Fisher Scientific International, Inc. (NYSE: FSH) (colloquially
known as Fisher) was a laboratory supply and biotechnology company
that provided products and services to the global scientific research
United States clinical laboratory markets.
Its customers included pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies,
colleges, universities, and secondary education institutions, medical
research institutions, hospitals and reference labs and quality
control, process control and research and development laboratories.
The company offered more than 600,000 products and services to over
350,000 customers located in approximately 150 countries. No single
customer represented more than 3% of its total sales in the year ended
December 31, 2004.
In May 2006,
Fisher Scientific and
Thermo Electron announced that they
would merge in a tax-free, stock-for-stock exchange. The merger closed
on November 9, 2006 and the merged company is now called Thermo Fisher
5 External links
6 See also
The company was founded in
Pittsburgh in 1902 by Chester Garfield
Fisher (1881-1965), originally called the "Scientific Materials
Co.". After obtaining his degree in engineering at Western
University of Pennsylvania (now University of Pittsburgh), C.G. Fisher
purchased the stockroom of the
Pittsburgh Testing Laboratory. Fisher
became a supplier of lab equipment and reagents for the area's
industrial research. Early products included microscopes, burets,
pipettes, litmus, balances, colorimeters, dissecting kits, and
anatomical models. The first catalog, the 400 page Scientific
Materials Co. Catalog of Laboratory Apparatus & Supplies, was
published in 1904. Fisher established an R&D lab at his company in
1915. Edwin Fisher, Chester's brother, developed the Fisher burner in
1921, an advancement on the design of the Bunsen burner. The
company manufactured an electric-combustion furnace and combustion
train for analyzing carbon levels in steel, and an electrically heated
and thermostatically controlled bacteriological incubator. In 1925,
the company purchased Montreal-based Scientific Supplies, Ltd.
In 1925, the company was renamed Fisher Scientific. In 1940, Fisher
Sci acquired the New York supply company Eimer & Amend, which was
founded in 1851 by Bernard G. Amend.
Aiken Fisher, Chester's oldest son, became president of the company in
1949. In 1955, Fisher established a chemical manufacturing facility in
Fair Lawn, New Jersey. In 1959 the company opened an instrument and
supplies facility in Indiana, Pennsylvania. Chester Fisher died in
1965 at age 84. His sons maintained leadership of the company, with
Aiken becoming Chairman and Benjamin becoming president. The youngest
son, James Fisher, had the title Senior Vice President.
In 1957, the company purchased the New York-based medical apparatus
supply company E. Machlett & Sons. In 1962, the company installed
an IBM computer system to record and track inventory levels for more
than 40,000 items.
Fisher Scientific Company issued its first public stock in 1965, and
that year the company had $58 million in sales and close to a million
customer transactions. In 1968 Fisher shares were listed on the New
York Stock Exchange. In 1965 the company introduced the
Differential Thermalyzer, a Differential thermal analysis
instrument. It acquired Pfeiffer Glass, Inc. in 1966, manufacturer
of high accuracy volumetric pipettes. The company released the
Photometric Titralyzer that year, and a Hem-alyzer in 1968. In 1968,
it purchased Massachusetts-based Jarrell-Ash Company, producer of
optical instrumentation, particularly for emission and atomic
absorption spectroscopy. It acquired Stansi Scientific Company, of
Chicago, in 1967, expanding into educational science supplies. In
Fisher Scientific established an Instrument Service Division.
Fisher was acquired by Morristown, New Jersey-based Allied Corporation
in 1981 for $330 million. At this time Benjamin R. Fisher was
Chairman of the company, having gained the position in 1975 upon
Aiken's retirement. Operating as a subsidiary of Allied Corporation
(and later AlliedSignal Inc., and The Henley Group), Fisher
Biotechnology Division in 1985.
In 1991, The Henley Group sold a majority interest in Fisher through a
public stock offering. The public entity was called Fisher Scientific
International Inc., and based in Hampton, New Hampshire. Fisher
Scientific Company remained in
Pittsburgh as an operating subsidiary.
In 1992, Fisher facilities were ISO-9000 certified.
In the 90's, Fisher, with partner Intertech Corporation of Atkinson,
New Hampshire, set up a pharmaceutical testing and certification lab
in Moscow, Russia, to serve with the Russian Federation's Ministry of
Health and Medical Industry needs. Fisher acquired Eastman Kodak
Company's organic-chemicals business and Janssen Chimica, forming
In August 2004, the company merged with Apogent Technologies Inc., a
company engaged primarily in the manufacture and sale of laboratory
products in the
United States and other countries.
In August 2017, Thermo Fisher acquired Patheon, a contract development
and manufacturing organization (CDMO) serving the pharmaceutical and
biotechnology sectors, for approximately $7.2 billion.
In September 2017,
Thermo Fisher Scientific
Thermo Fisher Scientific has signed an agreement
with the Institute of Pathology Heidelberg (IPH) to establish its
Center of Molecular Pathology at
Hospital as the
newest member of the Next Generation Sequencing Companion Dx Center of
Excellence Program (COEP). The initiative focuses on forging strategic
collaborations with leading, European-based organizations that can
lead studies using Thermo Fisher’s Oncomine portfolio of research
panels destined for development as companion diagnostics to help drive
precision oncology in the region.
^ Lower, Josh (2005). "
Fisher Scientific International Inc." Hoover's
Online. Retrieved 4 July 2005.
^ 2004 Annual Report (Form 10-K). Retrieved 4 July 2005.
Fisher Scientific International Inc". Nasdaq. Retrieved 31
^ a b c d e "History of Fisher Scientific". Hampton, NH library.
Retrieved 27 Apr 2014.
^ a b c d e f g h i j "
Fisher Scientific International Inc. History".
fundinguniverse.com. Retrieved 27 Apr 2014.
^ "ALLIED SET TO BUY FISHER SCIENTIFIC". NYTimes. 31 Jul 1981.
Retrieved 27 Apr 2014.
Pharmaceutical Technology. "Thermo Fisher Scientific
Acquires Patheon". www.pharmtech.com. Retrieved 2017-09-12.
^ "Institute of Pathology Joins
Thermo Fisher Scientific
Thermo Fisher Scientific to Drive
Oncology Companion Diagnostic Development". Technology Networks.
Fisher HealthCare Clinical Catalog - The Digital Edition
Fisher HealthCare Rapid Diagnostics Catalog - The Digital Edition
1980 article on Fisher's product line
1987 article on Fisher products