Fitzroy Tavern
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The Fitzroy Tavern is a
public house A pub (short for public house) is an establishment licensed to serve alcoholic drinks for consumption Licensing laws of the United Kingdom#On-licence, on the premises. The term ''public house'' first appeared in the late 17th century, and ...
situated at
Charlotte Street Charlotte Street is a street in Fitzrovia, central London Central London (also known less commonly as London city centre) is the innermost part of London, in England, spanning several London borough, boroughs. Over time, a number of defini ...
in the
Fitzrovia Fitzrovia () is a district in central London, near London's West End of London, West End. The original core area is in the London Borough of Camden (to the east), with a further area in the City of Westminster (to the west). It has its roots in th ...
district of central London, England, owned by the
Samuel Smith Brewery Samuel Smith Old Brewery, popularly known as Samuel Smith's or Sam Smith's, is an independent brewery and pub owner based in Tadcaster, North Yorkshire, England. It is Yorkshire's oldest brewery, founded in 1758, and one of three breweries in t ...
. It became famous during a period spanning the 1920s to the mid-1950s as a meeting place for many of London's
artist An artist is a person engaged in an activity related to creating art Art is a diverse range of (products of) human activities involving creative imagination to express technical proficiency, beauty, emotional power, or conceptual ideas. ...

artist
s,
intellectual An intellectual is a person who engages in critical thinking Critical thinking is the analysis of facts to form a judgment. The subject is complex; several different Critical thinking#Definitions, definitions exist, which generally include ...
s and
bohemian A Bohemian () is a resident of Bohemia Bohemia ( ; cs, Čechy ; ; hsb, Čěska; szl, Czechy) is the westernmost and largest historical region of the Czech lands in the present-day Czech Republic. Bohemia can also refer to a wider area cons ...
s such as
Jacob Epstein Sir Jacob Epstein (10 November 1880 – 21 August 1959) was an American-British sculptor who helped pioneer modern sculpture. He was born in the United States, and moved to Europe in 1902, becoming a British subject in 1911. He often produced c ...
,
Nina Hamnett Nina Hamnett (14 February 1890 – 16 December 1956) was a Welsh artist and writer, and an expert on sailors' Sea shanty, chanteys, who became known as the Queen of Bohemia. Early life Hamnett was born in Shirley House, Picton Road in the ...

Nina Hamnett
,
Dylan Thomas Dylan Marlais Thomas (27 October 1914 – 9 November 1953) was a Welsh people, Welsh poet and writer whose works include the poems "Do not go gentle into that good night" and "And death shall have no dominion"; the "play for voices" ''Unde ...
,
Augustus John Augustus Edwin John (4 January 1878 – 31 October 1961) was a Welsh people, Welsh painter, drawing, draughtsman, and etcher. For a time he was considered the most important artist at work in Britain: Virginia Woolf would remark that by 1908 the ...
, and
George Orwell Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950), known by his pen name A pen name, also called a ''nom de plume'' () or a literary double, is a pseudonym (or, in some cases, a variant form of a real name) adopted by an author and printed ...

George Orwell
. It is named either directly or indirectly after the Fitzroy family,
Dukes of Grafton Duke of Grafton is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1675 by Charles II of England for Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton, Henry FitzRoy, his second illegitimate son by the Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland, Duchess of Clev ...

Dukes of Grafton
, who owned much of the land on which Fitzrovia was built. The building was originally constructed as the Fitzroy Coffee House, in 1883, and converted to a pub (called "The Hundred Marks") in 1887, by W. M. Brutton. In the early years of the 20th century, Judah Morris Kleinfeld became licensee. He rebranded it the "Fitzroy Tavern" in March 1919. The licence then passed to his daughter and her husband Charles Allchild who ran it into the 1950s. His granddaughter Sally Fiber who worked behind the bar from a very young age eventually wrote a history of the pub, "The Fitzroy: The Autobiography of a London Tavern" with the help of Clive Powell-Williams. There are photographs on the walls of both
Michael Bentine Michael Bentine, (born Michael James Bentin; 26 January 1922General Register Office for England and Wales – Birth Register for the March Quarter of 1922, Watford Registration District, Reference 3a 1478, listed as "Michael J. Bentin", mother' ...
and Dylan Thomas drinking in the pub. Since 2000 it has been the home of the Pear Shaped Comedy Club which runs every Wednesday in the downstairs bar. In 2018, the pub was given a pub design award by
CAMRA The Campaign for Real Ale (CAMRA) is an independent voluntary consumer organisation Consumer organizations are advocacy groups that seek to protect people from corporate abuse like unsafe products, predatory lending, false advertising, astrotur ...
for its 2015 refurbishment, in which its original Victorian appearance was retained and revived. Polished mahogany partitions with acid-etched glass were installed downstairs to recreate the original snugs, while wrought-iron pub signs in keeping with the originals were erected outside.


References

Buildings and structures in the London Borough of Camden Doctor Who fandom Fitzrovia Tourist attractions in the London Borough of Camden Pubs in the London Borough of Camden {{London-struct-stub