The FLAG OF INDONESIA is a simple bicolour with two equal horizontal
bands, red (top) and white (bottom) with an overall ratio of 2:3. It
was introduced and hoisted in public at the Indonesian Declaration of
Independence on 17 August 1945 in Pegangsaan Timur street in
The flag of
The NAVAL JACK OF INDONESIA is reserved for sole use by the
* 1 History
* 1.1 Hotel Yamato incident
* 2 Name * 3 Symbolism
* 4 Usage
* 4.1 Regulation and flag protocol * 4.2 Half-mast * 4.3 Prohibited acts
* 5 Flag anthem * 6 References * 7 External links
Hoisting of the Bendera Pusaka moment during the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence on 17 August 1945
The flag's colours are derived from the banner of the 13th century
Red and white textile colouring was available in ancient Indonesia. White is the natural colour of woven cotton fabrics, while red is one of the earliest natural dyes, acquired either from teak leaves, the flowers of Averrhoa bilimbi , or the skin of mangosteen fruits.
It was not only the Javanese kingdoms that used red and white. The
battle flag of King Sisingamangaraja IX of Batak lands bore an image
of white twin swords called piso gaja dompak against a red background.
In the early 20th century these colours were revived by students and
then nationalists, as an expression of nationalism against the Dutch .
The modern red and white flag which was first flown in
HOTEL YAMATO INCIDENT
The flag featured in a well-known incident during the Indonesian War
of Independence when during the lead-up to the Battle of
Flag of the Netherlands
Flag of Imperial Japan used 8 March 1942 – 17 August 1945 (3 years 5 months) *
The official name of the flag is Sang Saka Merah-Putih (meaning
"lofty bicolour Red and White") according to Article 35 of the 1945
Constitution . The flag is commonly called Bendera Merah-Putih
(Red-and-White Flag). Occasionally, it is also called Sang Dwiwarna
(The bicolour). Sang Saka Merah-Putih (The Lofty Red-and-White) refers
to the historical flag called
Bendera Pusaka (heirloom flag) and its
Bendera Pusaka is the flag that was flown in front of
Several opinions have been expressed on the meaning of the red and white in the Indonesian flag. One opinion is that the red stands for courage, while the white stands for purity. Another is that red represents the human body or physical life, while white represents the soul or spiritual life; together they stand for a complete human being.
Red is the symbol of courage, White is the symbol of purity. Our flag has been there since 600 years ago.
Indonesians have used red and white as their
ceremonial colours, mixing the colour of sugar (the red colour comes
from palm sugar or gula aren) and rice (white in colour). Inarguably,
until today, both of these are the major components of daily
Indonesian cuisine or cooking. The
REGULATION AND FLAG PROTOCOL
The flag is described in Article 35, Chapter XV, of the Constitution of Indonesia; Government Regulation No. 24/2009; and Government Regulation No.40/1958.
The national flag shall be Sang Merah-Putih (The Red-and-White) — Article 35, Chapter XV, Constitution of Indonesia
The raising of the flag should be conducted in the time between
sunrise until sunset , but in certain circumstances, it can be done at
night. In daily use, the flag should be flown at every commemoration
such as Indonesian Independence Day on 17 August every year, by the
citizens who has a right to use it at house, building or office,
schools, colleges, public and private transport and the representative
It can be used as the cover of the coffin of President or former Presidents , Vice President or former Vice Presidents , Members of Cabinet , Speaker of People\'s Representative Council , and Head of Government , members of the Indonesian Armed Forces , and person who is the members of Indonesian National Police who died in service, or an Indonesian citizen who contributed to their nation as a badge of honor.
The flag must be displayed everyday in places such as Presidential
The flag should be displayed everywhere on special days, which are:
* 2 May: National Education Day .
* 20 May: National Awakening Day .
* 17 August:
The flag should be displayed at half-mast as a sign of mourning on these days:
* 26 December, in remembrance of victims of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami . * Three days after the death of President or former Presidents , Vice President or former Vice Presidents , Members of Cabinet , Speaker of People\'s Representative Council , and Head of Government . * Other mourning days established by the government.
Usually, the Indonesian flag is also flown at half-mast on 30 September, in remembrance of the 30 September Movement , but after the New Order ended in 1998, this tradition stopped. However, in recent days, it still continues in some staff without official status by the government.
Based on Government Regulation No.24/ 2009, all citizens are prohibited from:
* To destroy, tear, trample, burn, or perform other actions with the intention of tarnish, insult, or degrade the honour of the national flag; * To wear the national flag for billboards or commercials; * To fly the national flag in a torn, smudged, crumpled, or dull condition; * To print, embroider, and write letters, numbers, images or other signs and put a badge or any objects on the national flag; * To use the national flag to cover a ceiling, roof, for wrapping or covering goods that can degrade the honor of national flag;
The flag anthem was composed by Ibu Sud with the title Berkibarlah Benderaku (Flutter-on, O My Flag). She wrote it after seeing the persistence of Joesoef Ronodipoero (id) (Jusuf Ronodipuro), who was the head of Radio Republik Indonesia (RRI). Ahead of Operation Product in 1947, where Dutch forces acted against the Republic of Indonesia, he refused to lower the Red-and-White flag at the RRI offices, despite being threatened with firearms by Dutch troops.
Berkibarlah Benderaku! Lambang suci gagah perwira Di seluruh
Flutter-on, O my flag! As symbol of purity and courage Along the
* ^ A B "National Flag, Coat of Arms, Anthem". Embassy of
Indonesia, Oslo, Norway. 1 May 2007. Archived from the original on 19
October 2007. Retrieved 22 June 2009.
* ^ "What is the difference between the flag of