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First lieutenant
First lieutenant
is a commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces and, in some forces, an appointment. The rank of lieutenant has different meanings in different military formations (see comparative military ranks), but the majority of cases it is common for it to be sub-divided into a senior (first lieutenant) and junior (second lieutenant) rank. The NATO equivalent rank for land force officers is OF-1 rank. In navies, while certain rank insignia may carry the name: "lieutenant", the term may also be used to relate to a particular post or duty, rather than a rank.

Contents

1 United Kingdom

1.1 British Army 1.2 Royal Navy

2 United States

2.1 U.S. Army, U.S. Marine Corps and U.S. Air Force 2.2 U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard 2.3 U.S. Revenue Cutter Service

3 Indonesia 4 Israel 5 Other countries 6 Notes

United Kingdom[edit] British Army[edit] Main article: Lieutenant
Lieutenant
( British Army
British Army
and Royal Marines) In the British Army
British Army
and Royal Marines, the rank above second lieutenant is simply lieutenant (pronounced lef-tenant), with no ordinal attached. Before 1871, when the whole British Army
British Army
switched to using the current rank of "lieutenant", the Royal Artillery, Royal Engineers
Royal Engineers
and fusilier regiments used "first lieutenant" and "second lieutenant". Royal Navy[edit] The first lieutenant (often abbreviated "1st Lt") in a Royal Navy
Royal Navy
ship is a post or appointment, rather than a rank. Historically the lieutenants in a ship were ranked in accordance with seniority, with the most senior being termed the first lieutenant and acting as the second-in-command, unless the ship was complemented with a commander. Although lieutenants are no longer ranked by seniority, the post of "first lieutenant" remains. In minor war vessels, destroyers, frigates, and submarines, the first lieutenant is second in command, executive officer (XO) and head of the executive branch; in larger ships where a commander of the warfare specialization is appointed as the executive officer, a first lieutenant is appointed as his deputy. The post of first lieutenant in a shore establishment carries a similar responsibility to the first lieutenant of a capital ship. Colloquial terms in the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
for the first lieutenant include "number one", "the jimmy" (or "jimmy the one") and "James the First" (a back-formation referring to James I of England).[1] United States[edit]

U.S. Army, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Air Force insignia of the rank of first lieutenant. Style and method of wear may vary between the services.

U.S. Army insignia of the rank of first lieutenant. Style and method of wear may vary between the services.

U.S. Marine Corps insignia of the rank of first lieutenant. Style and method of wear may vary between the services.

U.S. Air Force insignia of the rank of first lieutenant. Style and method of wear may vary between the services.

U.S. Army, U.S. Marine Corps and U.S. Air Force[edit] In the U.S. Army, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Air Force, a first lieutenant (pronounced loo-tenant) is a junior commissioned officer. It is just above the rank of second lieutenant and just below the rank of captain. It is equivalent to the rank of lieutenant (junior grade) in the other uniformed services. Promotion to first lieutenant is governed by Department of Defense policies derived from the Defense Officer Personnel Management Act
Defense Officer Personnel Management Act
of 1980. DOPMA guidelines suggest all "fully qualified" officers should be promoted to first lieutenant. A second lieutenant (grade O-1) is usually promoted to first lieutenant (grade O-2) after 18 months in the Army or 24 months in the Marine Corps and Air Force. The difference between the two ranks is slight, primarily being experienced and having higher pay. It is not uncommon to see officers moved to positions requiring more experience after promotion to first lieutenant. For example, in the Army and Marine Corps these positions can include leading a specialty platoon, or assignment as the executive officer for a company-sized unit (70–250 soldiers or marines). In the Air Force, a first lieutenant may be a flight commander or section's officer in charge with varied supervisory responsibilities, including supervision of as many as 100+ personnel, although in a flying unit, a first lieutenant is a rated officer (pilot, navigator, or air battle manager) who has just finished training for his career field and has few supervisory responsibilities. Note: U.S. Marine Corps (USMC) first lieutenant insignia bars have squared off edges.[2] U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard[edit] In the U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard, "first lieutenant" is the name of a billet and position title, rather than that of a rank. It is held by the officer in command of the deck department. On smaller ships, the officer of the "first lieutenant" billet holds the rank of lieutenant, junior grade or ensign. On larger vessels, the position of "first lieutenant" is held by a lieutenant or, in the case of extremely large warships such as cruisers or aircraft carriers, the position of "first lieutenant" may be held by a lieutenant commander or even commander. However, on submarines and in aircraft squadrons, where the deck department may only have a few junior sailors, the "first lieutenant" billet may be filled by a first-class petty officer or chief petty officer. What is known in the U.S. Navy as the "first lieutenant division" is usually composed of junior sailors (E-3 and below) who are completing their ninety days of temporary assigned duty, or TAD, that all enlisted personnel are required to perform when initially assigned to a command. The primary mission of the division is servicing, cleaning, organizing and inventorying items within a command.[3] U.S. Revenue Cutter Service[edit] The term "first lieutenant" had a dual meaning in the U.S. Revenue Cutter Service. The position title of first lieutenant was held by a junior officer who was in charge of deck operations and gunnery. The rank of first lieutenant was the equivalent to lieutenant in the current rank structure of the U.S. Coast Guard and U.S. Navy. The next senior officer ranking above first lieutenant was captain and the next two lower officer ranks were second and third lieutenant, respectively. The rank of first lieutenant carried over to the formation of the U.S. Coast Guard in 1915 and was used until 1918, when the rank structure of the U.S. Navy was adopted.[4] Indonesia[edit] Main article: Indonesian military ranks

The First lieutenant
First lieutenant
rank insignia of the Indonesian Army

In Indonesia, "First lieutenant" is known as Letnan Satu (Lettu). The Lieutenant
Lieutenant
rank has two levels, which are: Second lieutenant (Letda) and First lieutenant
First lieutenant
(Lettu). Israel[edit] Main article: Israel Defense Forces
Israel Defense Forces
ranks

IDF Rank:(קצין מקצועי אקדמאי (קמ"א - Katsín miktsoí akademai (Kama) - Professional Academic Officer

In the Israel Defense Forces, the rank above second lieutenant is simply lieutenant. The rank of (קצין מקצועי אקדמאי (קמ"א (katsín miktsoí akademai or "kama"), a professional academic officer (that is, a medical, dental or veterinary officer, a justice officer or a religious officer), is equivalent to a professional officer of the second class in the reserve and equivalent to first lieutenant. Other countries[edit] For other countries, the equivalent rank to a US Army first lieutenant (O-2) is listed below.

Afghanistan: Lomri baridman Albania: Toger Angola: Primeiro tenente Arabic-speaking countries except former French colonies in North Africa: Mulazim awwal Argentina: Teniente primero (army); primer teniente (air force) Australia: Army lieutenant (pronounced left-enant); Royal Australian Navy sub-lieutenant (pronounced "loo-tenant") Austria: Oberleutnant Azerbaijan: Baş leytenant Belarus: Cтарший лейтенант (starshiy leytenant) Belgium: Lieutenant
Lieutenant
(French); luitenant (Dutch) Bhutan: Deda gom Bosnia and Herzegovina: Poručnik Bolivia: Subteniente Brazil: Primeiro tenente Bulgaria: Cтарши лейтенант (starshiy leytenant) Cambodia: Ak-no-say-ney-tor Canada: Lieutenant Cape Verde: Primeiro tenente Imperial China (Qing Dynasty): 副軍校 (Fù jūn xiào) People's Republic of China: 中尉 (Zhōngwèi) Republic of China (Taiwan): 中尉(Chungwei) Croatia: Natporučnik Cuba: Primer teniente Chile: Teniente Cyprus: Ypolokhagos (army); yposminagos (air force); anthypoploiarchos (navy) Czech Republic (and former Czechoslovakia): Nadporučík Denmark: Premierløjtnant Dominican Republic: Primer teniente Estonia: Leitnant Ethiopia: መቶ አለቃ (Meto Aleqa) Finland: Yliluutnantti France and all other French-speaking countries: Lieutenant
Lieutenant
(air force/army), enseigne de vaisseau de première classe (navy) Georgia: უფროსი ლეიტენანტი (Up’rosi leytenanti) Germany: Oberleutnant Greece: Ypolokhagos (army); yposminagos (air force); anthypoploiarchos (navy) Hungary: Főhadnagy Indonesia: Letnan satu Iran: ستوان یكم (Setvan yekom) Republic of Ireland: Lieutenant
Lieutenant
(English); lefteanant (Irish) Italy: Tenente Imperial Japan: Rikugun-Chūsa 陸軍中佐 Japan: Nitō rikui 2等陸尉 (or Nii 2尉) (modern) / Chūi 中尉 (historical) Jordan: ملازم أول (Moulazem awal) Kazakhstan: Старший лейтенант (Russian), аға лейтенант (Kazakh) North Korea and South Korea: 중위 (Jungwi) Laos: Roithõäkäd Latvia: Virsleitnants Lithuania: Vyresnysis leitenantas Luxembourg: Premier lieutenant Malaysia: Leftenan Mexico: Teniente primero Nepal: Upa-senani Republic of Macedonia: Поручник (poručnik) Mongolia: Ахлах дэслэгч (Ahlah deslegch) Morocco: "Lkowad" Mozambique: Tenente Netherlands: Eerste luitenant Nicaragua: Teniente primero Norway: Løytnant Pakistan: Lieutenant
Lieutenant
(army) Paraguay: Teniente primero Philippines: First lieutenant
First lieutenant
(English); pulimagat (Tagalog); primero teniente (Philippine Spanish) Poland: Porucznik Portugal: Tenente Romania: Locotenent (current); locotenent-major (Warsaw Pact) Russia: Russian: Старший лейтенант (starshy leytenant) Serbia: Поручник (poručnik) Singapore: Lieutenant Slovakia: Slovak: Nadporučík Slovenia: Nadporočnik Somalia: Dagaal Spain and all other Spanish-speaking countries except Argentina, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Paraguay
Paraguay
and Uruguay: Teniente Suriname: Luitenant Sweden: Löjtnant Switzerland: German: Oberleutnant; French: premier-lieutenant; Italian: primotenente Thailand: Roi tho Tunisia: ملازم أول (moulazem awal) Turkey: Üsteğmen Ukraine: Ukrainian: Cтарший лейтенант, translit. starshy leytenant Uruguay: Teniente primero Uzbekistan: Katta leytenant Vietnam: Thượng úy Venezuela: Primer teniente Yugoslavia: Поручник (poručnik)

Notes[edit]

Citations

^ Partridge, p 612, p 621, p 884 ^ Marine Corps Uniform Regulations, p 4-21 ^ Barnebey, Matthew; "1st Lieutenant
Lieutenant
Division plays significant role in supporting base", Jax Air News ^ Cipra, Dave; "A History of Sea Service Ranks & Titles", Commandant's Bulletin, (May, June, July 1985), U.S. Coast Guard Historian's Office.

References used

Marine Corps Uniform Regulations, Marine Corps Order P1020.34G with changes 1-5, Chapter 4. Insignia and Regulations for Wear, Sec. 4005. Insignia of Grade, Officers, Para. 2. Description by Grade, h. Captain, i. First Lieutenant, j. Second Lieutenant
Lieutenant
(p. 4-25) and Figure 4-11. Officers' Grade Insignia (Shoulder/Collar). Washington, DC: United States Marine Corps.  Barnebey, Matthew (29 June 2011). "1st Lieutenant
Lieutenant
Division plays significant role in supporting base". Jax Air News. Jacksonville.com website. Retrieved 6 May 2014.  Cipra, Dave (May 1985). "A History of Sea Service Ranks & Titles" (PDF). Commandant's Bulletin. U.S. Coast Guard Historian's Office. Retrieved 6 May 2014.  Partridge, Eric (1984). A Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English (8th ed.). London and New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0025949805. 

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Commissioned officer ranks of the British Armed Forces

NATO rank code Student officer OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 * OF-7 ** OF-8 *** OF-9 **** OF-10 *****

Royal Navy O Cdt Mid SLt Lt Lt Cdr Cdr Capt Cdre RAdm (list) VAdm (list) Adm (list) Adm of the Fleet

Royal Marines O Cdt 2Lt Lt Capt Maj Lt Col Col Brig Maj-Gen Lt-Gen Gen (list) Capt-Gen

Army O Cdt 2Lt Lt Capt Maj Lt Col Col Brig Maj-Gen (list) Lt-Gen (list) Gen (list) Fd Mshl

Royal Air Force Off Cdt / SO APO / Plt Off Fg Off Flt Lt Sqn Ldr Wg Cdr Gp Capt Air Cdre AVM Air Mshl Air Chf Mshl (list) Mshl of the RAF

v t e

United States uniformed services commissioned officer and officer candidate ranks

Pay grade / branch of service Officer candidate O-1 O-2 O-3 O-4 O-5 O-6 O-7 O-8 O-9 O-10 O-11 Special grade

Insignia [1]

[6]

[6] [6] [6]

[2]

Army CDT / OC 2LT 1LT CPT MAJ LTC COL BG MG LTG GEN GA[3] GAS[3]

Marine Corps Midn / Cand 2ndLt 1stLt Capt Maj LtCol Col BGen MajGen LtGen Gen [5] [5]

Navy MIDN / OC ENS LTJG LT LCDR CDR CAPT RDML RADM VADM ADM FADM[3] AN[3]

Air Force Cadet / OT / OC 2d Lt 1st Lt Capt Maj Lt Col Col Brig Gen Maj Gen Lt Gen Gen GAF[3] [5]

Coast Guard CDT / OC ENS LTJG LT LCDR CDR CAPT RDML RADM VADM ADM [5] [5]

PHS Corps [OC] ENS LTJG LT LCDR CDR CAPT RADM RADM VADM ADM [5] [5]

NOAA Corps OC ENS LTJG LT LCDR CDR CAPT RDML RADM VADM [4] [5] [5]

[1] No universal insignia for officer candidate rank; Navy candidate insignia shown [2]Official 1945 proposal for General of the Armies
General of the Armies
insignia; John J. Pershing's GAS insignia: ; George Dewey's Admiral
Admiral
of the Navy insignia: [3] Rank used for specific officers in wartime only, not permanent addition to rank structure [4] Grade is authorized by the U.S. Code for use but has not been created [5] Grade has never been created or authorized [6] USAF and U.S. Army insignia shown

v t e

United States warrant officer ranks

W-1 W-2 W-3 W-4 W-5

Army

WO1

CW2

CW3

CW4

CW5

Marine Corps

WO1

CWO2

CWO3

CWO4

CWO5

Navy

WO1[1]

CWO2

CWO3

CWO4

CWO5

Air Force

WO1[1]

CWO2[1]

CWO3[1]

CWO4[1]

CWO5[1]

Coast Guard

WO1[1]

CWO2

CWO3

CWO4 [2]

PHS Corps

[2] [2] [2] [2] [3]

NOAA Corps

[3] [3] [3] [3] [3]

[1] Grade inactive [2] Grade is authorized for use by U.S. Code but has not been created [3] Grade never cre

.