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Firaxis Games, Inc. is an American video game developer based in Sparks, Maryland. The company was founded in May 1996 by Sid Meier, Jeff Briggs and Brian Reynolds, following their departure from MicroProse, Meier's earlier venture. They were acquired by Take-Two Interactive in August 2005, and subsequently became part of the publisher's 2K Games
2K Games
label. Firaxis Games
Firaxis Games
is best known for developing the Civilization
Civilization
and XCOM
XCOM
series, as well as many other games bearing Meier's name.

Contents

1 History 2 Games developed 3 Further reading 4 References 5 External links

History[edit]

Executive Plaza III on 11350 McCormick Road, Hunt Valley, Maryland, home to Firaxis Games' former headquarters

Firaxis Software was founded on May 1, 1996,[1] by Sid Meier, Brian Reynolds and Jeff Briggs, three video game designers formerly employed by MicroProse, a video game venture founded by Meier and partner Bill Stealey in 1982.[2] Briggs explained that they decided to stay in the Baltimore area, rather than moving to Silicon Valley, because it was "just a great place to be".[3] Unlike MicroProse, Firaxis Software aimed at being a "design house", leaving manufacturing and distribution of their games to outside contractors.[2] As such, the company talked to six potential video game publishers for their games,[4] and finally signed an agreement with Electronics Arts, through which their games would be distributed under Electronic Arts' Origin Systems
Origin Systems
label.[2][5] The studio's opening was officially announced on June 24, 1996.[6] Firaxis Software was originally located in a 2,500-square-foot office on Gilroy Road in Hunt Valley, Maryland, temporarily sharing office space.[2][6] To accommodate their growth, in February 1997, they announced that they were moving their corporate headquarters to a 7,200-square-foot office suite in Executive Plaza III, an office building on 11350 McCormick Road and part of the Hunt Valley Business Community.[6] The deal, assisted by MacKenzie/O'Conor, Piper & Flynn Commercial Real Estate Services broker William W. Whitty Jr., was expected to be completed by March that year.[6] The company had 13 employees at the time.[6] Firaxis Software announced their first title, Sid Meier's Gettysburg!, in June 1997.[4] Interimly, on July 24, 1997, the company was legally renamed Firaxis Games.[1][7] Electronic Arts announced to have acquired a minority interest in Firaxis Games, to undisclosed terms, in August 1997.[8] By September 1997, Firaxis Games
Firaxis Games
signed life insurances for its three founders.[9] Gettysburg! was released in October 1997 to critical and commercial success, scoring near-perfect reviews from critics,[10] and selling 200,000 copies by August 1999.[11] Starting with Gettysburg!, Firaxis Games
Firaxis Games
prefixed all games designed by Meier with "Sid Meier's", a trend the three founders carried over from MicroProse, as they believed that Meier's name added more recognizability to their games.[12] For his works on many MicroProse
MicroProse
games, as well as Gettysburg! and Firaxis Games' second title, Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri, Meier became the second-ever person in the Academy of Interactive Arts & Sciences's Hall of Fame, following Shigeru Miyamoto.[13] Co-founder Reynolds left Firaxis Games to pursue his personal interests in February 2000.[14] To compensate his departure, the company started hiring various industry veterans by March 2000.[15] For his executive engagement at Firaxis Games, co-founder and chief executive officer Briggs was named "CEO of the Year" by SamrtCEO Magazine in October 2004.[16] Briggs later left the company in November 2006, and was succeeded by Steve Martin.[citation needed] Also for his executive work at Firaxis Games, Martin was awarded the "Maryland International Business Leadership Award" by the World Trade Center Institute
World Trade Center Institute
in March 2011.[17] In November 2004, Infogrames, at the time owner of the Civilization franchise and parent to the series' publisher, sold all intellectual property to an undisclosed buyer for US$22.3 million.[18][19] The buyer was announced to be Take-Two Interactive
Take-Two Interactive
on January, 26, 2005.[20] The publisher announced that the franchise would be managed by their 2K Games
2K Games
label, which was founded the day before, and that Firaxis Games
Firaxis Games
would stay in charge of the series' development.[21] In March 2005, NDL announced a partnership with Firaxis Games, wherein their Gamebryo engine would be used for the development of Civilization
Civilization
IV, which was to be released later that year.[22] On November 7, 2005, Take-Two Interactive
Take-Two Interactive
announced that they had acquired Firaxis Games.[23] Through the deal, Firaxis Games
Firaxis Games
became part of 2K Games, although its present management an development plans would stay intact.[24] Meier and Briggs both expressed that the acquisition saw a great opportunity for Firaxis Games
Firaxis Games
in terms of creative development and marketing capabilities, and were fortunate to have re-gained full control over the Civilization
Civilization
franchise.[25][26] In April 2007, Soren Johnson, lead designer on Civilization
Civilization
IV, left the company to move to Maxis
Maxis
and work on Spore.[27] Similarly, Civilization
Civilization
V's lead designer Jon Shafer departed following the game's release, in December 2010.[28] In August 2014, Firaxis Games
Firaxis Games
announced Firaxicon, a convention dedicated to Firaxis Games
Firaxis Games
their releases.[29][30] The event was held from September 27 to 28, 2014, at a hotel in Hunt Valley, and included meet and greets with the company's staff, a presentation titled "An Evening with Sid Meier", and early playtests of Civilization: Beyond Earth.[31][32] A tour of Firaxis Games' offices was also held at the event.[33] The event was renewed for a second edition in July 2015, and held on October 3, 2015, at the Baltimore Convention Center.[34][35] Events were similar to that of the 2014 event, with XCOM
XCOM
2 and Civilization: Beyond Earth – Rising Tide up for early testing.[36][37] By December 2015, Firaxis Games
Firaxis Games
expanded their Sparks headquarters, which they moved to in 2009, to 40,000 square feet, and employed 40 new staff, totaling to 180 employees present at the company.[38] In June 2016, at the Games for Change
Games for Change
festival, Firaxis Games
Firaxis Games
announced that they had partnered with GlassLab to develop CivilizationEDU, an educational derivative of Civilization V
Civilization V
optimized for classrooms.[39] Games developed[edit]

Year Title Platform(s)

1997 Sid Meier's Gettysburg! Microsoft Windows

1999 Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri Classic Mac OS, Linux, Microsoft Windows

Sid Meier's Antietam!

2001 Civilization
Civilization
III Classic Mac OS, Microsoft Windows

2002 Sid Meier's SimGolf Microsoft Windows

Civilization
Civilization
III: Play the World

2003 Civilization
Civilization
III: Conquests

2004 Sid Meier's Pirates! iOS, macOS, Microsoft Windows, PlayStation Portable, Wii, Xbox, Xbox 360, Windows Phone

2005 Civilization
Civilization
IV macOS, Microsoft Windows

2006 Civilization
Civilization
IV: Warlords

Sid Meier's Railroads!

2007 Civilization
Civilization
IV: Beyond the Sword

2008 Civilization
Civilization
Revolution iOS, Nintendo DS, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, Windows Phone

Civilization
Civilization
IV: Colonization macOS, Microsoft Windows

2010 Civilization
Civilization
V Linux, macOS, Microsoft Windows

2012 Civilization
Civilization
V: Gods & Kings

XCOM: Enemy Unknown Android, iOS, Linux, macOS, Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, PlayStation Vita, Xbox 360

2013 Haunted Hollow iOS

Sid Meier's Ace Patrol

Civilization
Civilization
V: Brave New World Linux, macOS, Microsoft Windows

Sid Meier's Ace Patrol: Pacific Skies iOS, Microsoft Windows

XCOM: Enemy Within Android, iOS, Linux, macOS, Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, PlayStation Vita, Xbox 360

2014 Civilization
Civilization
Revolution 2 Android, iOS, PlayStation Vita

Civilization: Beyond Earth Linux, macOS, Microsoft Windows

2015 Sid Meier's Starships iOS, Linux, macOS, Microsoft Windows

Civilization: Beyond Earth – Rising Tide Linux, macOS, Microsoft Windows

2016 XCOM
XCOM
2 Linux, macOS, Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One

Civilization
Civilization
VI iOS, Linux, macOS, Microsoft Windows

2017 XCOM
XCOM
2: War of the Chosen Linux, macOS, Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One

2018 Civilization
Civilization
VI: Rise and Fall Microsoft Windows

Further reading[edit]

Staff, Gamespot (December 31, 1998). "An Interview with Brian Reynolds". GameSpot. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  Donlan, Christian (July 6, 2014). "The grand strategies of Firaxis". Eurogamer. Retrieved February 11, 2018. 

References[edit]

^ a b "FIRAXIS GAMES, INC.: D04399861". Maryland Business Express. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ a b c d Ey, Craig S. (June 24, 1996). "Designer starts new game firm". The Business Journals. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ "In Hunt Valley, games are a serious business". The Business Journals. April 28, 1997. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ a b Mullaney, Timothy J. (June 23, 1997). "A young business with a game plan Firaxis: The year-old company just unveiled its first product and expects in a year 'have two successful products on the market and be working on the next two.'". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Noer, Michael (July 25, 1997). "Sid starts up. Again". Forbes. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ a b c d e Ey, Craig S. (February 17, 1997). "Game maker opening new HQ in Hunt Valley". The Business Journals. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Ey, Craig S. (September 1, 1997). "Valley of the games". The Business Journals. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ "COMPANY BRIEFS". The New York Times. August 22, 1996. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Wolpoff, Charles R. (September 1, 1997). "A price on their heads". The Business Journals. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ E., Michael (October 30, 1997). " Sid Meier's Gettysburg!
Sid Meier's Gettysburg!
Review". GameSpot. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Campbell, Colin (August 30, 1999). "What's Up With Sid Meier's Antietam?". IGN. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Suellentrop, Chris (May 8, 2017). "'Civilization' Creator Sid Meier: "I Didn't Expect to be a Game Designer"". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Glanz, William (April 5, 1999). " Sid Meier
Sid Meier
enters games Hall of Fame". The Business Journals. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Ajami, Amer (February 7, 2000). "Brian Reynolds Leaves Firaxis". GameSpot. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ IGN
IGN
Staff (March 23, 2000). "Firaxis Growing Strong Again With Promotions And New Hires". IGN. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Gamespot Staff (October 11, 2004). "Firaxis' Jeffery Briggs named CEO of the Year". GameSpot. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ IGN
IGN
Staff (March 17, 2011). "Firaxis Games' President, Steve Martin, Receives Business Leadership Award". IGN. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ GamesIndustry International (November 25, 2004). " Infogrames
Infogrames
sells Civilisation franchise for $22.3m". Eurogamer. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Feldman, Curt (November 24, 2004). " Civilization
Civilization
sold off to mystery buyer". GameSpot. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Jenkins, David (January 26, 2005). "Take-Two Partners With Firaxis As Civilization
Civilization
Goes Forth". Gamasutra. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Winegarner, Beth; Thorsen, Tor (January 26, 2005). "Take-Two takes over Civilization". GameSpot. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ GamesIndustry International (March 10, 2005). "NDL and Firaxis Games Expand Relationship". GamesIndustry.biz. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Adams, David (November 7, 2005). "Take-Two Buys Firaxis". IGN. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Carless, Simon (November 7, 2005). "Take-Two Acquires Firaxis Games". Gamasutra. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Thorsen, Tor (November 7, 2005). "Take-Two takes in Firaxis". GameSpot. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ GamesIndustry International (November 8, 2005). "Firaxis acquired by Take-Two". Eurogamer. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Miller, Ross (April 18, 2007). "From Firaxis to Maxis: Civ IV designer leaves to work on Spore". Engadget. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Purchese, Robert (December 22, 2010). " Civilization V
Civilization V
leader leaves Firaxis". Eurogamer. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Makuch, Eddie (August 22, 2014). " Civilization
Civilization
Dev Opening Its Doors for First-Ever Firaxicon, Tickets On Sale Now". GameSpot. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Mahardy, Mike (August 21, 2014). " Firaxis Games
Firaxis Games
Announces First Ever Firaxicon". IGN. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Hillier, Brenna (August 22, 2014). "Every Civilization
Civilization
tragic has their day at Firaxicon". VG247. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Cavalli, Earnest (August 25, 2014). " Civilization
Civilization
dev launches Firaxicon fan conference". Engadget. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Dean, Paul (October 5, 2014). "Firaxis opens its doors at the first Firaxicon". Eurogamer. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Chalk, Andy (July 29, 2015). "Second annual Firaxicon is happening in October". PC Gamer. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Brown, Fraser (July 29, 2015). "Firaxis' second annual Firaxicon kicks off in October". PCGamesN. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Reilly, Luke (July 29, 2015). " Firaxis Games
Firaxis Games
Confirms Second Annual Firaxicon". IGN. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Mejia, Ozzie (July 29, 2015). "Firaxicon 2015 comes to Baltimore in October". Shacknews. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Dance, Scott (December 8, 2015). " Firaxis Games
Firaxis Games
growing slowly as its legacy competes with a changing industry". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved February 11, 2018.  ^ Francis, Bryant (June 23, 2016). "Firaxis partners with GlassLab for educational version of Civilization
Civilization
V". Gamasutra. Retrieved February 11, 2018. 

External links[edit]

Official website

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Red Dead
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Social Club

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Civilization
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NHL 2K
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XCOM
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Other

Private Division Social Point List of Take-Two Interactive
Take-Two Interactive
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Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 153825035 LCCN: n99269913 ISNI: 0000 0001 0728 0023 BNF:

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