPAL SETTLEMENTS

* Afonwen * Bagillt * Buckley
Buckley
* Caerwys * Connah\'s Quay * Ewloe * Flint * Holywell * Mold
Mold
* Queensferry * Saltney
Saltney
* Shotton

TOWNS AND VILLAGES

* Abermorddu * Alltami * Aston Park * Bretton * Broughton * Bryn-y-Baal * Brynford * Cadole * Caergwrle * Calcoed * Carmel * Cefn-y-Bedd * Cilcain * Coed Talon * Cymau * Deeside
Deeside
* Drury * Ffrith * Flint Mountain * Ffynnongroew * Greenfield * Gronant * Glyncorrwg * Gwernaffield * Gwernymynydd * Halkyn * Hawarden * Holway * Higher Kinnerton * Hope * Leeswood * Llanfynydd * Llanasa * Leadmill * Mancot * Mostyn * Mynydd Isa * Nannerch * Nercwys * Northop
Northop
* Northop
Northop
Hall * Oakenholt * Pantasaph * Pantymwyn * Pentre Halkyn * Penyffordd (Buckley) * Pen-y-Ffordd (Holywell) * Penymynydd * Pontblyddyn * Rhosesmor * Rhes-y-Cae * Rhydymwyn * Sealand * Soughton/ Sychdyn * Saltney
Saltney
Ferry * Talacre * Trelawnyd * Trelogan * Treuddyn * Whitford * Ysceifiog

GEOGRAPHY

* Alyn Gorge
Alyn Gorge
* Bretton Bridge * Caerwys Rectory * Clwydian Range * Dee Estuary * Flintshire Bridge * The Gop * Greenfield Valley Heritage Park * Moel Famau
Moel Famau
* Moel y Gaer * Moel y Parc * Mostyn Colliery * Nant-y- Ffrith * Ogof Nadolig * Point of Ayr * Point of Ayr Gas Terminal * River Alyn * River Cegidog * River Dee * River Terrig * Talacre Beach * Wepre Park

Parliamentary representation

* List of Parliamentary constituencies in Clwyd * Flintshire
Flintshire
* East Flintshire
Flintshire
* West Flintshire
Flintshire

COMMUNITY COUNCILS

* Argoed * Bagillt * Broughton and Bretton * Brynford * Buckley
Buckley
* Caerwys * Cilcain * Connah\'s Quay * Flint * Gwernaffield * Gwernymynydd * Halkyn * Hawarden * Higher Kinnerton * Holywell * Hope * Leeswood * Llanasa * Llanfynydd * Mold
Mold
* Mostyn * Nannerch * Nercwys * Northop
Northop
* Northop
Northop
Hall * Penyffordd * Queensferry * Saltney
Saltney
* Sealand * Shotton * Trelawnyd and Gwaenysgor * Treuddyn * Whitford * Ysceifiog

TOPICS

* The historic county * Alyn and Deeside
Deeside
* Broughton Shopping Park * Delyn * Flintshire County Council * Holywell Rural District * Maelor Saesneg * Maelor Rural District * Mold
Mold
cape * Point of Ayr Colliery Company * Prestatyn Coal Company * RAF Sealand * Borough of Rhuddlan * Western Mostyn Colliery Company * SSSIs * Country houses * Lord Lieutenants * High Sheriffs * Museums * Schools * History * Grade I listed buildings * Grade II* listed buildings * Notable people * Sport * Visitor attractions

* v * t * e

Principal areas of Wales
Wales

* Blaenau Gwent
Blaenau Gwent
* Bridgend * Caerphilly * Cardiff
Cardiff
* Carmarthenshire * Ceredigion * Conwy * Denbighshire
Denbighshire
* Flintshire * Gwynedd
Gwynedd
* Merthyr Tydfil * Monmouthshire * Neath Port Talbot * Newport * Pembrokeshire * Powys * Rhondda Cynon Taf * Swansea
Swansea
* Torfaen
Torfaen
* Vale of Glamorgan * Wrexham *

.