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FIRAXIS GAMES, INC. is an American video game developer founded in 1996 by Sid Meier
Sid Meier
, Jeff Briggs , and Brian Reynolds upon leaving MicroProse
MicroProse
. Now a wholly owned subsidiary of Take-Two Interactive
Take-Two Interactive
, the company is best known for its Civilization
Civilization
series of games, though it has had notable success with other titles as well. Firaxis is based in Sparks, Maryland
Maryland
; Sid Meier
Sid Meier
continues to lead creative efforts there. The focus of the company has been on strategy and simulation games.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Games * 3 References * 4 External links

HISTORY

Firaxis Games' former headquarters in Hunt Valley, Maryland
Hunt Valley, Maryland
in 2008

Since 1997, Firaxis has released several PC games, including Sid Meier\'s Gettysburg! and Sid Meier\'s Antietam! , based on their namesake famous American Civil War
American Civil War
battles, and Sid Meier\'s Alpha Centauri , a space colonization game taking place in the Alpha Centauri star system. In early 2000, co-founder Brian Reynolds parted with Firaxis to form his new studio, Big Huge Games
Big Huge Games
. Firaxis Games then went on to release Sid Meier\'s SimGolf , a golf course building/management game. Perhaps their most popular releases have been Civilization III
Civilization III
, and later Civilization IV , sequels to Meier's original Civilization
Civilization
game. In November 2004, Firaxis released Sid Meier\'s Pirates! , a remake of Meier's classic 1987 game of the same name. An Xbox
Xbox
version of the game was released in 2005 and a PSP version (developed by Full Fat ) was released in 2007. Civilization
Civilization
IV started production in late 2003 and was released in 2005. Civilization Revolution , a console-only version of their popular Civilization series, was released in 2008.

On November 7, 2005, Take-Two Interactive
Take-Two Interactive
announced that it was acquiring Firaxis. The terms of the agreement were not disclosed, but according to the SEC filing it amounted for US$ 26.7 million in cash, stock, and development advances, with almost US$11.3 million of that figure coming in the form of possible considerations based on future product sales. The company was consolidated with PopTop Software in March 2006, the resultant combined studio to be headed up by Sid Meier.

Jeff Briggs assumed the role of Chairman in April 2006 and left the company completely in November. In April 2007, Soren Johnson left the company and joined Electronic Arts
Electronic Arts
to work on Spore with Lead Designer Will Wright . Johnson was formerly a key person for Firaxis, acting as co-designer for Civilization III
Civilization III
and later Lead Designer on Civilization
Civilization
IV.

In September 2009, the studio moved a few miles, from Hunt Valley, Maryland
Maryland
to Sparks, Maryland
Maryland
.

GAMES

Firaxis' titles are frequently prefixed with Sid Meier's name, a practice continued from Meier's earlier games at Microprose
Microprose
.

YEAR GAME PUBLISHER PLATFORM(S)

WIN MAC LIN XBOX NDS X360 XONE WII PS3 PS4 PSP VITA IOS
IOS
WP ANDROID

1997 Sid Meier\'s Gettysburg! Electronic Arts
Electronic Arts
Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No

1999 Sid Meier\'s Alpha Centauri
Alpha Centauri
Electronic Arts
Electronic Arts
Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No

1999 Sid Meier\'s Alien Crossfire Electronic Arts
Electronic Arts
Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No

1999 Sid Meier\'s Antietam! Electronic Arts
Electronic Arts
Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No

2001 Sid Meier\'s Civilization III
Civilization III
Infogrames
Infogrames
Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No

2002 Sid Meier\'s SimGolf Electronic Arts
Electronic Arts
Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No

2002 Sid Meier\'s Civilization
Civilization
III: Play the World Infogrames
Infogrames
Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No

2003 Sid Meier\'s Civilization
Civilization
III: Conquests Atari Inc.
Atari Inc.
Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No

2004 Sid Meier\'s Pirates! Atari Inc.
Atari Inc.
Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No No Yes No Yes Yes No

2005 Sid Meier\'s Civilization IV 2K Games
2K Games
Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No

2006 Sid Meier\'s Civilization
Civilization
IV: Warlords 2K Games
2K Games
Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No

2006 Sid Meier\'s Railroads! 2K Games
2K Games
Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No

2007 Sid Meier\'s Civilization
Civilization
IV: Beyond the Sword 2K Games
2K Games
Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No

2008 Sid Meier\'s Civilization Revolution 2K Games
2K Games
No No No No Yes Yes No No Yes No No No Yes Yes No

2008 Sid Meier\'s Civilization
Civilization
IV: Colonization 2K Games
2K Games
Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No

2010 Sid Meier\'s Civilization V
Civilization V
2K Games
2K Games
Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No

2012 Sid Meier\'s Civilization
Civilization
V: Gods -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: lower-alpha;">

* ^ A B C D E F G H I J K The Mac version was published by Aspyr Media . * ^ A B The Linux
Linux
version was published by Loki Software . * ^ The Mac version was published by MacSoft . * ^ Since 2006, the Windows version is published by 2K Games
2K Games
. * ^ A B C D E The Mac version was published by Feral Interactive . * ^ The Xbox
Xbox
version was published by 2K Games
2K Games
. * ^ The Xbox
Xbox
360 version was published by 2K Games
2K Games
. * ^ The Wii
Wii
version was published by 2K Games
2K Games
. * ^ The iOS version was published by 2K Games
2K Games
. * ^ The Windows Phone
Windows Phone
version was published by 2K Games
2K Games
. * ^ A B C D E The Linux
Linux
version was published by Aspyr
Aspyr
Media . * ^ A B C The Linux
Linux
version was published by Feral Interactive .

REFERENCES

* ^ Keefer, John (March 31, 2006). " GameSpy Retro: Developer Origins". GameSpy . Archived from the original on June 9, 2007. Retrieved October 27, 2016. * ^ Thorsen, Tor (November 7, 2005). "Take-Two takes in Firaxis". GameSpot
GameSpot
. CBS Interactive
CBS Interactive
. Archived from the original on November 25, 2005. Retrieved October 27, 2016. * ^ iTZKooPA (April 18, 2007). " Civilization IV Lead Designer Leaves Firaxis Games". TotalGaming.NET. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved October 27, 2016. * ^ A B