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The Financial Times
Financial Times
(FT) is a Japanese-owned, English-language international daily newspaper with a special emphasis on business and economic news. The paper was founded in 1888 by James Sheridan and Horatio Bottomley, and merged in 1945 with its closest rival, the Financial News (which had been founded in 1884). The Financial Times
Financial Times
has an average daily readership of 2.2 million people worldwide (PwC audited figures, November 2011). FT.com has 4.5 million registered users and over 285,000 digital subscribers, as well as 600,000 paying users. FT Chinese has more than 1.7 million registered users.[2] The world editions of the Financial Times
Financial Times
newspaper had a combined average daily circulation of 234,193 copies (88,000 for the UK edition) in January 2014.[3] In February 2014 the combined sale of the world editions of the Financial Times was 224,000 copies. In October 2013 the combined paid print and digital circulation of the Financial Times
Financial Times
reached nearly 629,000 copies (282,000 for print and 387,000 for online sales), the highest circulation in its 125-year history.[4] In December 2016 print sales for the paper stood at 193,211.[5] On 23 July 2015 Nikkei Inc. agreed to buy the Financial Times
Financial Times
from Pearson for £844m ($1.32 billion).[6] On 30 November 2015 Nikkei completed the acquisition.[7]

Contents

1 History 2 Audience 3 Content

3.1 The Lex column

4 FT Weekend

4.1 How to Spend It

5 Editorial stance 6 Ownership and related publications 7 Indices 8 People 9 Editors 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

History[edit]

The front page of the Financial Times
Financial Times
on 13 February 1888.

The FT was launched as the London
London
Financial Guide on 10 January 1888, renaming itself the Financial Times
Financial Times
on 13 February the same year. Describing itself as the friend of "The Honest Financier, the Bona Fide Investor, the Respectable Broker, the Genuine Director, and the Legitimate Speculator", it was a four-page journal. The readership was the financial community of the City of London, its only rival being the slightly older and more daring Financial News. On 2 January 1893 the FT began printing on light salmon pink paper to distinguish it from the similarly named Financial News: at the time it was also cheaper to print on unbleached paper (several other more general newspapers such as The Sporting Times
The Sporting Times
had the same policy), but nowadays it is more expensive as the paper has to be dyed specially.[8] After 57 years of rivalry the Financial Times
Financial Times
and the Financial News were merged in 1945 by Brendan Bracken to form a single six-page newspaper. The Financial Times
Financial Times
brought a higher circulation while the Financial News provided much of the editorial talent. The Lex column was also introduced from Financial News.[9] Pearson bought the paper in 1957.[10] Over the years the paper grew in size, readership and breadth of coverage. It established correspondents in cities around the world, reflecting early moves in the world economy towards globalisation. As cross-border trade and capital flows increased during the 1970s, the FT began international expansion, facilitated by developments in technology and the growing acceptance of English as the international language of business. On 1 January 1979 the first FT (Continental Europe edition) was printed outside the UK, in Frankfurt. Since then, with increased international coverage, the FT has become a global newspaper, printed in 22 locations with five international editions to serve the UK, continental Europe, the U.S., Asia and the Middle East.[11] The European edition is distributed in continental Europe and Africa. It is printed Monday to Saturday at five centres across Europe reporting on matters concerning the European Union, the Euro
Euro
and European corporate affairs.[12] In 1994 FT launched a luxury lifestyle magazine, How To Spend It. In 2009 it launched a standalone website for the magazine.[13] On 13 May 1995 the Financial Times
Financial Times
group made its first foray into the online world with the launch of FT.com. This provided a summary of news from around the globe, which was supplemented in February 1996 with stock price coverage; the second-generation site was launched in spring 1996. The site was funded by advertising and contributed to the online advertising market in the UK in the late 1990s. Between 1997 and 2000 the site underwent several revamps and changes of strategy, as the FT Group and Pearson reacted to changes online. FT introduced subscription services in 2002.[14] FT.com is one of the few UK news sites successfully funded by individual subscription.

The London
London
offices of the Financial Times
Financial Times
at One Southwark Bridge (2013).

In 1997 the FT launched a U.S. edition, printed in New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Dallas, Atlanta, Orlando and Washington, D.C., although the newspaper was first printed outside New York City in 1985. In September 1998 the FT became the first UK-based newspaper to sell more copies internationally than within the UK. In 2000 the Financial Times
Financial Times
started publishing a German-language edition, Financial Times
Financial Times
Deutschland, with a news and editorial team based in Hamburg. Its initial circulation in 2003 was 90,000. It was originally a joint venture with a German publishing firm, Gruner + Jahr. In January 2008 the FT sold its 50% stake to its German partner.[15] FT Deutschland never made a profit and is said to have accumulated losses of €250 million over 12 years. It closed on 7 December 2012.[16][17] The Financial Times
Financial Times
launched a new weekly supplement for the fund management industry on 4 February 2002. FT fund management (FTfm) was and still is distributed with the paper every Monday. FTfm is the world's largest-circulation fund management title.[18] Since 2005 the FT has sponsored the annual ''Financial Times'' and Goldman Sachs Business Book of the Year Award.[19] On 23 April 2007 the FT unveiled a "refreshed" version of the newspaper and introduced a new slogan, "We Live in Financial Times."[20] In 2007 the FT pioneered a metered paywall, which lets visitors to its site read a limited number of free articles during any one month before asking them to pay.[21] Four years later the FT launched its HTML5
HTML5
mobile internet app. Smartphones and tablets now drive 12% of subscriptions and 19% of traffic to FT.com.[22] In 2012 the number of digital subscribers surpassed the circulation of the newspaper for the first time and the FT drew almost half of its revenue from subscriptions rather than advertising.[23][24] Since 2010 the FT has been available on Bloomberg Terminal.[25] Since 2013 the FT has been available on Wisers platform.[26] In 2016, the Financial Times
Financial Times
acquired a controlling stake in Alpha Grid, a London-based media company specialising in the development and production of quality branded content across a range of channels, including broadcast, video, digital, social and events. [27] In 2018, he Financial Times
Financial Times
acquired a controlling stake in Longitude, a specialist provider of thought leadership and research services to a multinational corporate and institutional client base. [28] This investment builds on the Financial Times’ recent growth in several business areas, including branded content via the acquisition of Alpha Grid, and conferences and events through Financial Times
Financial Times
Live and extends the FT’s traditional commercial offering into a wider set of integrated services. Audience[edit] According to the Global Capital Markets Survey, which measures readership habits amongst most senior financial decision makers in the world's largest financial institutions, the Financial Times
Financial Times
is considered the most important business read, reaching 36% of the sample population, 11% more than The Wall Street Journal
The Wall Street Journal
(WSJ), its main rival. The Economist, which was once 50% owned by FT, reaches 32%. FT's The Banker
The Banker
also proved vital reading, reaching 24%.[29] In addition FT was regarded as the most credible publication in reporting financial and economic issues among the Worldwide Professional Investment Community audience. The Economist
The Economist
was also rated the third most credible title by most influential professional investors (those who personally managed asset funds worth $5 billion or more), while the WSJ was second.[30] Content[edit] The FT is split into two sections. The first section covers domestic and international news, editorial commentary on politics and economics from FT journalists such as Martin Wolf, Gillian Tett
Gillian Tett
and Edward Luce, and opinion pieces from globally renowned leaders, policymakers, academics and commentators. The second section consists of financial data and news about companies and markets. Despite being generally regarded as primarily a financial newspaper, it does also contain TV listings, weather and other more informal articles. About 110 of its 475 journalists are outside the UK. The Lex column[edit] The Lex column is a daily feature on the back page of the first section. It features analyses and opinions covering global economics and finance. The FT calls Lex its agenda-setting column. The column first appeared on Monday, 1 October 1945. The name may originally have stood for Lex Mercatoria, a Latin expression meaning literally "merchant law". It was conceived by Hargreaves Parkinson for the Financial News in the 1930s and moved to the Financial Times
Financial Times
when the two merged. Lex boasts some distinguished alumni who have gone on to make careers in business and government – including Nigel Lawson
Nigel Lawson
(former Conservative Chancellor of the Exchequer), Richard Lambert
Richard Lambert
(CBI director and former member of the Bank of England's monetary policy committee), Martin Taylor (former chief executive of Barclays), John Makinson (chairman and chief executive of Penguin), John Gardiner (former chairman of Tesco), David Freud
David Freud
(former UBS banker and Labour adviser, now a Conservative peer), John Kingman (former head of UKFI and a banker at Rothschild's), George Graham (RBS banker), Andrew Balls (head of European portfolio management at PIMCO) and Jo Johnson (Conservative Member of Parliament for Orpington).[31] FT Weekend[edit] The FT publishes a Saturday edition of the newspaper called the Financial Times
Financial Times
Weekend. It consists of international economic and political news, Companies & Markets, Life & Arts, House & Home and FT Magazine. How to Spend It[edit] How to Spend It is a monthly magazine published with FT Weekend. Founded and launched by Julia Carrick[32] with Lucia van der Post as founding editor,[33] its articles concern luxury goods such as yachts, mansions, apartments, horlogerie, haute couture and automobiles, as well as fashion and columns by individuals in the arts, gardening, food, and hotel and travel industries. To celebrate its 15th anniversary, FT launched the on-line version of this publication, howtospendit.com,[34] on 3 October 2009.[33] Some media commentators were taken aback by the online launch of a website supporting conspicuous consumption during the financial austerity of the late-2000s recession.[33] The magazine has been derided in rival publishers' blogs, as "repellent" in the Telegraph[35] and "a latter-day Ab Fab manual" in the Guardian.[36] A 'well-thumbed' copy of the supplement was found when rebel forces broke into Colonel Gaddafi's Tripoli compound during the 2011 Libyan Civil War.[37] Editorial stance[edit] The FT advocates free markets[38] and is in favour of globalisation. During the 1980s it supported Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher
and Ronald Reagan's monetarist policies.[39][40] It has supported the UK Labour Party in the past, including at the general election in 1992 when Neil Kinnock was Labour leader. The FT's editorials tend to be moderately pro-Europe, supporting the European Union
European Union
in the context of a common economic market and opposing political integration.[41][42] The FT was firmly opposed to the Iraq War.[41] In the U.S. presidential election in 2008 the Financial Times
Financial Times
endorsed Barack Obama. While it raised concerns over hints of protectionism, it praised his ability to "engage the country's attention," his calls for a bipartisan politics, and his plans for "comprehensive health-care reform".[43] The FT favoured Obama again in 2012.[44] In the general election in the UK in 2010 the FT was receptive to the Liberal Democrats' positions on civil liberties and political reform, and praised the then Labour leader Gordon Brown
Gordon Brown
for his response to the global financial crisis of 2007–2008, but on balance it backed the Conservatives while questioning their tendency to Euroscepticism.[45] At the subsequent general election in 2015, the FT called for the continuation of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition that had governed for the previous five years.[46] In the 2017 UK general election the Financial Times
Financial Times
backed the Conservative Party.[47] Ownership and related publications[edit] The Financial Times
Financial Times
Group, a division of Pearson PLC
Pearson PLC
since 1957, was sold in July 2015 to the Japanese company Nikkei for £844m.[48] Until August 2015 the FT group had a 50% shareholding in The Economist, which was sold to the Agnelli family for £469 million.[49] Related publications include the Financial Times, FT.com, FT Search Inc., the publishing imprint FT Press and numerous joint ventures. In November 2013 it agreed to sell Mergermarket, an online intelligence reporting business, to the London
London
private equity investor BC Partners.[50] In addition, the FT Group has a unit called FT Business, which is a provider of specialist information on retail, personal and institutional finance segments. It publishes The Banker, Money Management and Financial Adviser (a publication targeted at professional advisers), This Is Africa, fDi intelligence and Professional Wealth Management (PWM).[2] The Financial Times
Financial Times
Group announced the beta launch of newssift,[51] part of FT Search, in March 2009. Newssift.com is a next-generation search tool for business professionals that indexes millions of articles from thousands of global business news sources, not just the FT. The Financial Times
Financial Times
Group acquired Money Media[52] (an online news and commentary site for the industry) and Exec-Appointments[53] (an online recruitment specialist site for the executive jobs market). The FT Group once had a 13.85% stake in Business Standard
Business Standard
Ltd of India, the publisher of the Business Standard. It sold this stake in April 2008 and has entered into an agreement with Network 18
Network 18
to launch the Financial Times
Financial Times
in India,[54][55] though it is speculated that they may find it difficult to do so, as the brand 'Financial Times' in India is owned by The Times
The Times
Group,[56] the publisher of The Times
The Times
of India and The Economic Times. The group also publishes America's Intelligence Wire, a daily general newswire service.[57] The Financial Times' Financial Publishing division (formerly FT Business) provides print and online content for retail, personal and institutional finance audiences. Examples of publications and services include: Investors Chronicle, a personal finance magazine and website; "FT Money", a weekly personal finance supplement in "FT Weekend"; FT Wealth, a magazine for the global high-net-worth community and FTfm, a weekly review of the global fund management industry, Money Management and Financial Adviser (a publication targeted at professional advisers). The institutional segment includes: The Banker, This Is Africa, fDi Intelligence and Professional Wealth Management (PWM).[58] Money-Media, a separate arm of Financial Publishing, delivers a range of digital information services for fund management professionals around the globe, including: Ignites, Ignites Europe, Ignites Asia, FundFire and BoardIQ. Financial Publishing includes publications ( Pensions Expert and Deutsche Pensions & Investmentnachrichten) and events (Investment Expert) for the European pensions industry. The group also publishes MandateWire, a financial information company that provides sales and market intelligence for investment professionals in North America, Europe and Asia.[2] FT Knowledge is an associated company which offers educational products and services. FT Knowledge has offered the "Introducing the City" course (which is a series of Wednesday night lectures and seminars, as well as weekend events) during each autumn and spring since 2000. FT Predict is a prediction market contest hosted by the Financial Times that allows users to buy and sell contracts based on future financial, political, and news-driven events by spending fictional Financial Times
Financial Times
Dollars (FT$). Based on the assumptions displayed in James Surowiecki's The Wisdom of Crowds, this contest allows people to use prediction markets to observe future occurrences while competing for weekly and monthly prizes. The Financial Times
Financial Times
also ran a business-related game called "In the Pink" (a phrase meaning "in good health", also a reference to the colour of the newspaper and to the phrase "in the red" meaning to be making a loss). Each player was put in the virtual role of Chief Executive and the goal was to have the highest profit when the game closes. The winner of the game (the player who makes the highest profit) was to receive a real monetary prize of £10,000. The game ran from 1 May to 28 June 2006. Indices[edit] The Financial Times
Financial Times
collates and publishes a number of financial market indices, which reflect the changing value of their constituent parts. The longest-running of these was the former Financial News Index, started on 1 July 1935 by the Financial News. The FT published a similar index; this was replaced by the Financial News Index—which was then renamed the Financial Times
Financial Times
(FT) Index—on 1 January 1947. The index started as an index of industrial shares, and companies with dominant overseas interests were excluded, such as the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (later BP), British-American Tobacco, Lever Brothers (later Unilever) and Shell. The oil and financial sectors were included decades later.[59] The FTSE All-Share Index, the first of the FTSE series of indices, was created in 1962, comprising the largest 594 UK companies by market capitalisation.[59] The letters F-T-S-E represented that FTSE was a joint venture between the Financial Times
Financial Times
(F-T) and the London
London
Stock Exchange (S-E). On 13 February 1984 the FTSE 100
FTSE 100
was introduced, representing about eighty percent of the London
London
Stock Exchange's value.[59] In 1995 FTSE Group
FTSE Group
was made an independent company. The first of several overseas offices was opened in New York City in 1999; Paris followed in early 2000, Hong Kong, Frankfurt
Frankfurt
and San Francisco in 2001, Madrid
Madrid
in 2002 and Tokyo in 2003. Other well-known FTSE indices include the FTSE 350 Index, the FTSE SmallCap Index, the FTSE AIM UK 50 Index and FTSE AIM 100 Index as well as the FTSE AIM All-Share Index for stocks, and the FTSE UK Gilt Indices for government bonds. People[edit]

Editor Lionel Barber
Lionel Barber
speaking at the newspaper's 125th anniversary party in London, 2013

Lionel Barber
Lionel Barber
(Editor) (1 January 2006 – present)[60] Gillian Tett
Gillian Tett
(Markets and Finance Columnist; Assistant Editor) Lucy Kellaway (Management Columnist) Tim Harford
Tim Harford
(Senior Columnist) Gideon Rachman
Gideon Rachman
(Chief International Affairs Commentator) Martin Wolf
Martin Wolf
(Chief Economics Commentator) Jurek Martin (Columnist and former Washington Bureau Chief) Michael Skapinker (Columnist and Associate Editor) Edward Luce
Edward Luce
(Washington, D.C., Bureau Chief) Roula Khalaf (Foreign Editor; Assistant Editor) Philip Stephens (Associate Editor) Georgina Adam Art writer

In July 2006 the FT announced a "New Newsroom" project to integrate the newspaper more closely with FT.com. At the same time it announced plans to cut the editorial staff from 525 to 475. In August 2006 it announced that all the required job cuts had been achieved through voluntary layoffs. A number of former FT journalists have gone on to high-profile jobs in journalism, politics and business. Robert Thomson, previously the paper's US managing editor, was the editor of The Times
The Times
and is now the publisher of the Wall Street Journal. Will Lewis, a former New York correspondent and News Editor for the FT, is the current editor of the Daily Telegraph. Dominic Lawson went on to become editor of the Sunday Telegraph until he was sacked in 2005. Andrew Adonis, a former education correspondent, became an adviser on education to the then British Prime Minister, Tony Blair, and was given a job as an education minister and a seat in the House of Lords
House of Lords
after the 2005 election. Ed Balls
Ed Balls
became chief economic adviser to the Treasury, working closely with Gordon Brown, the chancellor of the exchequer (or finance minister), before being elected a Member of Parliament in 2005, and became Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families in July 2007. Bernard Gray, a former defence correspondent and Lex columnist, was chief executive of the publishing company CMP before becoming chief executive of TSL Education, publisher of the Times Educational Supplement. David Jones, at one time the FT Night Editor, then became Head of IT. He was a key figure in the newspaper's transformation from hot metal to electronic composition and then onto full-page pagination in the 1990s. He went on to become Head of Technology for the Trinity Mirror
Trinity Mirror
Group. Sir Geoffrey Owen
Sir Geoffrey Owen
was the editor of the Financial Times
Financial Times
from 1981 to 1990. He joined the Centre for Economic Performance (CEP) at the London
London
School of Economics as Director of Business Policy in 1991 and was appointed Senior Fellow, Institute of Management, in 1997. He continues his work there.[61] During his tenure at the FT he had to deal with rapid technological change and issues related to it, for example repetitive strain injury (RSI), which affected dozens of FT journalists, reporters and staff in the late 1980s. Editors[edit]

1889: Douglas MacRae 1890: William Ramage Lawson 1892: Sydney Murray 1896: A. E. Murray 1909: C. H. Palmer 1924: D. S. T. Hunter 1937: Archibald Chisholm 1940: Albert George Cole 1945: Hargreaves Parkinson 1949: Sir Gordon Newton 1973: Fredy Fisher 1981: Sir Geoffrey Owen 1991: Richard Lambert 2001: Andrew Gowers 2006: Lionel Barber

See also[edit]

London
London
portal Journalism portal

Business Journalism Financial Times
Financial Times
and Goldman Sachs Business Book of the Year Award Financial Times
Financial Times
Person of the Year List of newspapers in the United Kingdom Periodical publication

References[edit]

^ "ABCs: Increased bulks help Telegraph become only UK newspaper to increase circulation in November". Press Gazette. Retrieved 5 February 2018.  ^ a b c "About Us". Financial Times. Retrieved 28 February 2011.  ^ Sweney, Mark (14 February 2014). "The Sun enjoys post-Christmas sales bounce with 8.3% rise". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 July 2014.  ^ Greenslade, Roy (30 October 2013). " Financial Times
Financial Times
reaches highest circulation in its 125-year history". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 January 2014.  ^ "Print ABCs: Seven UK national newspapers losing print sales at more than 10 per cent year on year". Press Gazette. Retrieved 28 January 2017.  ^ " Financial Times
Financial Times
sold to Nikkei by Pearson for £844m". BBC News.  ^ "Nikkei completes acquisition of Financial Times". Nikkei.  ^ "About the newspaper". ft.com. Financial Times. Retrieved 4 May 2015.  ^ "A brief history of the FT by David Kynaston, author of The Financial Times: A Centenary History" (PDF). Retrieved 15 October 2013.  ^ "International Directory of Company Histories: Pearson plc
Pearson plc
History". Fundinguniverse.com. Retrieved 15 October 2013.  ^ "FT's Media Kit: FT Heritage and Innovation". Fttoolkit.co.uk. Retrieved 15 October 2013.  ^ "FT tour". Financialtimes.net. Retrieved 15 October 2013.  ^ " Financial Times
Financial Times
launches How To Spend It online". Pearson. 1 October 2009. Retrieved 15 October 2013.  ^ "FT.com to launch improved website with new content and services for users, subscribers and advertisers". Pearson. 30 April 2002. Retrieved 15 October 2013.  ^ "Pearson to sell its FT Deutschland stake to Gruner + Jahr". Pearson. Retrieved 15 October 2013.  ^ Wiesmann, Gerrit (23 November 2012). "FT Deutschland closure date confirmed". Ft.com. Retrieved 15 October 2013.  ^ "So farewell then, FTD". Economist.com. 8 December 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2013.  ^ " Financial Times
Financial Times
to expand fund management coverage with new weekly supplement". Pearson. 28 January 2002. Retrieved 15 October 2013.  ^ "Why there is a need for this award". Financial Times. 10 April 2005. Retrieved 30 May 2012.  ^ " Financial Times
Financial Times
unveils global refresh". Pearson. 23 April 2007. Retrieved 15 October 2013.  ^ " Special
Special
report: The news industry". Economist.com. 7 July 2011. Retrieved 15 October 2013.  ^ "FT Web App hits two million users". Aboutus.ft.com. 12 April 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2013.  ^ Barber, Lionel (12 February 2013). "FT at 125: The world in focus". Ft.com. Retrieved 15 October 2013.  ^ " Gillian Tett
Gillian Tett
keynote remarks at the Knight-Bagehot 37th Anniversary Gala". Aboutus.ft.com. 3 January 2013. Retrieved 15 October 2013.  ^ " Financial Times
Financial Times
now available on Bloomberg Professional". Pearson.com. 6 December 2010. Retrieved 15 October 2013.  ^ https://aboutus.ft.com/en-gb/announcements/financial-times-launches-on-wisers-services/ ^ "FT expands content marketing studio with majority stake in Alpha Grid".  ^ " Financial Times
Financial Times
acquires majority stake in research and content specialists Longitude".  ^ "Global Capital Markets Survey 2011". Gcmsurvey.com. Retrieved 15 October 2013.  ^ "Worldwide Professional Investment Community Study 2010". Retrieved 15 October 2013.  ^ "About Lex". Financial Times. Retrieved 4 September 2007.  ^ "Julia Carrick". FT Conferences. Retrieved 5 September 2011.  ^ a b c Allen, Katie (2 October 2009). "How To Spend It goes online – FT lures advertisers into uncharted waters". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 5 September 2011.  ^ "Howtospendit.com". Howtospendit.com. Retrieved 15 January 2012.  ^ Oborne, Peter (11 August 2011). "The moral decay of our society is as bad at the top as the bottom". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 5 September 2011.  ^ Flynn, Paul (29 August 2011). "Why Absolutely Fabulous
Absolutely Fabulous
now looks absolutely prescient". Guardian. London. Retrieved 5 September 2011.  ^ Walker, Portia (11 August 2011). "Under the broken city, families explore Gaddafi's warren". The Independent. London. Retrieved 15 October 2012.  ^ "Too Big to Fail undermines the free market faith". Financial Times.  ^ "Margaret Thatcher: Right about nearly everything". Financial Times.  ^ "Demise of Reaganomics poses grave intellectual challenge to Republicans". Financial Times.  ^ a b Lionel Barber
Lionel Barber
(12 February 2013). "FT at 125: The world in focus". Financial Times. Retrieved 12 February 2013.  ^ "Europe needs a bold reformer". FT.com. 29 May 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2014.  ^ "Obama is the better choice". Financial Times. Retrieved 22 April 2013.  ^ "Obama the wiser bet for crisis-hit US". Financial Times. 5 November 2012. Retrieved 5 November 2012.  ^ " Financial Times
Financial Times
backs Conservatives". Reuters. 4 May 2010. Retrieved 28 February 2011.  ^ "The case for change in the UK". Financial Times.  ^ Subscribe to read. 'Election 2017: The safer bet of a Conservative vote'. The Financial Times. Retrieved 1 June 2017. ^ Plunkett, John; Martinson, Jane. " Financial Times
Financial Times
sold to Japanese media group Nikkei for £844m". the Guardian. Retrieved 12 August 2015.  ^ "Pearson sells Economist Group
Economist Group
stake". BBC
BBC
News. Retrieved 12 August 2015.  ^ "Pearson agrees to sell Mergermarket
Mergermarket
unit to BC Partners". Financial Times. 29 November 2013.  ^ "Newssift.com". Newssift.com. Retrieved 15 January 2012.  ^ "Money Media". Money Media. Retrieved 6 September 2010.  ^ "Exec-Appointments". Exec-Appointments. Retrieved 6 September 2010.  ^ Pearson to start a Business Daily in Indian market WSJ ^ FT sells Stake in Business Standard
Business Standard
Paidcontent.co.uk ^ " Financial Times
Financial Times
looks to publish in India". Moneycontrol.com. Retrieved 6 September 2010.  ^ Business and Company Resource Center, Gale Cengage Learning, 2009. ^ "About Us". Financial Times. Retrieved 28 February 2011.  ^ a b c The Stock Market, John Littlewood. ^ "New editor at the FINANCIAL TIMES" (PDF). Press Business (1). February 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 October 2013. Retrieved 7 October 2013.  ^ "Directory of the Management Department at the London
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BBC
BBC
Elstree Centre BBC
BBC
Pacific Quay The Bottle Yard Studios Broadcasting House Broadcasting House, Belfast Broadcasting House, Bristol Broadcasting House, Cardiff Elstree Studios (Shenley Road) Gas Street Studios The Leeds Studios The London
London
Studios The Maidstone Studios Mailbox Birmingham MediaCityUK Osterley Television Centre Roath Lock Television Centre, London

Defunct

British and Dominions Imperial Studios Fountain Studios Gate Studios Granada Studios MGM-British Studios Pebble Mill Studios Teddington Studios Television Centre, Newcastle upon Tyne Television Centre, Southampton Upper Boat Studios

Other

Defunct channels Edinburgh International Television Festival History

List of years

List of channels Student television Viewing statistics

Most-watched broadcasts

Companies and organisations

Companies

Major companies

Archant Ascential Bauer Radio BBC Bloomsbury Publishing BT Group Channel Four Television Corporation Daily Mail
Daily Mail
and General Trust Dentsu Aegis Network Economist Group EMI Music Publishing Endemol Shine UK Global Group Guardian Media Group Haymarket Media Group Informa ITN ITV plc Johnston Press Mecom Group News UK Newsquest Northern & Shell Now TV (Sky plc) Pearson plc Press Holdings RELX Group Reuters Sky UK
Sky UK
Limited Sky plc STV Group Syco Talk Talk
Talk
Group Time Inc. UK Trinity Mirror UBM plc Virgin Media Wireless Group

Other resources

Arqiva List of largest UK book publishers

Government & regulatory bodies

Advertising Standards Authority BBC
BBC
Trust British Board of Film Classification British Film Institute Culture, Media, and Sport Select Committee Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Independent Press Standards Organisation Ofcom Press Recognition Panel S4C Authority

Industry & trades bodies

British Academy of Film and Television Arts British Phonographic Industry Broadcasting, Entertainment, Cinematograph and Theatre Union Clearcast Digital TV Group Digital UK Equity Federation Against Copyright Theft National Union of Journalists The Publishers Association Royal Television Society United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Independent Broadcasting

Other

BBC
BBC
Academy National Film and Television School National Science and Media Museum

Regional and student media

Regional media

Media in England

Birmingham London Manchester

Media in Scotland

Aberdeen Dundee Glasgow

Media in Wales

Cardiff

Student media

Student television

Category

v t e

United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Alternative Vote referendum, 2011

Results

Referendum question

"At present, the UK uses the “first past the post” system to elect MPs to the House of Commons. Should the “alternative vote” system be used instead?"

Legislation

Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Act 2011

Parties

For a "Yes" vote

Alliance Party of Northern Ireland Christian Party Christian Peoples Alliance English Democrats Green Party of England and Wales Liberal Democrats Liberal Party Mebyon Kernow Pirate Party UK Plaid Cymru Scottish Green Party Scottish National Party SDLP Sinn Féin UKIP Libertarian Party

Neutral/split

Labour Party Socialist Party of Great Britain Official Monster Raving Loony Party

For a "No" vote

British National Party Communist Party Conservative Party Democratic Unionist Party England First Party Green Party in Northern Ireland Respect Party Socialist Party Traditional Unionist Voice Ulster Unionist Party

Advocacy groups

Advocating a "Yes" vote

YES! To Fairer Votes

Advocating a "No" vote

NOtoAV

Print media

For a "Yes" vote

The Guardian The Independent Financial Times Daily Mirror

For a "No" vote

The Sun Daily Mail The Times Daily Express The Daily Telegraph The Economist London
London
Evening Standard

Politics Portal

^ Carter, Brandon (30 June 2017). "Conservative media outlets gain seats in White House
White House
briefing room", The Hill. Retr

.