First Blood
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''First Blood'' (also known as ''Rambo: First Blood'') is a 1982 American action film directed by Ted Kotcheff, and co-written by Sylvester Stallone, who also stars as Vietnam War veteran John Rambo. It co-stars Richard Crenna as Rambo's mentor Sam Trautman and Brian Dennehy as Sheriff Will Teasle, and is the first installment in the Rambo (franchise), ''Rambo'' franchise, followed by ''Rambo: First Blood Part II''. The film is based on the 1972 novel First Blood (novel), of the same name by David Morrell, which many directors and studios had unsuccessfully attempted to adapt in the 1970s. In the film, Rambo, a troubled and misunderstood Vietnam veteran, must rely on his combat and survival skills when a series of brutal events results in him having to survive a massive manhunt by police and government troops near the small town of Hope, Washington. ''First Blood'' was released in the United States on October 22, 1982. Despite initial mixed reviews, the film was a box office success, grossing $156 million at the box office. In 1985, it also became the first Hollywood blockbuster to be released in China, holding the record for the largest number of tickets sold for an American film until 2018. Since its release, ''First Blood'' has been reappraised by critics, with many highlighting the roles of Stallone, Dennehy, and Crenna, and recognizing it as an influential film in the action genre. The film's success spawned a franchise, consisting of four sequels (all of which were co-written by and starred Stallone), an animated television series and a series of comic books, novels, video games, as well as a Bollywood remake.


Plot

Vietnam War veteran John Rambo makes his way to the outskirts of a small town called Hope, Washington, in search of an old comrade, only to learn that his friend had died the previous year of cancer, brought on by exposure to Agent Orange during the war. Entering the town, Rambo is intercepted by the local sheriff, Will Teasle, who immediately takes a disliking to Rambo due to his unkempt hair, army jacket and generally messy appearance. Teasle however, offers Rambo a lift to 'make sure he is headed in the right direction.' When Rambo, now in Teasle's car, asks for directions to a diner, Teasle tells him that there's a diner 30 miles up the highway. Teasle then drives Rambo to the outskirts of the town before dropping him off and telling him that Portland, where Rambo had initially said he was headed, lies straight ahead. As Teasle drives off headed back into the town, he spots Rambo trying to return. Infuriated Teasle arrests Rambo on charges of vagrancy, resisting arrest, and possessing a concealed knife before bringing him to the police station. Led by the sadistic chief deputy Art Galt, Teasle's officers abuse Rambo, triggering flashbacks of the torture he endured as a POW in Vietnam. When they try to dry-shave him with a straight razor, Rambo snaps; he overwhelms the patrolmen, takes back his knife, and fights his way out of the station before stealing a motorcycle and fleeing into the woods. Teasle organizes a search party with automatic weapons, dogs, and a helicopter. Having spotted Rambo attempting to climb down a cliff over a creek, Galt defies Teasle's orders and attempts to shoot Rambo from the helicopter. Realizing that he is a sitting duck, Rambo leaps from the cliff and lands on a tree branch, injuring his right arm. With Galt still shooting at him, Rambo throws a rock at the helicopter with his uninjured arm, cracking its windshield and causing the pilot to briefly lose control. Galt, who had removed his safety harness in order to get a better firing angle, loses his balance and falls to his death on the rocks below. With the aid of a pair of binoculars, Teasle identifies Galt's dead body at the bottom of the cliff, just beside the creek. Rambo tries to persuade Teasle and his men that Galt's death was an accident and that he wants no more trouble, but the officers open fire and force him to flee once more after hitting him with a non-lethal shot. Teasle swears revenge. It is later revealed that Rambo is an ex-Special Forces (United States Army), Green Beret and recipient of the Medal of Honor, but Teasle, bent on revenge, arrogantly refuses to turn the manhunt over to the State Police. Using guerrilla tactics, Rambo non-lethally subdues the deputies, using improvised booby traps and his bare hands, until only Teasle is left. Overpowering Teasle and holding a knife to his throat, Rambo threatens to 'give him a war he won't believe' if Teasle does not give up the pursuit, before retreating further into the woods. The State Police and Washington National Guard are brought in to assist Teasle, along with Rambo's mentor and former commanding officer, Colonel Sam Trautman. Confirming that Rambo's time in Vietnam allowed him to become an expert at guerrilla warfare and wilderness survival, Trautman advises that Rambo be allowed to escape to the next town in order to defuse the situation, then be permitted to surrender peacefully later. Confident that Rambo is hopelessly outnumbered, Teasle adamantly refuses. He allows Trautman to contact Rambo, who is using a stolen police radio, and try to persuade him to give himself up. Rambo recognizes Trautman but refuses to come in, condemning Teasle and his deputies for their abuse and noting that "they drew first blood". Trying to slip through the cordon, Rambo is surprised by a young boy out hunting; he overpowers but does not harm the boy, who alerts the authorities. A National Guard detachment corners Rambo at the entrance of an abandoned mine. Against Teasle's orders to wait for him, the inexperienced guardsmen use a rocket, collapsing the entrance and seemingly killing Rambo. He survives and finds another way out, hijacking a supply truck carrying an M60 machine gun and ammunition and returning to town. To distract his pursuers, Rambo blows up a gas station, shoots out most of the town's power, and destroys a gun store near the police station. Trautman, knowing that the sheriff is outmatched, tries again to convince Teasle to leave Rambo be, but the sheriff ignores him and goes to kill Rambo himself. Rambo spots Teasle on the police station's roof, and the two engage in a brief gunfight that ends with Teasle being shot and falling through a skylight. As Rambo prepares to kill him, Trautman appears and warns Rambo that he will be killed if he does not surrender, reminding him he is the last survivor of his elite unit of Green Berets. Now cornered, Rambo rages about the horrors of war before collapsing in tears and talking about his traumatic experiences: watching his friends die in Vietnam, being unable to hold a job due to his Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD, the cruel treatment he received from his fellow Americans when he came home, and being forgotten by the country that he sacrificed so much for. Teasle is taken to a hospital, while Rambo, after being comforted and validated by Trautman, surrenders and is taken into federal custody.


Cast


Production


Development and writing

In 1972, Lawrence Turman at Columbia Pictures bought the film rights to ''First Blood'' for $175,000. Richard Brooks was slated to direct, and intended to have the film be an allegory on differing American perceptions of World War II and Vietnam veteran, Vietnam War veterans, with Sheriff Teasle portrayed more sympathetically than in the novel. The film would have ended with Teasle ordering his men to drop their guns to try to reason with Rambo, who would have then been fatally shot by an unknown assailant. Brooks planned to start shooting ''First Blood'' in New Mexico in December 1972. The film did not proceed because the Vietnam War was still underway and Brooks left the project. Afterwards John Calley purchased the rights at Warner Bros. Pictures for $125,000 with the thought of casting either Robert De Niro or Clint Eastwood as Rambo. A screenplay was written by Walter Newman (screenwriter), Walter Newman with Martin Ritt intended to direct. The film would have criticized American military culture and portrayed Colonel Trautman as the film's villain, ending with both Rambo and Teasle dying. Sydney Pollack and Martin Bregman also considered directing the film, with Bregman hiring David Rabe to write a script. After Bregman departed Mike Nichols considered directing Rabe's script. William Sackheim and Michael Kozoll wrote the screenplay that would be the basis of the final film in 1977, originally intending for John Badham to direct. Producer Carter DeHaven purchased Sackheim and Kozoll's script from Warner Bros. for $375,000. DeHaven secured the Cinema Group as a financer and hired John Frankenheimer as director with production to begin in Georgia (U.S. state), Georgia. This was also the first version of the script in which Rambo survived the film. However, the project stalled again after the distributor Filmways was acquired by Orion Pictures. After Mario Kassar and Andrew G. Vajna of Anabasis Investments read the book, they got interested in doing an adaptation as the first production of their studio Carolco Pictures funded by "in-house sources." They purchased the film rights from Warner Bros. for $375,000 and Sackheim and Kozoll's script for $125,000 in 1981. Ted Kotcheff, who had been involved in the project in 1976, returned after Kassar and Vajna offered to finance one of his projects. Kotcheff offered the role of John Rambo to Sylvester Stallone, and the actor accepted after reading the script through in a weekend. Various scripts adapted from Morrell's book had been pitched to studios in the years since its publication, but it was only when Stallone decided to become involved with the project that it was finally brought into production. The time since the end of the Vietnam War and Stallone's star power after the success of the Rocky (film series), ''Rocky'' films enabled him to rewrite the script to make the character of John Rambo more sympathetic. While Morrell's book has the Rambo character kill many of his pursuers, and Kozoll and Sackheim's draft had him killing sixteen people, in the movie Rambo does not directly cause the death of any police or national guardsmen. Stallone also decided to let Rambo survive the film instead of keeping the book's ending where he dies. A suicide scene was filmed but Kotcheff and Stallone opted to have Rambo turn himself in at Trautman's urging. Stallone did an estimated seven revisions of the script. Kotcheff requested further work be done on the script, which was performed by Larry Gross and David Giler.


Casting

Brooks originally wanted to cast Bette Davis as a psychiatrist and either Burt Lancaster or Lee Marvin as Sherriff Teasle. When the project was purchased by Warner Bros., Robert De Niro and Clint Eastwood were both considered for the role of Rambo. Ritt intended to cast Robert Mitchum as Teasle and Paul Newman as Rambo. Pollack considered Steve McQueen but then rejected him because they considered him too old to play a Vietnam veteran from 1975. Rabe developed his screenplay with Al Pacino in mind for the role and had several conversations with the actor, who wanted to portray Rambo as a force of nature after seeing the film ''Jaws (film), Jaws''. However, Pacino decided not to be involved because he found the story too dark. When Badham was considered as director he wanted to cast John Travolta as Rambo, George C. Scott as Trautman, and either Gene Hackman or Charles Durning as Teasle. Frankenheimer considered Powers Boothe, Powers Booth, Michael Douglas, and Nick Nolte as Rambo before casting Brad Davis (actor), Brad Davis because of his role in ''Midnight Express (film), Midnight Express''. Dustin Hoffman was offered the role of Rambo but turned it down. For the role of Sheriff Teasle, Kassar and Vajna approached Academy Award winners Hackman and Robert Duvall but both turned the part down. Marvin, another Oscar winner, turned down the part of Colonel Trautman. James Mason and Richard Jaeckel were also considered. Kirk Douglas was eventually hired, but just before shooting began, Douglas quit the role of Colonel Trautman over a script dispute; Douglas wanted to retain the novel's original ending of Rambo and Teasle fatally wounding each other, Trautman finishing Rambo with a kill shot, then sitting with the dying Teasle for the sheriff's final moments. Douglas also wanted Trautman to have more screentime. Rock Hudson was approached as a replacement but was soon to undergo heart surgery and had to pass up the chance to work with Stallone. Richard Crenna was quickly hired as a replacement; the role of Trautman became the veteran character actor's most famous role, a performance for which he received much critical praise.


Filming

The film was shot in the Fraser Valley of British Columbia, Canada on a $15 million budget beginning on November 15, 1981, and continuing until April 1982. The town scenes in the movie were shot in Hope, British Columbia, Hope and the nearby Othello Tunnels, called Chapman Gorge in the film, while the rest of the movie was shot in Capilano Canyon, Golden Ears Provincial Park and Pitt Lake in Pitt Meadows. During the production Buzz Feitshans replaced producer Ed Carlin, who suffered a Myocardial infarction, heart attack. The locations chosen for the film initially experienced unseasonably warm and sunny weather during the filming, which posed challenges since the crew had counted on an overcast setting. However, a period of heavy snowfall beginning in January 1982 delayed the production by two months. Other delays were caused by injuries to the cast during stunts, including Stallone sustaining a serious back injury and several broken ribs, in particular, due to performing his own stunt of dropping off a cliff and into a tree. Since the production ran over schedule, Crenna's role in the film was cut in order to avoid having to pay him higher fees as specified in his contract. The firearms used in the film had to be imported into Canada because of the country's stronger Firearms regulation in Canada, firearms regulation. In January 1982 over $50,000 worth of firearms—including fourteen M16 rifles, three Remington Arms, Remington shotguns, two .44 Magnum, .44 Magnum revolvers, and eleven Colt AR-15, Colt AR-15 rifles—were stolen from the set. Although the guns had been modified to shoot blanks, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police claimed that they could be easily modified to fire live ammunition. After the incident the set was guarded by the Canadian Army, whose soldiers also served as extras in the film.


Post-production

The first rough cut of the film was between 3 and 3.5 hours long. According to Sylvester Stallone, it was so bad that it made himself and his agent sick. Stallone wanted to buy the movie and destroy it thinking that it was a career killer. After heavy re-editing, the film was cut down to 93 minutes; this version was ultimately released in theaters. The ending used in the finished film was shot in March 1982, after the original one was deemed unsatisfactory. Kassar and Vajna sought either Warner Bros. 20th Century Fox, or Paramount Pictures as a distributor, displaying an 18-minute promotional reel to studios. Although they secured international distributors, they were unable to locate a domestic distributor to the film until they sent a longer 55-minute reel to the American Film Market. After Warner Bros. and Paramount expressed interest, Orion Pictures agreed to the domestic distribution of the film.


Music

The film's score was composed and conducted by Jerry Goldsmith, whose theme "It's a Long Road" added a new dimension to the character, and featured in the film's three sequels and animated spin-off. The soundtrack was originally released on LP by the Regency label, although it was edited out of sequence for a more satisfying listen. The album was reissued on CD with one extra track ("No Power") twice, first as one of Intrada Records' initial titles, then as an identical release by Varèse Sarabande. The complete score was released by Intrada in a 2-CD set, along with a remastered version of the original album (with the Carolco logo [previously released on La-La Land Records' ''Extreme Prejudice'' album] and the ''Rambo: First Blood Part II'' trailer music added), on November 23, 2010, as one of their MAF unlimited titles. ; CD 1 – ''Complete Original Soundtrack'' # "Theme from ''First Blood''" (pop orchestra version) # "Home Coming" # "My Town" # "Under Arrest" # "The Razor" # "A Head Start" # "Hanging On" # "Over the Cliff" # "A Stitch in Time" # "Mountain Hunt" # "No Truce" # "First Blood" # "The Tunnel" # "Escape Route" # "The Truck" # "No Power/Night Attack" # "Hide and Seek" # "It's a Long Road" (instrumental) # "It's a Long Road (Theme from ''First Blood'')" (vocal: Dan Hill) ; CD 2 – ''Original 1982 Soundtrack Album'' # "It's a Long Road (Theme from ''First Blood'')" (vocal: Dan Hill) # "Escape Route" # "First Blood" # "The Tunnel" # "Hanging On" # "Home Coming" # "Mountain Hunt" # "My Town" # "The Razor" # "Over the Cliff" # "It's a Long Road" (instrumental) # "It's a Long Road" (recording session piano/vocal demo) # "Carolco Logo" # "Rambo" (Special Summer 1984 trailer)


Release


Home media

Author Morrell recorded an audio commentary track for the ''First Blood'' Special Edition DVD released in 2002. Actor Stallone recorded an audio commentary track for the ''First Blood'' Ultimate Edition DVD released in 2004. This edition also includes a "never-before-seen" alternate ending in which Rambo commits suicide— a fate more in line with the original novel's ending— and a "humorous" ending tacked on afterwards. A brief snippet of the suicide ending appears in a flashback in the fourth movie. Lionsgate also released this version on Blu-ray Disc, Blu-ray. Both commentary tracks are on the Blu-ray release. Momentum Pictures released an HD DVD version of ''First Blood'' in the United Kingdom in April 2007. Lions Gate Entertainment, Lionsgate also released ''First Blood'' as a double feature on February 13, 2007, along with 2004's ''The Punisher (2004 film), The Punisher''. The film was re-released as part of a 6-disc box set, which contains all four films in the series, on May 27, 2008. However, the box set is missing the David Morrell commentary, even though the packaging clearly states it is included. In anticipation of the release, the film was shown back in theaters for one night, May 15, 2008, through Fathom Events; the alternate ending was shown after the main feature. ''First Blood'' was released on 4K UHD Blu-ray on November 9, 2018.


Reception


Box office

''First Blood'' topped the U.S. box office for three weeks in a row, and its $6,642,005 opening weekend was the best October opening at the time. The film ended as a significant financial success, with a total gross of $51 million domestically, the highest-grossing film of the fall, and the 1982 in film, 13th highest-grossing film of the year. The film grossed $125 million worldwide, against a $15 million budget. It was notably the first major Hollywood blockbuster to be released in China, where it was released in 1985. It sold tickets in China, the List of highest-grossing films in China, highest for a foreign Hollywood film up until 2018.


Critical response

The film's three lead actors received praise for their performances. In his review, Roger Ebert wrote that he did not like the film's ending, but that it was "a very good movie, well-paced, and well-acted not only by Stallone ... but also by Crenna and Brian Dennehy." He commented, "although almost all of ''First Blood'' is implausible, because it's Stallone on the screen, we'll buy it," and rated the film three out of four stars. ''The New York Times'' film critic Janet Maslin described Rambo as a "fierce, agile, hollow-eyed hero", who is portrayed as a "tormented, misunderstood, amazingly resourceful victim of the Vietnam War, rather than as a sadist or a villain." Maslin also praised the film's story for its "energy and ingenuity". Conversely, ''Variety (magazine), Variety'' called the film "a mess" and criticized its ending for not providing a proper resolution for the main character. In 2000, BBC film critic Almar Haflidason noted that Stallone's training in survival skills and hand-to-hand combat gave the film "a raw and authentic edge that excited the audiences of the time". Film.com and Filmsite regard ''First Blood'' as one of the best films of 1982, and in 2008 it was named the 253rd greatest film ever by ''Empire (film magazine), Empire'' magazine on its 2008 list of ''The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time''. On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an 85% approval rating based on 46 reviews, with an average rating of 7.20/10. The site's critics consensus reads, "Much darker and more sensitive than the sequels it spawned, ''First Blood'' is a thrilling survival adventure that takes full advantage of Sylvester Stallone's acting skills." On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 61 out of 100 based on 15 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". James Berardinelli of ReelViews called the film "a tense and effective piece of filmmaking". He noted that the film's darker tone, somber subtext, and non-exploitative violence allowed the viewer to enjoy the film not only as an action/thriller but as something with a degree of intelligence and substance. On Stallone's performance, he wrote "it seems impossible to imagine anyone other than Stallone in the part, and his capabilities as an actor should not be dismissed". In the 2010 edition of his Movie Guide Leonard Maltin gave the film one-and a half stars out of four, saying that it "throws all credibility to the winds about the time [Rambo] gets off with only a bad cut after jumping from a mountain into some jagged rocks".


Legacy

''First Blood'' has received the most positive reception of the ''Rambo'' franchise, while the next four sequels received mixed or average reviews. In a 2011 article for ''Blade (magazine), Blade Magazine'', by Mike Carter, credit is given to Morrell and the ''Rambo'' franchise for revitalizing the cutlery industry in the 1980s; due to the presence of the Jimmy Lile and Gil Hibben knives used in the films. In 2003, ''Blade Magazine'' gave Morrell an industry achievement award for having helped to make it possible.


Other media


Sequel

A sequel titled ''Rambo: First Blood Part II'', was released in 1985.


Video game

In 2014, ''Rambo: The Video Game'' was released, based on the first three ''Rambo'' films.


Bollywood remake

In May 2013, Original Entertainment confirmed to have agreed to a five-picture deal with Millennium Films to produce Bollywood remakes of ''First Blood'', ''The Expendables (2010 film), The Expendables'', ''16 Blocks'', ''88 Minutes'', and ''Brooklyn's Finest''. In early 2016, Siddharth Anand was announced as the director of the ''First Blood'' remake. The film will be co-produced by Anand, Daljit DJ Parmar, Samir Gupta, Hunt Lowry, Saurabh Gupta and Gulzar Inder Chahal. It will follow "Rambo", the last member of an elite unit in the Indian Armed Forces, returning home only to discover a different war waiting for him, forcing him to the jungles and mountains of the Himalayas and unleash mayhem and destruction. In May 2017, Tiger Shroff was cast in the role of Rambo with principal photography set for February 2018. The film was scheduled to be released in October 2020. Shroff is expected to star in Hindi remakes of all five films in the ''Rambo'' franchise.


Statue

On August 14, 2020, a cedar wood statue of Rambo was unveiled in Hope, British Columbia, Hope, Canada, 38 years after Rambo was released. Mayor Peter Robb, Canadian Member of Parliament Mark Strahl, and the statue's sculptor, Ryan Villers, attended the ceremony.


In popular culture

* ''Syndicate Sadists'', an Poliziotteschi film that predates ''First Blood'' * ''Wild Blood'', a Turkish copy film of ''First Blood'' * ''Thunder Warrior'', an Italian film influenced by ''First Blood'' * ''The Intruder (1986 film), The Intruder'', an Indonesian action film inspired by ''First Blood'' * ''Son of Rambow'', a British comedy film inspired by ''First Blood''


See also

* Survival film


References


External links

* * * * {{DEFAULTSORT:First Blood 1982 films American films 1980s English-language films Rambo (franchise) 1982 action films 1982 independent films American action thriller films American chase films American independent films American films about revenge Films about police brutality Films about terrorism in the United States Films about United States Army Special Forces Films about veterans Films based on Canadian novels Films based on thriller novels Films set in forests Films set in Washington (state) Films shot in Vancouver Films shot in British Columbia Films shot in Canada Films set in the United States Orion Pictures films Films scored by Jerry Goldsmith Films directed by Ted Kotcheff Films with screenplays by Sylvester Stallone Albums with cover art by Drew Struzan American vigilante films Carolco Pictures films Films produced by Buzz Feitshans Films about post-traumatic stress disorder